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Chinkuashih Mine (Jinguashi Mine; Kinkwaseki Mine; Kinkaseki Mine), Ruifang District, New Taipei City, Taiwan Province, Taiwani
Regional Level Types
Chinkuashih Mine (Jinguashi Mine; Kinkwaseki Mine; Kinkaseki Mine)Mine
Ruifang DistrictDistrict
New Taipei CityCity
Taiwan ProvinceProvince
TaiwanDisputed Territory

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Key
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Name(s) in local language(s):台灣,新北市,瑞芳區,金瓜石
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 25° North , 121° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~11km
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


A classical acid-sulfate high sulfidation gold-copper deposit. Native gold and enargite-luzonite-famatinite were the principle ores at this mine. The mine closed in the late 1970s, now a famous tourist area in Taiwan.

Notes: "Jinguashi" is the name of the mine as it transliterates in Pinyin, while "Chinkuashih" is its equivalent in the now obsolete Wade-Giles transliteration.
Kinkwaseki Mine (Kinkaseki Mine) is the old Japanese name for the Chinkuashih Mine.

Regions containing this locality

AsiaContinent
Yangtze PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

61 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aktashite
Formula: Cu6Hg3As4S12
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: James Huang
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Biotite'
Reference: James Huang; Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.; Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Hwang, J. Y and Meyer, H O A (1982) The Mineral Chemistry and Genesis of the Chinkuashih ore deposits, Taiwan. Proceedings of the Geological Society of China 25:88-101
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Hwang, J. Y and Meyer, H O A (1982) The Mineral Chemistry and Genesis of the Chinkuashih ore deposits, Taiwan. Proceedings of the Geological Society of China 25:88-101
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Geologic Map of Taiwan 1988; Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: L. P. Tan, C. H. Chen and B. S. Yu (1993) Native Gold of Taiwan. Special Publication of the Central Geological Survey No. 7, pp. 79-99.; Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Yu Miao, Kezhang Qin, Yingxia Xu, Tonghui Fang, Kuishou Ding, and Xingwang Xu (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(1), 79-88; L. P. Tan, C. H. Chen and B. S. Yu (1993) Native Gold of Taiwan. Special Publication of the Central Geological Survey No. 7, pp. 79-99.; Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: Hwang, J. Y and Meyer, H O A (1982) The Mineral Chemistry and Genesis of the Chinkuashih ore deposits, Taiwan. Proceedings of the Geological Society of China 25:88-101
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: L. P. Tan, C. H. Chen and B. S. Yu (1993) Native Gold of Taiwan. Special Publication of the Central Geological Survey No. 7, pp. 79-99.
Gratonite
Formula: Pb9As4S15
Reference: Hwang, J. Y and Meyer, H O A (1982) The Mineral Chemistry and Genesis of the Chinkuashih ore deposits, Taiwan. Proceedings of the Geological Society of China 25:88-101
'Groundwater'
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Gruzdevite
Formula: Cu6Hg3Sb4S12
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: James Huang
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: L. P. Tan, C. H. Chen and B. S. Yu (1993) Native Gold of Taiwan. Special Publication of the Central Geological Survey No. 7, pp. 79-99.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
'Hornblende'
Reference: James Huang; Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Yu Miao, Kezhang Qin, Yingxia Xu, Tonghui Fang, Kuishou Ding, and Xingwang Xu (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(1), 79-88
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Geologic Map of Taiwan 1988; Huang, C. K. (1965) Proceedings of the Geological Society of China 11:31-42; MAC Short Course 23 (1995) Chapter 19 pp419-454; Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.; Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: James Huang
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: James Huang
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: James K.C.Huang collection
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: James K.C.Huang collection
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: MAC Short Course 23 (1995) Chapter 19 pp419-454; Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.; Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: L. P. Tan, C. H. Chen and B. S. Yu (1993) Native Gold of Taiwan. Special Publication of the Central Geological Survey No. 7, pp. 79-99.
'Quartz-beta'
Formula: SiO2
Reference: James K.C.Huang Collection
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Folinsbee, R. E., Kirkland, K., Nekolaichuk, A., & Smejkal, V. (1972). Chinkuashih; a gold-pyrite-enargite-barite hydrothermal deposit in Taiwan. Geol. Soc. Am. Mem, 135, 323-335.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Schwertmannite
Formula: Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Reference: James Huang
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: James K.C.Huang Collection
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: James Huang
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Chemical Geology 154 1999. 155–167; L. P. Tan, C. H. Chen and B. S. Yu (1993) Native Gold of Taiwan. Special Publication of the Central Geological Survey No. 7, pp. 79-99.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: James Huang
Velikite
Formula: Cu2HgSnS4
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: James Huang; Huang, C. K. (1965) Proceedings of the Geological Society of China 11:31-42; Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: James Huang
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aktashite2.GA.30Cu6Hg3As4S12
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geocronite2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
Gratonite2.JB.55Pb9As4S15
Gruzdevite2.GA.30Cu6Hg3Sb4S12
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Seligmannite2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Velikite2.CB.15aCu2HgSnS4
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Schwertmannite7.DE.15Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Bariopharmacosiderite8.DK.10Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Picropharmacolite8.CH.15Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacrite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Groundwater'-
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Quartz-beta'-SiO2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Velikite2.9.2.8Cu2HgSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Geocronite3.3.1.2Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Gratonite3.3.2.1Pb9As4S15
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aktashite3.4.13.2Cu6Hg3As4S12
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Gruzdevite3.4.13.3Cu6Hg3Sb4S12
Seligmannite3.4.3.1PbCuAsS3
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Miscellaneous
Schwertmannite6.4.10.1Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Picropharmacolite39.2.4.1Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Bariopharmacosiderite42.8.1a.3Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Groundwater'-
'Hornblende'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacrite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Quartz-beta'-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O RutileTiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Quartz-betaSiO2
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz-betaSiO2
PPhosphorus
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S SulphurS8
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
S GratonitePb9As4S15
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S GruzdeviteCu6Hg3Sb4S12
S AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
S VelikiteCu2HgSnS4
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
CuCopper
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Cu GruzdeviteCu6Hg3Sb4S12
Cu AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
Cu VelikiteCu2HgSnS4
ZnZinc
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
As GratonitePb9As4S15
As SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
As AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
SnTin
Sn VelikiteCu2HgSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Sb GruzdeviteCu6Hg3Sb4S12
TeTellurium
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MercuryHg
Hg GruzdeviteCu6Hg3Sb4S12
Hg AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
Hg VelikiteCu2HgSnS4
PbLead
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Pb GratonitePb9As4S15
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dana 7: I: 391 [as Kinkwaseki Mine (Kinkaseki Mine)].
Huang, C.K. (1965) Proceedings of the Geological Society of China: 11: 31-42.
Folinsbee, R.E., Kirkland, K., Nekolaichuk, A., and Smejkal, V. (1972) Chinkuashih; a gold-pyrite-enargite-barite hydrothermal deposit in Taiwan. Geological Society of America Memoirs: 135: 323-335.
Yang, J. and Meyer, H.O. (1982) Chinkuashih Ore Deposits, Taiwan. Proceedings of the Geological Society of China: 25: 88-101.
Yu Miao, Kezhang Qin, Yingxia Xu, Tonghui Fang, Kuishou Ding, and Xingwang Xu (2007) Geological and Fluid Inclusion Characteristics of Meiling Cu-Au Deposit in Kalatage Ore Belt, Eastern Xinjiang, in Comparison with Typical Zijinshan-style HS-epithermal Deposit. Mineral Deposits: 26(1): 79-88 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Henley, R.W. and Berger, B.R. (2012) Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids: 12(3): 245-260.

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