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Buca della Vena Mine, Ponte Stazzemese, Stazzema, Apuan Alps, Lucca Province, Tuscany, Italy

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 43° 59' 54'' North , 10° 17' 39'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 43.99861,10.29444
GeoHash:G#: spz6638nm
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Miniera di Buca della Vena, Ponte Stazzemese, Stazzema, Alpi Apuane, Lucca, Toscana, Italia


The Buca della Vena mine was exploited for barite and Fe-oxides up to 1988. The mineralization is hosted within two carbonatic lenses of dolomitic metalimestones of Upper Triassic age (Grezzoni formation) and marble of Liassic age (Marble formation), interbedded with lenses of phyllites. The ore body and the hosted rocks show evidence of deformations which have been referred to as a first compressive tectonic phase dating back 26 m.y. Measured homogenization temperature in beryl crystals from the ore body ranged from 250° to 340° C, in good agreement with the metamorphic grade of the area (greenschist facies).
Carmignani et al. (1972, 1976) considered this deposit to be a metasomatic replacement of carbonate rocks, genetically connected to a hypothetical synkinematic intrusive body.
According to Cortecci et al. (1985), on the other hand, on the basis of isotope analysis of sulfates and sulfides, concluded that the deposit is sedimentary in origin and was subsequently metamorphosed and partly remobilized during the Tertiary Appenninic orogeny.

Orlandi & Dini (2004) distinguish four different kinds of occurrence of Buca della Vena minerals:
-Type V-1 veins: calcite and barite veins embedded in the dolomitic limestones.
-Type V-2 veins: quartz and barite veins embedded in the ore body (Fe-oxides + barite)
-Type V-3 veins: quartz veins embedded in the phyllites.
-Type F-1 fractures: vertical fractures with the wall covered by calcite, barite and albite crystals.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Buca della Vena Mine, Stazzema, Lucca Province, Tuscany, Italy
Buca della Vena mine, Stazzema, Lucca, Italy
Buca della Vena mine, Tuscany, Italy
Buca della Vena mine, Cardoso, Seravezza, Lucca, Italy

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


75 valid minerals. 12 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Habit: tabular
Colour: colorless, white
Description: xls up to 1 cm in F-1 fractures. xls up to 5 mm included in dolomitic limestone.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Habit: prismatic xls
Colour: brown, black
Description: Type V-3 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Allanite-(La) (TL)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Habit: prismatic
Colour: black
Description: xls up to 5 mm. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Pasero, M. (2006): Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44: 63-68
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Habit: bypiramidal, tabular
Colour: brown, red, honey-yellow, blue, black
Description: xls up to 3 mm. Type V-1 and V-3 veins.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Colour: black
Description: Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Apuanite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4Sb3+4O12S
Habit: prismatic
Colour: black
Description: In the past it is rather common in the Sala del Castello. Today, it is very difficult to find sample of this phase. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Mellini M., Merlino S., Orlandi P., 1979. Versiliaite and apuanite, two new minerals from the Apuane Alps, Italy. Amer. Miner., 64: 1230-1234. Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: spray of acicular xls
Colour: white
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Habit: crusts or lamellar xls
Colour: green-blue
Description: It is a product of the alteration of Cu sulfosalts, like bournonite.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Habit: tabular xls
Colour: blue
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Habit: prismatic
Colour: colorless, white, green
Description: xls up to 5 cm. It is present in all types of occurrences.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Habit: prismatic xls
Colour: blue, green
Description: Type V-1 and V-2 veins.
Reference: Duchi G., Franzini M., Giamello M., Orlandi P.(1993): The iron-rich beryls of Alpi Apuane. Mineralogy, chemistry and fluid inclusion. N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 193-207.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Habit: prismatic
Colour: blue
Description: Type V-1 veins. It is also present in type V-2 veins, associated with hematite and quartz.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Habit: prismatic
Colour: green
Description: Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Duchi G., Franzini M., Giamello M., Orlandi P., Riccobono F., 1993. The iron-rich beryls of Alpi Apuane. Mineralogy, chemistry and fluid inclusion. N. Jb. Mineral. Mh.: 193-207
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Habit: thin, sometimes bent, acicular xls
Colour: steel gray
Reference: Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Habit: prismatic, striated // elongation.
Colour: black
Description: Type V-1 veins and F-1 fractures.
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 17 (4), 261-268. Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Brannerite ?
Formula: (U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Habit: prismatic xls
Colour: black
Description: XRD show that this mineral is amorphous, even after heating up to 900°C. EDS analysis show only the presence of U and Ti. It can be brannerite or orthobrannerite.
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Campostrini, I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 184-191.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: rhomboedric
Colour: white, pink, colorless, black
Description: It contains several % of Mg[CO3]
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Habit: tabular
Colour: colorless, brown
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Habit: tabular, acicular
Colour: brown-blackish
Description: Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Colour: green
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Habit: rhombohedric xls
Colour: red
Description: xls size < 0,5 mm. It is present in V-1 veins and F-1 veins of Sala del Castello.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Habit: micaceous
Colour: green
Description: Type V-1 and V-2 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Dini, A. & Orlandi, P. (1995) Coloradoite (HgTe), from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 102, 47-50.
Dadsonite
Formula: Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Habit: slightly flattened, acicular xls
Colour: black
Description: It is very similar to rouxelite.
Reference: Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229; Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y. & Biagioni, C. (2010). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). X. Dadsonite from the Buca della Vena mine and Bi-rich izoklakeite from the Seravezza marble quarries. Periodico di Mineralogia, 79, 113-121.
Derbylite
Formula: Fe3+4Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Habit: prismatic, often twinned
Colour: black
Description: xls up to 3 mm. Type V-1 veins. It contains up to 10 wt% V2O3.
Reference: Mellini M., Orlandi P., Vezzalini G (1986).: V-derbylite from Buca della Vena mine. Apuan Alps Italy . Mineralogical Magazine, 50, 328-330.
Dessauite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Habit: pseudo-hexagonal
Colour: black
Description: Type V-1 veins. Only one sample found.
Reference: Orlandi P., Pasero M., Duchi G., Olmi F., 1997. Dessauite, (Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20 O38, a new mineral of the crichtonite group from Buca della Vena mine, Tuscany, Italy. Amer. Miner., 82: 807-811; Orlandi, P. & Pasero, M. (2006): Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 63-68.
Destinezite
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Habit: rhomboedric
Colour: white
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 17 (4), 261-268; Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Habit: prismatic
Colour: brown-red
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Habit: tabular
Colour: colorless
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: cubic
Colour: colorless, violet
Description: Type V-1 veins
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Habit: cubic
Colour: lead-grey
Description: Type V-2 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Habit: prismatic
Colour: colorless
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Habit: tabular
Colour: black
Description: It forms, with baryte and magnetite, the ore bodies. It is also present in type V-1 and V-2 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Jamborite ?
Formula: Ni2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
Habit: crusts
Colour: green
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Karelianite
Formula: V3+2O3
Habit: tabular, pseudohexagonal
Colour: black
Description: xls size < 1 mm. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
'K Feldspar'
Habit: tabular
Colour: colorless, white
Description: Type V-3 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Habit: tabular
Colour: colorless, white
Description: Type V-3 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Habit: octahedric, cubeoctahedric
Colour: black
Description: It forms, with baryte and hematite, the ore bodies. It is also present in type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: crust, acicular xls
Colour: green
Description: It is an alteration product of bournonite and tetrahedrite.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Mapiquiroite (TL)
Formula: (Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Nestola, F. and Bindi, L. (2013) Mapiquiroite, IMA 2013-010. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2703;Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Nestola, F., Bindi, L. (2014): Mapiquiroite, (Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38, a new member of the crichtonite group from the Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26, 427-437. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.
Marrucciite (TL)
Formula: Hg3Pb16Sb18S46
Reference: Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Campostrini, I., Meerschaut, A. (2007): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). IX. Marrucciite, Hg3Pb16Sb18S46, a new sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps: Definition and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 267-279.
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Biagioni, C. & Orlandi, P. (2009). Tiemannite e metacinabro della miniera Buca della Vena (Alpi Apuane). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 114, 13-17.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Habit: acicular
Colour: golden yellow
Description: It is partially altered in a earthy green mineral (jamborite ?).
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Colour: honey yellow to pink
Description: Type V-3 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Montroseite
Formula: (V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
Habit: prismatic xls
Colour: black
Description: xls size < 1 mm. Type V-1 veins. It is associated with an unidentified mineral.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Muscovite ?
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Oxycalcioroméite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Sb2O6O
Reference: Biagioni, C. and Orlandi, P. (2012): Oxycalcioroméite, IMA 2012-022. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1283; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Nestola, F., Bianchin, S. (2013): Oxycalcioroméite, Ca2Sb2O6O, from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy: a new member of the pyrochlore supergroup. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3027-3037.
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Apple green acicular crystals pseudomorph after millerite (XRD-G).
Reference: Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro, 1/2011, 39-42
Pellouxite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Habit: strongly flattened, ribbon-like xls.
Colour: black
Description: IMA 2001-033
Reference: Lapis 29(1), 11-24 (2004); Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Meerschaut, A., Palvadeau, P., Leone, Ph., 2004: Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). VI. Pellouxite, ~ (Cu,Ag)2Pb21Sb23S55ClO, a new oxy-chloro-sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16: 839-844
Pillaite (TL)
Formula: Pb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Habit: very slight acicular xls; striated // to the elongation
Colour: lead-gray, sometimes coated by thin iridescent
Description: xls up to 1 cm.
Reference: Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Habit: pentagonododecahedric xls, octahedric xls
Colour: yellow
Description: It is present in all the occurrences.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Pyrochlore Supergroup
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Habit: octahedric xls
Colour: yellow, reddish
Description: xls size > 1 mm. Type V-1 veins. Orlandi & Dini (2004) describe this as a stibiobetafite without any analysis.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.) ?
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Habit: octahedric xls
Colour: yellow, reddish
Description: xls size > 1 mm. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Habit: prismatic xls
Colour: colorless
Description: Type V-2 and V-3 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Robinsonite
Formula: Pb4Sb6S13
Habit: acicular with mirror-like non striated faces
Colour: black
Description: xls up to 1 cm.
Reference: Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229.
Rouxelite (TL)
Formula: Cu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Habit: thin acicular xls
Colour: pitch black
Description: xls are more than 1 cm in lenght but only few micron in thickness. IMA 2002-062.
Reference: Orlandi P., Meerschaut A., Moëlo Y., Palvadeau P., Léone P., 2005. Lead–antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). VIII. Rouxelite, Cu2HgPb22Sb28S64(O,S)2, a new sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps: definition and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 43: 919-933.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Habit: acicular, prismatic
Colour: yellow, red, black
Description: Type V-1 and V-3 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Scainiite (TL)
Formula: Pb14Sb30S54O5
Habit: acicular, sometimes flattened xls
Colour: black, with frequent bluish hues
Reference: Orlandi P., Moëlo Y., Meerschaut A., Palvadeau P. (1999): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy): I. Scainiite, Pb14Sb30S54O5, the first Pb-Sboxy-sulfosalt, from Buca della Vena mine., European Journal of Mineralogy 11, 949-954
Schafarzikite
Formula: Fe2+Sb3+2O4
Habit: prismatic
Colour: dark brown
Description: It is known only in few specimens.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Seligmannite ?
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Description: Crystals of bournonite-seligmannite series are reported by Orlandi & Checchi (1986) but successively studies seem to show that all the samples are Sb-rich (so they are bournonites).
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Habit: octahedric
Colour: colorless
Description: F-1 fractures
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Habit: rhombohedric xls
Colour: brown
Description: It is associated with hematite and magnetite near the type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Habit: hexagonal lamellae
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Habit: trapezohedral xls
Colour: orange-brown
Description: In the marble
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Habit: tetrahedral xls
Colour: honey yellow, ruby red, black
Description: In type V-1 veins and F-1 fractures. Tiny, ruby red xls have been observed with altered aggregates of apuanite.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Description: It is an alteration product of stibnite.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Stibivanite (TL)
Formula: Sb2VO5
Habit: tabular, prismatic, acicular xls
Colour: emerald green, yellow-green
Description: xls up to 3-4 mm. Buca della Vena mine is the type locality for the politype stibivanite-2O, found only in one sample and indistinguishable from stibivanite-2M, also present in this locality. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 21, pp. 159-160 (1983)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Habit: tabular-prismatic xls
Colour: black, with bluish iridescence
Description: It is very similar to scainiite. Usually it is associated with Pb-acicular sulfosalts in F-1 fractures. It is also present in V-1 veins; probably, in this occurrence, it is an alteration product of apuanite.
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 17 (4), 261-268. Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Colour: yellow brown
Description: Type V-2 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: • Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Habit: complex xls
Colour: black
Description: Type V-1 veins
Reference: [AmMin 87:182]
Tiemannite
Formula: HgSe
Reference: Biagioni, C. & Orlandi, P. (2009). Tiemannite e metacinabro della miniera Buca della Vena (Alpi Apuane). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 114, 13-17.
Tintinaite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Habit: prismatic-acicular with non striated faces. It never shows a strongly acicular habit.
Colour: gray
Reference: Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P. (2015) Valentinite. Miniera Buca della Vena, Stazzema (LU). In "Mineralogia sistematica. Notizie dai laboratori di analisi". Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 39, 58-61.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Habit: prismatic
Colour: red
Reference: [MinRec 17:266-267]; Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Versiliaite (TL)
Formula: Fe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Habit: prismatic
Colour: black
Reference: Mellini M., Merlino S., Orlandi P., 1979. Versiliaite and apuanite, two new minerals from the Apuane Alps, Italy. Amer. Miner., 64: 1230-1234. Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Colour: green
Description: Type V-2 veins
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 17 (4), 261-268; Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Habit: prismatic, deep striations // to elongation; acicular
Colour: steel grey, sometimes with iridescent hues. Never black.
Reference: Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Dadsonite2.HC.30Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Marrucciite (TL)2.JB.60Hg3Pb16Sb18S46
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Pellouxite (TL)2.JB.35d(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Pillaite (TL)2.JB.35cPb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Robinsonite2.HC.20Pb4Sb6S13
Rouxelite (TL)2.JB.25jCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Scainiite (TL)2.JB.35bPb14Sb30S54O5
Seligmannite ?2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Tiemannite2.CB.05aHgSe
Tintinaite2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Anatase'4.DD.05TiO2
'Apuanite' (TL)4.JA.25Fe2+Fe3+4Sb3+4O12S
Brannerite ?4.DH.05(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Derbylite4.JB.55Fe3+4Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Dessauite-(Y) (TL)4.CC.40(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Jamborite ?4.FL.05Ni2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
Karelianite4.CB.05V3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Mapiquiroite (TL)4.00.(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Montroseite4.FD.10(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Schafarzikite4.JA.20Fe2+Sb3+2O4
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Stibiconite4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibivanite (TL)4.JA.55Sb2VO5
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Versiliaite (TL)4.JA.30Fe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Destinezite8.DB.05Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite-(Ce)'9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite-(La)' (TL)9.BG.05b{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chapmanite9.ED.25Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Muscovite ?9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pecoraite9.ED.15Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
K Feldspar-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Oxycalcioroméite (TL)-Ca2Sb2O6O
Pyrochlore Supergroup-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
var: Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.) ?-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Tiemannite2.8.2.4HgSe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Seligmannite ?3.4.3.1PbCuAsS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Dadsonite3.6.8.1Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Robinsonite3.6.16.1Pb4Sb6S13
Tintinaite3.6.19.2Pb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
ø = 2
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Karelianite4.3.1.4V3+2O3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Montroseite6.1.1.4(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
X(OH)3
Jamborite ?6.3.8.1Ni2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.) ?
8.2.3.4A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
AB2O6
Brannerite ?8.3.4.1(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Apuanite (TL)45.1.9.1Fe2+Fe3+4Sb3+4O12S
Schafarzikite45.1.6.1Fe2+Sb3+2O4
Stibivanite (TL)45.1.11.2Sb2VO5
Versiliaite (TL)45.1.10.1Fe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Group 46 - ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Derbylite46.2.3.2Fe3+4Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La) (TL)58.2.1a.2{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chapmanite71.1.3.2Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Pecoraite71.1.2d.4Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite ?71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
Aragonite-CaCO3
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Dessauite-(Y) (TL)-(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Destinezite-Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Mapiquiroite (TL)-(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Marrucciite (TL)-Hg3Pb16Sb18S46
Oxycalcioroméite (TL)-Ca2Sb2O6O
Pellouxite (TL)-(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Pillaite (TL)-Pb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Pyrochlore Supergroup-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Rouxelite (TL)-Cu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Scainiite (TL)-Pb14Sb30S54O5

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
H DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JamboriteNi2+1-xCox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnataseTiO2
O ApuaniteFe2+Fe43+Sb43+O12S
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
O Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
O DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O JamboriteNi2+1-xCox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
O KarelianiteV23+O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OxycalcioroméiteCa2Sb2O6O
O PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
O PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O ScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5
O SchafarzikiteFe2+Sb23+O4
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O SideriteFeCO3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O StibivaniteSb2VO5
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
PPhosphorus
P DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
S ApuaniteFe2+Fe43+Sb43+O12S
S BaryteBaSO4
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
S CinnabarHgS
S DadsonitePb23Sb25S60Cl
S DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JamboriteNi2+1-xCox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
S MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46
S MetacinnabarHgS
S MilleriteNiS
S Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
S PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
S PyriteFeS2
S RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
S RouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
S ScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5
S SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
S Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S SulphurS8
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
ClChlorine
Cl DadsonitePb23Sb25S60Cl
Cl Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Cl PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca OxycalcioroméiteCa2Sb2O6O
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Ti Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Ti Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Ti RutileTiO2
VVanadium
V KarelianiteV23+O3
V Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
V StibivaniteSb2VO5
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CrChromium
Cr Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe ApuaniteFe2+Fe43+Sb43+O12S
Fe Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Fe DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Fe Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Fe DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Fe Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchafarzikiteFe2+Sb23+O4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CoCobalt
Co JamboriteNi2+1-xCox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
NiNickel
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni JamboriteNi2+1-xCox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ni Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Cu RouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Cu SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
AsArsenic
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
As VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
SeSelenium
Se TiemanniteHgSe
SrStrontium
Sr Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Sr Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
YYttrium
Y Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Y Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
NbNiobium
Nb Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
AgSilver
Ag AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Ag Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
SbAntimony
Sb AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Sb ApuaniteFe2+Fe43+Sb43+O12S
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Sb ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Sb DadsonitePb23Sb25S60Cl
Sb DerbyliteFe43+Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Sb MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46
Sb OxycalcioroméiteCa2Sb2O6O
Sb Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Sb PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Sb RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
Sb RouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Sb ScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5
Sb SchafarzikiteFe2+Sb23+O4
Sb SenarmontiteSb2O3
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb StibivaniteSb2VO5
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
Sb VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
TeTellurium
Te ColoradoiteHgTe
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
LaLanthanum
La Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
WTungsten
W StolzitePb(WO4)
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg ColoradoiteHgTe
Hg MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
Hg RouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Hg TiemanniteHgSe
PbLead
Pb AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DadsonitePb23Sb25S60Cl
Pb Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Pb MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46
Pb Pellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Pb PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Pb RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
Pb RouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
Pb ScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5
Pb SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
BiBismuth
Bi TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
ThThorium
Th Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
U Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
U Mapiquiroite(Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186389
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 3141608
Permian quartzite

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Description: low grade metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{quartzite}, Minor{gneiss,phyllite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Panichi, U. (1911) Minerali che accompagnano il giacimento ferrifero della Buca della Vena presso Stazzema. Atti R. Accad. Naz. Lincei, Rend., 20.
Carmignani, L., Dessau, G., and Duchi, G. (1976) I giacimenti a barite, pirite ed ossidi di ferro delle Alpi Apuane. Studio minerogenetico e strutturale. Nuove osservazioni sui giacimenti polimetallici. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 95: 1009-1061.
Mellini, M., Merlino, S., and Orlandi, P. (1979) Versiliaite and apuanite, two new minerals from the Apuane Alps, Italy. American Mineralogist, 64: 1230-1234.
Merlino, S. and Orlandi, P. (1983) A second occurrence of stibivanite: Buca della Vena mine (Apuan Alps), Italy. Canadian Mineralogist, 21: 159-160.
Mellini, M., Orlandi, P., and Perchiazzi, N. (1983) Derbylite from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist, 21: 513-516.
Benvenuti, M., Lattanzi, P., Tanelli, G., and Cortecci, G. (1986) The Ba-Fe-pyrite deposit of Buca della Vena, Apuane Alps, Italy. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 41: 347-358.
Orlandi, P. and Checchi, F. (1986) La miniera di Buca della Vena (LU) e i suoi minerali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 10: 49-61.
Orlandi, P. and Checchi, F. (1986) The Buca della Vena mine, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record, 17: 261-268.
Mellini, M., Orlandi, P., and Vezzalini, G. (1986) V-bearing derbylite from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 50: 328-330.
Duchi, G., Franzini, M., Giamello, M., Orlandi, P. and Riccobono, F. (1993) The iron-rich beryls of Alpi Apuane.Mineralogy, chemistry, fluid inclusion. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 5: 193-207.
Orlandi, P. (1994) Two new mineral phases from Piedmont and Tuscany, Italy. Congr. Internaz. IMA, Pisa, 1994: 311.
Dini, A. and Orlandi, P. (1995) Coloradoite (HgTe), from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., Serie A, 102: 47-50.
Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Duchi, G. and Olmi, F. (1997) Dessauite, (Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20 O38, a new mineral of the crichtonite group from Buca della Vena mine, Tuscany, Italy. American Mineralogist, 82: 807-811.
Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Meerschaut, A., and Palvadeau, P. (1999) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). I. Scainiite, Pb14 Sb30 S54 O5, the first Pb-Sb oxy-sulfosalt, from Buca della Vena mine. European Journal of Mineralogy, 11: 949-954.
Orlandi, P. (2003) Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 27 (4): 224-229.
Orlandi, P. and Dini, A. (2004) Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Meerschaut, A., Palvadeau, P., and Léone, P. (2004) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). VI. Pellouxite, ~ (Cu,Ag)2Pb21Sb23S55ClO, a new oxy-chloro-sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16: 839-844.
Orlandi, P., Meerschaut, A., Moëlo, Y., Palvadeau, P., and Léone, P. (2005) Lead–antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). VIII. Rouxelite, Cu2HgPb22Sb28S64(O,S)2, a new sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps: definition and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 43: 919-933.
Orlandi, P. and Pasero, M. (2006) Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44: 63-68.
Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Campostrini, I., and Meerschaut, A. (2007) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). IX. Marrucciite, Hg3Pb16Sb18S46, a new sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps: Definition and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 267-279.
Biagioni, C. (2009) Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Orlandi, P. and Biagioni, C. (2010) Minerali mercuriferi delle Alpi Apuane e dei Monti Pisani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2010, 36-40.
Biagioni, C. and Orlandi, P. (2009) Tiemannite e metacinabro della miniera Buca della Vena (Alpi Apuane). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 114, 13-17.
Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., and Biagioni, C. (2010) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). X. Dadsonite from the Buca della Vena mine and Bi-rich izoklakeite from the Seravezza marble quarries. Periodico di Mineralogia, 79, 113-121.
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Nestola, F., and Bianchin, S. (2013) Oxycalcioroméite, Ca2Sb2O6O, from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy: a new member of the pyrochlore supergroup. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3027-3037.
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Nestola, F., and Bindi, L. (2014) Mapiquiroite, (Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38, a new member of the crichtonite group from the Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26, 427-437.

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