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Sanford Hill Body (Sanford Mine), Tahawus, Newcomb Township, Essex Co., New York, USAi
Regional Level Types
Sanford Hill Body (Sanford Mine)- not defined -
Tahawus- not defined -
Newcomb TownshipTownship
Essex Co.County
New YorkState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
44° 3' 19'' North , 74° 2' 54'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Newcomb422 (2017)13.4km
North Elba8,474 (2017)22.2km
Lake Placid2,465 (2017)25.5km
Long Lake547 (2017)31.1km
Saranac Lake5,274 (2017)31.2km


A former Fe occurrence/mine located at Tahawus, on private land. Discovered in 1826. Owned & operated by N. L. Industries Inc. (1986). Operated during the period 1942 to 1966. In 1848 the titanium content of the ore was recognized.

Mineralization is a magnetite deposit hosted in Neoproterozoic anorthosite. The ore body is lenticular, strikes N30E and dips 45NW at a length of 1,828.8 meters. Controls for ore emplacement included a fault that trends N30E to N60E with an average dip of 65NW. Local rocks include Metanorthosite and anorthositic gneiss.

Workings at the site include surface openings with an area of 39.427 HA, at a length of 914.4 meters, overall depth of 91.44 meters and an overall width of 457.2 meters.

As of 1986, only stockpiles of magnetite were being shipped from Tahawus.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Dana 6: 767; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 242.; GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
'Hornblende'
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: USGS Bull 940D; GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Lanthanite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Reference: Dana 6: 767; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 242.
'Leucoxene'
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Dana 6: 767; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 242.; USGS Bull 940D; GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
'Scapolite'
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
Reference: GROSS,S.O., 1968, TITANIFEROUS ORES OF THE SANFORD LAKE DISTRICT, NEW YORK, IN ORE DEPOSITS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1967 (GRATON-SALES VOLUME), VOL.1: NEW YORK, A.I.M.E.,INC. P.140-153.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Lanthanite-(La)5.CC.25(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Lanthanite-(La)15.4.2.1(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CCarbon
C Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O CalciteCaCO3
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
SiSilicon
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
LaLanthanum
La Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 767.
Balsley, Jr., J.R. (1944), Vanadium-bearing magnetite-ilmenite deposits near Lake Sanford, Essex County, New York, USGS Bulletin 940-D: 99-123.
Stepheson, R.C. (1945), Titaniferous Magnetite Deposits of the Lake Sanford Area, New York State Museum Bulletin 340.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 242.
Luedke, E.M., Wrucke, C.T., and Graham, J.A. (1959), Mineral Occurrencews of New York State with Selected References to Each Locality, USGS Bulletin 1072-F: 407.
Gross, S.O. (1968), Titaniferous Ores of the Sanford Lake District, New York, in: Ore Deposits of the United States, 1933-1967 (Graton-Sales Voluyme), volume 1: New York, A.I.M.E., Inc.: 140-153.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10090024.

Other Databases

Link to USGS MRDS:10090024

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

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