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Chihuahua Valley, Warner Springs District, San Diego Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Chihuahua ValleyValley
Warner Springs DistrictMining District
San Diego Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
33° 23' 37'' North , 116° 41' 37'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


Setting:
Chihuahua Valley is located in the extreme northern portion of San Diego County just south of the Riverside County border 13.6 km (8.5 miles) NNW of Warner Springs. Elevations range from approximately 3,900 to 6,000 ft (1,190 m to 1,830 m). Dense chaparral covers most of the Chihuahua Valley area, combined with sparse live oak woodlands occurring along drainages.

Geology:
The valley is located in the eastern portion of the peninsular ranges batholith province, and plutonic rock types in the area consist of tonalite, granodiorite-granite. These rocks are usually associated with outlying components of schist and gneiss. Numerous gem and rare metal bearing pegmatites outcrop which range in thickness between 3 and 20 feet, and generally strike north to northwest along the surface.

Regions containing this locality

Pacific OceanOcean
Pacific PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

22 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Description: Described as plagioclase.
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 1998.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 1998.
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Jesse Fisher (2011) Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals 86:14-34.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 2000.
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
'Cathedral Quartz'
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 1996.
'Clays'
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 1996.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1916d), Cassiterite in San Diego County California. Contributions to economic geology, 1915, Part 1. USGS Bulletin 620, 620 pp.: 351-354.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Ritchie, S. 2000. History of the Carmelita Gem Mine in the 20th Century. Southern California Gem Industries web publication: July.
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'
'Feldspar Group'
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gold
Formula: Au
Description: Supposition, not supported by historical facts.
Reference: Weber, F. H. (1963), Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: p. 280; Mayerle, R. (1982), Mineral Investigation of the Caliente RARE II Area, San Diego County, California: U.S. Bureau of Mines Open-File Report MLA 106-82, Fig. 1, p. 5.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 1999.
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 2000.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 2000.
'Lepidolite'
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 2007.
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Wibur, C. (2013), Powder diffraction analysis on bluish green pegmatite mineral discovered in 2012 at the northside exploratory cut; Carmelita mine, San Diego County, California: May.
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 2005.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Ritchie, S. 2000. History of the Carmelita Gem Mine in the 20th Century. Southern California Gem Industries web publication: July.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Paragonite ?
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Habit: Botryoidal
Reference: Weber, F. H. 1963. Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: p 89., illus., maps.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Bull Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 1996.
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ritchie, S. 2000. History of the Carmelita Gem Mine in the 20th Century. Southern California Gem Industries web publication: July.
Quartz var: Lithium Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 1998.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 1996.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cordova, E. M. (1999), Personal communication to Scott L. Ritchie by Erik M. Cordova of Torrance, California - description of discovery and location of the "New California Mine" LMC: October.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
'Quartz-beta'
Formula: SiO2
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 1996.
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1916), Gems and precious stones: Mineral Resources U.S., 1915, part 2; Department of the Interior, Geological Survey: 856; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 371; San Diego Mining Company, 1998.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene ?
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: McCollum, A. (1999), Personal communication to Scott L. Ritchie by Art McCollum of Sun City, California - description of Joe Laddomada's discovery of a gem-quality apatite occurrence on the Mason Ranch; gem spodumene occurrence at the "Crest Gem" mine (circa 1985): October.
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: Ritchie, S. 2000. History of the Carmelita Gem Mine in the 20th Century. Southern California Gem Industries web publication: July.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Fisher, J. 2002. Gem and rare-element pegmatites of southern California. Mineralogical Record 33(5): 369-371.
'Tourmalinated Quartz'
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold ?1.AA.05Au
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Bull Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Lithium Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Paragonite ?9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene ?9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Cathedral Quartz'-
'Clays'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Quartz-beta'-SiO2
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmalinated Quartz'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold ?1.1.1.1Au
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene ?65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite ?71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Cathedral Quartz'-
'Clays'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
Quartz
var: Bull Quartz
-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Lithium Quartz-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Quartz-beta'-SiO2
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmalinated Quartz'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O QuartzSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Lithium Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz-betaSiO2
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Bull Quartz)SiO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
SiSilicon
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Lithium Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz-betaSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Bull Quartz)SiO2
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
FeIron
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
CuCopper
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
TaTantalum
Ta StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AuGold
Au GoldAu
UUranium
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Gastil, R. C. (1975), Plutonic zones in the peninsular ranges of southern California and northern Baja California. Geology: 3(7): 361-363.

Localities in this Region
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