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Somma-Vesuvius Complex, Naples, Campania, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Somma-Vesuvius ComplexComplex
NaplesMetropolitan City
CampaniaRegion
ItalyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Complesso Somma-Vesuvio, diverse municipalità, Napoli, Campania, Italia
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° North , 14° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~44km
Locality type:Complex
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate


The active Vesuvius volcano is a distinct locality within the arcuate shaped Monte Somma, which represents the remains of an older, much larger volcanic cone.

Several quarries and outcrops exist in this area (all now in a National Park and collecting is strictly forbidden).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

257 valid minerals. 65 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
'Acanthoîde'
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Afghanite
Formula: (Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Reference: - Parodi, G., Ballirano, P., Maras, A. (1996): Afghanite from Mt Vesuvius: A Rediscovery, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 27, 109-114; www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I., Blass, G., & Ciriotti, M. E. (2007). Zirconolite, albite ed epidoto: nuova e poco note specie del Somma-Vesuvio. Micro (UK report), 1/2007, 43-48.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: vom Rath, G., (1869): Orthit vom Vesuv, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 214, 492ff
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 601.; Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Ammineite
Formula: [CuCl2(NH3)2]
Reference: M. Russo & I. Campostrini (2011): Ammineite, matlockite and post 1944 eruption fumarolic minerals at Vesuvius. Plinius 37, 312.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Scacchi, A., 1872: Durch Sublimation entstandene Mineralien, Zeitschrift der deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft, Vol. 24, 493-506
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Description: Found in ejecta blocks with Sellaite.
Reference: Rath, G. vom, 1877: Über einige durch vulkanische Dämpfe gebildete Mineralien des Vesuvs, Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Rheinlande, 144-167; Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 39.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Anorthite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Rose. G. (1823): Über den Feldspat, Albit, Labradorit und Anorthit, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 73/NF-43, 175-208
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Description: Occurs as pseudomorphs after Dolerophanite, so called "Vernadskite."
Reference: Zambonini (1910): 337; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 607.
'Apatite'
Aphthitalite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Description: Occurred in active volcanic fumaroles after several eruptions.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 402, 404, 435.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Artroeite
Formula: Pb[AlF3(OH)2]
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Avogadrite (TL)
Formula: (K,Cs)[BF4]
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 98.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Balliranoite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA website - Approvals February 2009
Bararite
Formula: (NH4)2[SiF6]
Description: Not type locality despite it being observed here first, because it was not fully described from Vesuvius.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 105; Lapis (1994): 5: 13-23, 58.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Bassanite (TL)
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Boothite
Formula: CuSO4 · 7H2O
Colour: Bluish-green
Description: Occurred as crusts on lava of 1872.
Reference: Scacchi (1872) Acc. Napoli, Rendus: 211 (as cupromagnesite); American Mineralogist (1927): 12: 14-19.
Boothite var: Mg-bearing Boothite
Formula: (Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
Colour: Bluish-green
Description: Occurred as crusts on lava of 1872.
Reference: Scacchi (1872) Acc. Napoli, Rendus: 211 (as cupromagnesite); American Mineralogist (1927): 12: 14-19.
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Britholite-(Ce) var: Thorian Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,Ca,Ce,Th)5(P,Si)3O12(OH,F)
Description: In sanidinite blocks.
Reference: P. Orlandi et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 723-725.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Calcioaravaipaite
Formula: PbCa2AlF9
Reference: Campostrini, I., Gramaccioli, C. (2005): Artroeite del Monte Somma-Vesuvio: secondo ritrovamento mondiale. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 29, 1: 50-52. ; M. Russo & I. Campostrini (2011): Ammineite, matlockite and post 1944 eruption fumarolic minerals at Vesuvius. Plinius 37, 312.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: M. Russo & I. Campostrini (2011): Ammineite, matlockite and post 1944 eruption fumarolic minerals at Vesuvius. Plinius 37, 312.; Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Calzirtite
Formula: CaZr3TiO9
Reference: Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconlite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008. ; Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconolite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Carobbiite (TL)
Formula: KF
Type Locality:
Description: found in the fumaroles of the lava erupted in Dec. 1933
Reference: [Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI] [Rend.Soc.Min.Ital.(1956) 12, 212-213) [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I Minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
'Chabazite'
Reference: [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Chabazite-K (TL)
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: De Gennaro M., Franco E., Paracuollo G., Passarelli A. - I "tufi" del Vesuvio con cabasite potassica. pp. 223-240.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Chalcocyanite (TL)
Formula: CuSO4
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred as a sublimate during the 1868 eruption of Vesuvius.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 429, 552, 571.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Challacolloite
Formula: KPb2Cl5
Reference: Schlüter, J., at al., (2005): The new mineral challacolloite, KPb2Cl5, the natural occurrence of a technically known laser material, N. Jb. Min. Abh. 182(1):95-101
Chloraluminite (TL)
Formula: AlCl3 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 50.
Chlormanganokalite (TL)
Formula: K4[MnCl6]
Type Locality:
Description: Found lining cavities in blocks of scoria ejected during the eruption of April, 1906.
Reference: Nature (1906) 74, 104; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 109; Lapis (1994): 5: 13-23, 58.
Chlorocalcite (TL)
Formula: KCaCl3
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred as a volcanic sublimate.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 91.
Chloromagnesite (TL)
Formula: MgCl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 41.
Chlorothionite (TL)
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)Cl2
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred as incrustations at active volcanic fumaroles during the eruption of 1872.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 547; Lapis (1994): 5 p.13-23,58.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinohumite (TL)
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: [Phil.Mag.,London (1876) 2, 286; Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI; Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Cotunnite (TL)
Formula: PbCl2
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred as a sublimation product in active volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Zambonini, F. (1907): Sulla radioattività della cotunnite vesuviana. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, Classe di scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, 16, 1,975-978; Soviet Physics, Crystallography, volume 21, pp. 38(1976); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 43; Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58.
Covellite (TL)
Formula: CuS
Description: found in fumaroles of the 1822 eruption
Reference: Covelli, N. (1827) Sur le Bisulfure de Cuivre qui se forme actuellement dans le Vesuve (1826), Ann. Chim. Vol. XXXV, 105-111, Paris.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Puliti, R. (2004): Indialite in xenolithic rocks from Somma-Vesuvius volcano (Southern Italy): crystal chemistry and petrogenetic features, American Mineralogist 89: 1-6
Cryptohalite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2[SiF6]
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 105; Lapis (1994): 5: 13-23, 58.
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Description: found in recent fumaroles
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: - Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Cuprorivaite (TL)
Formula: CaCuSi4O10
Type Locality:
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI; American Mineralogist 47:409-411
Cuspidine (TL)
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: [Am Min 43 (1958), 1195; Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Cyanochroite (TL)
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
D'Ansite-(Mn) (TL)
Formula: Na21Mn2+(SO4)10Cl3
Type Locality:
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Castellano, C., Gramaccioli, C.M. and Russo, M. (2011): D’ansite-(Mn), IMA 2011-064. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2890; Mineralogical Magazine, 75,2887-2893; Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Castellano, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Russo, M. (2012): D'ansite-(Mn), Na21Mn2+(SO4)10Cl3 and d'ansite-(Fe), Na21Fe2+(SO4)10Cl3, two new minerals from volcanic fumaroles. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 2773-2783.
Davyne (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: NJMM (1990) (3), 97
Dimorphite
Formula: As4S3
Reference: Campostrini, I. & Russo, M. (2012): Lafossaite e dimorphite: due nuove specie per il Vesuvio. Micro, 3/2012, 136-141
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolerophanite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(SO4)O
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred in volcanic fumaroles in the eruption of 1868.
Reference: Note Min.(1873): 1, 22; Atti R. Accad. Sci. fis. mat., Napoli (1873) 5, 22; Lapis (1994): 5: 13-23, 58; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 429, 552, 571.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Ekanite
Formula: Ca2ThSi8O20
Reference: Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2013). Nuove specie minerali al Monte Somma: V. L'ekanite. Micro, 3/2013, 142-144
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Description: Occurs in small amounts as fumarole deposits.
Reference: American Mineralogist: (1927): 12: 14-19; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 512.
Eriochalcite (TL)
Formula: CuCl2 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred as a sublimate during the 1868 eruption of Vesuvius.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 45, 429, 552, 571.
Erythrosiderite (TL)
Formula: K2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred at volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 102; Lapis (1994): 5: 13-23, 58.
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Euchlorine (TL)
Formula: KNaCu3(SO4)3O
Description: Occurred as a sublimate during the 1868 eruption of Vesuvius.
Reference: Scacchi, E. (1884) Acc. Napoli, Rendus": 126 (as Euclorina); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 429, 552, 571; NJMM (1989), 541; Lapis (1994): 5 p.13-23, 58.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: M. Carati - Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana - Calderini, Bologna, 1982
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, mterial of Luigi Chiappino
Ferrinatrite
Formula: Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Ferrohexahydrite
Formula: FeSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti 2007 collection (Steffen Moeckel EPMA probed)
Ferruccite (TL)
Formula: Na[BF4]
Description: Occurred as minute crystals in admixed volcanic fumarole sublimates.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 99.
Fluoborite
Formula: Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data; Russo, M. & Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio. AMI Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Ed., Cremona, 317 pp.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fluornatrocoulsellite
Formula: CaNa3AlMg3F14
Reference: Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Castellano, C., & Russo, M. (2014). Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Physics and chemistry of minerals, 41(6), 403-407.
Fluoro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Russo, M., Della Ventura, G., Campostrini, I. & Preite, D. (2009). Nuove specie minerali al Monte Somma:I. Fluoro-edenite. MICRO (notizie mineralogiche), 2/2009, 173-174.
Fluoro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Prof. Giancarlo Della Ventura, Università Roma Tre (2005)
Forsterite (TL)
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Carobbi G., Alfani M. (1932): Contributi allo studio della forsterite dei blocchi calcarei del Monte Somma. Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma pp. 211-219. and [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: M. Russo & I. Campostrini (2011): Ammineite, matlockite and post 1944 eruption fumarolic minerals at Vesuvius. Plinius 37, 312.; Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Ghiaraite (TL)
Formula: CaCl2•4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Nestola, F., Rossi, M., Zorzi, F., Lanza, A., Peruzzo, L., Guastoni, A. and Kasatkin, A. (2013) Ghiaraite, IMA 2012-072. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 8; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Gismondine-Ca
Formula: CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I Minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Graphite
Formula: C
Habit: small masses
Colour: stell-gray
Description: In metamorphosed limestone volcanic ejectae
Reference: [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
'Guarinite'
Formula: (Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 601.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I Minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Russo, M. (2014): Helvite e un probabile nuovo minerale del gruppo del pirocloro alla cava San Vito (Ercolano). GMT 2014 Giornate Mineralogiche di Tavagnasco, 6-8 giugno 2014. Plinius, 40, 149.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: M. Russo & I. Campostrini (2011): Ammineite, matlockite and post 1944 eruption fumarolic minerals at Vesuvius. Plinius 37, 312.
Hieratite
Formula: K2[SiF6]
Description: Occurred in admixed volcanic fumarole sublimates.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 99, 104.
Hiortdahlite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
'Hornblende'
Humite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Description: One of the many confirmed humite specimens from Monte Somma has been published by Chukanov (2014). The following data is from a yellow crystal, Specimen No. 27825 from the Fersman Mineralogical Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia which has been identified by single-crystal X-ray diffraction pattern and electron microprobe analysis. The empirical formula is (electron microprobe, OH calculated): Mg6.73Fe0.26Mn0.07Zn0.02Si2.92O12F1.08(OH)0.92 Wavenumbers (cm-1): 3553, 1180sh, 1075sh, 984s, 955s, 900sh, 887s, 847, 759, 749, 613, 537,484s, 407s.
Reference: N.V. Chukanov(2014),Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library,Vol 1Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy of mineral species
'Humite Group'
Reference: Van King
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Reference: www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
'Hydrodolomite'
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Hydromelanothallite'
Formula: Cu2(OH)2Cl2·H2O
Description: Occurred with eriochalcite in volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 77.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
Indialite
Formula: Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Balassone G, Franco E, Mattia CA, Puliti R (2004) Indialite in xenolithic rocks from Somma-Vesuvius volcano (Southern Italy): crystal chemistry and petrogenetic features. American Mineralogist 89: 1-6
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaliophilite (TL)
Formula: KAlSiO4
Reference: [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Kremersite (TL)
Formula: (NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred at volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 102; Lapis (1994): 5: 13-23, 58.
Lafossaite
Formula: Tl(Cl,Br)
Reference: Campostrini, I. & Russo, M. (2012): Lafossaite e dimorphite: due nuove specie per il Vesuvio. Micro, 3/2012, 136-141
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Lawrencite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Description: Occurs as a sublimation product.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 40.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
'Lazurite'
Formula: Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Leonardsenite
Formula: MgAlF5·2H2O
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Russo, M. (2013): Leonardsenite del Vesuvio (secondo ritrovamento mondiale). Micro, 3/2013, 138-141
Leucite (TL)
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58; Am Min 78 (1993), 486]
Lévyne-Na
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Lime (TL)
Formula: CaO
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: AmMin: 12:14-19 (1927)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI; Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Litidionite (TL)
Formula: CuNaKSi4O10
Type Locality:
Reference: Pozas, J., Rossi, G., Tazzoli, V. (1975): Re-examination and crystal structure analysis of Litidionite, American Mineralogist, Vol. 60, 471-475.
Magnesioferrite (TL)
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Rammelsberg, C. (1858): Über die Zusammensetzung des Titaneisens sowie der rhomboedrisch und oktaedrisch krystallisierten Eisenoxyde überhaupt, VII Octaedrisches Eisenerz vom Vesuv, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 180/F2-104, 497-552.
Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Description: MFH occurs in a xenolithe from the 1872 eruption, its identification is confirmed by SXRD and EMP-analysis
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I Minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I Minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Malladrite (TL)
Formula: Na2[SiF6]
Reference: Accad.Lincei.Rend.Cl.Sci.fis.mat.nat., Roma (1926) ser.6, 4, 171-175; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 99, 106; Lapis (1994): 5: 13-23, 58.
Manganolangbeinite (TL)
Formula: K2Mn2(SO4)3
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred in a cavern in lava.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 435.: American Mineralogist (1926): 11: 107.
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Fluorescence: Not type-locality.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 399; Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Reference: M. Russo & I. Campostrini (2011): Ammineite, matlockite and post 1944 eruption fumarolic minerals at Vesuvius. Plinius 37, 312.; Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Matteuccite (TL)
Formula: NaHSO4 · H2O
Type Locality:
Description: occured on lavas from 1933
Reference: [Accad.Lincei.Rend.Cl.Sci.fis.mat.nat., Roma (1952) ser.8, 12, 23-29; Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58 ; Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI]
Meionite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: [Traite Min.(1801) 1st ed., 2, 422; Scherillo A. (1935): La meionite del Somma-Vesuvio. Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma pp. 227-239. and Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Melanothallite (TL)
Formula: Cu2Cl2O
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred in volcanic fumaroles in eruption of 1868.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 429, 571.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Mercallite (TL)
Formula: KHSO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 395; Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI; Accad. Lincei. Rend. Cl. Sci. fis. mat. nat. Roma (1935).
Merlinoite
Formula: (K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Russo, M. & Campostrini, I. (2011): Nuove specie minerali al Monte Somma: III. Mesolite. Micro, 2/2011, 58-59
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
'Mica Group'
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Microsommite (TL)
Formula: Na4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Reference: M. Carati - Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana - Calderini, Bologna, 1982
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI; Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Pelloux A., (1927): The Minerals of Vesuvius, American Mineralogist, Vol. 12, 14-19
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Description: A hydration product of mixed salts in volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
Misenite
Formula: K8H6(SO4)7
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 395; Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI.
Mitscherlichite (TL)
Formula: K2CuCl4 · 2H2O
Description: Occurred in stalactites on the floor of the crater.
Reference: Zambonini and Carobbi (1925) Ann. R. Osservat. Vesuviano: III, 2, 7; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 101; Lapis 1994: 5: 13-23, 58.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Molysite (TL)
Formula: FeCl3
Type Locality:
Description: Found as a sublimate in active volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 48.
'Monazite'
Reference: www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
Montesommaite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
Reference: Rouse, R.C., Dunn, P.J., Grice, J.D., Schlenker, J.L., Higgins, J.B. (1990): Montesommaite, (K,Na)9Al9Si23O64•10H2O,a new zeolite related to merlinoite and the gismondine group. American Mineralogist, 75, 1415-1420
Monticellite (TL)
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Type Locality:
Reference: [Phil.Mag.(1831) 10, 265; Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Description: The material termed "Vesbine" occurred as coatings on lava.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 814.; Zambonini, F., Carrobbi, G. (1927): A chemical study of the yellow incrustations on the Vesuvian Lava of 1631, American Mineralogist, Vol. 12, 1-10; Scacchi, A. (1879): Ricerche chimiche suile incrostazioni gialle della lava vesuviana del 1631, Accad. Sci. Fis. e Mat. [Naples], Atti, v. 8, no. 10
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Reference: Russo, M. & Preite, D. (2011): Nuove specie minerali al Monte Somma: IV. Mullite. Micro, 2/2011, 60-61
Nahcolite (TL)
Formula: NaHCO3
Reference: Bannister F.A. (1928): Nature, 122, 866; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 135.
Nantokite
Formula: CuCl
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Natrite
Formula: Na2CO3
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906; Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
'Natrodavyne'
Reference: AmMin: 12:14-19 (1927)
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
'Natrolite Subgroup'
Reference: Van King
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Description: Occurred as an efflorescence on lava.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 231; www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
Nepheline (TL)
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Haüy R J (1801) Népheline, Traité de Minéralogie, 3, 186-190
Norbergite
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Cassinelli C. (1986) - Norbergite e Thaumasite della Cava San Vito. Due nuove specie del Vesuvio - Rivista Min. Italiana, Milano, fasc. 1, 1986, pp. 36-39
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Opal var: Opal-C
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I Minerali del Somma-Vesuvio. 320 pp., Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Cremona. Russo, M. (2006): I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906. 39 pp. - Open File Report n°6/2006, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, sezione Napoli - Osservatorio Vesuviano, Napoli.
Orpiment ?
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
Osumilite
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Description: This is actually Osumilite-(Mg) - see new paper by Balassone et al. EJM 20: 716-720 (2008)
Reference: Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Puliti, R. (2004): Indialite in xenolithic rocks from Somma-Vesuvius volcano (Southern Italy): crystal chemistry and petrogenetic features, American Mineralogist 89: 1-6
Osumilite-(Mg)
Formula: KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Reference: Balassone G, Mormone A, Rossi M, Bernardi A, Fisch M, Armbruster T, Malsy AK, Berger A (2008) Crystal chemical and structural characterization of an Mg-rich osumilite from Vesuvius volcano (Italy). European Journal of Mineralogy 20: 713-720
Palmierite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred in fumarole deposits after the eruptions of 1906 and 1919.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 404; Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Panunzite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)AlSiO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Franco, E., De Gennaro, M. (1988) Panunzite, a new mineral from Mt. Somma-Vesuvio, Italy. American Mineralogist: 73: 420-421.; Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Parascandolaite (TL)
Formula: KMgF3
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Castellano, C. and Russo, M. (2014): Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 41, 403-407.; Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Description: Occurs as an alteration of tenorite in fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 75.
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: [www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html, Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI]
Periclase (TL)
Formula: MgO
Reference: Mem.Min.Geol.(1841) 23
Periclase var: Ferropericlase
Formula: (Mg,Fe)O
Reference: Luigi Chiappino data, Pavel M. Kartashov analytical confirmation
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
'Phillipsite'
Phillipsite-K
Formula: (K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Phoenicochroite
Formula: Pb2(CrO4)O
Reference: Russo M., Campostrini I., Demartin F. (2014): Fumarolic minerals after the 1944 Vesuvius eruption. Plinius, 40, 306.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Picromerite (TL)
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Piypite
Formula: K4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
Reference: [Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI; Clark A.M., Fejer E.E., Couper A.G. (1984): Mineralogical Magazine, 48, 537-539; Effemberg H., Zemann J. (1984) Mineralogical Magazine, 48, 541-546]
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Potassic-ferro-pargasite
Formula: {K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Barberi, F., Bizouard, H., Clocchiatti, R., Metrich, N., Santacroce, R., Sbrana, A. (1981): The Somma-Vesuvius magma chamber: a petrological and volcanological approach. Bulletin of Volcanology, 44, 295-315; Peccerillo, A. (2005): The Campania Province, Pontine Islands, and Mount Vulture. In: Plio-Quaternary Volcanism in Italy. Springer, Ed., Berlin Heidelberg, 129-171.
Potassic-fluoro-richterite (TL)
Formula: {K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Della Ventura, G., Maras, A., Parodi, G.C. (1983): Potassium-fluorrichterite from Monte Somma (Campania) Italy. Periodico di Mineralogia, 52, 617-630. Della Ventura, G., Parodi, G.C., Maras, A. (1992): Potassium-fluor-richterite, a new amphibole from San Vito, Monte Somma, Campania, Italy. Rendiconti dell’Accademia dei Lincei, Classe di Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche e Naturali, Serie 9, 3, 239-245.
Potassic-richterite
Formula: {K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, material of Luigi Chiappino
Potassic-sadanagaite
Formula: {K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
'Proidonite'
Formula: SiF4
Description: Emitted as a gas during the 1872 eruption.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 100.
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Pseudocotunnite (TL)
Formula: K2PbCl4
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred in active volcanic fumaroles in the 1872 and 1906 eruptions.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 96; Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Matteo Chinellato
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Qandilite
Formula: (Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Reference: Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconlite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008. ; Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconolite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008. ; Pascal, M. L., Fonteilles, M., Boudouma, O., & Principe, C. (2011). Qandilite from Vesuvius skarn ejecta: Conditions of formation and miscibility gap in the ternary spinel–qandilite–magnesioferrite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 49(2), 459-485.
Quadridavyne (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Reference: Leoni, L., Mellini, M., Merlino, S., Orlandi, P. (1979): Cancrinite-like minerals: new data and crystal chemical considerations. Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 35, 713-719; Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Vezzalini, G. (1994): Quadridavyne, [(Na,K)6Cl2][Ca2Cl2][Si6Al6O24], a new feldspathoid mineral from Vesuvius area. European Journal of Mineralogy, 6, 481-487.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Rinneite
Formula: K3Na[FeCl6]
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Description: Occurs as a sublimate around active volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 17, 105.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Sarcolite (TL)
Formula: Na4Ca12Al8Si12O46(SiO4,PO4)(OH,H2O)4(CO3,Cl)
Reference: [Ann.Mus.Natl.Hist.Nat.(1807) 9, 241; Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
Sbacchiite (TL)
Formula: Ca2AlF7
Type Locality:
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. and Russo, M. (2018) Sbacchiite, IMA 2017-097.CNMNC Newsletter No. 41, February 2018, page 184; European Journal of Mineralogy: 30: 183-186.
Scacchite (TL)
Formula: MnCl2
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred as a deliquescent salt in volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 41.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: - Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Selenium
Formula: Se
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Description: Found in ejecta blocks with anhydrite.
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 39.; Russo M., Campostrini I., Demartin F. (2014): Fumarolic minerals after the 1944 Vesuvius eruption. Plinius, 40, 306.
Siderazot
Formula: Fe5N2
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: AmMin: 12:14-19 (1927)
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Matteo Chinellato Collection
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sylvite (TL)
Formula: KCl
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs in volcanic fumaroles with halite and in stalactites in the crater associated with gypsum, metavoltine and mitscherlichite.
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 9.
Syngenite
Formula: K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Description: In cavities in an ejecta block during the 1906 eruption.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 444.; Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Tenorite (TL)
Formula: CuO
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs at volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 75.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Cassinelli C. (1986) - Norbergite e Thaumasite della Cava San Vito. Due nuove specie del Vesuvio - Rivista Min. Italiana, Milano, fasc. 1, 1986, pp. 36-39
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 406, 435.
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 225; Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Tondiite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Rossi, M., Nestola, F., Bindi, L. and Ghiara, M.R. (2013) Tondiite, IMA 2013- 077. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3253; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258; Malcherek, T., Bindi, L., Dini, M., Ghiara, M. R., Molina Donoso, A., Nestola, F., Rossi, M., Schlüter, J. (2014): Tondiite, Cu3Mg(OH)6Cl2, the Mg-analogue of herbertsmithite. Mineralogical Magazine 78, 583-590.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Description: found in an ejectum of the 1822-eruption
Reference: [vom Rath, G., (1872): Tridymit in Auswürflingen des Vesuves, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 233, 280-281] [Rath, G. vom, 1877: Über einige durch vulkanische Dämpfe gebildete Mineralien des Vesuvs, Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Rheinlande, 144-167]
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Description: Occurred as crusts on lava.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 139; Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Tschermakite
Formula: ☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Luigi Chiappino material
Verneite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca3Al2F14
Type Locality:
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Pinto, D. and Mitolo, D. (2017) Verneite, IMA 2016-112. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 408; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409
Vesuvianite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]; Min Rec (1996) 27:109-114
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Vonsenite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Wagnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Description: Occurred with apatite in lava of 1872.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 847; Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Wöhlerite
Formula: NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
'Wollastonite-1A'
Formula: CaSiO3
'Wollastonite-2M'
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Chiappino, L. & Punzo, I. (2009). Nuove specie minerali al Monte Somma: II. Wulfenite. MICRO (notizie mineralogiche), 2/2009, 175-176.
Zeophyllite
Formula: Ca13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Reference: Passaglia, E., Porcelli. C. (1983): Zeophyllite from Monte Somma, Vesuvius, Italy, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 47, 397-400
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I., Blass, G., & Ciriotti, M. E. (2007). Zirconolite, albite ed epidoto: nuova e poco note specie del Somma-Vesuvio. Micro (UK report), 1/2007, 43-48.; Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconlite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008. ; Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconolite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Selenium1.CC.10Se
Siderazot1.BC.10Fe5N2
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite (TL)2.CA.05aCuS
Dimorphite2.FA.10As4S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Orpiment ?2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Ammineite3.C0.[CuCl2(NH3)2]
Artroeite3.CC.15Pb[AlF3(OH)2]
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Avogadrite (TL)3.CA.10(K,Cs)[BF4]
Bararite3.CH.10(NH4)2[SiF6]
Calcioaravaipaite3.DC.37PbCa2AlF9
Carobbiite (TL)3.AA.20KF
Challacolloite3.AA.55KPb2Cl5
Chloraluminite (TL)3.BC.05AlCl3 · 6H2O
Chlormanganokalite (TL)3.CJ.05K4[MnCl6]
Chlorocalcite (TL)3.AA.40KCaCl3
Chloromagnesite (TL)3.AB.20MgCl2
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cotunnite (TL)3.DC.85PbCl2
Cryptohalite (TL)3.CH.15(NH4)2[SiF6]
Cumengeite3.DB.20Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Eriochalcite (TL)3.BB.05CuCl2 · 2H2O
Erythrosiderite (TL)3.CJ.10K2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Ferruccite (TL)3.CA.05Na[BF4]
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Fluornatrocoulsellite3.00.CaNa3AlMg3F14
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hieratite3.CH.15K2[SiF6]
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Kremersite (TL)3.CJ.10(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Lafossaite3.AA.25Tl(Cl,Br)
Lawrencite3.AB.20(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Malladrite (TL)3.CH.05Na2[SiF6]
Matlockite3.DC.25PbFCl
Melanothallite (TL)3.DA.05Cu2Cl2O
Mitscherlichite (TL)3.CJ.15K2CuCl4 · 2H2O
Molysite (TL)3.AC.10FeCl3
Nantokite3.AA.05CuCl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Pseudocotunnite (TL)3.DC.90K2PbCl4
Rinneite3.CJ.05K3Na[FeCl6]
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Scacchite (TL)3.AB.20MnCl2
Sellaite3.AB.15MgF2
Sylvite (TL)3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Calzirtite4.DL.10CaZr3TiO9
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lime (TL)4.AB.25CaO
Magnesioferrite (TL)4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-C4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Periclase (TL)4.AB.25MgO
var: Ferropericlase4.AB.25(Mg,Fe)O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Portlandite4.FE.05Ca(OH)2
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Qandilite4.BB.05(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Tenorite (TL)4.AB.10CuO
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nahcolite (TL)5.AA.15NaHCO3
Natrite5.AA.10Na2CO3
Natron5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Vaterite5.AB.20CaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Fluoborite6.AB.50Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Sassolite6.AA.05H3BO3
Vonsenite6.AB.30Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminite7.DC.05Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Aphthitalite (TL)7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bassanite (TL)7.CD.45CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Boothite7.CB.35CuSO4 · 7H2O
var: Mg-bearing Boothite7.CB.35(Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocyanite (TL)7.AB.10CuSO4
Chlorothionite (TL)7.BC.25K2Cu(SO4)Cl2
Cyanochroite (TL)7.CC.60K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Dolerophanite (TL)7.BB.20Cu2(SO4)O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ettringite7.DG.15Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Euchlorine (TL)7.BC.30KNaCu3(SO4)3O
Fergusonite-(Ce)7.GA.05(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Ferrinatrite7.CC.35Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Ferrohexahydrite7.CB.25FeSO4 · 6H2O
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Manganolangbeinite (TL)7.AC.10K2Mn2(SO4)3
Mascagnite7.AD.05(NH4)2SO4
Matteuccite (TL)7.CD.05NaHSO4 · H2O
Mercallite (TL)7.AD.10KHSO4
Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Misenite7.AD.15K8H6(SO4)7
Palmierite (TL)7.AD.40(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
Phoenicochroite7.FB.05Pb2(CrO4)O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Picromerite (TL)7.CC.60K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Piypite7.BC.40K4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
Polyhalite7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Syngenite7.CD.35K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Wagnerite8.BB.15(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Afghanite9.FB.05(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite (TL)9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Balliranoite (TL)9.FB.05(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
var: Thorian Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Na,Ca,Ce,Th)5(P,Si)3O12(OH,F)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chabazite-K (TL)9.GD.10(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinohumite (TL)9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Cuprorivaite (TL)9.EA.05CaCuSi4O10
Cuspidine (TL)9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Davyne (TL)9.FB.05(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Ekanite9.EA.10Ca2ThSi8O20
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fluoro-edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Forsterite (TL)9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Gismondine-Ca9.GC.05CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hiortdahlite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Humite (TL)9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Huttonite9.AD.35ThSiO4
Indialite9.CJ.05Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Kaliophilite (TL)9.FA.05KAlSiO4
Kalsilite9.FA.05KAlSiO4
'Lazurite'9.FB.10Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Leucite (TL)9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Litidionite (TL)9.DG.70CuNaKSi4O10
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Lévyne-Na9.GD.15(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Meionite (TL)9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Merlinoite9.GC.15(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Microsommite (TL)9.FB.05Na4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Montesommaite (TL)9.GB.30(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
Monticellite (TL)9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Mullite9.AF.20Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline (TL)9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Norbergite9.AF.40Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Osumilite ?9.CM.05(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Osumilite-(Mg)9.CM.05KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Panunzite (TL)9.FA.05(K,Na)AlSiO4
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phillipsite-K9.GC.10(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Potassic-ferro-pargasite9.DE.15{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Potassic-fluoro-richterite (TL)9.DE.20{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Potassic-richterite9.DE.20{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Potassic-sadanagaite9.DE.15{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Quadridavyne (TL)9.FB.05(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sarcolite (TL)9.EH.15Na4Ca12Al8Si12O46(SiO4,PO4)(OH,H2O)4(CO3,Cl)
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tschermakite9.DE.10☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite (TL)9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
'Wollastonite-1A'9.DG.05CaSiO3
Wöhlerite9.BE.17NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zeophyllite9.EE.70Ca13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Åkermanite9.BB.10Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
''-
'Acanthoîde'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chabazite'-
D'Ansite-(Mn) (TL)-Na21Mn2+(SO4)10Cl3
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Ghiaraite (TL)-CaCl2•4H2O
'Guarinite'-(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
'Hornblende'-
'Humite Group'-
'Hydrodolomite'-
'Hydromelanothallite'-Cu2(OH)2Cl2·H2O
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Leonardsenite-MgAlF5·2H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Natrodavyne'-
'Natrolite Subgroup'-
Parascandolaite (TL)-KMgF3
'Phillipsite'-
'Proidonite'-SiF4
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Sbacchiite (TL)-Ca2AlF7
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Tondiite (TL)-Cu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
Verneite (TL)-Na2Ca3Al2F14
'Wollastonite-2M'-CaSiO3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Siderazot1.1.18.1Fe5N2
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Selenium1.3.4.1Se
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Dimorphite2.6.1.1As4S3
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite (TL)2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment ?2.11.1.1As2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Lime (TL)4.2.1.5CaO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Periclase (TL)4.2.1.1MgO
Tenorite (TL)4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Portlandite6.2.1.4Ca(OH)2
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Magnesioferrite (TL)7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Qandilite7.2.5.1(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)8.1.1.3(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
Miscellaneous
Calzirtite8.7.4.1CaZr3TiO9
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Carobbiite (TL)9.1.1.4KF
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Nantokite9.1.7.1CuCl
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Sylvite (TL)9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Chloromagnesite (TL)9.2.3.3MgCl2
Cotunnite (TL)9.2.7.1PbCl2
Eriochalcite (TL)9.2.8.1CuCl2 · 2H2O
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Lawrencite9.2.3.1(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Matlockite9.2.11.1PbFCl
Scacchite (TL)9.2.3.2MnCl2
Sellaite9.2.2.1MgF2
AX3
Chloraluminite (TL)9.3.3.1AlCl3 · 6H2O
Molysite (TL)9.3.1.1FeCl3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
A2(O,OH)Xq
Melanothallite (TL)10.4.4.1Cu2Cl2O
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Cumengeite10.6.7.1Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Chlorocalcite (TL)11.1.3.1KCaCl3
AmBX4
Avogadrite (TL)11.2.2.1(K,Cs)[BF4]
Ferruccite (TL)11.2.3.1Na[BF4]
Pseudocotunnite (TL)11.2.1.1K2PbCl4
AmBX4·xH2O
Mitscherlichite (TL)11.3.2.1K2CuCl4 · 2H2O
AmBX5·xH2O
Challacolloite11.4.2.1KPb2Cl5
Erythrosiderite (TL)11.4.1.1K2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Kremersite (TL)11.4.1.2(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
AmBX6
Bararite11.5.2.2(NH4)2[SiF6]
Chlormanganokalite (TL)11.5.4.1K4[MnCl6]
Cryptohalite (TL)11.5.1.2(NH4)2[SiF6]
Hieratite11.5.1.1K2[SiF6]
Malladrite (TL)11.5.2.1Na2[SiF6]
Rinneite11.5.3.1K3Na[FeCl6]
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Artroeite11.6.18.1Pb[AlF3(OH)2]
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite (TL)13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Vaterite14.1.2.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Vonsenite24.2.1.2Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite24.3.1.1H3BO3
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Fluoborite25.1.2.1Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Anhydrous Acid Sulfates
Mercallite (TL)28.1.1.1KHSO4
Misenite28.1.2.1K8H6(SO4)7
A2XO4
Aphthitalite (TL)28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Mascagnite28.2.1.1(NH4)2SO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Chalcocyanite (TL)28.3.3.1CuSO4
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Manganolangbeinite (TL)28.4.4.2K2Mn2(SO4)3
Palmierite (TL)28.4.3.1(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Matteuccite (TL)29.1.2.1NaHSO4 · H2O
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Cyanochroite (TL)29.3.6.2K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Picromerite (TL)29.3.6.1K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Syngenite29.3.1.1K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Ferrinatrite29.4.4.1Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Metavoltine29.4.6.1Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Polyhalite29.4.5.1K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bassanite (TL)29.6.1.1CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Boothite29.6.10.2CuSO4 · 7H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferrohexahydrite29.6.8.3FeSO4 · 6H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chlorothionite (TL)30.1.11.1K2Cu(SO4)Cl2
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Dolerophanite (TL)30.2.2.1Cu2(SO4)O
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Piypite30.2.7.1K4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Euchlorine (TL)30.3.1.1KNaCu3(SO4)3O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Aluminite31.7.4.1Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Miscellaneous
Ettringite31.10.2.1Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
A2XO4
Phoenicochroite35.1.2.1Pb2(CrO4)O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Wagnerite41.6.2.1(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite (TL)51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite (TL)51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite51.4.3d.1Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Huttonite51.5.3.1ThSiO4
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Mullite52.2.3.1Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite (TL)52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite (TL)52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Norbergite52.3.2a.1Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Åkermanite55.4.1.1Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Cuspidine (TL)56.2.4.3Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Hiortdahlite56.2.4.7(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Wöhlerite56.2.4.5NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite (TL)58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Indialite61.1.1.3Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Osumilite ?63.2.1a.6(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
'Wollastonite-1A'65.2.1.1aCaSiO3
'Wollastonite-2M'65.2.1.1bCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Litidionite (TL)70.1.1.1CuNaKSi4O10
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Cuprorivaite (TL)71.2.3.1CaCuSi4O10
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Ekanite72.1.1.1Ca2ThSi8O20
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double layers
Zeophyllite73.1.4.1Ca13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Afghanite76.2.5.1(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Balliranoite (TL)76.2.9.22(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Davyne (TL)76.2.5.5(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Kaliophilite (TL)76.2.1.5KAlSiO4
Kalsilite76.2.1.1KAlSiO4
'Lazurite'76.2.3.4Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Leucite (TL)76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Microsommite (TL)76.2.5.10Na4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Nepheline (TL)76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Panunzite (TL)76.2.1.4(K,Na)AlSiO4
Quadridavyne (TL)76.2.5.12(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Sarcolite (TL)76.3.2.1Na4Ca12Al8Si12O46(SiO4,PO4)(OH,H2O)4(CO3,Cl)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Merlinoite77.1.3.11(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Montesommaite (TL)77.1.3.12(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
''-
'Acanthoîde'-
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ammineite-[CuCl2(NH3)2]
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
Anorthite (TL)-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-
Boothite
var: Mg-bearing Boothite
-(Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
Britholite-(Ce)
var: Thorian Britholite-(Ce)
-(Na,Ca,Ce,Th)5(P,Si)3O12(OH,F)
Calcioaravaipaite-PbCa2AlF9
'Chabazite'-
Chabazite-K (TL)-(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
D'Ansite-(Mn) (TL)-Na21Mn2+(SO4)10Cl3
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Ferro-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fluornatrocoulsellite-CaNa3AlMg3F14
Fluoro-edenite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Ghiaraite (TL)-CaCl2•4H2O
Gismondine-Ca-CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
'Guarinite'-(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
'Hornblende'-
'Humite Group'-
'Hydrodolomite'-
'Hydromelanothallite'-Cu2(OH)2Cl2·H2O
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Lafossaite-Tl(Cl,Br)
Leonardsenite-MgAlF5·2H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lévyne-Na-(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Meionite (TL)-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Natrite-Na2CO3
'Natrodavyne'-
'Natrolite Subgroup'-
Opal
var: Opal-C
-SiO2 · nH2O
Osumilite-(Mg)-KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Parascandolaite (TL)-KMgF3
Periclase
var: Ferropericlase
-(Mg,Fe)O
'Phillipsite'-
Phillipsite-K-(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Potassic-ferro-pargasite-{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Potassic-fluoro-richterite (TL)-{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Potassic-richterite-{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Potassic-sadanagaite-{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
'Proidonite'-SiF4
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Sbacchiite (TL)-Ca2AlF7
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Tondiite (TL)-Cu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
Tschermakite-☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Verneite (TL)-Na2Ca3Al2F14

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H NahcoliteNaHCO3
H Cryptohalite(NH4)2[SiF6]
H CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
H MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
H SarcoliteNa4Ca12Al8Si12O46(SiO4,PO4)(OH,H2O)4(CO3,Cl)
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
H Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
H EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
H ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
H CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
H Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
H MercalliteKHSO4
H MatteucciteNaHSO4 · H2O
H Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H GhiaraiteCaCl2•4H2O
H TondiiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Boothite (var: Mg-bearing Boothite)(Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Britholite-(Ce) (var: Thorian Britholite-(Ce))(Na,Ca,Ce,Th)5(P,Si)3O12(OH,F)
H ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
H Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
H SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H HydromelanothalliteCu2(OH)2Cl2·H2O
H ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H SassoliteH3BO3
H Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Bararite(NH4)2[SiF6]
H ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
H CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
H FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MiseniteK8H6(SO4)7
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H PortlanditeCa(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
H Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
H Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
H Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
H Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
H Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
H Opal (var: Opal-C)SiO2 · nH2O
H Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
H Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B Avogadrite(K,Cs)[BF4]
B FerrucciteNa[BF4]
B VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
B SassoliteH3BO3
B FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
CCarbon
C NahcoliteNaHCO3
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C SarcoliteNa4Ca12Al8Si12O46(SiO4,PO4)(OH,H2O)4(CO3,Cl)
C Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C GraphiteC
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
C NatriteNa2CO3
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C CerussitePbCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C VateriteCaCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
NNitrogen
N Cryptohalite(NH4)2[SiF6]
N Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
N SiderazotFe5N2
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
N Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
N Bararite(NH4)2[SiF6]
N Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
OOxygen
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
O NahcoliteNaHCO3
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O PericlaseMgO
O ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
O DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)O
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O KaliophiliteKAlSiO4
O ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4
O SarcoliteNa4Ca12Al8Si12O46(SiO4,PO4)(OH,H2O)4(CO3,Cl)
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
O Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
O Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
O ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
O EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
O EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
O MelanothalliteCu2Cl2O
O ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
O CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
O Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
O LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10
O MercalliteKHSO4
O LimeCaO
O MatteucciteNaHSO4 · H2O
O CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
O Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)
O D'Ansite-(Mn)Na21Mn2+(SO4)10Cl3
O GhiaraiteCaCl2•4H2O
O TondiiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
O Guarinite(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O KalsiliteKAlSiO4
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O MassicotPbO
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O QuartzSiO2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
O Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HuttoniteThSiO4
O Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O ThorianiteThO2
O Wollastonite-1ACaSiO3
O Wollastonite-2MCaSiO3
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MiniumPb3O4
O Boothite (var: Mg-bearing Boothite)(Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
O NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O GeikieliteMgTiO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Britholite-(Ce) (var: Thorian Britholite-(Ce))(Na,Ca,Ce,Th)5(P,Si)3O12(OH,F)
O ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
O Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
O SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O TridymiteSiO2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O HydromelanothalliteCu2(OH)2Cl2·H2O
O ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
O NatriteNa2CO3
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O SassoliteH3BO3
O Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
O CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
O FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MiseniteK8H6(SO4)7
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
O PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O PortlanditeCa(OH)2
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
O Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
O Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
O Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
O FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
O IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
O CristobaliteSiO2
O CorundumAl2O3
O VateriteCaCO3
O Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
O Periclase (var: Ferropericlase)(Mg,Fe)O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
O Opal (var: Opal-C)SiO2 · nH2O
O MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
O EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
O Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
O BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
O Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
O Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
FFluorine
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F Cryptohalite(NH4)2[SiF6]
F CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
F Avogadrite(K,Cs)[BF4]
F FerrucciteNa[BF4]
F MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
F CarobbiiteKF
F ParascandolaiteKMgF3
F VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
F SbacchiiteCa2AlF7
F Guarinite(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
F ProidoniteSiF4
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
F WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Britholite-(Ce) (var: Thorian Britholite-(Ce))(Na,Ca,Ce,Th)5(P,Si)3O12(OH,F)
F CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9
F ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F SellaiteMgF2
F HieratiteK2[SiF6]
F Bararite(NH4)2[SiF6]
F ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
F Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
F FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
F Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
F MatlockitePbFCl
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
F LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
F Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
F FluornatrocoulselliteCaNa3AlMg3F14
F Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Na NahcoliteNaHCO3
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4
Na SarcoliteNa4Ca12Al8Si12O46(SiO4,PO4)(OH,H2O)4(CO3,Cl)
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Na MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Na Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Na EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na FerrucciteNa[BF4]
Na MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
Na LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10
Na MatteucciteNaHSO4 · H2O
Na Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)
Na D'Ansite-(Mn)Na21Mn2+(SO4)10Cl3
Na VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Na RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
Na Guarinite(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Na LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Na Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Na NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Na Britholite-(Ce) (var: Thorian Britholite-(Ce))(Na,Ca,Ce,Th)5(P,Si)3O12(OH,F)
Na Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
Na NatriteNa2CO3
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Na Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Na Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Na Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Na FluornatrocoulselliteCaNa3AlMg3F14
Na Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg PericlaseMgO
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Mg ChloromagnesiteMgCl2
Mg PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mg ParascandolaiteKMgF3
Mg TondiiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg Boothite (var: Mg-bearing Boothite)(Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
Mg NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Mg GeikieliteMgTiO3
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg SellaiteMgF2
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Mg Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Mg FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Mg IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Mg Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Periclase (var: Ferropericlase)(Mg,Fe)O
Mg Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Mg LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
Mg Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Mg FluornatrocoulselliteCaNa3AlMg3F14
Mg Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Mg Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al KaliophiliteKAlSiO4
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4
Al SarcoliteNa4Ca12Al8Si12O46(SiO4,PO4)(OH,H2O)4(CO3,Cl)
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Al Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
Al Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Al ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
Al Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)
Al VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Al SbacchiiteCa2AlF7
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al KalsiliteKAlSiO4
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Al MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Al CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9
Al ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
Al Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Al Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Al Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Al Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Al IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Al MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
Al Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Al FluornatrocoulselliteCaNa3AlMg3F14
Al Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Al Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Al Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
SiSilicon
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si Cryptohalite(NH4)2[SiF6]
Si CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si KaliophiliteKAlSiO4
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4
Si SarcoliteNa4Ca12Al8Si12O46(SiO4,PO4)(OH,H2O)4(CO3,Cl)
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Si MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Si Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
Si Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Si MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
Si LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10
Si CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
Si Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)
Si Guarinite(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Si ProidoniteSiF4
Si ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Si KalsiliteKAlSiO4
Si LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Si MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HuttoniteThSiO4
Si Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Wollastonite-1ACaSiO3
Si Wollastonite-2MCaSiO3
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Si Britholite-(Ce) (var: Thorian Britholite-(Ce))(Na,Ca,Ce,Th)5(P,Si)3O12(OH,F)
Si Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Si Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si HieratiteK2[SiF6]
Si Bararite(NH4)2[SiF6]
Si ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Si Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Si Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Si Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Si Opal (var: Opal-C)SiO2 · nH2O
Si MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
Si Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Si Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Si Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
PPhosphorus
P SarcoliteNa4Ca12Al8Si12O46(SiO4,PO4)(OH,H2O)4(CO3,Cl)
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Britholite-(Ce) (var: Thorian Britholite-(Ce))(Na,Ca,Ce,Th)5(P,Si)3O12(OH,F)
P Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
S ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
S DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)O
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
S ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
S EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
S ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S CovelliteCuS
S Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
S CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
S MercalliteKHSO4
S MatteucciteNaHSO4 · H2O
S D'Ansite-(Mn)Na21Mn2+(SO4)10Cl3
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Boothite (var: Mg-bearing Boothite)(Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S SulphurS8
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
S SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S RealgarAs4S4
S Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
S FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S MilleriteNiS
S MiseniteK8H6(SO4)7
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
S PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
S EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S DimorphiteAs4S3
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
S OrpimentAs2S3
ClChlorine
Cl Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Cl ChlormanganokaliteK4[MnCl6]
Cl ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
Cl CotunnitePbCl2
Cl ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Cl MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
Cl SarcoliteNa4Ca12Al8Si12O46(SiO4,PO4)(OH,H2O)4(CO3,Cl)
Cl ChlorocalciteKCaCl3
Cl MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Cl Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Cl EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
Cl MelanothalliteCu2Cl2O
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl ScacchiteMnCl2
Cl ChloromagnesiteMgCl2
Cl MolysiteFeCl3
Cl ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
Cl PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4
Cl Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Cl Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)
Cl D'Ansite-(Mn)Na21Mn2+(SO4)10Cl3
Cl GhiaraiteCaCl2•4H2O
Cl TondiiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
Cl RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Cl LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Cl MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Cl ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5
Cl Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl NantokiteCuCl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl HydromelanothalliteCu2(OH)2Cl2·H2O
Cl CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
Cl Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
Cl MatlockitePbFCl
Cl LafossaiteTl(Cl,Br)
KPotassium
K Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K ChlormanganokaliteK4[MnCl6]
K ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
K KaliophiliteKAlSiO4
K ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
K Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4
K ChlorocalciteKCaCl3
K Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
K MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
K Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
K EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
K ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
K SylviteKCl
K PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4
K Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
K CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
K PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
K Avogadrite(K,Cs)[BF4]
K LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10
K CarobbiiteKF
K MercalliteKHSO4
K Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)
K ParascandolaiteKMgF3
K RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
K KalsiliteKAlSiO4
K ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5
K Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
K Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
K MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
K SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
K HieratiteK2[SiF6]
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MiseniteK8H6(SO4)7
K PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
K PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
K CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
K Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
K Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
K Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
K Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
K Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
CaCalcium
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Ca CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca SarcoliteNa4Ca12Al8Si12O46(SiO4,PO4)(OH,H2O)4(CO3,Cl)
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca ChlorocalciteKCaCl3
Ca Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Ca MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Ca Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Ca BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Ca LimeCaO
Ca CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
Ca Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)
Ca GhiaraiteCaCl2•4H2O
Ca VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Ca SbacchiiteCa2AlF7
Ca Guarinite(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Ca LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Ca Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Wollastonite-1ACaSiO3
Ca Wollastonite-2MCaSiO3
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Britholite-(Ce) (var: Thorian Britholite-(Ce))(Na,Ca,Ce,Th)5(P,Si)3O12(OH,F)
Ca CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9
Ca Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Ca Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Ca PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Ca PortlanditeCa(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Ca Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Ca Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Ca VateriteCaCO3
Ca Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Ca Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Ca GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
Ca Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Ca FluornatrocoulselliteCaNa3AlMg3F14
Ca Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Ca Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti GeikieliteMgTiO3
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Ti CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Ti Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
VVanadium
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
CrChromium
Cr PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
MnManganese
Mn ChlormanganokaliteK4[MnCl6]
Mn ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3
Mn ScacchiteMnCl2
Mn D'Ansite-(Mn)Na21Mn2+(SO4)10Cl3
Mn Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Mn Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
FeIron
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Fe MolysiteFeCl3
Fe Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Fe RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Fe VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Fe Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe SiderazotFe5N2
Fe MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Fe Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Fe FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Fe Periclase (var: Ferropericlase)(Mg,Fe)O
Fe Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Fe Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
CuCopper
Cu ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
Cu DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)O
Cu MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
Cu ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
Cu EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
Cu EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
Cu MelanothalliteCu2Cl2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Cu LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10
Cu CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
Cu TondiiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cu Boothite (var: Mg-bearing Boothite)(Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu NantokiteCuCl
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu HydromelanothalliteCu2(OH)2Cl2·H2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
ZnZinc
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
AsArsenic
As RealgarAs4S4
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As DimorphiteAs4S3
As OrpimentAs2S3
SeSelenium
Se SeleniumSe
BrBromine
Br LafossaiteTl(Cl,Br)
ZrZirconium
Zr Guarinite(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Zr WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zr Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Zr CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Nb Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Nb Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
BaBarium
Ba Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ba Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Ba Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
LaLanthanum
La Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Ce Britholite-(Ce) (var: Thorian Britholite-(Ce))(Na,Ca,Ce,Th)5(P,Si)3O12(OH,F)
Ce Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
NdNeodymium
Nd Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
TlThallium
Tl LafossaiteTl(Cl,Br)
PbLead
Pb CotunnitePbCl2
Pb PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4
Pb Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9
Pb ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb MatlockitePbFCl
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th HuttoniteThSiO4
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th Britholite-(Ce) (var: Thorian Britholite-(Ce))(Na,Ca,Ce,Th)5(P,Si)3O12(OH,F)
Th EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Monticelli, T. and Covelli, N. (1825) Prodromo della mineralogia vesuviana. Da'Torchi Del Tramatre, Napoli, XXXIV, 486 pp., 19 tavv.
Scacchi, A. (1872) Contribuzioni mineralogiche per servire alla Storia dell’ Incendio Vesuviano, del mese di Aprile. Part 1, Naples (1872); Part 2 (1874).
vom Rath, G. (1874) Über das Krystallsystem des Leucits. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. VI, 198-229, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig.
vom Rath, G. (1874) Glimmerkristalle (Biotit) vom Vesuv. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. VI, 366-372, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig.
Scacchi, A. (1887) Catalogo dei Minerali Vesuviani. Naples.
Zambonini, F. and Prior, G.T. (1909) On the identity of Guarinite and Hiortdahlite. Mineralogical Magazine, 15, 247-259.
Pelloux, A. (1927) The Minerals of Vesuvius. American Mineralogist, 12, 14-19.
Abbolito, E. (1950) La "granulina" del Vesuvio e l'alterazione dei silicati. Periodico di Mineralogia, 19, 117-122.
Boscardin, M. (1970) Informazioni di mineralogia italiana. 3) Sulla "granulina" del Vesuvio. Notizie del Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, 7, 6.
De Michele, V. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Carati, M. (1982) Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana. Guide Calderini, Bologna.
Preite, D. (1983) Minerali del Vesuvio al microscopio. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 7(4), 129-133.
Rocks & Minerals (1987) 62, 254, 356.
Preite, D. (1993) Die Mineralien des Vesuv. Lapis, 19(5), 13-23.
Ragone, V. and Ottone, G. (1997) Cinque anni di ricerche mineralogiche al Somma-Vesuvio. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 21, 137-154.
Fulignati, P. (1999) Studio di sistemi idrotermali connessi a camere magmatiche di vulcani attivi italiani (Vesuvio e Vulcano): applicazioni alla vulcanologia ed alla ricerca di risorse geotermiche e minerarie. Tesi di dottorato, 226 pp. Università degli Studi di Pisa, Dottorato in Scienze della Terra, XI ciclo.
Russo, M. and Punzo, I. (2004) I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio. AMI, Ed., Cremona, Italy, 320 pp.
Campostrini, I. and Gramaccioli, C.M. (2005) Artroeite del Monte Somma-Vesuvio: secondo ritrovamento mondiale. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 29(1), 50-52.
Russo, M., Punzo, I., Blass, G., and Ciriotti, M.E. (2007) Zirconolite, albite ed epidoto: nuova e poco note specie del Somma-Vesuvio. Micro (UK report), 1/2007, 43-48.
Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Blass, G., Schafer, C., and Ciriotti, M.E. (2008) Prima segnalazione di sfalerite nelle fumarole del Vesuvio (Campania). MICRO (notizie mineralogiche), 2008, 123-124.
Encyclopedia of Minerals, 2nd. ed.: 541.

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