Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Mt. Ramazzo Mine, Borzoli, Genova, Genova Province, Liguria, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Mt. Ramazzo MineMine
Borzoli- not defined -
Genova- not defined -
Genova ProvinceProvince
LiguriaRegion
ItalyCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Name(s) in local language(s):Monte Ramazzo (Miniera di Monte Ramazzo), Borzoli, Genova/Ceranesi, Genova, Liguria, Italia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 44° 28' 5'' North , 8° 51' 33'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 44.46833,8.85944
GeoHash:G#: spykcx5qb
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csb : Warm-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
San Bernardo-Lavia160 (2014)1.8km
Geo444 (2014)2.3km
Canonero184 (2014)2.5km
Livellato217 (2014)2.6km
Gaiazza556 (2014)4.2km


This is a very old mine complex for the extraction of copper and, later, iron sulphate.
There are documents proving its activity since 1465. The mine became really important at the beginning of 1800, when, during local production of iron sulphate, it was found also an easy way to extract magnesium sulphate.
The mine is partly located in the territory of Borzoli (Genova municipality) and partly in the municipal territory of Ceranesi, both - of course - in the Genova province.

The mineralized area is located in nodules within serpentinites.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


58 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Pipino, G. (1977): L'antica miniera di monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1 [8], 3 (3-1977), 61-73.
Aluminium ?
Formula: Al
Reference: Palenzona, A. & Gruppo Mineralogico COOP Liguria “A. Negro” (1993): L’alluminio di M.te Ramazzo. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1993, 186-187; Palenzona A. (1996): I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Aggiornamento 1995. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 20, 2 (2-1996), 149-172; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Antigorite fibrous green crystals on dark serpentine rocks
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti, 2007, com. pers. (P. Rögner analysis)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 264; Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G. (2010): Pot-pourri 2009: Identificazioni UKiS AMI, Minerali italiani di interesse. Micro, 1/2010, 124-127
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti, 2007, com. pers. (P. Rögner analysis)
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Brugnatellite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Callaghanite
Formula: Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Palenzona, A., Martinelli, A., Castellano, F., Esposito, F., Esposito, M., Odicino, G. (2005): Callaghanite. Terzo ritrovamento assoluto della specie al Monte Ramazzo, Liguria. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 193-194. Odicino, G. (2006): La callaghanite di Monte Ramazzo. Paragenesi a confronto. Prie, 2, 31-36.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Pipino, G. (1977): L'antica miniera di monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1 [8], 3 (3-1977), 61-73.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Pipino G. L'antica miniera di monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: Small copper specimens on magnesium carbonate, crysotile and serpentine rocks
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti, 2006
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti (2005) Probed
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti, 2006; Palenzona A. (1996): I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Aggiornamento 1995. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 20, 2 (2-1996), 149-172.
'Deweylite'
Formula: Mg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Description: Described by some authors, but never confirmed (M.E. Ciriotti, 2005). Shown to be brochantite (Bracco et al., 2009).
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977; Bracco et al. (2009): Prie, 5, 17-22.
Dypingite ?
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti, 2006
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Pipino, G. (1977): L'antica miniera di monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1 [8], 3 (3-1977), 61-73.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Description: dark spheres aggregates associated to iron hydroxides (goethite and lepidocrocite)inside serpentine rocks.
Reference: Giovine, M., Gotelli, A., Grattarola, C., Ciriotti, M.E. (2005): Heterogenite al Monte Ramazzo, sulle alture di Genova. Micro (notizie mineralogiche) 4/2005: 65-70.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Ktenasite
Formula: Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977; Palenzona A. (1996): I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Aggiornamento 1995. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 20, 2 (2-1996), 149-172.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Mcguinnessite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti, 2006
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Nakauriite
Formula: Cu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Reference: Palenzona, A., & Martinelli, A. (2007). La nakauriite del Monte Ramazzo, Genova. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (1), 48-51.
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti, 2007, com. pers. (P. Rögner analysis)
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti, 2007, com. pers. (P. Rögner analysis)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Pipino, G. (1977): L'antica miniera di monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1 [8], 3 (3-1977), 61-73.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Ramazzoite (TL)
Formula: [Mg8Cu12(PO4)(CO3)4(OH)24(H2O)20][(H0.33SO4)3(H2O)36]
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Rossman, G.R., Ma, C., Belmonte, D., Biagioni, C., Castellaro, F. and Chiappino, L. (2018) Ramazzoite, IMA 2017-090; CNMNC Newsletter No. 41, February 2018, page 184; European Journal of Mineralogy: 30: 183-186; Kampf, A.R., Rossman, G.R., Ma, C., Belmonte, D., Biagioni, C., Castellaro, F., Chiappino, L. (2018) Ramazzoite, [Mg8Cu12(PO4)(CO3)4(OH)24(H2O)20][(H0.33SO4)3(H2O)36], the first mineral with a polyoxometalate cation. European Journal of Mineralogy: 30: 827–834.
Reevesite
Formula: Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Pipino, G. (1977): L'antica miniera di monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1 [8], 3 (3-1977), 61-73.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Reference: analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti, 2006
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti, 2006
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Pipino, G. (1977): L'antica miniera di monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1 [8], 3 (3-1977), 61-73.
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977 and PIpio G. (1986) - La Valleriite - tiariocronio di Monte Ramazzo (GE) in Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, fasc. 1, 1986, pp. 30-35

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Aluminium ?1.AA.05Al
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Asbolane4.FL.30(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Artinite5.DA.10Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Brugnatellite5.DA.45Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Callaghanite5.DA.25Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Dypingite ?5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite5.BA.10(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Nesquehonite5.CA.05MgCO3 · 3H2O
Reevesite5.DA.50Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Spherocobaltite5.AB.05CoCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ktenasite7.DD.20Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Nakauriite7.DG.30Cu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dioptase ?9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Deweylite'-Mg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Ramazzoite (TL)-[Mg8Cu12(PO4)(CO3)4(OH)24(H2O)20][(H0.33SO4)3(H2O)36]
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Aluminium ?1.1.1.5Al
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Asbolane6.4.9.1(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Delafossite7.1.1.1CuFeO2
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nesquehonite13.1.5.1MgCO3 · 3H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Spherocobaltite14.1.1.5CoCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite16a.3.1.4(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Artinite16b.3.1.1Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Callaghanite16b.5.1.1Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reevesite16b.6.3.1Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Brugnatellite16b.7.5.1Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Dypingite ?16b.7.2.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ktenasite31.6.3.1Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Nakauriite32.4.1.1Cu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase ?61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'-
'Deweylite'-Mg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Ramazzoite (TL)-[Mg8Cu12(PO4)(CO3)4(OH)24(H2O)20][(H0.33SO4)3(H2O)36]
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Ramazzoite[Mg8Cu12(PO4)(CO3)4(OH)24(H2O)20][(H0.33SO4)3(H2O)36]
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
H BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H DeweyliteMg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
H NakauriiteCu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
H KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
H DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
CCarbon
C Ramazzoite[Mg8Cu12(PO4)(CO3)4(OH)24(H2O)20][(H0.33SO4)3(H2O)36]
C SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
C BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
C CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
C Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
C NakauriiteCu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
C ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
OOxygen
O Ramazzoite[Mg8Cu12(PO4)(CO3)4(OH)24(H2O)20][(H0.33SO4)3(H2O)36]
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
O BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O DeweyliteMg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DelafossiteCuFeO2
O CupriteCu2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O NakauriiteCu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
O KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
O DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Ramazzoite[Mg8Cu12(PO4)(CO3)4(OH)24(H2O)20][(H0.33SO4)3(H2O)36]
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Mg BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg DeweyliteMg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Mg Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
AlAluminium
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al AluminiumAl
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si DeweyliteMg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
PPhosphorus
P Ramazzoite[Mg8Cu12(PO4)(CO3)4(OH)24(H2O)20][(H0.33SO4)3(H2O)36]
SSulfur
S Ramazzoite[Mg8Cu12(PO4)(CO3)4(OH)24(H2O)20][(H0.33SO4)3(H2O)36]
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S PyriteFeS2
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S SulphurS8
S NakauriiteCu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe DelafossiteCuFeO2
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CoCobalt
Co SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
Co Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Co HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
NiNickel
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Ni ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu Ramazzoite[Mg8Cu12(PO4)(CO3)4(OH)24(H2O)20][(H0.33SO4)3(H2O)36]
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu DelafossiteCuFeO2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu NakauriiteCu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CopperCu
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
ZnZinc
Zn KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186389
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cretaceous - Jurassic
66 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3153517
Jurassic marble

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 201.3 Ma)

Description: low grade metamorphic

Lithology: Marble

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mojon, G. (1803) Memoria sopra il solfato di magnesia che si prepara al Monte della Guardia. Mem. Soc. Med. Em., Genova, 2, 9-22.
Ansaldo, A. (1817) Manifesto sopra il sale cattartico di Genova, fabbricato da Alberto Ansaldo - Genova, Stamperia G. Arena.
Palladino, P. (1981) Studio sulla miniera di solfato di magnesio di Monte Ramazzo in Liguria e su alcuni minerali detti auriferi che si trovano in detta località. Tipografia Salesiana, S. Pier d'Arena, 19.
Artini, E. (1922) Sulla Brugnatellite di Monte Ramazzo (Genova). Rendiconti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, Roma, serie 5, vol. XXXI, 491-496.
Pelloux, A. (1942) Brochantite della miniera di Monte Ramazzo presso Borzoli (Genova). Rendiconti S.M.I., Milano, vol. II, 63-64.
Zucchetti, S. (1974) Prime osservazioni sui minerali nicheliferi in serpentiniti della Liguria. Rendiconti S.I.M.P., Milano, v. 30, 3-20.
Rolandi, V. (1974) I giacimenti cupriferi di Molini, Monte Ramazzo, e Sassello del Gruppo di Voltri. Tesi di Laurea - Univ. Milano, Istituto di Mineralogia, Petrografia e Geochimica.
Fornasieri, M. (1975) Analisi della Deweylite di Monte Ramazzo. Notiziario del Gruppo Minalogico Ligure, Genova, n. 7-8.
Pipino, G. (1977) L'antica miniera di monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1 [8], 3 (3-1977), 61-73.
Antofilli, M., Borgo, E., and Palenzona, A. (1983) I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. SAGEP Editrice, Genova, 295 pp.
Palenzona, A. (1996) I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Aggiornamento 1995. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 20, 2 (2-1996), 149-172.
Giovine, M., Gotelli, A., Grattarola, C., and Ciriotti, M.E. (2005) Heterogenite al Monte Ramazzo, sulle alture di Genova. Micro, 2005, 65-70.
Palenzona, A. and Martinelli, A. (2007) La nakauriite del Monte Ramazzo, Genova. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (1), 48-51.
Kampf, A.R., Rossman, G.R., Ma, C., Belmonte, D., Biagioni, C., Castellaro, F., Chiappino, L. (2018) Ramazzoite, [Mg8Cu12(PO4)(CO3)4(OH)24(H2O)20][(H0.33SO4)3(H2O)36], the first mineral with a polyoxometalate cation. European Journal of Mineralogy: 30: 827–834.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: February 21, 2019 17:54:11 Page generated: January 30, 2019 16:19:50
Go to top of page