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Locality type:Deep Space


Outer Space (or just 'space') is the void that exists beyond any celestial body, including the Earth. This excludes any locality on Earth, the Moon, Mars or other planets or major moons. Asteroids and comets will be included within this section.

But how can we have mineral localities listed in outer space? Minerals in outer space can be detected in one of several ways.

1. Measurements from Earth or orbital telescopes. Absorption spectra in, for example, dust clouds can potentially be used to identify different chemicals and minerals. However this does not necessarily mean there are any crystalline compounds within these clouds, so this can only be used as pointer towards possible minerals in outer space.

2. Samples investigated by probes. Probes have sophisticated analytical equipment on them, probes to comets and asteroids, for example, may be able to identify known or currently unknown mineral speciecs within the makeup of the body.

3. Dust returned from probes to comets, etc (such as the NASA Stardust mission) - see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stardust_%28spacecraft%29

4. Dust known to originate from outside the Earth's atmosphere collected by high-altitude aircraft or baloons - see brownleeite

Note on the mineral list: minerals listed under "Outer Space" are from catched stardust particles, thus without an "exact" locality.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

25 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Brownleeite (TL)
Formula: MnSi
Reference: http://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2008/jun/HQ_08143_comet_dust.html
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Clays'
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Jones, A.P. (2007): The mineralogy of cosmis cust. European Journal of Mineralogy: 19(6): 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Esseneite
Formula: CaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Hibonite
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Ice
Formula: H2O
Iron
Formula: Fe
Khamrabaevite
Formula: (Ti,V,Fe)C
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Nierite
Formula: Si3N4
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Roedderite
Formula: (Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Brownleeite' (TL)1.BB.MnSi
'Diamond'1.CB.10aC
'Graphite'1.CB.05aC
'Iron'1.AE.05Fe
'Khamrabaevite'1.BA.20(Ti,V,Fe)C
'Moissanite'1.DA.SiC
'Nierite'1.DB.05Si3N4
'Osbornite'1.BC.15TiN
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Cubanite'2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
'Pentlandite'2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Corundum'4.CB.05Al2O3
'Hibonite'4.CC.45(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
'Ice'4.AA.05H2O
'Perovskite'4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Spinel'4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Anorthite'9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Clinoenstatite'9.DA.10MgSiO3
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Enstatite'9.DA.05MgSiO3
'Esseneite'9.DA.15CaFe3+[AlSiO6]
'Forsterite'9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
'Gehlenite'9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
'Roedderite'9.CM.05(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Clays'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Khamrabaevite1.1.19.2(Ti,V,Fe)C
Osbornite1.1.19.1TiN
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Moissanite1.3.8.1SiC
Nierite1.3.10.1Si3N4
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Ice4.1.2.1H2O
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Roedderite63.2.1a.14(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Esseneite65.1.3a.6CaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Brownleeite (TL)-MnSi
'Clays'-
Iron-Fe
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H IceH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DiamondC
C GraphiteC
C Khamrabaevite(Ti,V,Fe)C
C MoissaniteSiC
NNitrogen
N NieriteSi3N4
N OsborniteTiN
OOxygen
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O CalciteCaCO3
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O CorundumAl2O3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
O IceH2O
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
O SpinelMgAl2O4
NaSodium
Na Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Mg Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si BrownleeiteMnSi
Si ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si MoissaniteSiC
Si NieriteSi3N4
Si Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
SSulfur
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
KPotassium
K Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
CaCalcium
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
TiTitanium
Ti Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ti Khamrabaevite(Ti,V,Fe)C
Ti OsborniteTiN
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
VVanadium
V Khamrabaevite(Ti,V,Fe)C
MnManganese
Mn BrownleeiteMnSi
FeIron
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Fe IronFe
Fe Khamrabaevite(Ti,V,Fe)C
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CuCopper
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
CeCerium
Ce Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Jones, A.P. (2007): The mineralogy of cosmis cust. European Journal of Mineralogy: 19(6): 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766

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