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Mt Etna, Etna Volcanic Complex, Catania Province, Sicily, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Mt EtnaMountain
Etna Volcanic ComplexComplex
Catania ProvinceProvince
SicilyAutonomous Region
ItalyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Monte Etna, Complesso vulcanico dell'Etna, Catania, Sicilia, Italia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 45' 6'' North , 14° 59' 40'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.75180,14.99453
GeoHash:G#: sqdwv0w8j
Locality type:Mountain
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Fornazzo161 (2014)10.5km
Caselle108 (2014)10.8km
Milo619 (2014)11.1km
Zafferana Etnea9,214 (2014)12.6km
Sant'Alfio1,512 (2014)12.8km


Allophane and gypsum in the lavas of 1892 eruption.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

37 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti - 05.06.2008 - Probed
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 402.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Del Caldo, Moro, Gramaccioli, Boscardin - "Il Collezionista" - Fabbri Editori - pag180
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: http://perso.club-internet.fr/rivierec/decembre_-_novembre_2001.htm.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Forti, P., Marino, A. (1995) Nota preliminare sul ritrovamento di un nuovo minerale di grotta nei "Pozzi dell'Eruzione del 1923" (SICT1084). In: Atti del 1° Convegno regionale di Speleologia della Sicilia, Ragusa 14-16 Dicembre 1990. Gruppo Grotte Ragusa & Provincia regionale di Ragusa, Ragusa, Volume 1, pages 92-100; Forti, P. (2005) Genetic processes of cave minerals in volcanic environments: An overview. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 67, 1, 3-13; Barone, G., Mazzoleni, P., Priolo, G. (2015) Catalogo delle mineralizzazioni secondarie riscontrate all'interno di alcune grotte vulcaniche etnee. In: De Nitto, L., Maurano, F., Parise, M., eds., Atti XXII Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia Euro Speleo Forum 2015 “Condividere i dati”, 2 giugno 2015 Pertosa-Auletta (SA). Memorie dell’Istituto Italiano di Speleologia, serie II, vol. 29, Sessione documentazione – A1, 99-109.
Erythrosiderite
Formula: K2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 102; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Del Caldo, Moro, Gramaccioli, Boscardin - "Il Collezionista" - Fabbri Editori - pag180
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Van King
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti - 05.06.2008 - Probed
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
'Hydrophilite'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 41; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: http://perso.club-internet.fr/rivierec/decembre_-_novembre_2001.htm.
Kremersite
Formula: (NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 102; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Di Sabatino B. (1977) - Significato petrologico della presenza di leucite in lave basaltiche di stirpe atlantica: eruzione dell'Etna della primavera del 1971. Periodico di mineralogia – Roma
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Del Caldo, Moro, Gramaccioli, Boscardin - "Il Collezionista" - Fabbri Editori - pag180
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 399.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Molysite
Formula: FeCl3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 48; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Natrite
Formula: Na2CO3
Reference: No reference listed
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Description: Occurs as an efflorescence on lava.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 231.
Picromerite
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Reference: Forti, P., Marino, A. (1995) Nota preliminare sul ritrovamento di un nuovo minerale di grotta nei "Pozzi dell'Eruzione del 1923" (SICT1084). In: Atti del 1° Convegno regionale di Speleologia della Sicilia, Ragusa 14-16 Dicembre 1990. Gruppo Grotte Ragusa & Provincia regionale di Ragusa, Ragusa, Volume 1, pages 92-100; Forti, P. (2005) Genetic processes of cave minerals in volcanic environments: An overview. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 67, 1, 3-13; Barone, G., Mazzoleni, P., Priolo, G. (2015) Catalogo delle mineralizzazioni secondarie riscontrate all'interno di alcune grotte vulcaniche etnee. In: De Nitto, L., Maurano, F., Parise, M., eds., Atti XXII Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia Euro Speleo Forum 2015 “Condividere i dati”, 2 giugno 2015 Pertosa-Auletta (SA). Memorie dell’Istituto Italiano di Speleologia, serie II, vol. 29, Sessione documentazione – A1, 99-109.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Rhönite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Reference: http://perso.club-internet.fr/rivierec/decembre_-_novembre_2001.htm.
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 17; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Gaetano Sicurella collection, 2007
Selenium
Formula: Se
Reference: Mariani & Scaini, 1978. I minerali d'Italia. Rizzoli Ed., Milano.
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 39; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Siderazot (TL)
Formula: Fe5N2
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume I: 126.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 9; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 476.
'Xiphonite'
Reference: No reference listed
'Zamboninite (of Starraba)'
Reference: Stella Starraba, F. (1930) Zamboninite - una nuova specie minerale. Bolletino della Società Geologica Italiana: 48: 259-263.; Washington, H.S. (1930) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 15: 274-276.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Selenium1.CC.10Se
Siderazot (TL)1.BC.10Fe5N2
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Erythrosiderite3.CJ.10K2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Kremersite3.CJ.10(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Molysite3.AC.10FeCl3
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Sellaite3.AB.15MgF2
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Portlandite4.FE.05Ca(OH)2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Natrite5.AA.10Na2CO3
Natron5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Mascagnite7.AD.05(NH4)2SO4
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Picromerite7.CC.60K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Polyhalite7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Rhönite9.DH.40Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Hydrophilite'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Xiphonite'-
'Zamboninite (of Starraba)'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Siderazot (TL)1.1.18.1Fe5N2
Semi-metals and non-metals
Selenium1.3.4.1Se
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Portlandite6.2.1.4Ca(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
'Hydrophilite'9.2.7.2
Sellaite9.2.2.1MgF2
AX3
Molysite9.3.1.1FeCl3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX5·xH2O
Erythrosiderite11.4.1.1K2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Kremersite11.4.1.2(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Mascagnite28.2.1.1(NH4)2SO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Picromerite29.3.6.1K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Polyhalite29.4.5.1K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Tschermigite29.5.5.3(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Rhönite69.2.1a.5Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Natrite-Na2CO3
'Xiphonite'-
'Zamboninite (of Starraba)'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
H ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
H Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H PortlanditeCa(OH)2
CCarbon
C NatriteNa2CO3
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
NNitrogen
N SiderazotFe5N2
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
N Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
N Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
N Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
OOxygen
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O NatriteNa2CO3
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O TenoriteCuO
O PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
O ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
O Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O PortlanditeCa(OH)2
FFluorine
F SellaiteMgF2
NaSodium
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na NatriteNa2CO3
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mg PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Mg Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg SellaiteMgF2
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Al Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
SiSilicon
Si RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Si Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
SSulfur
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S SulphurS8
S RealgarAs4S4
S Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl MolysiteFeCl3
Cl Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Cl ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
KPotassium
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
K SylviteKCl
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
K PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
K ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Ca RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Ca Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ca Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca PortlanditeCa(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Ti Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ti Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
FeIron
Fe SiderazotFe5N2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Fe Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe MolysiteFeCl3
Fe Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Fe ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Fe MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
AsArsenic
As RealgarAs4S4
SeSelenium
Se SeleniumSe

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3159207
Quaternary alkali

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{alkali basalt}, Minor{tuff group,tephrite, basanite,phonolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3193043
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Comments: Mount Etna

Lithology: Ignimbrite(s); bimodal volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Krebs, S. (1972): ÄTNA 1971.- Der Aufschluss, 23, 132-138.
Brosch, E. & Hauzenberger, C. A. (2016): Geochemical investigation of selected lava flows from Mt. Etna (Italy). Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 162, 25-46. [https://www.uibk.ac.at/mineralogie/oemg/bd_162/162_25-46_brosch.pdf]

External Links


Localities in this Region
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