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Hirvikallio, Tammela, Southern Finland Region, Finland

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 60° 43' 35'' North , 23° 37' 14'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 60.72639,23.62056
GeoHash:G#: udbc3qzuy
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


Spodumene-petalite pegmatite. A vertical dyke in the contact of uralite - plagioclase porphyrite with mica schist (Vesasalo 1959).
The dyke is about 170 m long and with a width of 5-25 m.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p.294-295
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Vesasalo, A. (1959): On the petalite occurrences of Tammela, SW-Finland. C. R. Soc. Géol. Finlande. 31, 59-74
'Apatite'
Reference: Vesasalo, A. (1959): On the petalite occurrences of Tammela, SW-Finland. C. R. Soc. Géol. Finlande. 31, 59-74
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection, Pavel Kartashov identification.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection; Jyrki Autio collection & photo
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2016, Ilkka Mikkola specimen
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p.294-295
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Lahti, S. I. (ed.) (1989): Late oreogenic and synorgenic svecofennian granitoids and associated pegmatites of southern Finland. Excursion C1. Symposium. Precambrian granitoids. Petrogenesis, geochemistry and metallogeny. August 14-17, 1989, University of Helsinki, Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Opas - Guide 26.
Ferronigerite-6N6S
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Vesasalo, A. (1959): On the petalite occurrences of Tammela, SW-Finland. C. R. Soc. Géol. Finlande. 31, 59-74
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Reference: Vesasalo, A. (1959): On the petalite occurrences of Tammela, SW-Finland. C. R. Soc. Géol. Finlande. 31, 59-74
'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'
Reference: Lahti, S. I. (ed.) (1989): Late oreogenic and synorgenic svecofennian granitoids and associated pegmatites of southern Finland. Excursion C1. Symposium. Precambrian granitoids. Petrogenesis, geochemistry and metallogeny. August 14-17, 1989, University of Helsinki, Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Opas - Guide 26.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection, Pavel Kartashov identification.
'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'
Reference: Lahti, S. I. (ed.) (1989): Late oreogenic and synorgenic svecofennian granitoids and associated pegmatites of southern Finland. Excursion C1. Symposium. Precambrian granitoids. Petrogenesis, geochemistry and metallogeny. August 14-17, 1989, University of Helsinki, Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Opas - Guide 26.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Vesasalo, A. (1959): On the petalite occurrences of Tammela, SW-Finland. C. R. Soc. Géol. Finlande. 31, 59-74
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p.294-295
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: Vesasalo, A. (1959): On the petalite occurrences of Tammela, SW-Finland. C. R. Soc. Géol. Finlande. 31, 59-74
Pollucite ?
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Description: Pollucite is not mentioned at Hirvikallio in modern Finnish pegmatite publications. See for instance: http://tupa.gtk.fi/julkaisu/bulletin/bt_368.pdf http://tupa.gtk.fi/julkaisu/opas/op_026.pdf
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p.294-295
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Vesasalo, A. (1959): On the petalite occurrences of Tammela, SW-Finland. C. R. Soc. Géol. Finlande. 31, 59-74
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Lahti, S. I. (ed.) (1989): Late oreogenic and synorgenic svecofennian granitoids and associated pegmatites of southern Finland. Excursion C1. Symposium. Precambrian granitoids. Petrogenesis, geochemistry and metallogeny. August 14-17, 1989, University of Helsinki, Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Opas - Guide 26.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Vesasalo, A. (1959): On the petalite occurrences of Tammela, SW-Finland. C. R. Soc. Géol. Finlande. 31, 59-74
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p.294-29. http://tupa.gtk.fi/julkaisu/opas/op_026.pdf
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Vesasalo, A. (1959): On the petalite occurrences of Tammela, SW-Finland. C. R. Soc. Géol. Finlande. 31, 59-74
Zinconigerite-2N1S
Formula: (Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2016, Ilkka Mikkola specimen

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Chrysoberyl'4.BA.05BeAl2O4
'Columbite-(Fe)'4.DB.35FeNb2O6
'Ferronigerite-6N6S'4.FC.20(Al,Fe,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Zinconigerite-2N1S'4.FC.20(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Chlorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
'Ferrisicklerite'8.AB.10Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
'Heterosite'8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
'Hydroxylapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
'Sicklerite'8.AB.10Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Cordierite'9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
'Dumortierite'9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
'Microcline'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Petalite'9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
'Pollucite' ?9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
'Spodumene'9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
'Topaz'9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'-
'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2FeNb2O6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Ferrisicklerite38.1.4.1Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Sicklerite38.1.4.2Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
AXO4
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite ?77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
Ferronigerite-6N6S-(Al,Fe,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'-
'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Zinconigerite-2N1S-(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Ferronigerite-6N6S(Al,Fe,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Zinconigerite-2N1S(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
LiLithium
Li FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
BBoron
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
O Ferronigerite-6N6S(Al,Fe,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Zinconigerite-2N1S(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Zinconigerite-2N1S(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Al Ferronigerite-6N6S(Al,Fe,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Zinconigerite-2N1S(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
P Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
MnManganese
Mn Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Mn SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
FeIron
Fe Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Fe Ferronigerite-6N6S(Al,Fe,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)
Fe Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
ZnZinc
Zn Ferronigerite-6N6S(Al,Fe,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)
Zn Zinconigerite-2N1S(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn Ferronigerite-6N6S(Al,Fe,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)
Sn Zinconigerite-2N1S(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Statherian
1600 - 1800 Ma



ID: 3185627
Paleoproterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Statherian (1600 - 1800 Ma)

Comments: Rapakivi Granite

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3154804
Proterozoic I granodiorite-diorite

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{granodiorite-diorite group}, Minor{granite,syenite-monzonite group,meta-granodiorite-diorite group}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 649420
Sedimentary; Slope and deep water

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Northern Europe, Svecofennian and Lapland-Kola orogens

Comments: Orogen, fold-thrust belt, folded region; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Greywacke, phyllite, mica schist, meta-arkose, graphitic schist, paragneiss, conglomerate, amphibolite

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Vesasalo, A. (1959): On the petalite occurrences of Tammela, SW-Finland. C. R. Soc. Géol. Finlande. 31, 59-74
Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp. (in German, p.294-295)
Lahti, S. I. (ed.) (1989): Late orogenic and synorogenic svecofennian granitoids and associated pegmatites of southern Finland. Excursion C1. Symposium. Precambrian granitoids. Petrogenesis, geochemistry and metallogeny. August 14-17, 1989, University of Helsinki, Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Opas - Guide 26.

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