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Cupaello Quarry, Santa Rufina, Rieti, Rieti Province, Latium, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Cupaello QuarryQuarry
Santa Rufina- not defined -
Rieti- not defined -
Rieti ProvinceProvince
LatiumRegion
ItalyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Cava Cupaello, Santa Rufina, Rieti, Lazio, Italia
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° North , 12° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~61km
Locality type:Quarry
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate


A quarry in a kalsilite melilitite lava flow. The Cupaello carbonatite occurrence is associated with kamafugitic lava, and forms part of the Umbria-Latium ultra-alkaline belt.

The Cupaello occurrence comprises a small eruptive vent, located on the eastern marginal fault of the Rieti graben, from which a kalsilite melilitite (coppaelite) lava flow emanated. Nearby, a sequence of carbonatitic pyroclastic rocks is preserved. Ash tephra deposits preserved around the vent are several meters thick and comprise angular lapilli and abundant chert lithics which are overlain by spatter scoria. The 750 m long melilitite flow occupies a river valley and quarrying operations have exposed the underlying carbonatitic pyroclastic rocks. The pyroclastic sequence comprises, from bottom to top, a massive ashfall tephra succeeded by a massive carbonatitic lapilli-ash tuff, at the base and top of which are thin, coarser ash-lapilli surge layers. These are covered by a pyroclastic breccia composed of bombs of melilitite supported by a micritic carbonate matrix. Slump structures occurring in the breccia and injections of tephra into the overlying melilitite flow suggest that the breccia was unconsolidated at the time of its emplacement. 39Ar-40Ar dating of a kalsilite concentrate from the melilitite lava and a 99% pure phlogopite concentrate from the underlying pyroclastics yielded a maximum age of 639 ka.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


22 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apophyllite'
Reference: F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
'Chabazite'
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: XRD analysis at Bari University
'Gismondine'
Reference: Stoppani F.S. and Curti E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio, Olimpia Ed., Firenze 1982, pagg. 268-269.
'Glass'
Reference: F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Reference: XRD analysis at Bari University
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Reference: F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
Khibinskite
Formula: K2ZrSi2O7
Reference: F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Stoppa, F., and Woolley, A.R. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 43-67.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
Merlinoite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Passaglia, E., Pongiluppi, D., Rinaldi, R. (1977): Merlinoite, a new mineral of the zeolite group, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1977, 355-364.
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
'Phillipsite'
Reference: Stoppani F.S. and Curti E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio, Olimpia Ed., Firenze 1982, pagg. 268-269.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Reference: Stoppa, F., and Woolley, A.R. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 43-67.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Microprobe analysis by Victor Sharygin (Novosibirsk, Russia)
Willhendersonite
Formula: KCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
'Gismondine'9..
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Kalsilite9.FA.05KAlSiO4
Khibinskite9.BC.10K2ZrSi2O7
Merlinoite (TL)9.GC.15(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorlomite9.AD.25Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Willhendersonite9.GD.10KCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Glass'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Phillipsite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Schorlomite51.4.3c.1Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Khibinskite55.2.2.2K2ZrSi2O7
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Kalsilite76.2.1.1KAlSiO4
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
'Gismondine'77.1.3.1
Merlinoite (TL)77.1.3.11(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Willhendersonite77.1.2.3KCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chabazite'-
'Glass'-
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Phillipsite'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
OOxygen
O Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O KalsiliteKAlSiO4
O WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O KhibinskiteK2ZrSi2O7
O CalciteCaCO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
O TridymiteSiO2
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
NaSodium
Na Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KalsiliteKAlSiO4
Al WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SiSilicon
Si Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si KalsiliteKAlSiO4
Si WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si KhibinskiteK2ZrSi2O7
Si SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
KPotassium
K Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K KalsiliteKAlSiO4
K WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
K KhibinskiteK2ZrSi2O7
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
K CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
TiTitanium
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZrZirconium
Zr KhibinskiteK2ZrSi2O7
BaBarium
Ba Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Stoppa, F., and Woolley, A.R. (1997): The Italian carbonatites: field occurrence, petrology and regional significance. Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 43-67.
- Passaglia, E., Pongiluppi, D., Rinaldi, R. (1977): Merlinoite, a new mineral of the zeolite group. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1977, 355-364.
- Stoppani F.S. and Curti E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Olimpia Ed., Firenze 1982, 268-269.


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