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Santiago Mine, Argentine District, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 39° 38' 36'' North , 105° 46' 17'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 39.64333,-105.77139

A base metal mine

Mineral List

7 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Pleistocene
0.0117 - 0.126 Ma
Till of Pinedale age

Age: Pleistocene (0.0117 - 0.126 Ma)

Description: Mostly nonsorted and nonstratified, subangular to subrounded boulders to granules in a silty sand matrix. Material less than 2 mm in diameter is estimated to be 20–40 percent of unit. This material consists chiefly of poorly sorted sand and ≤20 percent silt and ≤5 percent clay. Unit commonly forms large prominent, sharp-crested lateral and end moraines that are very bouldery and have distinct constructional morphology. Deposits in some areas have well-expressed knob-and-kettle topography. Surface soils have A/Cox profiles on moraines with narrow crests and A/Bw/Cox and A/Btj/Cox profiles on moraines with broad crests. Surface and near-surface O and E soil horizons are locally present. Cambic (Bw) and weak argillic (Btj) horizons are thin (10–40 cm) and commonly contain 1–5 percent more clay than the underlying till (<2 mm size fraction). Most of the biotite-rich granitic and gneissic clasts within the soil are unweathered, and disintegrated clasts are rare. Unit locally includes deposits of stratified drift, mass-movement and glacial deposits, undivided (Qmg), tills of the Satanta Peak and Triple Lakes advances of Benedict (1985), about 12–10 ka (Davis, 1988), till of Bull Lake age (Qtb), colluvium (Qc) and other mass-movement deposits, and valley-floor alluvium (Qva); locally may include till of pre-Bull Lake age. Radiocarbon (14C) and cosmogenic-exposure ages indicate that till of unit Qtp is about 30–12 ka (Nelson and others, 1979; Madole, 1986; Schildgen and Dethier, 2000; Benson and others, 2004, 2005). Subsurface deposits and locally some surface deposits of unit Qtp may be older than 30 ka, because uranium-series ages of travertine in the northern Yellowstone area suggest an early advance of Pinedale ice about 47–34 ka (Sturchio and others, 1994). Estimated thickness 1.5–30 m

Reference: Kellogg, K.S., Shroba, R.R., Bryant, Bruce, and Premo, W.R. Geologic Map of the Denver West 30' x 60' Quadrangle, North- Central Colorado. USGS Geologic Investigations Series 3000. [35]

1600 - 2500 Ma
Biotitic gneiss, schist, and migmatite

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Locally contains minor hornblende gneiss, calc-silicate rock, quartzite, and marble. Derived principally from sedimentary rocks

Lithology: Major:{biotite gneiss,schist,migmatite}, Minor:{gneiss,calc silicate schist,marble}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Specimen in the collection of Dr. Richard Gains.
Lovering, T.S. and Goddard, T.N., 1950, Geology and Ore Deposits of the Front Range Colorado, USGS Prof. Paper 223

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