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Nepal

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A Nepalese Late Afternoon

Nepal
Nepal Vision

Nepal
A Nepalese Late Afternoon

Nepal
Nepal Vision

Nepal
A Nepalese Late Afternoon

Nepal
Nepal Vision

Nepal
Area:147,181 km2
Locality type:Country


"Geology of Nepal is very complex because of continuous geodynamic process in the Himalayan region and that resulted in many thrusting, faulting, folding and metamorphic events. Nepal Himalaya can be divided into five distinct morpho-geotectonic zones from south to north. From mineral resources point of view, the southernmost Terai Plain is potential for gravel, sand, ground water, petroleum and natural gas. The Sub Himalaya (Churia/ Siwalik foot hills) is the potential area for construction materials, radioactive minerals, petroleum, natural gas and minor amount of coal. Similarly, Lesser Himalaya (The Mahabharat Range including midlands) is promising for metallic minerals mainly Iron, copper, lead, zinc, cobalt, nickel, tin, tungsten, molybdenum, gold, uranium rare metals etc.; industrial minerals like magnesite, phosphorite, limestone, dolomite, talc, clay, kaoline etc.; gemstones like tourmaline, aquamarine/ beryl, garnet, kyanite, etc; fuel minerals e.g. coal, lignite, methane gas, petroleum and natural gas, hot springs and radioactive minerals; and voluminous construction materials crushed gravel as well as river boulders, gravel; sand some of the areas in Higher Himalaya are highly promising for precious and semiprecious stones, marble and metallic minerals like lead, zinc, uranium, gold etc. Tibetan Tethys zone is prospective for limestone, gypsum, brine water (salt) and natural gas. However, because of rugged topography, difficult mountain terrain, complex geology, lack of infrastructures and financial constrain exploration and exploitation of these mineral resources in Nepal is still challenging." (Kaphle, 2011).

In the 1950s, Nepal consisted of 34 districts. From 1962, it was divided into 14 zones; these came into disuse around 1995. Since then, Nepal is divided into five vikas kshetra (development regions; not used on Mindat), these into 14 administrative zones and 75 districts (see links below).

Presently, the Mindat locality hierarchy still uses the old zones.


Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

50 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Aikinite-Bismuthinite Series'
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Albite var: Pericline
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Amphibole Supergroup
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
'Apatite'
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
'Biotite'
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: J. Gemmol. 1986. V. 20. N 1. P. 3-10
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: J. Gemmol. 1986. V. 20. N 1. P. 3-10
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Austral. Gemmol. 1987. V. 16. N 6. P. 225-229
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eulytine
Formula: Bi4(SiO4)3
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Graphite
Formula: C
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
'Hornblende'
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Gems & Gemmology 2002, Volume 38, Issue 1
'Lepidolite'
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnesite var: Ferroan Magnesite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Pegmatite'
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Leroy, J., Le Fort, P., & Poty, B. (1975). Some quartz crystals and their fluid inclusions from the Nepal Himalaya. Himalayan Geology, 5, 139-152.
Quartz var: Prase
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
'Scapolite'
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Prase4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
var: Ferroan Magnesite5.AB.05(Mg,Fe)CO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Hambergite6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Pericline9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eulytine9.AD.40Bi4(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uvite Series9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Aikinite-Bismuthinite Series'-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Amphibole Supergroup-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
var: Byssolite-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Apatite-
Biotite-
Chlorite Group-
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hornblende-
K Feldspar-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Lepidolite-
Mica Group-
Pegmatite-
Rubellite-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Scapolite-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Hambergite25.1.1.1Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Eulytine51.5.4.1Bi4(SiO4)3
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Aikinite-Bismuthinite Series'-
Albite
var: Pericline
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Amphibole Supergroup-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
var: Byssolite-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
Magnesite
var: Ferroan Magnesite
-(Mg,Fe)CO3
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Pegmatite'-
Quartz
var: Prase
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Scapolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
BBoron
B Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Magnesite (var: Ferroan Magnesite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
C GraphiteC
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AnataseTiO2
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CorundumAl2O3
O DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
O Magnesite (var: Ferroan Magnesite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Prase)SiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O RutileTiO2
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O Quartz (var: Sceptre Quartz)SiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Magnesite (var: Ferroan Magnesite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Prase)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Sceptre Quartz)SiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Magnesite (var: Ferroan Magnesite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
AgSilver
Ag HessiteAg2Te
SbAntimony
Sb StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
TaTantalum
Ta StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Deniel, C., Vidal, P., Fernandez, A., Le Fort, P., and Peucat, J.-J. (1987) Isotopic study of the Manaslu granite (Himalaya, Nepal); inferences on the age and source of the Himalayan leucogranites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 96: 78-92.
Joshi, P. R. (1988): Geology and Exploration for Tin-Mineralization in the Himalayas of Nepal. Pp. 617-626 in: C. S. Hutchison (ed.), Geology of Tin Deposits in Asia and the Pacific, Springer, 718 pp.
Kaphle K.P. (2011): Minerals Resources of Nepal and their present status. [http://ngs.org.np/geodetail/4]
Rajendra Bahadur, G.C. (2013): Occurrence of Metals in Nepal: A Brief Review. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology 1.4 (2013): 176-179.

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Localities in this Region
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Some regions, for example mining districts and mountain ranges, cut across political boundaries and do fit neatly into the standard locality hierarchy. These pages provide an alternative way to aggregate localities, minerals and photographs from the sites within.

Southwest China, China

Region - 916 mineral species & varietal names listed

The Himalayas, Asia

Mountain Range - 260 mineral species & varietal names listed

The following list is the regular hierarchical locality list for this region.


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