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Monte Somma, Somma-Vesuvius Complex, Naples Province, Campania, Italy

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 50' 25'' North , 14° 25' 11'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.84028,14.42000
GeoHash:G#: sr6224srf
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Monte Somma, Complesso del Somma-Vesuvio, Napoli, Campania, Italia


Monte Somma is an igneous, arc-shaped mountain that represents the remnants of an older volcanic cone destroyed in a cataclysmic event in 79 AD (during which Pompeii and Herculaneum were destroyed and during which Pliny the Elder died while trying to study the eruption). Mt. Vesuvius is the current cone over the vent. The last major eruption of Mt. Vesuvius was in 1944.

N.B.: The "guarinite" of Somma-Vesuvius Complex is an epitaxy of hiortdahlite, wöhlerite and låvenite (Russo & Punzo, 2004 and references therein).


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Actinolite

Aegirine

Afghanite

Åkermanite

Albite

var: Andesine

var: Oligoclase

Allanite-(Ce)

'Allanite Group'

Allophane

Almandine

Analcime

Andradite

var: Melanite

'Andradite-Grossular Series'

Ankerite

Anorthite (TL)

var: Bytownite

'Apatite'

Aphthitalite

'Apophyllite'

Aragonite

Artroeite

Atacamite

Augite

Baddeleyite

Balliranoite (TL)

'Biotite'

Britholite-(Ce)

var: Thorian Britholite-(Ce)

Brucite

Calcite

Calzirtite

Cancrinite

Celadonite

Cerussite

'Chabazite'

Chabazite-K (TL)

Chalcopyrite

Chondrodite

Chrysocolla

Clinohumite (TL)

Corundum

Cuspidine (TL)

Davyne (TL)

Diopside

Dolomite

Ekanite

Enstatite

Epidote

Ettringite

Fayalite

'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'

Fergusonite-(Ce)

Ferro-hornblende

Ferro-pargasite

Fluoborite

Fluorapatite

Fluorite

Fluoro-edenite

Forsterite (TL)

Galena

'Garnet Group'

Gehlenite

Geikielite

Gold

Gonnardite

Graphite

Grossular

var: Hibschite

'Guarinite'

Gypsum

'Halloysite'

Haüyne

Hedenbergite

Helvine

Hematite

Hiortdahlite

'Hornblende'

Humite (TL)

'Humite Group'

Huttonite

Hydromagnesite

Hydroxylapatite

Hydrozincite

'Iddingsite'

Ilmenite

Jarosite

Kaliophilite (TL)

Kalsilite

Låvenite

Lazulite

'Lazurite'

Leucite (TL)

'Limonite'

Magnesioferrite

Magnesite

Magnetite

Malachite

Marialite

Massicot

Meionite (TL)

'Melilite Group'

Merlinoite

'Mica Group'

Microcline
var: Hyalophane

Microsommite (TL)

Molybdenite

'Monazite'

Montesommaite (TL)

Monticellite (TL)

Mullite

'Natrodavyne'

Natrolite

Nepheline (TL)

Norbergite

Orthoclase

Panunzite (TL)

Pargasite

Periclase (TL)

var: Ferropericlase

Perovskite

'Phillipsite'

Phillipsite-K

Phlogopite

Potassic-fluoro-richterite (TL)

'Potassic-richterite'

Pseudobrookite

Pyrite

'Pyrochlore'

Pyrochlore Group

Pyrochlore Supergroup

var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)

Pyrrhotite

Quadridavyne (TL)

Quartz

Sanidine

Sarcolite (TL)

Scheelite

Scolecite

Siderazot

Siderite

Sodalite

Sphalerite

Spinel

var: Pleonaste

Thaumasite

Thomsonite-Ca

Thorianite

Thorite

Titanite

Tremolite

Tschermakite

Vaterite

Vesuvianite (TL)

Vonsenite

Wöhlerite

Wollastonite

'Wollastonite-1A'

'Wollastonite-2M'

Wulfenite

Zeophyllite

Zircon

Zirconolite


131 valid minerals. 21 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3159060
Quaternary tephrite

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{tephrite, basanite}, Minor{phonolitic tephrite, tephritic phonolite,tuff group,nephelinic, leucitic and analcitic rocks}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Pliocene
2.588 - 5.333 Ma



ID: 3187236
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Pliocene (2.588 - 5.333 Ma)

Lithology: Intermediate volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Localities in this Region
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This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Klaproth, M.H. (1797) Untersuchung des Vesuvians, Vesuvian vom Vesuv. Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Zweiter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 27-32.
Rose, G. (1823) Über den Feldspat, Albit, Labradorit und Anorthit. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 73/NF-43, 175-208.
Monticelli, T. and Covelli, N. (1825) Prodromo della Mineralogica Vesuviana, Napoli.
Haidinger, W. (1827) Über den Davyn, eine neue Mineralspecies. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 87/F2-11, 470-474.
Scacchi, A. (1851) Ueber den Humit (Humit, Klinohumit, Chondrodit) und den Olivin des Monte Somma. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. III, 161-187, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig.
Scacchi, A. (1851) Notiz über den Sommit (Nephelin), Mizzonit und Mejonit. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. III, 478-479, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig.
vom Rath, G. (1869) Orthit vom Vesuv. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 214, 492ff.
vom Rath, G. (1869) Krystallinischer Lasurstein vom Vesuv. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 214, 491.
vom Rath, G. (1871) Über die Winkel des Monticellits. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. V, 434-438, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig.
vom Rath, G. (1871) Über das Kristallsystem des Humits. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. V, 321-413, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig.
vom Rath, G. (1874) Glimmerkristalle (Biotit) vom Vesuv. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. VI, 366-372, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig.
Zambonini, F. and Prior, G.T. (1909) On the identity of Guarinite and Hiortdahlite. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 15: 247-259.
Zambonini, F. (1911) Baddeleyite e pirrite del Monte Somma. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, Classe di scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, 20, 2, 129-130.
Pelloux, A. (1927) The minerals of Vesuvius. American Mineralogist 12, 14-21.
Carati, M. (1982) Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana. Bologna, Ed. Calderini.
Franco, E. and De Gennaro, M. (1988) Panunzite, a new mineral from Mt. Somma-Vesuvio, Italy. American Mineralogist: 73: 420-421.
Parodi, G., Ballirano, P., and Maras, A. (1996) Afghanite from Mt Vesuvius: A Rediscovery. The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 27, 109-114.
Russo, M. and Punzo, I. (2004) I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio. AMI (Italian Micromineralogical Association), Ed., Cremona.
Pascal, M.L. et al. (2008) Zirconolite, Calzirtite, Baddeleyite, Betafite, Geikielite and Quandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius – inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10.

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