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Davis–Schrimpf Fumarole Field (Mud Volcanoes area; Mud Pots area), Niland, Imperial Co., California, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 12' 2'' North , 115° 34' 41'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 33.20080,-115.57810
GeoHash:G#: 9mvucun8e
Locality type:Group of Fumaroles
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


A nitrate occurrence/geothermal activity located in sec. 24, T11S, R13E, SBM, 7.2 km (4.5 miles) SW of Niland, in the vicinity of Davis Road and Schrimpf Road.
Temperatures to 69C.
Many mud pots are present and the gryphons are typically up to 2m tall and are often hollow.

Regions containing this locality

Sonoran Desert, North America

Desert - 1,138 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Occurs as stalagmites.
Reference: Hanks, Henry Garber (1882), Mud volcanoes and Colorado Desert: California Mining Bureau. Report 2: 232; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 117.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Nitratine
Formula: NaNO3
Reference: Gale, Hoyt Stoddard (1912a), Nitrate deposits: USGS Bulletin 523: 27; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 342.; Gale, Hoyt Stoddard (1912a), Nitrate deposits: USGS Bulletin 523: 27; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 341.
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Description: Occurs as crusts in fissures near the mud volcanoes.
Reference: Le Conte, John Lawrence (1855), Account of some volcanic springs in the desert of the Colorado, in southern California: American Journal of Science, 2nd. series: 19: 5; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 326;Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 193.
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Cinnabar'2.CD.15aHgS
Group 3 - Halides
'Salammoniac'3.AA.25NH4Cl
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Nitratine'5.NA.05NaNO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Blödite'7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
'Epsomite'7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Halotrichite'7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Hexahydrite'7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
'Natrojarosite'7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Pentahydrite'7.CB.20MgSO4 · 5H2O
'Pickeringite'7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Starkeyite'7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
'Tamarugite'7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
'Voltaite'7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
AXO3·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Nitratine18.1.1.1NaNO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Pentahydrite29.6.7.3MgSO4 · 5H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
NNitrogen
N NitratineNaNO3
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
OOxygen
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NitratineNaNO3
O PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
NaSodium
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NitratineNaNO3
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
MgMagnesium
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S CinnabarHgS
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
S SulphurS8
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
ClChlorine
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
KPotassium
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Holocene - Pliocene
0 - 5.333 Ma



ID: 2885167
Quaternary alluvium and marine deposits

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 5.333 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Temescal Formation; Modesto Formation; Victor Formation; Alameda Formation; Aromas Red Sands; Bautista Beds; Brawley Formation; Borrego Formation; Burnt Canyon Breccia; Cabezon Fanglomerate; Campus Formation; Casitas Formation; Chemehuevi Formation; Corcoran Clay; Cushenbury Springs Formation; Dos Picachos Gravels; Dripping Springs Formation; Frazier Mountain Formation; Friant Formation; Harold Formation; Heights Fanglomerate; Hookton Formation; Huichica Formation; La Habra Formation; Manix Lake Beds; Mohawk Lake Beds; Montezuma Formation; Nadeau Gravel; Ocotillo Conglomerate; Orcutt Formation; Pacoima Formation; Pauba Formation; Peckham Formation; Pinto Formation; Resting Springs Formation; Riverbank Formation; Rohnerville Formation; San Dimas Formation; Shoemaker Gravel; Temecula Arkose; Battery Formation; Bay Point Formation; Colma Formation; Lindavista Formation; Lomita Marl; Merritt Sand; Millerton Formation; Palos Verdes Sand; San Pedro Formation; Sweitzer Formation; Timms Point Silt

Description: Alluvium, lake, playa, and terrace deposits; unconsolidated and semi-consolidated. Mostly nonmarine, but includes marine deposits near the coast.

Lithology: Major:{coarse alluvium}, Minor:{fine alluvium}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Le Conte, John Lawrence (1855), Account of some volcanic springs in the desert of the Colorado, in southern California: American Journal of Science, 2nd. series: 19: 5.
Hanks, Henry Garber (1882), Mud volcanoes and Colorado Desert: California Mining Bureau. Report 2: 232.
Gale, Hoyt Stoddard (1912a), Nitrate deposits: USGS Bulletin 523: 27.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 117, 326, 341.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 193, 342.
Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Rao, A. P. (2016). The hydraulic connectivity, perennial warming and relationship to seismicity of the Davis-Schrimpf Seep Field, Salton Trough, California from new and recent temperature time-series. MS Thesis California State University, Long Beach.


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