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Monte Somma, Somma-Vesuvius Complex, Naples Province, Campania, Italy

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 50' 25'' North , 14° 25' 12'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.8402777778, 14.42
Name(s) in local language(s):Monte Somma, Complesso del Somma-Vesuvio, Napoli, Campania, Italia


Monte Somma is an igneous, arc-shaped mountain that represents the remnants of an older volcanic cone destroyed in a cataclysmic event in 79 AD (during which Pompeii and Herculaneum were destroyed and during which Pliny the Elder died while trying to study the eruption). Mt. Vesuvius is the current cone over the vent. The last major eruption of Mt. Vesuvius was in 1944.

N.B.: The "guarinite" of Somma-Vesuvius Complex is an epitaxy of hiortdahlite, wöhlerite and låvenite (Russo & Punzo, 2004 and references therein).

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Actinolite

Aegirine

Afghanite

Åkermanite

Albite

var: Andesine

var: Oligoclase

Allanite-(Ce)

'Allanite Group'

Allophane

Almandine

Analcime

Andradite

var: Melanite

'Andradite-Grossular Series'

Ankerite

Anorthite (TL)

var: Bytownite

'Apatite'

Aphthitalite

'Apophyllite'

Aragonite

Artroeite

Atacamite

Augite

Baddeleyite

Balliranoite (TL)

'Biotite'

Britholite-(Ce)

var: Thorian Britholite-(Ce)

Brucite

Calcite

Calzirtite

Cancrinite

Celadonite

Cerussite

'Chabazite'

Chabazite-K (TL)

Chalcopyrite

Chondrodite

Chrysocolla

Clinohumite (TL)

Corundum

Cuspidine (TL)

Davyne (TL)

Diopside

Dolomite

Ekanite

Enstatite

Epidote

Ettringite

Fayalite

Fergusonite-(Ce)

Ferro-hornblende

Ferro-pargasite

Fluoborite

Fluorapatite

Fluorite

Fluoro-edenite

Forsterite (TL)

Galena

'Garnet'

Gehlenite

Geikielite

Gold

Gonnardite

Graphite

Grossular

var: Hibschite

'Guarinite'

Gypsum

'Halloysite'

Haüyne

Hedenbergite

Helvine

Hematite

Hiortdahlite

'Hornblende'

Humite (TL)

'Humite Group'

Huttonite

Hyalophane

Hydromagnesite

Hydroxylapatite

Hydrozincite

'Iddingsite'

Ilmenite

Jarosite

Kaliophilite (TL)

Kalsilite

Låvenite

Lazulite

'Lazurite'

Leucite (TL)

'Limonite'

Magnesioferrite

Magnesite

Magnetite

Malachite

Marialite

Massicot

Meionite (TL)

'Melilite Group'

Merlinoite

Microsommite (TL)

Molybdenite

'Monazite'

Montesommaite (TL)

Monticellite (TL)

Mullite

'Natrodavyne'

Natrolite

Nepheline (TL)

Norbergite

'Olivine'

Orthoclase

Panunzite (TL)

Pargasite

Periclase (TL)

var: Ferropericlase

Perovskite

'Phillipsite'

Phillipsite-K

Phlogopite

Potassic-fluoro-richterite (TL)

'Potassic-richterite'

Pyrite

'Pyrochlore'

Pyrochlore Group

Pyrochlore Supergroup

var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)

Pyrrhotite

Quadridavyne (TL)

Quartz

Sanidine

Sarcolite (TL)

Scheelite

Scolecite

Siderazot

Siderite

Sodalite

Sphalerite

Spinel

var: Pleonaste

Thaumasite

Thomsonite-Ca

Thorianite

Thorite

Titanite

Tremolite

Tschermakite

Vaterite

Vesuvianite (TL)

Vonsenite

Wöhlerite

Wollastonite

'Wollastonite-1A'

'Wollastonite-2M'

Wulfenite

Zeophyllite

Zircon

Zirconolite


130 valid minerals. 21 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Localities in this Region


The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Klaproth, M.H. (1797): Untersuchung des Vesuvians, Vesuvian vom Vesuv, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Zweiter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 27-32

Monticelli, T., Covelli, N. (1825): Prodromo della Mineralogica Vesuviana, Napoli

Rose. G. (1823): Über den Feldspat, Albit, Labradorit und Anorthit, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 73/NF-43, 175-208

Haidinger, W. (1827): Über den Davyn, eine neue Mineralspecies, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 87/F2-11, 470-474

Scacchi, A., 1851: Ueber den Humit (Humit, Klinohumit, Chondrodit) und den Olivin des Monte Somma, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. III, 161-187, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig

Scacchi, A., 1851: Notiz über den Sommit (Nephelin), Mizzonit und Mejonit, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. III, 478-479, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig

vom Rath, G., (1869): Orthit vom Vesuv, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 214, 492ff

vom Rath, G., (1869): Krystallinischer Lasurstein vom Vesuv, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 214, 491

Rath, G. vom, 1871: Über die Winkel des Monticellits, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. V, 434-438, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig

Rath, G. vom, 1871: Über das Kristallsystem des Humits, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. V, 321-413, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig

Rath, G. vom, (1874): Glimmerkristalle (Biotit) vom Vesuv, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. VI, 366-372, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig

Zambonini, F., & Prior, G. T., (1909): On the identity of Guarinite and Hiortdahlite. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 15: 247-259.

Carati, M., (1982): Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana. Bologna, Ed. Calderini.

Franco, E., De Gennaro, M. (1988) Panunzite, a new mineral from Mt. Somma-Vesuvio, Italy. American Mineralogist: 73: 420-421.

Parodi, G., Ballirano, P., Maras, A. (1996): Afghanite from Mt Vesuvius: A Rediscovery, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 27, 109-114

Russo, M., Punzo, I., (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio. AMI (Italian Micromineralogical Association), Ed., Cremona.

Pascal, M.L. et al. (2008): Zirconolite, Calzirtite, Baddeleyite, Betafite, Geikielite and Quandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius – inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10

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