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Monte Falò, Savigno, Valsamoggia, Samoggia Valley, Metropolitan City of Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Monte FalòMountain
Savigno- not defined -
Valsamoggia- not defined -
Samoggia ValleyValley
Metropolitan City of BolognaMetropolitan City
Emilia-RomagnaRegion
ItalyCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
44° North , 11° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~15km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Monte Falò, Savigno, Valsamoggia, Valle del Samoggia, Provincia di Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italia


Mineral wax was discovered at Monte Falò, an elevation to the est of Castello Samoggia, together with a small amount of petroleum (Bombicci, 1876, 1877, 1881 and 1882; Casali, 1877; Mattei, 1892). In 1892 exploration works for oil were performed on the west slope of Monte Falò, near the house known as Dogana. Small amounts of mineral wax and petroleum were recovered from a well 15 m deep and some short galleries and trenches. An exploration well 13 m deep, drilled at the beginning of the 20th century, encountered oil-bearing clays, while a borehole 475 m deep mainly encounterd natural gas pools.

This mineral wax, named "hatchettine" or "ozocherite" by Bombicci and "ozokerite" by Mattei, appears as white to yellowish, translucent, soft, easily fusible clots, lamellar or scaly aggregates, and films within the clayey marl layers or adhering to limestone blocks. According to Bombicci (1877), also petroleum, which shows a dark orange-yellow colour with green hues, contains a considerable amount of dissolved wax and it becomes viscous, whitish, and almost dull during the cold winter days.


Notes:
1) On 1 January 2014 the former municipality of Savigno, in which territory Monte Falò was included, together with those of Bazzano, Castello di Serravalle, Crespellano, and Monteveglio became part of the new municipality of Valsamoggia.

2) The occurrence of surface hydrocarbons and their occasional combustion is at the origin of the name Monte Falò (literally Mount Bonfire).



Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Detailed Mineral List:

'Ozocerite'
Reference: Massimo Caldera collection; Bombicci, L. (1876) La cosiddetta "cera minerale" di Savigno. Gazzetta dell'Emilia, Bologna, n. 193 and 194; Bombicci, L. (1877) Contribuzioni di mineralogia italiana. Parte II. La struttura cristallina dell’Hatchettina (cera fossile) del Monte Falò presso Savigno (Bolognese). Memorie della R. Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna, serie 3a, 8, 317-325; Casali, A. (1877) La cera fossile e l'olio minerale di Monte Falò. Monti, Bologna, 16 pp.; Bombicci, L. (1881) L'Appennino bolognese: descrizione e itinerari. Club Alpino Italiano - Sezione di Bologna. Tipografa Fava e Garagnani, Bologna, 887 pp.; Bombicci, L. (1882) Montagne e vallate del territorio di Bologna: cenni sulla oro-idrografia, geologia, litologia e mineralogia dell'Appennino bolognese e sue dipendenze. Tipografia Fava e Garagnani, Bologna, 208 pp.; Mattei, S. (1892) Ozokerite di Montefalò nel Bolognese. Bollettino del naturalista, collettore, allevatore, coltivatore (supplemento mensile alla Rivista Italiana di Scienze Naturali), 12, 3, 33-35.
'Petroleum'
Reference: Casali, A. (1877) La cera fossile e l'olio minerale di Monte Falò. Monti, Bologna, 16 pp.; Bombicci, L. (1881) L'Appennino bolognese: descrizione e itinerari. Club Alpino Italiano - Sezione di Bologna. Tipografia Fava e Garagnani, Bologna, 887 pp.; Bombicci, L. (1882) Montagne e vallate del territorio di Bologna: cenni sulla oro-idrografia, geologia, litologia e mineralogia dell'Appennino bolognese e sue dipendenze. Tipografia Fava e Garagnani, Bologna, 208 pp.; Mattei, S. (1892) Ozokerite di Montefalò nel Bolognese. Bollettino del naturalista, collettore, allevatore, coltivatore (supplemento mensile alla Rivista Italiana di Scienze Naturali), 12, 3, 33-35; Magini, M. (1976) L'Italia e il petrolio tra storia e cronologia. Volume celebrativo dei 50 anni di fondazione dell'AGIP. Mondadori, Milano, 279 pp.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Ozocerite'-
'Petroleum'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Ozocerite'-
'Petroleum'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bombicci, L. (1876) La cosiddetta "cera minerale" di Savigno. Gazzetta dell'Emilia, Bologna, n. 193 and 194.
Bombicci, L. (1877) Contribuzioni di mineralogia italiana. Parte II. La struttura cristallina dell’Hatchettina (cera fossile) del Monte Falò presso Savigno (Bolognese). Memorie della R. Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna, serie 3a, 8, 317-325.
Casali, A. (1877): La cera fossile e l'olio minerale di Monte Falò. Monti, Bologna, 16 pp.
Bombicci, L. (1881) L'Appennino bolognese: descrizione e itinerari. Club Alpino Italiano - Sezione di Bologna. Tipografia Fava e Garagnani, Bologna, 887 pp.
Bombicci, L. (1882) Montagne e vallate del territorio di Bologna: cenni sulla oro-idrografia, geologia, litologia e mineralogia dell'Appennino bolognese e sue dipendenze. Tipografia Fava e Garagnani, Bologna, 208 pp.
Mattei, S. (1892) Ozokerite di Montefalò nel Bolognese. Bollettino del naturalista, collettore, allevatore, coltivatore (supplemento mensile alla Rivista Italiana di Scienze Naturali), 12, 3, 33-35.
Magini, M. (1976) L'Italia e il petrolio tra storia e cronologia. Volume celebrativo dei 50 anni di fondazione dell'AGIP. Mondadori, Milano, 279 pp.


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