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Long Hill (Turkey Hill) prospects, Haddam, Middlesex Co., Connecticut, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 27' 4'' North , 72° 30' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 41.45111,-72.50556
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate

Often erroneously referred to as Turkey Hill, which is further south, Long Hill hosts many very small beryl prospects in narrow, zoned pegmatites. Hall (1838) describes specimens obtained from the gneiss quarries on Long Hill, though the emerald color is a bit of an exaggeration:

I have just procured two of the finest crystals I ever had in my possession. One of them is a perfect hexagonal prism, about two inches long, and an inch and a half in diameter. The faces forming its terminations are at right angles with the sides, and wear as fine a polish as the hand of Nature can produce. The color is a brilliant emerald green, and, indeed, the crystal appears to possess more of the characters of the emerald, than of the beryl.

The prospects are scattered widely, so the reference coordinates given below are for the summit. The following description from Barton and Goldsmith (1968) is the best and most comprehensive:

The Long Hill prospects are located in Haddam about 12 miles S 20° E from the center of town (fig. 31). They are on 160 acres owned by Mrs. Sona Keirstead which includes the crest of Long Hill. Numerous small prospect pits have been dug by mineral collectors but no organized beryl mining has been attempted. There are several small quarries on the hill which were worked for gneiss dimension stone many years ago.

Beryl occurs in numerous small pegmatite dikes cutting both the hornblende-biotite gneisses and the small concordant quartz veins associated with the gneisses on Long Hill. The gneiss banding and the quartz veins strike N 17° W and dip 75° E. The cross-cutting pegmatite dikes strike an average N 40° E, and dip 65°-75° SE. The exposed dikes (as seen in some of the old stone quarries) are small, up to 8 feet wide by 40 feet long, and are emplaced in a typical en echelon pattern. Gem beryl (green to blue) appears to be an ubiquitous dike constituent. In some of the better exposures beryl appears to comprise 1 percent of the pegmatite mass. Most of the pegmatites, however, are poorly exposed, showing only in small rubble filled pits where prospectors set off a single dynamite charge. The pits are numerous and widely scattered and, coupled with abundant quartz-perthite pegmatite float on the ridge line of Long Hill, indicate that one or several other pegmatites may be concealed beneath overburden. However, no exploration was attempted to evolve an answer to this question.

Exposed pegmatites are fairly well zoned but zoning is not entirely consistent from one pegmatite to the next.

London (1989) notes that most of these unfoliated pegmatites strike discordantly east-west, display sharp contacts, and are muscovite and tourmaline rich with a composition mostly of microcline and quartz, with quartz rich cores. Some have accessory beryl and garnet. This is in contrast to what he maps as "syenitic feldspar pegmatite" which are concordant, weakly foliated, unzoned and contain more abundant albite but lack accessory minerals other than micas and garnet.

Mineral List

11 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Middle Ordovician - Early Ordovician
458.4 - 485.4 Ma

ID: 3017559
Monson Gneiss

Age: Ordovician (458.4 - 485.4 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Monson Gneiss

Description: (May be equivalent to part of Waterford Group) - Interlayered light to dark, mostly medium to coarse-grained gneiss and amphibolite; gneiss composed of plagioclase, quartz, and biotite, with hornblende in some layers and microcline in others; traces of garnet, epidote, and magnetite.

Comments: Part of Eastern Uplands; Iapetus (Oceanic) Terrane - Bronson Hill Anticlinorium. Swanzey, Pauchaug, Monson, and Fourmile Gneisses represent metamorphosed intrusive igneous rocks and yield ages from 454 to 442+3/-2 Ma. Therefore, ages range from early Late through latest Ordovician. Authors suggest that they represent the plutonic root of a calc-alkaline magmatic arc at least 250 km long that was produced partly or entirely on a continental margin in the Late Ordovician. The overlying Ammonoosuc Volcanics and Partridge Formation, rather that resting unconformably on these plagioclase-rich plutonic gneiss, are now known to have had a magmatic history overlapping with them and are approximately the same age (Tucker and Robinson, 1990) per CT012.

Lithology: Major:{gneiss,amphibolite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hall, Frederick. (1838), Letters from the East and from the West.
Stugard, Frederick, Jr. (1958), Pegmatites of the Middletown Area, Connecticut. USGS Bulletin 1042-Q.
Schooner, Richard. (1961), The Mineralogy of Connecticut. Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.
Barton, William R. and Carl E. Goldsmith. (1968), New England Beryllium Investigations. U. S. Bureau of Mines, Report of Investigations 7070.
London, David. (1989), Bedrock Geology of the Moodus Seismic Area, South-Central Connecticut. State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut. Report of Investigations No. 11.
Weber, Marcelle H. and Earle C. Sullivan. (1995), Connecticut Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals (Connecticut Issue): 70(6): 403.

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