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Paroo Station Mine (Rosslyn Hill Mine; Magellan Mine; Magellan deposit), Wiluna, Wiluna Shire, Western Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Paroo Station Mine (Rosslyn Hill Mine; Magellan Mine; Magellan deposit)Mine
Wiluna- not defined -
Wiluna ShireShire
Western AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
26° 31' 28'' South , 119° 57' 5'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Wiluna680 (2012)28.1km


"Largest lead carbonate mine in the world."
The mine works a residual Pb deposit in a silica-clay gangue. Only oxidic minerals are present, no sulphides.
Discovered in 1993. On January 16, 2015 the mine was placed on care and maintenance.

Located approx. 30 km west of the town of Wiluna, in the southeastern Yerrida Basin.

Ore at Paroo Station is extracted via drilling and blasting from a series of open pits on Magellan Hill (Magellan and Cano open pits). The Pinzon deposit is 1 kilometre to the south, Gama 1 kilometre east, and the Cano open pit 1.5 kilometres north-west from the Magellan open pit. The Finlayson Range prospects contain Pizarro/Columbus prospect 5 kilometres south, Drake prospect 5 kilometes south-west and Cortez prospect 5 kilometres west south-west, all from Magellan Hill. Very limited specimens have been seen in local collections of cerussite.

The deposit was discovered in 1991 by Renison Goldfields Corporation, and verified with drilling across 1991-1995. The prospect was purchased by Westralian Sands (later known as Iluka Resources) in 1998. Canadian company Ivernia Inc took over in 2002, and developed an open pit mine at Magellan and nearby Cano under the company name Magellan Metals in 2005.

Bulk lead was exported through Esperance. From December 2006 to March 2007, native birds were reported dying on mass. An investigation found they had died from lead poisoning, the town's water tanks were contaminated, and some residents had elevated blood lead levels. Mining was stopped. The State government contributed $20 million, and Magellan voluntarily $9 million to clean up the town, with a further $1 million donated to Esperance by the company for community projects. Mining resumed, with lead concentrate exported through Fremantle in sealed containers. Mining ceased again in 2011 after several stop work orders, although no breach of Magellan's strict new safety conditions were found. The company is planning to re-open the mine late 2013.

The deposits are found on the southern edge of the Earaheedy Basin in the Yerrida sub-basin. The deposits are in the Yelma Formation. They are flat lying to moderately dipping north and west, with north-east and south-east trending faults and gently open folding to the north-west and north-east. Magellan is 200 metres long, trends north, and has an average thickness of 650 metres. Cano is 800 metres long, trends north-west and has an average thickness of 400 metres. The Magellan orebody forms an outcropping mesa over an area 5 x 2.5 kilometres. Pinzon has two mineralised zones, one trends north-west and the other north-east, both 1000 metres long by 200 metres wide and averaging 5 metres thick. Pizarro, Gamma and Drake are similar.

Magellan and surrounding mines/prospects are a large stratabound sulphide free supergene lead deposit. It represents a new category within the class of supergene non sulphide mineral systems. It is unique and no similar example is known.

The 35 metre thick mineralised area is quartz-clay breccia with fragments of completely silicified carbonate with relict stromatolitic structures, siltstone, euhedral and colliform banded quartz in a white clay rich matrix.

The lithology starts from a surface colluvium, then silcrete. Thirdly a vughy quartz-clay collapsed breccia of silicified stromatolitic carbonate, chert, siltstone, colliform banded quartz in a cream to tan coloured matrix of kaolin clay with limonite and goethite, and lead minerals. Next is tan-brown coloured dolomite, then tan to orange-brown clays, iron oxides, cerussite and fine quartz/silica fragments. The next section is a strongly weathered brown-tan ferruginous siltstone greywacke, variably weathered sandstone and thinly bedded Fe sandstone greywackes, with a basal unweathered sandstone zone being hard and grey-green. Next is a mixed layer of clay, siltstone, sandstone and chert. Finally the underlying
300 metre thick Maraloou Formation of carbonaceous shale with finely crystallised pyrite and carbonate veining.

The dominate species in the mineralised zone is cerussite with lesser anglesite, and minor pyromorphite, coronadite, plattnerite, and plumbogummite. Minor sphalerite and galena is found in the underlying Maraloou Formation. Most of the cerussite is finely grained and indistinctive. occuring as replacment to the host rocks as flat lying sheets. Coronadite and anglesite is more common in the upper parts of the mineralised zone. In the lower zone is found veins and needle-like clusters of pyromorphite.


Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

15 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O CerussitePbCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O PlattneritePbO2
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O QuartzSiO2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O HematiteFe2O3
NaSodium
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
MnManganese
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
FeIron
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Pirajno, F., Burlow, R., Huston, D. (2010) The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews, 37, 101-113.
Ivernia Inc, SRK Consulting (2011) Technical Report on the Magellan Lead Carbonate Mine Western Australia (30 March 2011).

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