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Carrara, Apuan Alps, Massa-Carrara Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Carrara- not defined -
Apuan Alps- not defined -
Massa-Carrara ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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View of the Carrara marble quarrying, ca. 1962.

Carrara, Apuan Alps, Massa-Carrara Province, Tuscany, Italy
View of the Carrara marble quarrying, in 1913.

Carrara, Apuan Alps, Massa-Carrara Province, Tuscany, Italy
View of the Carrara marble quarrying, ca. 1962.

Carrara, Apuan Alps, Massa-Carrara Province, Tuscany, Italy
View of the Carrara marble quarrying, in 1913.

Carrara, Apuan Alps, Massa-Carrara Province, Tuscany, Italy
View of the Carrara marble quarrying, ca. 1962.

Carrara, Apuan Alps, Massa-Carrara Province, Tuscany, Italy
Name(s) in local language(s):Carrara, Alpi Apuane, Massa-Carrara, Toscana, Italia
Neighbouring regions:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Carrara58,666 (2018)
Marina di Carrara25,000 (2011)
Gragnana917 (2014)
Bedizzano797 (2014)
Codena745 (2014)
Torano670 (2014)


Carrara is the most important marble district of the Apuan Alps and a huge number of marble quarries is present in this area. The quarry density is among the greatest in the world: only in the municipal territory of Carrara, there are at least 7 quarries/km2, while the Apuan average is 0.33 quarries/km2 and the Italian average is 0.03 quarries/km2. Another important marble district is to the south-east in the Massa area.

The Carrara marble district is subdivided into several quarrying basins substantially corresponding to four valleys coming down from Monte Maggiore (1389 meters a.s.l.) and Monte Sagro (1749 meters a.s.l.) to the city of Carrara. From east to west these basins are conventionally named the Colonnata, Miseglia (or Miseglia-Fantiscritti), Torano, and Pescina-Boccanaglia basins.

In this area, where marble was quarried already in Roman times, there are 167 quarries. Among them, 90 are still active: 12 of them are partially or fully quarried underground, while the other 78 are open-air workings.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

118 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Bonazzi P., Garbarino C., Menchetti S., 1992. Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4: 23-33.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bonazzi P., Garbarino C., Menchetti S., 1992. Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4: 23-33.; Mancini, S. (2000). Le mineralizzazioni a manganese delle Alpi Apuane. Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Description: As inclusion in sellaite x.
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Apatite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
'Bournonite-Seligmannite Series'
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Di Giovanni, F. (1981) I minerali del Monte Brugiana. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 5, 3 (3-1981), 67-70; Bonazzi P., Garbarino C., Menchetti S. (1992) Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4, 23-33.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Reference: http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&lr=&q=cache:bJh91ZKhMEMJ:www.parcapuane.it/actapuana/ACTA_APUANA_2.pdf+giovanni+brugiana
Carraraite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Ge(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Orlandi, P., Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini Editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Claraite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Brizzi G. (1988) - Eccezionale ritrovamento di Covellite a Carrara - Rivista Miner. Ital., Milano, fasc. 4, pp.201-202 and [MinRec 27:57]
Cualstibite
Formula: Cu2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Reference: Guastoni, A., Gentile, P., Nestola, F., Camarda, S. and Sanguineti, D. (2018) Cualstibite di cava Gioia, Casette, Massa (MS). Novità di Mineralogia sistematica italiana. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 42 (3), 210-212.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&lr=&q=cache:bJh91ZKhMEMJ:www.parcapuane.it/actapuana/ACTA_APUANA_2.pdf+giovanni+brugiana
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Orlandi, P., Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini Editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Gasparite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(AsO4)
Reference: Mancini, S. (2000). Le mineralizzazioni a manganese delle Alpi Apuane. Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Description: Weber, M.H. (1991) Best articles and their authors. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 147 has already stated that "[...]In the meantime, "gibbsite" from Carrara has been re-examined and shown to be nordstrandite [...]"
Reference: [Orlandi, P., Del Chiaro, L., and Pagano, R. (1996) Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record, 27(1), 47-58; Weber, M.H. (1991) Best articles and their authors. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 147
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Orlandi, P., Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini Editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Livingstonite
Formula: HgSb4S6(S2)
Reference: Pellecchia, M. and Passarino, G. (2018) Tesori nascosti nelle collezioni. Livingstonite tra i minerali su marmo di Carrara di Francesco Bedogné. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 42 (3), 176-184.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Bonazzi P., Garbarino C., Menchetti S., 1992. Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4: 23-33.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Moëloite
Formula: Pb6Sb6S14(S3)
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Orlandi, P., Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini Editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Mushistonite
Formula: (Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Colour: Deep red.
Description: REE-rich piemontite.
Reference: Bonazzi P., Garbarino C., Menchetti S., 1992. Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4: 23-33.
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Bonazzi P., Garbarino C., Menchetti S., 1992. Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4: 23-33.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Habit: Most are short-prismatic, but elongated and tapered crystals occur. Aloisi (1909) reported 36 different crystallographic forms.
Colour: colorless
Description: Perfectly clear rock crystals with good luster ("Diamanti di Carrara"). Rich in crystallographic forms. Crystals up to 10cm have been found.
Reference: Aloisi, P. (1909) Il quarzo dei marmi di Carrara. Atti della Società Toscana de Scienze Naturali di Pisa: 25: 87-125. Orlandi P., Franzini M. (1994) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Mancini, S. (2000). Le mineralizzazioni a manganese delle Alpi Apuane. Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Bonazzi P., Garbarino C., Menchetti S., 1992. Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4: 23-33.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tangeite
Formula: CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro, 1/2011, 39-42
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Theisite
Formula: Cu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Bonazzi P., Garbarino C., Menchetti S., 1992. Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4: 23-33.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Orlandi P. & Albertini C.(1988): Todorokite da diverse località italiane: Baveno, Carrara, Campiglia Marittima, Appennino Parmense). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. serie A,95,29-34.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mancini, S. (2000). Le mineralizzazioni a manganese delle Alpi Apuane. Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vésigniéite
Formula: BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Ciuffardi, M. (2005): Wulfenite a Carrara. Prie, 1, 103-104.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Zaccagnaite (TL)
Formula: Zn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Reference: S. Merlino & P. Orlandi (2001): Carraraite and zaccagnaite, two new minerals ..... Amer. Miner. 86, 1293-1301
Zincalstibite (TL)
Formula: Zn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Reference: Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., Orlandi, P. (2007): Zincalstibite, a new mineral, and cualstibite: crystal chemical and structural relationships. American Mineralogist, 92, 198-203.
Zincolibethenite ?
Formula: CuZn(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Giovanni Scapin specimen
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geocronite2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Jordanite2.JB.30aPb14(As,Sb)6S23
Kësterite 2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
Livingstonite2.JA.05iHgSb4S6(S2)
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Moëloite2.HC.25Pb6Sb6S14(S3)
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Seligmannite2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
Semseyite2.HC.10dPb9Sb8S21
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Sulvanite2.CB.70Cu3VS4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Sellaite3.AB.15MgF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cualstibite4.FB.10Cu2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Gibbsite ?4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lithiophorite4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Mushistonite4.FC.10(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Zincalstibite (TL)4.FB.10Zn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alumohydrocalcite5.DB.05CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Ferroan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Fe)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Claraite5.DA.30(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
Dawsonite5.BB.10NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Zaccagnaite (TL)5.DA.45Zn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Carraraite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Ge(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cornubite8.BD.30Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Gasparite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(AsO4)
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mixite8.DL.15BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Parnauite8.DF.35Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Tangeite8.BH.35CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Theisite8.BE.75Cu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
Tyrolite8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Vésigniéite8.BH.45BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Zincolibethenite ?8.BB.30CuZn(PO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fraipontite9.ED.15(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Roscoelite9.EC.15K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-
'Bournonite-Seligmannite Series'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Mica Group'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Kësterite 2.9.2.9Cu2ZnSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Vaesite2.12.1.2NiS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
Sulvanite3.2.3.1Cu3VS4
3 <ø < 4
Geocronite3.3.1.2Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Jordanite3.3.1.1Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Seligmannite3.4.3.1PbCuAsS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Semseyite3.6.20.4Pb9Sb8S21
ø = 2
Livingstonite3.7.11.1HgSb4S6(S2)
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite ?6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Mushistonite6.3.6.6(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Nordstrandite6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Sellaite9.2.2.1MgF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Dawsonite16a.3.8.1NaAlCO3(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Alumohydrocalcite16b.2.3.1CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Claraite16b.4.3.1(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
Zaccagnaite (TL)16b.6.1.4Zn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Carraraite32.4.4.6Ca3(SO4)[Ge(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Gasparite-(Ce)38.4.3.6Ce(AsO4)
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p > 4:1
Theisite41.1.2.1Cu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornubite41.4.2.1Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Tangeite41.5.1.6CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Vésigniéite41.5.13.1BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tyrolite42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mixite42.5.1.1BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Parnauite43.5.13.1Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
Miscellaneous
Cualstibite44.3.10.1Cu2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Fraipontite71.1.2c.4(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Roscoelite71.2.2a.4K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Bournonite-Seligmannite Series'-
Calcite
var: Ferroan Calcite
-(Ca,Fe)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Mica Group'-
Moëloite-Pb6Sb6S14(S3)
'Psilomelane'-
Zincalstibite (TL)-Zn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Zincolibethenite ?-CuZn(PO4)(OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
H ZincalstibiteZn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NordstranditeAl(OH)3
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H CualstibiteCu2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
H Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
H VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
H AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H CarraraiteCa3(SO4)[Ge(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
H TheisiteCu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
LiLithium
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
C AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
C CarraraiteCa3(SO4)[Ge(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
OOxygen
O ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
O ZincalstibiteZn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
O QuartzSiO2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O BrookiteTiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O CupriteCu2O
O DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NordstranditeAl(OH)3
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O RutileTiO2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AnataseTiO2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CelestineSrSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CualstibiteCu2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
O BranneriteUTi2O6
O Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
O VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
O AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CarraraiteCa3(SO4)[Ge(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
O TheisiteCu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F SellaiteMgF2
NaSodium
Na DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg SellaiteMgF2
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Al ZincalstibiteZn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NordstranditeAl(OH)3
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al CualstibiteCu2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Al AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
SSulfur
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S OrpimentAs2S3
S StibniteSb2S3
S VaesiteNiS2
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
S SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S SphaleriteZnS
S SulvaniteCu3VS4
S PyriteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SulphurS8
S GalenaPbS
S CelestineSrSO4
S JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
S GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S BaryteBaSO4
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S RealgarAs4S4
S Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
S SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S GreenockiteCdS
S MoëloitePb6Sb6S14(S3)
S LivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)
S Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S CarraraiteCa3(SO4)[Ge(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
S CinnabarHgS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DigeniteCu9S5
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Ca CarraraiteCa3(SO4)[Ge(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti BranneriteUTi2O6
VVanadium
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
V SulvaniteCu3VS4
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
V RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
V TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
NiNickel
Ni VaesiteNiS2
Ni Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
CuCopper
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Cu CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cu SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
Cu SulvaniteCu3VS4
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Cu CualstibiteCu2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Cu Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
Cu VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Cu TheisiteCu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Zn ZincalstibiteZn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Zn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
Zn TheisiteCu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
Zn ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
GeGermanium
Ge CarraraiteCa3(SO4)[Ge(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
AsArsenic
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
As CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As OrpimentAs2S3
As SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
As JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
As GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As RealgarAs4S4
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
As LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
As Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
As Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
As TheisiteCu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
SrStrontium
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SnTin
Sn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Sn Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
SbAntimony
Sb ZincalstibiteZn2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Sb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
Sb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Sb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Sb MoëloitePb6Sb6S14(S3)
Sb CualstibiteCu2Al(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Sb LivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)
Sb TheisiteCu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ba VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
CeCerium
Ce Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
HgMercury
Hg LivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Pb SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
Pb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb MoëloitePb6Sb6S14(S3)
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
BiBismuth
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
ThThorium
Th Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
UUranium
U Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
U UraniniteUO2
U BranneriteUTi2O6

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
• Busatti, L. (1882) Fluorite di Carrara e dell'Isola del Giglio. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Processi Verbali, 3, 177-178.
• Busatti, L. (1883) Note mineralogiche. Fluorite di Carrara. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Memorie, 6, 24-25.
• Bombicci, L. (1892) Il quarzo di Carrara, del Vallese e dell’isola d’Elba. Memorie dell'Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna: 5.
• D’Achiardi, G. (1897) Note di mineralogia toscana. Epsomite di Jano. Cerussa di Valdaspra. Geminato di pirite di Carrara. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Processi Verbali, 10, 210-214.
• D'Achiardi, G. (1899) Minerali dei marmi di Carrara. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Processi Verbali, 11, 161-163.
• Viola, C. (1899) Albite del marmo di Carrara. Atti della Accademia nazionale dei Lincei, Rendiconti, 8.
• Zambonini, F. (1903) Epidot aus den Apuanischen Alpen. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 27.
• Manasse, E. (1904) Solfo del marmo di Carrara. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Processi Verbali, 14, 110-114.
• D’Achiardi, G. (1905) I minerali dei marmi di Carrara. Parte I. Parte II. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Memorie, 21, 49-57; 236-264.
• D’Achiardi, G. (1906) I minerali dei marmi di Carrara (aggiunte alle parti I e II). Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Processi Verbali, 15, 47-48
• D’Achiardi, G. (1906) I minerali dei marmi di Carrara. Parte III. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Memorie, 22, 94-105.
• Aloisi, P. (1909) Il quarzo dei marmi di Carrara. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Memorie, 25, 87-125.
• D’Achiardi, G. (1911) I minerali dei marmi di Carrara. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Processi Verbali, 20, 54-58.
• Pelloux, A. (1919) Minerali della regione marmifera carrarese. Mem. Soc. Lunig. G. Cappellini Storia Nat. reg., 1, 96-107.
• Pelloux, A. (1919) La sellaite nel marmo di Carrara. Atti della Reale Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Rendiconti, 28, 284-287.
• Boeris, G. (1923/24) Pirite del marmo di Carrara. Rendicontie dell'Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna: 28.
• Del Grosso, E. (1924/25) Sulla presenza della fuchsite nel marmo di Carrara. Boll. R. Comit. Geol. Ital., 50.
• Zaccagna, D. (1926) Fuchsite del marmo di Carrara. Boll. R. Comit. Geol. Ital., 51.
• Zaccagna, D. (1932) I marmi delle Alpi Apuane. La Min. Ital., 16, 93-96; 137-140; 181-184.
• Dell’Anna, L. and Quagliarella, F. (1967) Jordanite nel marmo di Carrara. Periodico di Mineralogia, 36, 245-258.
• Bonatti, S. (1969) I minerali delle geodi e delle fessure dei marmi apuani. Guida alle escursioni. Congresso SIMP, Pisa.
• Casoli, C. (1973) Campioni mineralogici della formazione dei marmi delle Alpi Apuane. Notizie della Sezione Fiorentina di Cai (Club Alpino Italiano): 22.
• Orlandi, P. (1974) Note di mineralogia toscana. Solfuri e solfosali delle geodi dei marmi di Carrara. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Memorie, 81, 178-184.
• Boscardin, M. (1974) Jordanite di Carrara. Beraunite dell'Elba. Notizie del Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, 8/1: 5.
• De Michele, V. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
• Orlandi, P. (1974) Note di mineralogia toscana. Minerali delle geodi dei marmi di Carrara. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Memorie, 81, 167-173.
• Orlandi, P. (1974) Note di mineralogia toscana. Solfuri e solfosali delle geodi dei marmi di Carrara. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Memorie, 81, 178-184.
• Crisci, G.M., Leoni, L., and Sbrana, A. (1975) La formazione dei marmi delle Alpi Apuane (Toscana). Studio petrografico, mineralogico e chimico. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Memorie, 82, 199-236.
• Leoni, L. and Orlandi, P. (1975) Le blende dei marmi di Carrara (Alpi Apuane). Rendiconti della Societa Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 31, 65-71.
• Orlandi, P. and Bianchi, G. (1976) Nota di mineralogia toscana. I minerali delle geodi del marmo di Carrara. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Memorie, 83, 220-229.
• Boscardin, M. (1976) Blende di Carrara e spessartina di Monte Arsiccio (Alpi Apuane). Notizie del Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, 10, fasc. 1, 3 e 4.
• They, A. (1977) Guida ai minerali del marmo di Carrara e Massa. Ed. Calderini, Bologna 63 pp.
• Bracci, G., Dalena, D., and Orlandi, P. (1978) I geodi del marmo di Carrara. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Memorie, 85, 243-251.
• Del Tredici, C. (1978) Il rutilo nei marmi di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2, 31-33.
• Del Tredici, C. (1980) L'anatasio nei marmi di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4, 46-47.
• Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., Dalena, D., Duchi, G., and Vezzalini, G. (1980) I minerali delle geodi della formazione marmifera di Carrara. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Memorie, 87, 93-124.
• Duchi, G., Orlandi, P., and Vezzalini, G. (1981) Colusite nelle geodi del marmo di Carrara. Rendiconti della Societa Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia: 564-565.
• Orlandi, P., Merlino, S., Duchi, G., and Vezzalini, G. (1981) Colusite: a new occurrence and crystal chemistry. Canadian Mineralogist, 19, 423-427.
• Franzini, M., Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., and Dalena, D. (1982) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. 110pp. A cura della Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano.
• Boscardin, M., Guelfi, F., Orlandi, P., and Turconi, B. (1983) Fluorapatite, Aragonite, Auricalcite, Rosasite, e Calcofillite nelle Geodi del Marmo di Carrara. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 90, 69-74.
• Amici Mineralogisti Fiorentini (1984) Eccezionale ritrovamento di wurtzite nel marmo di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 8, 108.
• Granai, F. (1985) Wurtzite nel marmo di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 19, 195-196.
• Brizzi, G. (1986) Nuovo ritrovamento di sulvanite a Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 10, 39-41.
• Franzini, M., Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., and Dalena, D. (1987) Minerals of the Carrara marble. Mineralogical Record, 18, 263-296.
• Brizzi, G. and Meli, R. (1988) Le pietre silicee della fattoria di Monterufoli (PI) e eccezionale ritrovamento di covellite a Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 12, 101-110; 201.
• Dini, A. (1989) Carrara. Un'interessante associazione epitattica blenda-wurtzite-colusite. Notizie del Gruppo Mineralogico Fiorentino, XIV(1), 7-11.
• Orlandi, P. and Del Chiaro, L. (1989) Nuovi dati sui minerali delle geodi del marmo di Carrara. Atti della Società toscana di scienze naturali, Memorie, 96, 313-325.
• Del Chiaro, R. and Lari, A. (1990) Osservazione sui solfuri dei marmi delle Apuane. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 14, 171-174.
• Passarino, G. (1990) Minerale argilloso nel marmo di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 14, 48.
• Franzini, M., Orlandi, P., Bracci, G., and Dalena, D. (1992) Die Mineralien des Marmors von Carrara. Mineralien-Welt, 4, 16-46.
• Olmi, F., Orlandi, P., and Passarino, G. (1994) Mushistonite e lavendulano di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 18, 348-350.
• Orlandi, P. and Franzini, M. (1994) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
• Bellé, E. and Simonini, A. (1997) Nuovi ritrovamenti del marmo delle Apuane (Massa-Carrara). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 21, 279-282.
• Orlandi, P. (1997) I solfuri delle cavità dei marmi apuani. Plinius, 17, 62-73.
• Passarino, G. (1998) Eccezionali cristalli di sulvanite di Carrara. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22, 67.
• Orlandi, P. (2004) Carraraite, zaccagnaite, IMA 1998-033 e altre specie rinvenute nelle geodi dei marmi Apuani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 28, 24-27.
• Orlandi, P. and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini Editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
• Morino, A. and Passarino, G. (2016) Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 40(1-2016), 22-33.
• Morino, A. (2017) I minerali nel marmo di Carrara. I minerali estetici. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41 (4), 242-253.
• Pellecchia, M. and Passarino, G. (2018) Tesori nascosti nelle collezioni. Livingstonite tra i minerali su marmo di Carrara di Francesco Bedogné. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 42 (3), 176-184.

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