Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Outer Spacei
Regional Level Types
Outer SpaceDeep Space

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Locality type:Deep Space


Outer Space (or just 'space') is the void that exists beyond any celestial body, including the Earth. This excludes any locality on Earth, the Moon, Mars or other planets or major moons. Asteroids and comets will be included within this section.

But how can we have mineral localities listed in outer space? Minerals in outer space can be detected in one of several ways.

1. Measurements from Earth or orbital telescopes. Absorption spectra in, for example, dust clouds can potentially be used to identify different chemicals and minerals. However this does not necessarily mean there are any crystalline compounds within these clouds, so this can only be used as pointer towards possible minerals in outer space.

2. Samples investigated by probes. Probes have sophisticated analytical equipment on them, probes to comets and asteroids, for example, may be able to identify known or currently unknown mineral speciecs within the makeup of the body.

3. Dust returned from probes to comets, etc (such as the NASA Stardust mission) - see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stardust_%28spacecraft%29

4. Dust known to originate from outside the Earth's atmosphere collected by high-altitude aircraft or baloons - see brownleeite

Note on the mineral list: minerals listed under "Outer Space" are from catched stardust particles, thus without an "exact" locality.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

30 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Åkermanite ?
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: Posch, Th., Baier, A., Mutschke, H., Henning, Th. (2007): Carbonates in Space: The Challenge of Low-Temperature Data. Astrophysical Journal: 668: 993-1000
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: William Rickard, Nick Timms, Fred Jourdan, David Saxey, Denis Fougerouse, Steven Reddy, Luke Daly, Phil Bland, Zakaria Quadir (2018) Nanoscale characterisation of grains from the Itokawa asteroid by FIB-ToF-SIMS, APM and TEM. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 155
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Gornitz, V. (2007) Hot & cold origins: the mineralogy of a comet. Mineral News, 23, #1, 1-4.; Ishii, H. A., Bradley, J. P., Dai, Z. R., Chi, M., Kearsley, A. T., Burchell, M. J., ... & Molster, F. (2008). Comparison of comet 81P/Wild 2 dust with interplanetary dust from comets. Science, 319(5862), 447-450.
Brownleeite (TL)
Formula: MnSi
Type Locality:
Reference: http://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2008/jun/HQ_08143_comet_dust.html
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Clays'
Reference: De Sanctis, M. C. et al. (2015): Ammoniated phyllosilicates with a likely outer Solar System origin on (1) Ceres. Nature 528, 241–244.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Gornitz, V. (2007) Hot & cold origins: the mineralogy of a comet. Mineral News, 23, #1, 1-4.
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Jones, A.P. (2007): The mineralogy of cosmis cust. European Journal of Mineralogy: 19(6): 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite ?
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Description: Conspicious
Reference: The Astrophysical Journal, 668:993-1000, 2007 October 20
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Gornitz, V. (2007) Hot & cold origins: the mineralogy of a comet. Mineral News, 23, #1, 1-4.; Acevedo, R. D., Rabassa, J., Orgeira, M. J., Prezzi, C., Corbella, H., Ponce, J. F., ... & Conicet, M. R. (2010). Experimental Study Of The Mechanisms Of Formation Of Nanosulfides In Comet Wild 2. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 45, A5-A227.
Esseneite
Formula: CaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Reference: Ciesielczuk, J., Kruszewski, Ł., & Majka, J. (2015). Comparative mineralogical study of thermally-altered coal-dump waste, natural rocks and the products of laboratory heating experiments. International Journal of Coal Geology, 139, 114-141.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: William Rickard, Nick Timms, Fred Jourdan, David Saxey, Denis Fougerouse, Steven Reddy, Luke Daly, Phil Bland, Zakaria Quadir (2018) Nanoscale characterisation of grains from the Itokawa asteroid by FIB-ToF-SIMS, APM and TEM. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 155
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Gornitz, V. (2007) Hot & cold origins: the mineralogy of a comet. Mineral News, 23, #1, 1-4.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Hibonite
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Ice
Formula: H2O
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: William Rickard, Nick Timms, Fred Jourdan, David Saxey, Denis Fougerouse, Steven Reddy, Luke Daly, Phil Bland, Zakaria Quadir (2018) Nanoscale characterisation of grains from the Itokawa asteroid by FIB-ToF-SIMS, APM and TEM. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 155
Khamrabaevite
Formula: (Ti,V,Fe)C
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
'Low-calcium pyroxene'
Reference: William Rickard, Nick Timms, Fred Jourdan, David Saxey, Denis Fougerouse, Steven Reddy, Luke Daly, Phil Bland, Zakaria Quadir (2018) Nanoscale characterisation of grains from the Itokawa asteroid by FIB-ToF-SIMS, APM and TEM. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 155
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Ishii, H. A., Bradley, J. P., Dai, Z. R., Chi, M., Kearsley, A. T., Burchell, M. J., ... & Molster, F. (2008). Comparison of comet 81P/Wild 2 dust with interplanetary dust from comets. Science, 319(5862), 447-450.
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Nierite
Formula: Si3N4
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Description: Micron-sized particles. Vanadium-bearing.
Reference: www.llnl.gov/pao/news/news_releases/2006/NR-06-12-03.html (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories).; Ishii, H. A., Bradley, J. P., Dai, Z. R., Chi, M., Kearsley, A. T., Burchell, M. J., ... & Molster, F. (2008). Comparison of comet 81P/Wild 2 dust with interplanetary dust from comets. Science, 319(5862), 447-450.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Gornitz, V. (2007) Hot & cold origins: the mineralogy of a comet. Mineral News, 23, #1, 1-4.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Gornitz, V. (2007) Hot & cold origins: the mineralogy of a comet. Mineral News, 23, #1, 1-4.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: William Rickard, Nick Timms, Fred Jourdan, David Saxey, Denis Fougerouse, Steven Reddy, Luke Daly, Phil Bland, Zakaria Quadir (2018) Nanoscale characterisation of grains from the Itokawa asteroid by FIB-ToF-SIMS, APM and TEM. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 155
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Gornitz, V. (2007) Hot & cold origins: the mineralogy of a comet. Mineral News, 23, #1, 1-4.; Acevedo, R. D., Rabassa, J., Orgeira, M. J., Prezzi, C., Corbella, H., Ponce, J. F., ... & Conicet, M. R. (2010). Experimental Study Of The Mechanisms Of Formation Of Nanosulfides In Comet Wild 2. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 45, A5-A227.
Roedderite
Formula: (Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Reference: Ishii, H. A., Bradley, J. P., Dai, Z. R., Chi, M., Kearsley, A. T., Burchell, M. J., ... & Molster, F. (2008). Comparison of comet 81P/Wild 2 dust with interplanetary dust from comets. Science, 319(5862), 447-450.
Saponite ?
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Posch, Th., Baier, A., Mutschke, H., Henning, Th. (2007): Carbonates in Space: The Challenge of Low-Temperature Data. Astrophysical Journal: 668: 993-1000
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: William Rickard, Nick Timms, Fred Jourdan, David Saxey, Denis Fougerouse, Steven Reddy, Luke Daly, Phil Bland, Zakaria Quadir (2018) Nanoscale characterisation of grains from the Itokawa asteroid by FIB-ToF-SIMS, APM and TEM. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 155
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: William Rickard, Nick Timms, Fred Jourdan, David Saxey, Denis Fougerouse, Steven Reddy, Luke Daly, Phil Bland, Zakaria Quadir (2018) Nanoscale characterisation of grains from the Itokawa asteroid by FIB-ToF-SIMS, APM and TEM. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 155

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Brownleeite (TL)1.BB.MnSi
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Khamrabaevite1.BA.20(Ti,V,Fe)C
Moissanite1.DA.SiC
Nierite1.DB.05Si3N4
Osbornite1.BC.15TiN
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Hibonite4.CC.45(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ice4.AA.05H2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite ?5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Esseneite9.DA.15CaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Roedderite9.CM.05(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Saponite ?9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Åkermanite ?9.BB.10Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Clays'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Low-calcium pyroxene'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Khamrabaevite1.1.19.2(Ti,V,Fe)C
Osbornite1.1.19.1TiN
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Moissanite1.3.8.1SiC
Nierite1.3.10.1Si3N4
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Ice4.1.2.1H2O
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite ?14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Åkermanite ?55.4.1.1Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Roedderite63.2.1a.14(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Esseneite65.1.3a.6CaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite ?71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Brownleeite (TL)-MnSi
'Clays'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Iron-Fe
'Low-calcium pyroxene'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H IceH2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DiamondC
C GraphiteC
C Khamrabaevite(Ti,V,Fe)C
C MoissaniteSiC
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
NNitrogen
N OsborniteTiN
N NieriteSi3N4
OOxygen
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O CorundumAl2O3
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O IceH2O
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
O EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
NaSodium
Na Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Mg Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
AlAluminium
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Al EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si BrownleeiteMnSi
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Si NieriteSi3N4
Si MoissaniteSiC
Si EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S TroiliteFeS
KPotassium
K Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
CaCalcium
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ca EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
TiTitanium
Ti OsborniteTiN
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ti Khamrabaevite(Ti,V,Fe)C
VVanadium
V Khamrabaevite(Ti,V,Fe)C
MnManganese
Mn BrownleeiteMnSi
FeIron
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe IronFe
Fe Khamrabaevite(Ti,V,Fe)C
Fe EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Fe Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
CuCopper
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
CeCerium
Ce Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Jones, A.P. (2007): The mineralogy of cosmis cust. European Journal of Mineralogy: 19(6): 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766

Localities in this Region
Show map


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: January 22, 2019 05:05:34 Page generated: January 18, 2019 01:01:34
Go to top of page