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Kaiser Franz Mine (König Wilhelm Mine), Schävenholz (Schebenholz; Schäbenholz), Elbingerode, Harz, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 51° 46' 35'' North , 10° 46' 13'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 51.77639,10.77028
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Grube Kaiser Franz (Grube König Wilhelm), Schävenholz (Schebenholz; Schäbenholz), Elbingerode, Wernigerode, Harz, Sachsen-Anhalt, Deutschland

The occurrence of manganese minerals in the so-called Schävenholz (Schebenholz) near Elbingerode, about 8 km south of Wernigerode, was discovered in 1817 by C.F. Jasche. The small deposit was mined from 1859 to 1869, first by the 'Kaiser Franz Mine' and after 1866 by the 'König Wilhelm Mine'. Sometimes erroneously called "Kuxloch Mine", but this mine is at another place near Elbingerode.

Mineral List

14 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Carboniferous - Silurian
298.9 - 443.8 Ma

ID: 3191443
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (298.9 - 443.8 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma

ID: 2621067

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Description: olistostrome

Comments: Olistoliths with older age (mainly Devonian, Silurian, and Early Carboniferous)

Lithology: Graywacke, argillaceous shale and/or slate

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma

ID: 3147393
Early Carboniferous meta-sandstone

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Description: low grade metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{meta-sandstone}, Minor{schist group,meta-conglomerate,quartzite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
- Jasche, C.F. (1817): Das Rothmanganerz in der Gegend von Elbingerode am Harz. Kleine mineralogische Schriften vermischten Inhalts, Band 1, 1-9.
- Jasche, C.F. (1817): Das Grün-Manganerz. Kleine mineralogische Schriften vermischten Inhalts, Band 1, 10-12.
- Germar, E.F. (1819): Ueber die kohlenstoff- und kieselsauren Manganerze des Unterharzes. Journal fuer Chemie und Physik 26, 108-120.
- Luedecke, O. (1896): Die Minerale des Harzes. Berlin, Verl. Gebr. Borntraeger.
- Haage, R. (1964): Beitrag zur Petrographie des Kieselschiefer-Mangankieselvorkommens im Schävenholz bei Elbingerode (Harz). Wissensch. Zeitschrift der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg 13, 215-225.
- Vollstädt, H.; Siemroth, J.; Weiß, S. (1991): Mineralfundstellen Ostharz und Lausitz. Weise (Munich), pp. 15-17.
- Witzke, T. (2013): Die Minerale der Manganlagerstätte Schävenholz bei Elbingerode, Harz. Aufschluss 64, 69-80.
- STEDINGK, K., LIEßMANN, W & BODE, R. (2016): HARZ – Bergbaugeschichte, Mineralienschätze, Fundorte. Bode Verlag, Salzhemmendorf, 800 pp. (p. 134).

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