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Buca della Vena Mine, Ponte Stazzemese, Stazzema, Apuan Alps, Lucca Province, Tuscany, Italy

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 43° 59' 54'' North , 10° 17' 39'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 43.99861,10.29444
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Miniera di Buca della Vena, Ponte Stazzemese, Stazzema, Alpi Apuane, Lucca, Toscana, Italia

The Buca della Vena mine was exploited for barite and Fe-oxides up to 1988. The mineralization is hosted within two carbonatic lenses of dolomitic metalimestones of Upper Triassic age (Grezzoni formation) and marble of Liassic age (Marble formation), interbedded with lenses of phyllites. The ore body and the hosted rocks show evidence of deformations which have been referred to as a first compressive tectonic phase dating back 26 m.y. Measured homogenization temperature in beryl crystals from the ore body ranged from 250° to 340° C, in good agreement with the metamorphic grade of the area (greenschist facies).
Carmignani et al. (1972, 1976) considered this deposit to be a metasomatic replacement of carbonate rocks, genetically connected to a hypothetical synkinematic intrusive body.
According to Cortecci et al. (1985), on the other hand, on the basis of isotope analysis of sulfates and sulfides, concluded that the deposit is sedimentary in origin and was subsequently metamorphosed and partly remobilized during the Tertiary Appenninic orogeny.

Orlandi & Dini (2004) distinguish four different kinds of occurrence of Buca della Vena minerals:
-Type V-1 veins: calcite and barite veins embedded in the dolomitic limestones.
-Type V-2 veins: quartz and barite veins embedded in the ore body (Fe-oxides + barite)
-Type V-3 veins: quartz veins embedded in the phyllites.
-Type F-1 fractures: vertical fractures with the wall covered by calcite, barite and albite crystals.

Mineral List

75 valid minerals. 12 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

66 - 145 Ma

ID: 3186389
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

252.17 - 298.9 Ma

ID: 3141608
Permian quartzite

Age: Permian (252.17 - 298.9 Ma)

Description: low grade metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{quartzite}, Minor{gneiss,phyllite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Panichi, U. (1911) Minerali che accompagnano il giacimento ferrifero della Buca della Vena presso Stazzema. Atti R. Accad. Naz. Lincei, Rend., 20.
Carmignani, L., Dessau, G., and Duchi, G. (1976) I giacimenti a barite, pirite ed ossidi di ferro delle Alpi Apuane. Studio minerogenetico e strutturale. Nuove osservazioni sui giacimenti polimetallici. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 95: 1009-1061.
Mellini, M., Merlino, S., and Orlandi, P. (1979) Versiliaite and apuanite, two new minerals from the Apuane Alps, Italy. American Mineralogist, 64: 1230-1234.
Merlino, S. and Orlandi, P. (1983) A second occurrence of stibivanite: Buca della Vena mine (Apuan Alps), Italy. Canadian Mineralogist, 21: 159-160.
Mellini, M., Orlandi, P., and Perchiazzi, N. (1983) Derbylite from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist, 21: 513-516.
Benvenuti, M., Lattanzi, P., Tanelli, G., and Cortecci, G. (1986) The Ba-Fe-pyrite deposit of Buca della Vena, Apuane Alps, Italy. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 41: 347-358.
Orlandi, P. and Checchi, F. (1986) La miniera di Buca della Vena (LU) e i suoi minerali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 10: 49-61.
Orlandi, P. and Checchi, F. (1986) The Buca della Vena mine, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record, 17: 261-268.
Mellini, M., Orlandi, P., and Vezzalini, G. (1986) V-bearing derbylite from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 50: 328-330.
Duchi, G., Franzini, M., Giamello, M., Orlandi, P. and Riccobono, F. (1993) The iron-rich beryls of Alpi Apuane.Mineralogy, chemistry, fluid inclusion. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 5: 193-207.
Orlandi, P. (1994) Two new mineral phases from Piedmont and Tuscany, Italy. Congr. Internaz. IMA, Pisa, 1994: 311.
Dini, A. and Orlandi, P. (1995) Coloradoite (HgTe), from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., Serie A, 102: 47-50.
Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Duchi, G. and Olmi, F. (1997) Dessauite, (Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20 O38, a new mineral of the crichtonite group from Buca della Vena mine, Tuscany, Italy. American Mineralogist, 82: 807-811.
Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Meerschaut, A., and Palvadeau, P. (1999) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). I. Scainiite, Pb14 Sb30 S54 O5, the first Pb-Sb oxy-sulfosalt, from Buca della Vena mine. European Journal of Mineralogy, 11: 949-954.
Orlandi, P. (2003) Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 27 (4): 224-229.
Orlandi, P. and Dini, A. (2004) Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Meerschaut, A., Palvadeau, P., and Léone, P. (2004) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). VI. Pellouxite, ~ (Cu,Ag)2Pb21Sb23S55ClO, a new oxy-chloro-sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16: 839-844.
Orlandi, P., Meerschaut, A., Moëlo, Y., Palvadeau, P., and Léone, P. (2005) Lead–antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). VIII. Rouxelite, Cu2HgPb22Sb28S64(O,S)2, a new sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps: definition and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 43: 919-933.
Orlandi, P. and Pasero, M. (2006) Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44: 63-68.
Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Campostrini, I., and Meerschaut, A. (2007) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). IX. Marrucciite, Hg3Pb16Sb18S46, a new sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps: Definition and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 267-279.
Biagioni, C. (2009) Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Orlandi, P. and Biagioni, C. (2010) Minerali mercuriferi delle Alpi Apuane e dei Monti Pisani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2010, 36-40.
Biagioni, C. and Orlandi, P. (2009) Tiemannite e metacinabro della miniera Buca della Vena (Alpi Apuane). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 114, 13-17.
Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., and Biagioni, C. (2010) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). X. Dadsonite from the Buca della Vena mine and Bi-rich izoklakeite from the Seravezza marble quarries. Periodico di Mineralogia, 79, 113-121.
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Nestola, F., and Bianchin, S. (2013) Oxycalcioroméite, Ca2Sb2O6O, from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy: a new member of the pyrochlore supergroup. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3027-3037.
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Nestola, F., and Bindi, L. (2014) Mapiquiroite, (Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38, a new member of the crichtonite group from the Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26, 427-437.

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