SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice SettingsThe Mineral Quiz
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesSearch by ColorNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Iron Quadrangle, Minas Gerais, Brazili
Regional Level Types
Iron QuadrangleQuadrangle
Minas GeraisState
BrazilCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Belo Horizonte2,373,224 (2014)
Santa Luzia243,503 (2012)
Ibirité141,374 (2012)
Itabira99,496 (2012)
Nova Lima88,399 (2012)
João Monlevade72,762 (2012)
Name(s) in local language(s):
Quadrilátero Ferrífero, Minas Gerais, Brasil


General: The Iron Quadrangle (Quadrilátero Ferrífero) is roughly between latitude 19-20°S and longitude 43-44°W. The district is a major iron, gold and gem producer. It was the principal source of bedrock gold mining until 1983 and accounts for about 40% of Brazil's total gold production from the 15th century until 2000. Two of the eight major new gold mines put into production between 1983 and 1990 are located in the Iron Quadrangle. The area between Itabira and Nova Era is an important gem mining district, and Itabira is also the most important iron mining district in the area.

Iron Deposits: The iron ore deposits are hosted within the Cauê Formation, a typical Banded Iron Formation (BIF) of the Lake Superior Type, which constitutes the intermediate chemical member of the Minas Supergroup, a Paleoproterozoic meta-sedimentary sequence. The BIFs, locally known as itabirites, are metamorphosed and strongly oxidised. On the western border of the Iron Quadrangle, the Minas Supergroup is less deformed and preserves some original sedimentary structures. The metamorphism at this region reached the greenschist facies. The iron ore bodies occur as discontinuous lenses of varied sizes and shapes within the itabirites. Two main types of iron ores are recognized: high-grade ore (Fe > 64%), called hematite ore and intermediate-grade ore (64% < Fe < 52%), called itabiritic ore. The intermediate-grade itabiritic ore is typically friable and generally grades to hard itabirite with low iron content. At the Águas Claras and Capão Xavier Deposits, the host itabirite was dolomitic and the ore associated is very friable, of very high-grade and low lump yield. At the Tamaduá, Capitão do Mato and Pico Deposits the host itabirite is siliceous.

The genesis of these ores is considered as due to a residual concentration of the iron oxides after leaching of the gangue minerals during the Cenozoic weathering. The genesis of the hard high-grade ore is more complex and not well understood. This ore type generally preserves the original banding of the host itabirite and shows hematite re-crystallization. Its origin is considered as hypogenic.

Gold Deposits: Gold is produced from numerous mines, mostly in the northern and southeastern parts of the district. The deposits are hosted in Archean or Paleoproterozoic carbonate and oxide facies BIFs and iron-rich cherts in supracrustal sequences. Consequently, some of the iron ore deposits are also worked for gold.

Gem Mines: The area between Itabira and Nova Era is the largest emerald mining district in Brazil, producing ca. 200 kg per month of facetable rough. Aquamarine and morganite have also been found at Capoeirana. The Piteiras mine is in a western outlier of the Eastern Brazilian Pegmatite Province, although the emeralds formed in metamorphosed Archean and Paleoproterozoic ultramafic rocks by Be-rich hydrothermal fluids associated with pegmatite intrusions at ca. 500 Ma.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

142 valid minerals. 7 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Van King
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Atencio, D., Luchesi, I., Schorscher, H.D. (1994) Hohmannite and other supergene sulfates from Quebra-Osso mine, district of Santa Bárbara, MG, Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências: 66: 501-501.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Atencio, D., Luchesi, I., Schorscher, H.D. (1994) Hohmannite and other supergene sulfates from Quebra-Osso mine, district of Santa Bárbara, MG, Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências: 66: 501-501.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Da Silva Lopes, P.H., Cesar-Mendes, J., Roeser, H. (2008): Ein neues Smaragdvorkommen in Brasilien – Die Rocha Mineracao Mine in Minas Gerais, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 59, 301-315
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Thorman, C.H., DeWitt, E., Maron, M.A.C., and Ladeira, E.A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 218-227.; Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
'Anthosiderite'
Reference: Hausmann, J.Fr.L., Wöhler, F. (1841) Ueber den Anthosiderit, eine neue Mineral-Species aus Brasilien. Journal für Praktische Chemie: 22: 412–415.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001) Brazil's premier gold province. Part II: geology and genesis of gold deposits in the Archean Rio das Velhas greenstone belt, Quadrilátero Ferrífero. Mineralium Deposita: 36: 249-277.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Spier, C.A., Barros de Oliveira, S.M., Rosière, C.A., and Ardisson, J.D. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 229-254.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: Crystals to 10cm
Reference: USGS Professional Paper 341B
Arsenopalladinite
Formula: Pd8(As,Sb)3
Reference: Olivo, G.R., Gammons, C.H. (1996) Thermodynamic and textural evidence for at least two stages of Au-Pd mineralization at the Caue iron mine, Itabira District, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist: 34: 547-557.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Thorman, C.H., DeWitt, E., Maron, M.A.C., and Ladeira, E.A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 218-227.
Atheneite
Formula: Pd2As0.75Hg0.25
Reference: Kwitko, R., Cabral, A.R., Lehmann, B., Laflamme, J.G., Cabri, L.J., Criddle, A.J., Galbiatti, H.F. (2002) Hongshiite, PtCu, from itabirite-hosted Au–Pd–Pt mineralization (jacutinga), Itabira district, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Canadian Mineralogist: 40(2): 711-723.
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Reference: Cabral, A., Galbiatti, H. (2014) Platinum minerals from the Fazendão hematite-ore mine, Quadrilátero Ferrífero of Minas Gerais, Brazil. 21st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association: 102.
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Oberthür, T., Weiser, T.W. (2008) Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine: 72: 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Ricardo Scholz information
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Benjaminite
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Reference: Oberthür, T., Weiser, T.W. (2008) Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine: 72: 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Morteani, G., Preinfalk, C., and Horn, A.H. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 638-655.
Beryl var. Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var. Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Giuliani, Gaston; Cheilletz, Alain; Zimmermann, Jean-Louis; Ribeiro-Althoff, Ana Maria; France-Lanord, Christian; Feraud, Gilbert (1997): Brazilian emerald deposits: genesis and topology. Chronique de la Recherche Minière, 65, 17-61.; Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Beryl var. Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Morteani, G., Preinfalk, C., and Horn, A.H. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 638-655.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: USGS Professional Paper 341B
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Ore Geology Reviews 32 (2007) 596.; Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 168-370
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: ATENCIO, D.; LUCHESI, I ; SCHORSCHER, H D . Hohmannite and other supergene sulfates from Quebra-Osso mine, district of Santa Bárbara, MG, Brazil.. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v. 66, p. 501-501, 1994
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Ježek, B. (1910): Braunite from Minas Geraes, Brazil. Prague Bull. Internat. Acad. Sci. Prague 13, 15-20.
Butlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: ATENCIO, D.; LUCHESI, I ; SCHORSCHER, H D . Hohmannite and other supergene sulfates from Quebra-Osso mine, district of Santa Bárbara, MG, Brazil.. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v. 66, p. 501-501, 1994
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: USGS Professional Paper 341B
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Luiz Alberto Dias Menezes,Fo.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Carlos Alberto Spier, Sonia Maria Barros de Oliveira und Carlos Alberto Rosière (2003): Geology and geochemistry of the Águas Claras and Pico Iron Mines, Quadrilátero Ferrífero, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralium Deposita, 38, 751-774.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: USGS Professional Paper 341B
Chrisstanleyite
Formula: Ag2Pd3Se4
Reference: Cabral, A. R. (2006). Palladiferous gold mineralisation (ouro preto) in Brazil: Gongo Soco, Itabira and Serra Pelada. Sonderhefte Reihe D - Geol. Jahrb., Heft 8
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: USGS Professional Paper 341B
'Clays'
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 168-370.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Morteani, G., Preinfalk, C., and Horn, A.H. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 638-655.
Coquimbite
Formula: AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
Reference: ATENCIO, D.; LUCHESI, I ; SCHORSCHER, H D . Hohmannite and other supergene sulfates from Quebra-Osso mine, district of Santa Bárbara, MG, Brazil.. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v. 66, p. 501-501, 1994
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Luiz Alberto Dias Menezes,Fo.
Crocoite
Formula: PbCr6+O4
Reference: Eberhard Reich info taken from old specimen label.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Habit: Orthorhombic prisms to a few mm
Colour: yellow brown
Fluorescence: none
Description: The cubanite only occurs on white dolomite and can be easily confused with mm sized pyrrhotites. These were the best cubanites until the cm sized ones were found
Reference: No reference listed
Derbylite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+4Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1895): 11: 85; Mineralogical Magazine (1897): 11: 176; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1026.; Hussak and Prior (1900) Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 244.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: USGS Professional Paper 341B
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Habit: Simple rhombs to several cm
Colour: white
Description: Dolomite crystals from this locality are the only matrix for cubanite crystals.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 214; Rocks & Minerals: 63: 43.; Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Dolomite var. Iron-bearing Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 63:43.
Euclase (TL)
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. (p. 112).; Cassedanne, J.P. (1989) Famous Mineral Localities: The Ouro Preto [Brazil] Topaz Mines. Mineralogical Record, 20(3), 221-233.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Morteani, G., Preinfalk, C., and Horn, A.H. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 638-655.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Gübelin, E., Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel [in Dutch].
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: Spier, C.A., Barros de Oliveira, S.M., Rosière, C.A., and Ardisson, J.D. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 229-254.
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: ATENCIO, D.; LUCHESI, I ; SCHORSCHER, H D . Hohmannite and other supergene sulfates from Quebra-Osso mine, district of Santa Bárbara, MG, Brazil.. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v. 66, p. 501-501, 1994
'Florencite'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 839.
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Ricardo Scholz collection.
Fluorcalcioroméite
Formula: (Ca,Na,◻)2Sb5+2(O,OH)6F
Reference: identified by EDAX and SEM Image. See pictures under minID: KPG-8JL
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Morteani, G., Preinfalk, C., and Horn, A.H. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 638-655.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Da Silva Lopes, P.H., Cesar-Mendes, J., Roeser, H. (2008): Ein neues Smaragdvorkommen in Brasilien – Die Rocha Mineracao Mine in Minas Gerais, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 59, 301-315
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Cabral, A.R., Sattler, C.-D.(2004): Alteration of pyrophanite: transition in chemical composition to a manganese analogue of pseudorutile - evidence from the Quadrilatero Ferrifero of Minas Gerais, Brazil. N. Jb. Mineral. Monatsh.: 3(2004): 97-103
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Spier, C.A., Barros de Oliveira, S.M., Rosière, C.A., and Ardisson, J.D. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 229-254.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Reference: Cabral A, Galbiatti H (2014)Platinum minerals from the Fazendão hematite-ore mine, Quadrilátero Ferrífero of Minas Gerais, Brazil. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 102
Gold var. Electrum
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Márquez, M. et al. (2006): Process mineralogy of bacterial oxidized gold ore in São Bento Mine (Brasil). Hydrometallurgy 83, 114-123.
Gold var. Palladian Gold
Formula: (Au,Pd)
Reference: App.EarthSci 111:74 -- 80.; Varajão, C. A. C., Colin, F., Vieillard, P., Melfi, A. J., & Nahon, D. (2000). Early weathering of palladium gold under lateritic conditions, Maquiné Mine, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Applied Geochemistry, 15(2), 245-263.; Cabral, A. R. (2006). Palladiferous gold mineralisation (ouro preto) in Brazil: Gongo Soco, Itabira and Serra Pelada. Sonderhefte Reihe D - Geol. Jahrb., Heft 8
Gorceixite (TL)
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte,446 (1982)
Greifensteinite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum var. Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: No reference listed
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Reference: Elements, April 2011, p. 120; Carlos Alberto Spier, Sonia Maria Barros de Oliveira und Carlos Alberto Rosière (2003): Geology and geochemistry of the Águas Claras and Pico Iron Mines, Quadrilátero Ferrífero, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralium Deposita, 38, 751-774.
Hematite var. Iron Rose
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Vik Vanrusselt Collection
Hematite var. Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Elements, April 2011, p. 120
Hematite var. Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Spier, C.A., Barros de Oliveira, S.M., Rosière, C.A., and Ardisson, J.D. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 229-254.
Hentschelite
Formula: CuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Luiz Alberto Dias Menezes,Fo.
Hohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Reference: ATENCIO, D.; LUCHESI, I ; SCHORSCHER, H D . Hohmannite and other supergene sulfates from Quebra-Osso mine, district of Santa Bárbara, MG, Brazil.. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v. 66, p. 501-501, 1994.
Hongshiite
Formula: PtCu
Reference: Cabral A, Galbiatti H (2014)Platinum minerals from the Fazendão hematite-ore mine, Quadrilátero Ferrífero of Minas Gerais, Brazil. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 102
Hydroxycalcioroméite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Type Locality:
Description: Octahedral crystals of Lewisite recently proved to be a titanian variety of Romèite. Reference needed.
Reference: Hussak and Prior (1900) Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 244.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1022.; Brugger, J., Gieré, R., Graeser, S., and Meisser, N. (1997) The crystal chemistry of roméite. Contributions to Mineralogy & Petrology: 127: 136–146.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 400-403.; Rouse, R.C., Dunn, P.J., Peacor, D.R., and Wang, L. (1998) Structural studies of the natural antimonian pyrochlores. I. Mixed valency, cation site splitting, and symmetry reduction in lewisite. Journal of Solid State Chemistry 141: 562-569.; Jambor, J.E., Pertsev, N.N., and Roberts, A.C. (1999) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 84: 1195-1198.;
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Isomertieite
Formula: Pd11Sb2As2
Reference: App.EarthSci 111:74 -- 80.; Cabral, A. R. (2006). Palladiferous gold mineralisation (ouro preto) in Brazil: Gongo Soco, Itabira and Serra Pelada. Sonderhefte Reihe D - Geol. Jahrb., Heft 8
Jacutingaite (TL)
Formula: Pt2HgSe3
Type Locality:
Reference: A. R. Cabral, H. F. Galbiatti, R. Kwitko-Riberio, B. Lehmann (2008): Terra Nova, 20, 32-37.; Vymazalová, A., Laufek, F., Drábek, M., Cabral, A.R., Haloda, J., Sidorinová, T., Lehmann, B., Galbiatti, H.F. and Drahokoupil, J. (2011) Jacutingaite, IMA 2010-078. CNMNC Newsletter No. 8, April 2011, page 293; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 289-294.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: USGS Professional Paper 341B
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Kenngoth 1853
Joséite-B (TL)
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Type Locality:
Reference: ATENCIO, D. (2001): Type Mineralogy of Brazil. Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Geociências, São Paulo, Brazil (11-14).
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Varajão, C. A. C., Colin, F., Vieillard, P., Melfi, A. J., & Nahon, D. (2000). Early weathering of palladium gold under lateritic conditions, Maquiné Mine, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Applied Geochemistry, 15(2), 245-263.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Morteani, G., Preinfalk, C., and Horn, A.H. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 638-655.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Da Silva Lopes, P.H., Cesar-Mendes, J., Roeser, H. (2008): Ein neues Smaragdvorkommen in Brasilien – Die Rocha Mineracao Mine in Minas Gerais, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 59, 301-315
'Leucoxene'
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
'Limonite'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Spier, C.A., Barros de Oliveira, S.M., Rosière, C.A., and Ardisson, J.D. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 229-254.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Magnesite var. Breunnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: This is a very particular occurrence in the Quadrilátero Ferrífero mineral province. There are some malachite and crysocolla found associated with calcite close to the contact between the paleoproterozoics sediments of the Batatal and Cauê (upper) formations.
Reference: Bráulio França Ferreira
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
'Manganese Oxides'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Spier, C.A., Barros de Oliveira, S.M., Rosière, C.A., and Ardisson, J.D. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 229-254.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: ATENCIO, D.; LUCHESI, I ; SCHORSCHER, H D . Hohmannite and other supergene sulfates from Quebra-Osso mine, district of Santa Bárbara, MG, Brazil.. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v. 66, p. 501-501, 1994
'Mertieite'
Reference: Cabral, A. R. (2006). Palladiferous gold mineralisation (ouro preto) in Brazil: Gongo Soco, Itabira and Serra Pelada. Sonderhefte Reihe D - Geol. Jahrb., Heft 8
Mertieite-II
Formula: Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Reference: MinMag 65:169-179; Cabral, A. R. (2006). Palladiferous gold mineralisation (ouro preto) in Brazil: Gongo Soco, Itabira and Serra Pelada. Sonderhefte Reihe D - Geol. Jahrb., Heft 8
'Mica Group'
Reference: Gauzzi, T., Graça, L. M., Lagoeiro, L., de Castro Mendes, I., & Queiroga, G. N. (2018). The fingerprint of imperial topaz from Ouro Preto region (Minas Gerais state, Brazil) based on cathodoluminescence properties and composition. Mineralogical Magazine, 82(4), 943-960.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
'Monazite'
Formula: (REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Brugger, J., Gieré, R., Graeser, S., and Meisser, N. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 136-146.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Thorman, C.H., DeWitt, E., Maron, M.A.C., and Ladeira, E.A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 218-227.
Muscovite var. Alurgite
Formula: K(Al,Mn3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: https://www.mindat.org/photo-227365.html
Muscovite var. Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Thorman, C.H., DeWitt, E., Maron, M.A.C., and Ladeira, E.A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 218-227.
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Reference: Zwicker, W.K. et al (1962) Nsutite - a widespread manganese oxide mineral. American Mineralogist, 47, 246-266.
Palladium
Formula: (Pd,Pt)
Reference: MinMag 67:453-463; Cabral, A. R. (2006). Palladiferous gold mineralisation (ouro preto) in Brazil: Gongo Soco, Itabira and Serra Pelada. Sonderhefte Reihe D - Geol. Jahrb., Heft 8
Palladseite
Formula: Pd17Se15
Reference: MinMag 66:327; Alexandre Raphael Cabral, Georges Beaudoin, Bernd Lehmann, Henry Francisco Galbiatti (2005) S/Se ratios in palladiferous gold coexisting with palladseite, Cauê iron ore deposit, Itabira district, Quadrilátero Ferrífero of Minas Gerais, Brazil. GEOCHMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • 4 3 • SOFIA • 2005 pp35-40
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: [MinRec 16:107-108]
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Thorman, C.H., DeWitt, E., Maron, M.A.C., and Ladeira, E.A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 218-227.
Pyrite var. Arsenic-bearing Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Applied Earth Science : IMM Transactions section B, Volume 112, Number 3, December 2003 , pp. 279-286(8)
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Cabral, A.R., Sattler, C.-D.(2004): Alteration of pyrophanite: transition in chemical composition to a manganese analogue of pseudorutile - evidence from the Quadrilatero Ferrifero of Minas Gerais, Brazil. N. Jb. Mineral. Monatsh.: 3(2004): 97-103
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: R Corrêa-Silva collection
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Habit: Hexagonal tablets to many cm
Colour: yellow brown
Fluorescence: none
Description: These lustrous xls are some of the best
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 168-370; Rocks & Min.: 63:43.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Reference: Carlos Alberto Spier, Sonia Maria Barros de Oliveira und Carlos Alberto Rosière (2003): Geology and geochemistry of the Águas Claras and Pico Iron Mines, Quadrilátero Ferrífero, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralium Deposita, 38, 751-774.
Quartz var. Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
Quartz var. Eisenkiesel
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 168-370
Quartz var. Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 168-370.
Quartz var. Rutilated Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [MinRec 20:230]
Quartz var. Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Van King
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 174.
Romanèchite ?
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Applied Earth Science : IMM Transactions section B, Volume 112, Number 3, December 2003 , pp. 279-286(8)
'Roméite Group'
Formula: A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Description: Occurs in manganese ores.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1022.
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: ATENCIO, D.; LUCHESI, I ; SCHORSCHER, H D . Hohmannite and other supergene sulfates from Quebra-Osso mine, district of Santa Bárbara, MG, Brazil.. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v. 66, p. 501-501, 1994
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Habit: Bipyramids to 3 cm
Colour: orange-red
Fluorescence: blue white under short wave
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 63:43.; Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 168-370
Senegalite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: B Gioia collection; Frost, R. L., López, A., Xi, Y., Murta, N., & Scholz, R. (2013). The molecular structure of the phosphate mineral senegalite Al 2 (PO 4)(OH) 3⋅ 3H 2 O–A vibrational spectroscopic study. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1048, 420-425.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Habit: rhombs to many cm
Colour: yellow brown
Description: Fine brown siderites on white Dolomite with clear Quartz
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 168-370; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 169; Rocks & Minerals: 63: 43.; Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Da Silva Lopes, P.H., Cesar-Mendes, J., Roeser, H. (2008): Ein neues Smaragdvorkommen in Brasilien – Die Rocha Mineracao Mine in Minas Gerais, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 59, 301-315
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. (p. 108).
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Da Silva Lopes, P.H., Cesar-Mendes, J., Roeser, H. (2008): Ein neues Smaragdvorkommen in Brasilien – Die Rocha Mineracao Mine in Minas Gerais, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 59, 301-315
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: USGS Professional Paper 341B
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Reference: Varajão, C. A. C., Colin, F., Vieillard, P., Melfi, A. J., & Nahon, D. (2000). Early weathering of palladium gold under lateritic conditions, Maquiné Mine, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Applied Geochemistry, 15(2), 245-263.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Sudovikovite
Formula: PtSe2
Reference: MinMag 66:327-336; Kwitko, R., Cabral, A. R., Lehmann, B., Laflamme, J. G., Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., & Galbiatti, H. F. (2002). Hongshiite, PtCu, from itabirite-hosted Au–Pd–Pt mineralization (jacutinga), Itabira district, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 711-723.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Thorman, C.H., DeWitt, E., Maron, M.A.C., and Ladeira, E.A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 218-227.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Morteani, G., Preinfalk, C., and Horn, A.H. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 638-655.
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 168-370
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
'Tennantite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)As4S12S
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Tetra-auricupride
Formula: AuCu
Reference: Cabral A, Galbiatti H (2014)Platinum minerals from the Fazendão hematite-ore mine, Quadrilátero Ferrífero of Minas Gerais, Brazil. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 102
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)Sb4S12S
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Colour: rich sherry colors of superior quality
Description: - variety "imperial topaz"
Reference: Bancroft, Peter. 1984. "World's Greatest Crystal Treasures"
Topaz var. Imperial Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: USGS Professional Paper 341B
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Ore Geology Reviews 32 (2007) 596.
Tripuhyite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Description: Occurs in cinnabar-bearing gravels.
Reference: Hussak and Prior (1897) Mineralogical Magazine: 11: 302; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1024.
Turquoise
Formula: CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: [MinRec 20:394]
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277
'UM2003-12-O:Pd'
Formula: ~Pd2O (?)
Reference: Cabral, A.R., Lehmann, B. (2003): A two-stage process of native palladium formation at low temperatures: evidence from a palladian gold nugget (Gongo Soco iron ore mine, Minas Gerais, Brazil). Mineral. Mag.: 67(3): 453-463
'UM2003-21-Se:AsPdPt'
Formula: ~(Pd,Pt)8(Se,As)
Reference: Cabral, A.R., Lehmann, B. (2003): A two-stage process of native palladium formation at low temperatures: evidence from a palladian gold nugget (Gongo Soco iron ore mine, Minas Gerais, Brazil). Mineral. Mag.: 67(3): 453-463
'UM2004-26-O:FeMnTi'
Formula: (Mn3+,Fe3+)2Ti3O9
Reference: Cabral, A.R., Sattler, C.-D.(2004): Alteration of pyrophanite: transition in chemical composition to a manganese analogue of pseudorutile - evidence from the Quadrilatero Ferrifero of Minas Gerais, Brazil. N. Jb. Mineral. Monatsh.: 3(2004): 97-103
'UM2008-43-S:BiTe'
Formula: Bi6Te2S
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: USGS Professional Paper 341B
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Luiz Alberto Dias Menezes,Fo.
Vauquelinite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Eberhard Reich info taken from old specimen label.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 63:43.
'Wad'
Formula: Mn, O, H
Reference: Alexandre Raphael Cabral, Georges Beaudoin, Bernd Lehmann, Henry Francisco Galbiatti (2005) S/Se ratios in palladiferous gold coexisting with palladseite, Cauê iron ore deposit, Itabira district, Quadrilátero Ferrífero of Minas Gerais, Brazil. GEOCHMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • 4 3 • SOFIA • 2005 pp35-40
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Frost, R. L., López, A., Xi, Y., Murta, N., & Scholz, R. (2013). The molecular structure of the phosphate mineral senegalite Al 2 (PO 4)(OH) 3⋅ 3H 2 O–A vibrational spectroscopic study. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1048, 420-425.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Hussak and Prior (1900) Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 244.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Auricupride1.AA.10aCu3Au
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
var. Electrum1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
var. Palladian Gold1.AA.05(Au,Pd)
Hongshiite1.AG.45PtCu
Palladium1.AF.10(Pd,Pt)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Tetra-auricupride1.AA.10bAuCu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopalladinite2.AC.10cPd8(As,Sb)3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Atheneite2.AC.05aPd2As0.75Hg0.25
Aurostibite2.EB.05aAuSb2
Benjaminite2.JA.05eAg3Bi7S12
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chrisstanleyite2.BC.15Ag2Pd3Se4
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Hedleyite2.DC.05Bi7Te3
Isomertieite2.AC.15aPd11Sb2As2
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Joséite-B (TL)2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Mertieite-II2.AC.10bPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Palladseite2.BC.05Pd17Se15
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var. Arsenic-bearing Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibiopalladinite2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Sudovikovite2.EA.20PtSe2
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
'Tennantite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4C2+2)As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Derbylite (TL)4.JB.55Fe3+4Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var. Iron Rose4.CB.05Fe2O3
var. Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var. Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Nsutite4.DB.15c(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var. Eisenkiesel4.DA.05SiO2
var. Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var. Rutilated Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Romanèchite ?4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
'Roméite Group'4.DH.A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tripuhyite (TL)4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var. Iron-bearing Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
var. Breunnerite5.AB.05(Mg,Fe)CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Aluminocopiapite7.DB.35Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Botryogen7.DC.25MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Butlerite7.DC.10Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
Crocoite7.FA.20PbCr6+O4
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var. Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hohmannite7.DB.30Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Römerite7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Vauquelinite7.FC.05Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chalcosiderite8.DD.15CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Florencite-(Ce)8.BL.13CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Gorceixite (TL)8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Greifensteinite8.DA.10Ca2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Hentschelite8.BB.40CuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Senegalite8.DE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var. Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euclase (TL)9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Alurgite9.EC.15K(Al,Mn3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
var. Imperial Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Anthosiderite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Florencite'-
Fluorcalcioroméite-(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb5+2(O,OH)6F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hydroxycalcioroméite (TL)-(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Jacutingaite (TL)-Pt2HgSe3
'Joséite'-Bi4TeS2
'K Feldspar'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mertieite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM2003-12-O:Pd'-~Pd2O (?)
'UM2003-21-Se:AsPdPt'-~(Pd,Pt)8(Se,As)
'UM2004-26-O:FeMnTi'-(Mn3+,Fe3+)2Ti3O9
'UM2008-43-S:BiTe'-Bi6Te2S
'Wad'-Mn, O, H
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Auricupride1.1.2.1Cu3Au
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Tetra-auricupride1.1.2.2AuCu
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Hongshiite1.2.3.1PtCu
Palladium1.2.1.4(Pd,Pt)
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Atheneite2.2.4.1Pd2As0.75Hg0.25
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Stibiopalladinite2.3.3.1Pd5Sb2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hedleyite2.6.3.3Bi7Te3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B (TL)2.6.2.2Bi4Te2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Aurostibite2.12.1.11AuSb2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Miscellaneous
Arsenopalladinite2.16.5.1Pd8(As,Sb)3
Isomertieite2.16.2.1Pd11Sb2As2
Mertieite-II2.16.3.1Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Palladseite2.16.19.1Pd17Se15
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite Subgroup'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
1 < ø < 2
Benjaminite3.8.10.3Ag3Bi7S12
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Nsutite4.4.8.1(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB8X16
Romanèchite ?7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Botryogen31.9.6.1MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Butlerite31.9.1.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Hohmannite31.9.4.1Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Miscellaneous
Aluminocopiapite31.10.5.7Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
AXO4
Crocoite35.3.1.1PbCr6+O4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Florencite-(Ce)41.5.10.2CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Hentschelite41.10.1.3CuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Senegalite42.6.7.1Al2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Gorceixite (TL)42.7.3.2BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Chalcosiderite42.9.3.4CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Vauquelinite43.4.3.1Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
'Roméite Group'44.1.1.3A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
AX2O6
Tripuhyite (TL)44.2.1.3Fe3+Sb5+O4
Group 46 - ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Derbylite (TL)46.2.3.2Fe3+4Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Euclase (TL)52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite
var. Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Anthosiderite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
Beryl
var. Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var. Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Chrisstanleyite-Ag2Pd3Se4
'Clays'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Dolomite
var. Iron-bearing Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Feldspar Group'-
'Florencite'-
Fluorcalcioroméite-(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb5+2(O,OH)6F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gold
var. Electrum
-(Au,Ag)
var. Palladian Gold-(Au,Pd)
Greifensteinite-Ca2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Gypsum
var. Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
var. Iron Rose
-Fe2O3
var. Martite-Fe2O3
var. Specularite-Fe2O3
Hydroxycalcioroméite (TL)-(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Jacutingaite (TL)-Pt2HgSe3
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-
Magnesite
var. Breunnerite
-(Mg,Fe)CO3
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mertieite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
Muscovite
var. Alurgite
-K(Al,Mn3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Fuchsite-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var. Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
var. Arsenic-bearing Pyrite
-FeS2
Quartz
var. Amethyst
-SiO2
var. Eisenkiesel-SiO2
var. Rock Crystal-SiO2
var. Rutilated Quartz-SiO2
var. Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Sudovikovite-PtSe2
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Topaz
var. Imperial Topaz
-Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM2003-12-O:Pd'-~Pd2O (?)
'UM2003-21-Se:AsPdPt'-~(Pd,Pt)8(Se,As)
'UM2004-26-O:FeMnTi'-(Mn3+,Fe3+)2Ti3O9
'UM2008-43-S:BiTe'-Bi6Te2S
'Wad'-Mn, O, H
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
H Hydroxycalcioroméite(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
H VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
H ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
H Topaz var. Imperial TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Gypsum var. SeleniteCaSO4 · 2H2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
H WadMn, O, H
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
H ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H Muscovite var. AlurgiteK(Al,Mn3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Fluorcalcioroméite(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb25+(O,OH)6F
H HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
BeBeryllium
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be Beryl var. MorganiteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Magnesite var. Breunnerite(Mg,Fe)CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Dolomite var. Iron-bearing DolomiteCa(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
O TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
O Hydroxycalcioroméite(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O SideriteFeCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Beryl var. MorganiteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CrocoitePbCr6+O4
O VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Hematite var. MartiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O Magnesite var. Breunnerite(Mg,Fe)CO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Hematite var. SpeculariteFe2O3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Dolomite var. Iron-bearing DolomiteCa(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O Monazite(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O RutileTiO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Quartz var. Smoky QuartzSiO2
O Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
O ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
O Topaz var. Imperial TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Gypsum var. SeleniteCaSO4 · 2H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Quartz var. Rock CrystalSiO2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O UM2003-12-O:Pd~Pd2O (?)
O Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O UM2004-26-O:FeMnTi(Mn3+,Fe3+)2Ti3O9
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Quartz var. EisenkieselSiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
O WadMn, O, H
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
O AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
O ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O Quartz var. Rutilated QuartzSiO2
O Hematite var. Iron RoseFe2O3
O Muscovite var. AlurgiteK(Al,Mn3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Roméite GroupA2(Sb5+)2O6Z
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O Fluorcalcioroméite(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb25+(O,OH)6F
O HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
F Topaz var. Imperial TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Fluorcalcioroméite(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb25+(O,OH)6F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Fluorcalcioroméite(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb25+(O,OH)6F
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Magnesite var. Breunnerite(Mg,Fe)CO3
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Dolomite var. Iron-bearing DolomiteCa(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Beryl var. MorganiteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Al TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al Topaz var. Imperial TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Al Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Muscovite var. AlurgiteK(Al,Mn3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Beryl var. MorganiteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz var. Smoky QuartzSiO2
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Topaz var. Imperial TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Quartz var. Rock CrystalSiO2
Si Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Quartz var. EisenkieselSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz var. Rutilated QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite var. AlurgiteK(Al,Mn3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
PPhosphorus
P GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Monazite(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
P Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
P TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
P SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
P ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
P GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
SSulfur
S Joséite-BBi4Te2S
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S Pyrite var. Arsenic-bearing PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S StibniteSb2S3
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4 C22+)Sb4S12S
S Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4 C22+)As4S12S
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S CovelliteCuS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BaryteBaSO4
S CinnabarHgS
S Gypsum var. SeleniteCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S UM2008-43-S:BiTeBi6Te2S
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S JoséiteBi4TeS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
S AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
S ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite var. AlurgiteK(Al,Mn3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Hydroxycalcioroméite(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Dolomite var. Iron-bearing DolomiteCa(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca Gypsum var. SeleniteCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Fluorcalcioroméite(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb25+(O,OH)6F
TiTitanium
Ti DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Ti Hydroxycalcioroméite(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti UM2004-26-O:FeMnTi(Mn3+,Fe3+)2Ti3O9
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
CrChromium
Cr CrocoitePbCr6+O4
Cr VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Cr Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn UM2004-26-O:FeMnTi(Mn3+,Fe3+)2Ti3O9
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn WadMn, O, H
Mn Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn Muscovite var. AlurgiteK(Al,Mn3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
FeIron
Fe DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Fe TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Hematite var. MartiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Magnesite var. Breunnerite(Mg,Fe)CO3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hematite var. SpeculariteFe2O3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Pyrite var. Arsenic-bearing PyriteFeS2
Fe Dolomite var. Iron-bearing DolomiteCa(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
Fe ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe UM2004-26-O:FeMnTi(Mn3+,Fe3+)2Ti3O9
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Fe AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2O
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Fe ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe Hematite var. Iron RoseFe2O3
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
NiNickel
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
CuCopper
Cu VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Cu AuricuprideCu3Au
Cu HongshiitePtCu
Cu Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4 C22+)Sb4S12S
Cu Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4 C22+)As4S12S
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
AsArsenic
As SperrylitePtAs2
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4 C22+)As4S12S
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5
As IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2
As UM2003-21-Se:AsPdPt~(Pd,Pt)8(Se,As)
As ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3
As AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25
SeSelenium
Se JacutingaitePt2HgSe3
Se ChrisstanleyiteAg2Pd3Se4
Se UM2003-21-Se:AsPdPt~(Pd,Pt)8(Se,As)
Se PalladseitePd17Se15
Se SudovikovitePtSe2
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
PdPalladium
Pd Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Pd Palladium(Pd,Pt)
Pd IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2
Pd Gold var. Palladian Gold(Au,Pd)
Pd ChrisstanleyiteAg2Pd3Se4
Pd UM2003-21-Se:AsPdPt~(Pd,Pt)8(Se,As)
Pd UM2003-12-O:Pd~Pd2O (?)
Pd StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
Pd PalladseitePd17Se15
Pd ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3
Pd AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25
AgSilver
Ag Gold var. Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12
Ag ChrisstanleyiteAg2Pd3Se4
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Sb TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
Sb Hydroxycalcioroméite(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4 C22+)Sb4S12S
Sb AntimonySb
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb AurostibiteAuSb2
Sb Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Sb IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2
Sb StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
Sb ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3
Sb Roméite GroupA2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Sb Fluorcalcioroméite(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb25+(O,OH)6F
TeTellurium
Te Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Te TelluriumTe
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Te TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Te HedleyiteBi7Te3
Te UM2008-43-S:BiTeBi6Te2S
Te JoséiteBi4TeS2
BaBarium
Ba GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
LaLanthanum
La Monazite(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
CeCerium
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Monazite(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
Ce Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
NdNeodymium
Nd Monazite(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
SmSamarium
Sm Monazite(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
GdGadolinium
Gd Monazite(REE/Ce/La/Nd/Sm/Gd)(PO4)
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
PtPlatinum
Pt JacutingaitePt2HgSe3
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
Pt PlatinumPt
Pt HongshiitePtCu
Pt Palladium(Pd,Pt)
Pt UM2003-21-Se:AsPdPt~(Pd,Pt)8(Se,As)
Pt SudovikovitePtSe2
AuGold
Au AuricuprideCu3Au
Au GoldAu
Au Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
Au Gold var. Electrum(Au,Ag)
Au MaldoniteAu2Bi
Au AurostibiteAuSb2
Au Gold var. Palladian Gold(Au,Pd)
HgMercury
Hg JacutingaitePt2HgSe3
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25
PbLead
Pb CrocoitePbCr6+O4
Pb VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
BiBismuth
Bi Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi MaldoniteAu2Bi
Bi BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Bi TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi HedleyiteBi7Te3
Bi UM2008-43-S:BiTeBi6Te2S
Bi JoséiteBi4TeS2
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

Fossils

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Henwood, W.J. (1871): Observations on Metalliferous Deposits: On the Gold Mines of Minas Geraes, in Brazil. Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 168-370.
Klein, C., Ladeira, E.A. (2000): Geochemistry and petrology of some Proterocoic banded iron-formations of the Quadrilátero Ferrífero, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Economic Geology 95, 405-428.
Morteani, G., Preinfalk, C., and Horn, A.H. (2000): Classification and mineralization potential of the pegmatites of the Eastern Brazilian Pegmatite Province. Mineralium Deposita 35, 638-655.
Thorman, C.H., DeWitt, E., Maron, M.A.C., and Ladeira, E.A. (2001): Major Brazilian gold deposits - 1982 to 1999. Mineralium Deposita 36, 218-227.
Lobato, L.M., Ribeiro-Rodrigues, L.C., and Reis Vieira, F.W. (2001): Brazil's premier gold province. Part II: Geology and genesis of gold deposits in the Archean Rio das Velhas greenstone belt, Quadrilátero Ferrifero. Mineralium Deposita 36, 249-277.
Lynch, E. P., Costanzo, A., Feely, M. Blamey, N. J. F., Pironon, J., and Lavin, P., 2014, The Piteiras emerald mine, Minas Gerais, Brazil: fluid-inclusion and gemmological perspectives: Mineralogical Magazine, V. 78, p. 1571-1587.
Rosière, C. A., Chemale Jr, F. (2013): Itabiritos e minérios de ferro de alto teor do Quadrilátero Ferrífero–uma visão geral e discussão. Revista Geonomos, 8(2), 27-43.

External Links

Macado, G. A. A., 1994. Geologia da região e aspectos genéticos das jazidas de esmeraldas de Capoeirana e Belmont, Nova Era-Itabira, MG: www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/44/44135/tde-28092015-155303/pt-br.php

- http://pubs.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/mineral/tcm-71140-2.html

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

South America PlateTectonic Plate

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat Discussions Facebook Logo Instagram Logo Discord Logo
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2021, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us - Report a bug/vulnerability Current server date and time: January 28, 2021 02:03:47 Page generated: January 22, 2021 19:19:05
Go to top of page