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Solfatara di Pozzuoli, Pozzuoli, Phlegrean Fields, Naples, Campania, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Solfatara di Pozzuoli- not defined -
Pozzuoli- not defined -
Phlegrean Fields- not defined -
NaplesMetropolitan City
CampaniaRegion
ItalyCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
40° 49' 41'' North , 14° 8' 30'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Cigliano342 (2014)1.9km
Cofanara I282 (2014)2.6km
Bagnoli24,671 (2011)2.8km
Pozzuoli45,575 (2015)4.3km
Montagna Spaccata108 (2014)5.0km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Solfatara di Pozzuoli, Pozzuoli, Campi Flegrei, Provincia di Napoli, Complesso vulcanico flegreo, Campania, Italia


Solfatara is a volcanic crater located in the centre of the Phlegrean Fields (Campi Flegrei) caldera. The two main fumaroles of Solfatara crater are named Bocca Grande and Bocca Nova.

A very unique bacterium - Methylacidiphilum fumariolicum - was isolated form a local mudpole and shown to be strictly dependent on..... rare earth elements! Yes, the bacteria can't live without Ce or La or Pr or Nd...

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

53 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Adranosite
Formula: (NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Adranosite-(Fe)
Formula: (NH4)4NaFe3+2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Alacránite
Formula: As8S9
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Alcaparrosaite ?
Formula: K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: http://70.1911encyclopedia.org/V/VO/VOLCANO.htm.
Aluminite ?
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539; De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Aphthitalite ?
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Arsenolite ?
Formula: As2O3
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Pichler, H., (1970): Italienische Vulkangebiete II, Bornträger Berlin Stuttgart; - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
'Arsenschwefel'
Formula: As2S3 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Dimorphite (TL)
Formula: As4S3
Reference: Scacchi, A., (1852): Über die in den Fumarolen der phlegräischen Gefilde vorkommenden Substanzen, Journal für praktische Chemie, Vol. 55, 54-59
Efremovite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Pichler, H., (1970): Italienische Vulkangebiete II, Bornträger Berlin Stuttgart
Fibroferrite ?
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Glauberite ?
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: - Pichler, H., (1970): Italienische Vulkangebiete II, Bornträger Berlin Stuttgart - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Godovikovite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Goldichite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 526.
Huizingite-(Al)
Formula: [(NH4)9(SO4)2][(Al,Fe3+)3(OH)2(H2O)4(SO4)6]
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: http://70.1911encyclopedia.org/V/VO/VOLCANO.htm.
Krausite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol; - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Francesco Civero collection
Lucabindiite
Formula: (K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Mendozite ?
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: http://70.1911encyclopedia.org/V/VO/VOLCANO.htm.
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Sinno R. – (1957) Trona, thenardite e mirabilite nei Campi Flegrei. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma pp. 1-12.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Pichler, H., (1970): Italienische Vulkangebiete II, Bornträger Berlin Stuttgart
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Pichler, H., (1970): Italienische Vulkangebiete II, Bornträger Berlin Stuttgart
Orpiment ?
Formula: As2S3
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Pararealgar
Formula: As4S4
Description: degradation of realgar at Bocca Grande and Bocca Nuova fumaroles
Reference: Russo, M. (2004): Realgar e pararealgar della Solfatara di Pozzuoli. Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 2004, 25-28
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Habit: prismatic elongated crystals up to 2 mm, grains and patina
Colour: red
Description: associated to sal ammoniac at Bocca Grande and Bocca Nuova fumaroles; it degrade to pararealgar
Reference: Russo, M. (2004): Realgar e pararealgar della Solfatara di Pozzuoli. Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 2004, 25-28
Russoite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)ClAs2O3(H2O)0.5
Type Locality:
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Scavini, M. (2016): Russoite, IMA 2015-105. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016, page 409; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Pichler, H., (1970): Italienische Vulkangebiete II, Bornträger Berlin Stuttgart
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Description: at Bocca Grande and Bocca Nuova fumaroles
Reference: Russo, M. (2004): Realgar e pararealgar della Solfatara di Pozzuoli. Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 2004, 25-28
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pichler, H., (1970): Italienische Vulkangebiete II, Bornträger Berlin Stuttgart
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
Reference: Scacchi, A. (1849): Memorie geologiche sulla Campania. Memoria III. Esame delle sustanze che si formato presso i fumaroli della regione flegrea. Rendiconti della Reale Accademia della Scienze di Napoli.
'Sulfurite'
Formula: S
Reference: Palache, C. (1944) Dana's System of Mineralogy, vol 1, 144.
'Sulfurite var: Arsensulfurite'
Formula: (S,As)8
Reference: Palache, C. (1944) Dana's System of Mineralogy, vol 1, 144.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Sinno R. – (1957) Trona, thenardite e mirabilite nei Campi Flegrei. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma pp. 1-12.
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Sinno R. – (1957) Trona, thenardite e mirabilite nei Campi Flegrei. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma pp. 1-12.
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 476.
Voltaite (TL)
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Yavapaiite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alacránite2.FA.20As8S9
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Dimorphite (TL)2.FA.10As4S3
Orpiment ?2.FA.30As2S3
Pararealgar2.FA.15bAs4S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Group 3 - Halides
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Arsenolite ?4.CB.50As2O3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 6 - Borates
Sassolite6.AA.05H3BO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Adranosite7.BC.(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Adranosite-(Fe)7.BC.(NH4)4NaFe3+2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Alcaparrosaite ?7.DF.K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminite ?7.DC.05Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Aphthitalite ?7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Efremovite7.AC.10(NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Fibroferrite ?7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Glauberite ?7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Godovikovite7.AC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2
Goldichite7.CC.40KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kalinite7.CC.15KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Krausite7.CC.05KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Mascagnite7.AD.05(NH4)2SO4
Mendozite ?7.CC.15NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Voltaite (TL)7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Yavapaiite7.AC.15KFe(SO4)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Arsenschwefel'-As2S3 · H2O
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Huizingite-(Al)-[(NH4)9(SO4)2][(Al,Fe3+)3(OH)2(H2O)4(SO4)6]
Lucabindiite-(K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
Russoite (TL)-(NH4)ClAs2O3(H2O)0.5
'Sulfurite'-S
'var: Arsensulfurite'-(S,As)8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Dimorphite (TL)2.6.1.1As4S3
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alacránite2.8.22.As8S9
Pararealgar2.8.21.2As4S4
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment ?2.11.1.1As2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Arsenolite ?4.3.9.1As2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite24.3.1.1H3BO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite ?28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Mascagnite28.2.1.1(NH4)2SO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Godovikovite28.3.5.2(NH4)Al(SO4)2
Yavapaiite28.3.4.1KFe(SO4)2
Miscellaneous
Efremovite28.4.4.3(NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3
Glauberite ?28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Metavoltine29.4.6.1Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Goldichite29.5.2.1KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Kalinite29.5.4.2KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Krausite29.5.1.1KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Mendozite ?29.5.4.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Tschermigite29.5.5.3(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Miscellaneous
Voltaite (TL)29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Miscellaneous
Adranosite30.4.5.(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Aluminite ?31.7.4.1Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite ?31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Adranosite-(Fe)-(NH4)4NaFe3+2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Alcaparrosaite ?-K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Arsenschwefel'-As2S3 · H2O
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Huizingite-(Al)-[(NH4)9(SO4)2][(Al,Fe3+)3(OH)2(H2O)4(SO4)6]
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lucabindiite-(K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
Russoite (TL)-(NH4)ClAs2O3(H2O)0.5
'Sulfurite'-S
'var: Arsensulfurite'-(S,As)8

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H Russoite(NH4)ClAs2O3(H2O)0.5
H ArsenschwefelAs2S3 · H2O
H Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
H Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H SassoliteH3BO3
H Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
H Huizingite-(Al)[(NH4)9(SO4)2][(Al,Fe3+)3(OH)2(H2O)4(SO4)6]
H Adranosite-(Fe)(NH4)4NaFe23+(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Efremovite(NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3
H Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2
H Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
H Lucabindiite(K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H AlcaparrosaiteK3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
H AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
BBoron
B SassoliteH3BO3
CCarbon
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
NNitrogen
N Russoite(NH4)ClAs2O3(H2O)0.5
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
N Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
N Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
N Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
N Huizingite-(Al)[(NH4)9(SO4)2][(Al,Fe3+)3(OH)2(H2O)4(SO4)6]
N Adranosite-(Fe)(NH4)4NaFe23+(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
N Efremovite(NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3
N Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2
N Lucabindiite(K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
OOxygen
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O Russoite(NH4)ClAs2O3(H2O)0.5
O ArsenschwefelAs2S3 · H2O
O Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
O YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
O Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O RutileTiO2
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O SassoliteH3BO3
O Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
O Huizingite-(Al)[(NH4)9(SO4)2][(Al,Fe3+)3(OH)2(H2O)4(SO4)6]
O Adranosite-(Fe)(NH4)4NaFe23+(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Efremovite(NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3
O Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2
O Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
O Lucabindiite(K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O AlcaparrosaiteK3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
O AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Na Adranosite-(Fe)(NH4)4NaFe23+(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
MgMagnesium
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg Efremovite(NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Al Huizingite-(Al)[(NH4)9(SO4)2][(Al,Fe3+)3(OH)2(H2O)4(SO4)6]
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2
Al Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S DimorphiteAs4S3
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S ArsenschwefelAs2S3 · H2O
S RealgarAs4S4
S SulphurS8
S Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S PararealgarAs4S4
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
S YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
S Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S PyriteFeS2
S Sulfurite (var: Arsensulfurite)(S,As)8
S Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S SulfuriteS
S Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
S Huizingite-(Al)[(NH4)9(SO4)2][(Al,Fe3+)3(OH)2(H2O)4(SO4)6]
S Adranosite-(Fe)(NH4)4NaFe23+(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
S AlacrániteAs8S9
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Efremovite(NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3
S Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S OrpimentAs2S3
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S AlcaparrosaiteK3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
S AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
ClChlorine
Cl Russoite(NH4)ClAs2O3(H2O)0.5
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Cl Adranosite-(Fe)(NH4)4NaFe23+(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Cl Lucabindiite(K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
KPotassium
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
K KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
K GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
K KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
K YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
K MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Lucabindiite(K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
K Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K AlcaparrosaiteK3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti AlcaparrosaiteK3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
FeIron
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Fe KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Fe YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Adranosite-(Fe)(NH4)4NaFe23+(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe AlcaparrosaiteK3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
AsArsenic
As DimorphiteAs4S3
As Russoite(NH4)ClAs2O3(H2O)0.5
As ArsenschwefelAs2S3 · H2O
As RealgarAs4S4
As PararealgarAs4S4
As Sulfurite (var: Arsensulfurite)(S,As)8
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As AlacrániteAs8S9
As Lucabindiite(K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
As OrpimentAs2S3
As ArsenoliteAs2O3
BrBromine
Br Lucabindiite(K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3147022
Quaternary trachyte

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{trachyte}, Minor{latite,phonolitic tephrite, tephritic phonolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Pliocene
2.588 - 5.333 Ma



ID: 3187236
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Pliocene (2.588 - 5.333 Ma)

Lithology: Intermediate volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Breislak, S. (1792): Essais mineralogiques sur la solfatare de Pouzzole, Giaccio Naples
- Scacchi, A. (1849): Memorie geologiche sulla Campania. Mem. III. Esame delle sustanze che si formato presso i fumaroli della regione flegrea. Rendiconti della R. Accademia della Scienze di Napoli.
- Scacchi, A. (1852): Über die in den Fumarolen der phlegräischen Gefilde vorkommenden Substanzen, Journal für praktische Chemie, Vol. 55, 54-59
- Pichler, H. (1970): Italienische Vulkangebiete II, Bornträger Berlin Stuttgart
- De Michele, V. (1974): Guida mineralogica d'Italia, Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vols.
- De Gennaro M., Franco E., Stanzione D. (19xx): Le alterazioni ad opera di fluidi termali alla solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli). Mineralogia e Geochimica, xx, 5-22.
- Caliro, S. et al. (2007): Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 71, 3040-3055.
- Pol, A., et al. (2014): Rare Earth Metals Are Essential for Methanotrophic Life in Volcanic Mudpots. Environ Microbiol., 16(1), 255–264.
- Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.

Localities in this Region
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