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Tsumeb smelter slag locality, Tsumeb, Oshikoto Region, Namibiai
Regional Level Types
Tsumeb smelter slag localitySlag Locality
TsumebConstituency
Oshikoto RegionRegion
NamibiaCountry

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 19° South , 17° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~16km
Locality type:Slag Locality
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate


Slag dumps from processing Pb-Cu ore (1907-2000).
Located about 2 km NNE of Tsumeb (north of the open pit).

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


26 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Hardystonite
Formula: Ca2Zn(Si2O7)
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Lammerite
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)2
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
Mcconnellite
Formula: CuCrO2
Description: Fe- and Al-bearing.
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
'Unnamed (Pb-Feldspar)'
Formula: PbAl2Si2O8
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Domeykite2.AA.10bCu3As
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Mcconnellite4.AB.15CuCrO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Bayldonite8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Lammerite8.AB.30Cu3(AsO4)2
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Hardystonite9.BB.10Ca2Zn(Si2O7)
Kirschsteinite9.AC.05CaFe2+SiO4
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Åkermanite9.BB.10Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Unnamed (Pb-Feldspar)'-PbAl2Si2O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Domeykite2.2.2.1Cu3As
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Mcconnellite7.1.1.2CuCrO2
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Lammerite38.3.8.1Cu3(AsO4)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Bayldonite41.5.14.1PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Kirschsteinite51.3.2.2CaFe2+SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Hardystonite55.4.2.2Ca2Zn(Si2O7)
Åkermanite55.4.1.1Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Unnamed (Pb-Feldspar)'-PbAl2Si2O8

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O McconnelliteCuCrO2
O BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
O LammeriteCu3(AsO4)2
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O LithargePbO
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O WüstiteFeO
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)
O ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
O Unnamed (Pb-Feldspar)PbAl2Si2O8
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
AlAluminium
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Unnamed (Pb-Feldspar)PbAl2Si2O8
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)
Si ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Si Unnamed (Pb-Feldspar)PbAl2Si2O8
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
ClChlorine
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
CaCalcium
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)
Ca ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
CrChromium
Cr McconnelliteCuCrO2
FeIron
Fe WüstiteFeO
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu DomeykiteCu3As
Cu McconnelliteCuCrO2
Cu BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cu LammeriteCu3(AsO4)2
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CopperCu
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
AsArsenic
As DomeykiteCu3As
As BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
As LammeriteCu3(AsO4)2
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
PbLead
Pb BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb LithargePbO
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LeadPb
Pb Unnamed (Pb-Feldspar)PbAl2Si2O8
Pb AnglesitePbSO4

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.


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