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Thuringia, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Thuringia- not defined -
GermanyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Thüringen, Deutschland
Area:16,173 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Erfurt203,254 (2015)
Jena104,712 (2015)
Gera104,659 (2015)
Weimar64,727 (2015)
Gotha46,615 (2015)
Nordhausen43,912 (2015)
Museums in region:


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

432 valid minerals. 15 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Adelite
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: [MinRec 32:417]
Adelite var: Vanadian Adelite
Formula: CaMg([As,V]O4)(OH)
Reference: [MinRec 32:417]
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Description: Nano-crystalline weathering product.
Reference: http://www.emc2012.org.uk//documents/Abstracts/Abstracts/EMC2012_0090.pdf
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: T. Witzke (1999): Ronneburg/Thuringia, the second occurrence of the manganese sulfide rambergite.- Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, p. 35-39
Alacránite
Formula: As8S9
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rüger, F. (2009): Die Mineralien des Kuhbergbruchs Neumühle in Thüringen. Lapis 34 (6), 25-30; 43-47; 70.
'Allomorphite'
Reference: No reference listed
Allophane (TL)
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Hausmann, J.F.L. and Stromeyer, F. (1816) Über Silberkupferglanz und Allophan. Göttingische Gelehrte Anzeigen 2, 1251-1253.; Handbook of Mineralogy.
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alum-(Na)
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Van King
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
'Amber'
Description: Former Hans Frost collection (miner at Ronneburg), probably a local till from the Frankenberg coal deposit. Found in 1959 in the Lichtenberg open cast.
Reference: Andreas Gerstenberg collection
Ammonioalunite
Formula: (NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland"
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: P. Bankwitz & T. Kaemmel (1957)
Andersonite
Formula: Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: Steven Zierold, Stefan Kiefer, and Thomas Seifert (2018): Mineralogical, geochemical and petrological studies in the old Fe mine ‘Schwarzer Crux’, Thüringer Wald, Germany - garnet-bearing fluorite-magnetite-skarn mineralization around the Suhl granite. Geophysical Research Abstracts 20, EGU2018-13478-2. [https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2018/EGU2018-13478-2.pdf]
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: No reference listed
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
Reference: J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch and J. Wesiger (2011): New finds of vanadate and rare-earth minerals from the manganese mine Ilfeld, Harz. Mineralien-Welt 22 (1), 41-49. (in German)
Arsenoflorencite-(La)
Formula: LaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
Reference: J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch and J. Wesiger (2011): New finds of vanadate and rare-earth minerals from the manganese mine Ilfeld, Harz. Mineralien-Welt 22 (1), 41-49. (in German)
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch and J. Wesiger (2011): New finds of vanadate and rare-earth minerals from the manganese mine Ilfeld, Harz. Mineralien-Welt 22 (1), 41-49. (in German)
Arsenohauchecornite
Formula: Ni18Bi3AsS16
Reference: Sharp square platy crystals(!) found in open pit, Jan. 2000; XRD by J. Wohlfahrt, Freiberg, 2004.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: Knoll, H. (2009): Interessante Fundstellen bei Gräfenroda im Thüringer Wald. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 50-61.
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland"
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Knoll, H. (2009): Interessante Fundstellen bei Gräfenroda im Thüringer Wald. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 50-61.
Bayleyite
Formula: Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Bazhenovite
Formula: Ca8S2(S3)(S2O3)(OH)12 · 20H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Berndtite
Formula: SnS2
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
'Biotite'
Bischofite
Formula: MgCl2 · 6H2O
Reference: XRD analysis (T. Witzke)
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite (TL)
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Type Locality:
Reference: Breithaupt, A. (1841): Ueber das natürliche kohlensaure Wismutoxyd.- Poggendorffs Annalen der Physik und Chemie 53, 627-630
Bismutoferrite
Formula: Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
'Bitumen'
Reference: J. Gröbner & J. Wesiger (2008): Die Mineralien des Kupferschieferbergbaus an südlichen Harzrand bei Ilfeld in Thüringen. Mineralien-Welt 19 (2), 18-28.
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection (analysed by Dr. Massanek, Bergakademie Freiberg); http://www.mineralienatlas.de/forum/index.php?topic=36727.msg271053;topicseen#new
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Boracite
Formula: Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Boussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Brackebuschite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Reference: J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch and J. Wesiger (2011): New finds of vanadate and rare-earth minerals from the manganese mine Ilfeld, Harz. Mineralien-Welt 22 (1), 41-49. (in German)
Braunite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Reference: F. Rüger, L. Senf & T. Witzke: Lapis 1995 (1), 15-26
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
'Chabazite'
Reference: A.Dietrich, G.Behnke and T.Thonelt (2004): Kristalle aus der Tiefe - Eine Auswahl von Mineralen aus Kali- und Steinsalzlagerstatten. Kali und Steinsalz:3.p.6-14.
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcocyanite
Formula: CuSO4
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Chalcomenite
Formula: CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chamosite var: Thuringite
Formula: (Fe,Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Reference: No reference listed
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: J. Gröbner & J. Wesiger (2008): Die Mineralien des Kupferschieferbergbaus an südlichen Harzrand bei Ilfeld in Thüringen. Mineralien-Welt 19 (2), 18-28.
Chernikovite
Formula: (H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
'Chlorite Group'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
'Clinochalcomenite'
Formula: CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Unlisted Editors (1906) Abhandlungen der Königlich Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften aus dem Jahre 1906. Der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften: Berlin.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Coccinite
Formula: HgI2
Reference: T. Witzke (1997) New data on the mercury iodide mineral coccinite, HgI2.- N. Jb. Miner., Mh., 505-510
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Compreignacite
Formula: K2(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 7H2O
Congolite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)3(B7O13)Cl
Reference: Fleischer M (1972) New mineral names. American Mineralogist 57, 1311-1317
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Knoll, H. (2009): Interessante Fundstellen bei Gräfenroda im Thüringer Wald. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 50-61.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: - Liebeskind, W., Lehrieder, E. (1992): Der Lehester Schieferbergbau, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 43, 139-153
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Copper Pitch Ore'
Reference: Rüger, F. & Decker, H. (1992). Bergbaugeschichte, Geologie und Mineralien des Saalfeld-Kamsdorfer Bergreviers in Ostthüringen. Veröff. Museum Gera, Naturw. Reihe, H.19, S.7-70
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Schüller, A. (1953): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 3(6), 472-494.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Crednerite (TL)
Formula: CuMnO2
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 817; Mineralogical Journal 17 (1994), 21; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index".
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cuproroméite
Formula: Cu2Sb2(O,OH)7
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Reference: Effmert, G.; Wurth, L. (2007): Bleicherode, Thüringen: Ein Feuerwerk von Gips-Kristallen, Mineralien-Welt 6/2007, p.42-47.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland"
'Delessite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Reference: Thomas Lühr collection
Destinezite
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Dewindtite
Formula: H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Diadochite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Journ. prakt. Chem.(1837): 10, 503; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1012; Clark, 1993, "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Dufrénite (TL)
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Witzke, T., Rüger, F., Martin, M., Graf, J., and Baum, M. (2001): Ullersreuth, ein traditionelles thüringisches Bergbaugebiet. Lapis 26(12), 13-27.
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Efremovite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: No reference listed
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Ericaite
Formula: Fe2+3(B7O13)Cl
Reference: Horst, U. (1989): Der Aufschluss 40, 115-120
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Faujasite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Schüller, A. (1953): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 3(6), 472-494.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Rüger, F. (2009): Die Mineralien des Kuhbergbruchs Neumühle in Thüringen. Lapis 34 (6), 25-30; 43-47; 70.
Ferristrunzite
Formula: Fe3+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland"
Fluorellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Fluorwavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH)2F·5H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber - Mineralienliste 1-2018
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: http://www.tlug-jena.de/start/publications/books/untertage_lese.html
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Giniite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5 · 2H2O
Reference: Ullrich, B. & Ullrich, B. (2010): Der Aufschluss 61, 75-79.
'Globosite'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 762.
Godovikovite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: P Haas collection
Gottlobite (TL)
Formula: CaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: [Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(2000) 444-454; MinRec 32:417]
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: A.Dietrich, G.Behnke and T.Thonelt (2004): Kristalle aus der Tiefe - Eine Auswahl von Mineralen aus Kali- und Steinsalzlagerstatten. Kali und Steinsalz:3.p.6-14.
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Gunnar Färber (EDS- and XRD-analysed; pers. comm. to Uwe Kolitsch)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Alabaster
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hannebachite
Formula: CaSO3 · H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hauerite
Formula: MnS2
Reference: T. Witzke (1999): Ronneburg/Thuringia, the second occurrence of the manganese sulfide rambergite.- Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, p. 35-39
Hausmannite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: HAUSMANN, J.F.L. (1813): Blättricher Schwarz-Braunstein.- Handbuch der Mineralogie, Vol. 1, p. 293. Göttingen
Heidornite
Formula: Na2Ca3B5O8(SO4)2Cl(OH)2
Reference: Siemroth, J. (2008): Das Vorkommen von Boratmineralien im Werra-Anhydrit des Steinbruchs Kohnstein bei Niedersachswerfen am Südharz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 59, 353-366
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Knoll, H. (2009): Interessante Fundstellen bei Gräfenroda im Thüringer Wald. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 50-61.
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Hibbingite
Formula: Fe2+2(OH)3Cl
Reference: http://www.emc2012.org.uk//documents/Abstracts/Abstracts/EMC2012_0090.pdf
Hohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Reference: https://www.mikon-online.com/shop/media/mikonAZ.pdf
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Howlite
Formula: Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Reference: Siemroth, J. (2008): Das Vorkommen von Boratmineralien im Werra-Anhydrit des Steinbruchs Kohnstein bei Niedersachswerfen am Südharz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 59, 353-366
Humboldtine
Formula: Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Hummerite
Formula: K2Mg2(V10O28) · 16H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Hydroboracite
Formula: CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Hydrocerussite ?
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Hydroxylapatite ?
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch and J. Wesiger (2011): New finds of vanadate and rare-earth minerals from the manganese mine Ilfeld, Harz. Mineralien-Welt 22 (1), 41-49. (in German)
Hydroxylellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Ilsemannite
Formula: Mo3O8 · nH2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Indialite
Formula: Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarandolite
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3]
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 29(12):39 (2004)
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Jeromite'
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Johannite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Kainite
Formula: KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Reference: W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Kerstenite'
Reference: Dana's System of Mineralogy 7:II:640.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Lapis 15(7/8), 57-58 (1990)
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Lapis 15(7/8), 57-58 (1990)
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Kingite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2F2(OH) · 7H2O
Klockmannite
Formula: CuSe
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Koktaite
Formula: (NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Langbeinite
Formula: K2Mg2(SO4)3
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Lausenite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3·5H2O
Reference: https://www.mikon-online.com/shop/media/mikonAZ.pdf
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: P. Bankwitz & T. Kaemmel (1957); H. Vollstädt & R. Baumgärtel (1977)
Leonite
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Liebigite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Lipscombite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Liroconite
Formula: Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Löweite
Formula: Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Reference: W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Lüneburgite
Formula: Mg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: F. Heide & E. Bader (1964): Boracit und Lüneburgit im Werra-Kaligebiet.- Chemie der Erde 23, 219-221
Lyonsite
Formula: Cu3Fe4(VO4)6
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Magnesiozippeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides'
Manganite (TL)
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
'Manganomelane'
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mellite (TL)
Formula: Al2[C6(COO)6] · 16H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: D.L.G. Karsten (1789): Des Herrn Nathanael Gottfried Leske hinterlassenes Mineralienkabinett, ......- Leipzig, Vol. 1, p. 334-335; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1105.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Metasaléeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Rüger, F. (2009): Die Mineralien des Kuhbergbruchs Neumühle in Thüringen. Lapis 34 (6), 25-30; 43-47; 70.
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metavariscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
'Meteoritic Iron'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Mikasaite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Millosevichite
Formula: (Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Knoll, H. (2009): Interessante Fundstellen bei Gräfenroda im Thüringer Wald. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 50-61.
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Mogánite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Molybdomenite
Formula: PbSeO3
Reference: Kersten, C. (1839): Über mehrere neue Vorkommnisse des Selens. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 46, 265-280.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Monohydrocalcite
Formula: CaCO3 · H2O
Reference: F. Rüger, L. Senf & T. Witzke: Lapis 1995 (1), 15-26
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Moolooite
Formula: Cu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Reference: Thomas Witzke collection; J. Gröbner & J. Wesiger (2008): Die Mineralien des Kupferschieferbergbaus an südlichen Harzrand bei Ilfeld in Thüringen. Mineralien-Welt 19 (2), 18-28.
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Mrázekite
Formula: Bi2Cu3(PO4)2O2(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Namibite
Formula: Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nickelskutterudite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Nickelzippeite
Formula: Ni2(UO2)6(SO4)3(OH)10 · 16H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nováčekite-I
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Nukundamite
Formula: Cu3.4Fe0.6S4
Reference: XRD and SEM-EDX analysis (T. Witzke)
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Osumilite-(Mg)
Formula: KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
'Paraluminite'
Formula: 2Al2O3·SO3·15H2O ?
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 587.
'Paraluminite var: Pissophanite'
Formula: 2Al2O3·SO3·15H2O ?
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 587.
Pararealgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Richter, E. & Rüger, F. (2010): Der Diabas-Tagebau Loitsch in Thüringen und seine Mineralien. Lapis 35 (2), 13-22; 54.
Parsonsite
Formula: Pb2(UO2)(PO4)2
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: XRD and SEM-EDX analysis (T. Witzke)
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Phillipsite-Ca
Formula: (Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phosphuranylite
Formula: (H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Picromerite
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Planerite
Formula: Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Poitevinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2O
Reference: EDX and XRD confirmed , ex Rüger-collection
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Reference: T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Priceite
Formula: Ca2B5O7(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: Siemroth, J. (2008): Das Vorkommen von Boratmineralien im Werra-Anhydrit des Steinbruchs Kohnstein bei Niedersachswerfen am Südharz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 59, 353-366
Probertite
Formula: NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Habit: Colorless elongated crystal
Colour: Colorless
Reference: Siemroth, J. (2008): Das Vorkommen von Boratmineralien im Werra-Anhydrit des Steinbruchs Kohnstein bei Niedersachswerfen am Südharz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 59, 353-366
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Psilomelane'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Pyrobelonite
Formula: PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Reference: J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch and J. Wesiger (2011): New finds of vanadate and rare-earth minerals from the manganese mine Ilfeld, Harz. Mineralien-Welt 22 (1), 41-49. (in German)
'Pyrobitumen'
Reference: In the collection of Joachim Esche
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Capped Quartz
Reference: Matthias Kahl collection
Quartz var: Carnelian
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Kay Urbigkeit
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rüger, F. (2009): Die Mineralien des Kuhbergbruchs Neumühle in Thüringen. Lapis 34 (6), 25-30; 43-47; 70.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rambergite
Formula: MnS
Reference: T. Witzke (1999): Ronneburg/Thuringia, the second occurrence of the manganese sulfide rambergite.- Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, p. 35-39
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Rapidcreekite
Formula: Ca2(SO4)(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: Rüger, F.; Senf, L. & Witzke, T. (1995): Die Saalfelder Feengrotten: Seltene Sekundärmineralien aus Thüringen.- Lapis 20, 1, 15-26
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 498; O'Donoghue, 1978 - "Encyclopedia of Minerals & Gemstones", p283.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Richelsdorfite
Formula: Ca2Cu5Sb(AsO4)4(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Rinneite (TL)
Formula: K3Na[FeCl6]
Reference: BOEKE, H.E. (1909): Rinneit, ein neugefundenes eisenchlorürhaltiges Salzmineral.- Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 72-75; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 108.
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Ronneburgite (TL)
Formula: K2MnV4O12
Type Locality:
Reference: T. Witzke et al. (2001) American Mineralogist 86, 1081-1086
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Sabieite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Saléeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Sasaite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2O
Reference: RÜGER, F.; SENF, L. & WITZKE, T. (1995): Die Saalfelder Feengrotten: Seltene Sekundärmineralien aus Thüringen.- Lapis 20(1), 15-26
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Schwertmannite
Formula: Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Selenium
Formula: Se
'Selenkupferblei'
Reference: Kersten, C. (1839): Über mehrere neue Vorkommnisse des Selens. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 46, 265-280.
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 39.
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Rüger, F. (2009): Die Mineralien des Kuhbergbruchs Neumühle in Thüringen. Lapis 34 (6), 25-30; 43-47; 70.
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Rüger, F. (2009): Die Mineralien des Kuhbergbruchs Neumühle in Thüringen. Lapis 34 (6), 25-30; 43-47; 70.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Shcherbinaite
Formula: V5+2O5
Reference: XRD and SEM-EDX analysis (T. Witzke)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Siderite var: Sphärosiderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Siderotil
Formula: FeSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Silvialite
Formula: (Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
Reference: Witzke, T. (2000): Lapis 25(1), 47-48; Richter, E. & Rüger, F. (2010): Lapis 35(2), 13-22, 54
Simplotite
Formula: CaV4+4O9 · 5H2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al. (2001) American Mineralogist 86, 1081-1086
Sincosite
Formula: Ca(VO)2(PO4)2 · 5H2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al. (2001) American Mineralogist 86, 1081-1086
Sklodowskite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Slavíkite
Formula: (H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Reference: Wolfgang Henckel
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: H. Vollstädt, R. Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd. ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Schalenblende
Reference: Philip Bluemner Collection
'Spinel Group'
Formula: AE2O4
Reference: Schüller, A. (1953): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 3(6), 472-494.
Srebrodolskite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+2O5
Reference: XRD and SEM-EDX analysis (T. Witzke)
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Stoiberite
Formula: Cu5(VO4)2O2
Reference: EDX and XRD confirmed by Dr. Th. Witzke, ex Rüger-collection
Straczekite
Formula: (Ca,K,Ba)(V5+,V4+)8O20 · 3H2O
Reference: T. Witzke et al. (2001) American Mineralogist 86, 1081-1086
Strashimirite
Formula: Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Strontioginorite
Formula: CaSrB14O20(OH)6 · 5H2O
Reference: Siemroth, J. (2008): Das Vorkommen von Boratmineralien im Werra-Anhydrit des Steinbruchs Kohnstein bei Niedersachswerfen am Südharz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 59, 353-366
Sudoite
Formula: Mg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8
Reference: XRD and SEM-EDX analysis (T. Witzke)
Sulphur
Formula: S8
'Sylvinite'
Reference: M.Pippig (1992): Uber das Vorkommen einer Kristallsalzschlotte im Kalibergwerk Merkers. Kali und Steinsalz 11:1-2-mai-p.2-7.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Symplesite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: A. Breithaupt (1837): Bestimmung neuer Mineralien. 1. Symplesischer Diatom oder Symplesit.- Journal für praktische Chemie 10, 501-512; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753.
Syngenite
Formula: K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tangeite
Formula: CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Description: Palache, et al, Dana's System, 7th. edition, Volume II considers this the type locality.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 817; Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Taranakite
Formula: (K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: EDX and XRD confirmed by Dr. Th. Witzke, ex Rüger-collection
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Thomsonite'
Reference: A.Dietrich, G.Behnke and T.Thonelt (2004): Kristalle aus der Tiefe - Eine Auswahl von Mineralen aus Kali- und Steinsalzlagerstatten. Kali und Steinsalz:3.p.6-14.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Tinticite
Formula: Fe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
Reference: Pestel, S. & Kasiske, J. (2007): Fundstellen im Vogtland: Jarosit-Kristalle aus Weckersdorf. Mineralien-Welt 18(5), 32-34; Kolitsch, U., Lengauer, C.L. and Giester, G. (2016): Crystal structures and isotypism of the iron(III) arsenate kamarizaite and the iron(I