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Chidago Mining District, Benton Range, Mono Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Chidago Mining DistrictMining District
Benton RangeMountain Range
Mono Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
37° North , 118° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~10km
Locality type:


A Ag-Cu-Pb-W mining area located in T3S, R31E, MDM.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

36 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 336.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Sampson, Reid J. (1940), Mineral resources of Mono County: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau. Report 36: 36(2): 146; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 195.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Reference: Sampson, Reid J. (1940), Mineral resources of Mono County: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau. Report 36: 36(2): 146; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 174.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: various added photos
'Clays'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 336; USGS Bul 922-S "Tungsten Deposits of the Benton Range, Mono Co. CA"
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Bob Griffs
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: USGS Bul 922-S "Tungsten Deposits of the Benton Range, Mono Co. CA"
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite ?
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Description: Tentatively identified from the scheelite ore bodies.
Reference: Lemmon, Dwight Moulton (1941b), Tungsten deposits of the Benton Range, Mono County, California: USGS Bulletin 922-S: 590-591; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 280.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Fluorescence: Green (LW & SW UV).
Description: Occurs as thin coatings on joint surfaces.
Reference: Lemmon, Dwight Moulton (1941b), Tungsten deposits of the Benton Range, Mono County, California: USGS Bulletin 22-S: 591; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 176, 282; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 355.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10031542.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Daniel Chaplin Collection
Vanadinite var: Arsenatian Vanadinite ?
Formula: Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Reference: Daniel Chaplin Collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Iron ?1.AE.05Fe
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
var: Arsenatian Vanadinite ?8.BN.05Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite ?9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Clays'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite ?71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Chlorargyrite
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
-Ag(Cl,Br)
'Clays'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Iron ?-Fe
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Vanadinite
var: Arsenatian Vanadinite ?
-Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
OOxygen
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
NaSodium
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SSulfur
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S AnglesitePbSO4
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S MarcasiteFeS2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
V Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe IronFe
CuCopper
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
BrBromine
Br Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
SbAntimony
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W StolzitePb(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ransome, Alfred Leslie (1940), General geology and ores of the Blind Spring Hill mining district, Mono County, California: California Division Mines Report 36: 190.
Sampson, Reid J. (1940), Mineral resources of Mono County: California Mining Bureau. Report 36: 146.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 231.

Localities in this Region

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