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Val Pulita Quarry, Torano quarrying basin, Carrara, Massa-Carrara Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Val Pulita Quarry- not defined -
Torano quarrying basinBasin
CarraraMunicipality
Massa-Carrara ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
44° 5' 44'' North , 10° 7' 22'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Miseglia449 (2014)1.5km
Torano670 (2014)1.5km
Bedizzano797 (2014)1.9km
Codena745 (2014)2.2km
Sorgnano387 (2014)2.7km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Val Pulita, Bacino estrattivo di Torano, Carrara, Alpi Apuane, Massa-Carrara, Toscana, Italia


This quarry also known as Quarry No. 61, located towards the summit of the depression known as Salita del Battaglino, on the left side of the Torano valley is reachable by a bad pathway. An underground tunnel, excavated in 1995, connects the quarry with Val Bona quarry, located on the other side of the ridge (Miseglia quarrying basin). Val Pulita quarry became famous among mineral collectors for the beautiful specimens of sulfides and sulfosalts found in the 1980s and 1990s. Exceptional specimens of wurtzite, colusite, and sulvanite were found within the cavities hosted in a grey marble, associated with reddish calcite and white-greenish adularia. Moreover, nice specimens of volborthite after sulvanite were collected. Unfortunately, the old quarry collapsed and today it is not possible to find the same minerals occurring in the past years.

Cannizzarite was identified at this quarry in 2002, found as tabular micaceous crystals up to 0.5mm in length, lead-grey colour, associated with wurtzite.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Apuan Alps, Tuscany, ItalyMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102. Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Betti Michele
Cannizzarite
Formula: Pb48Bi56S132
Reference: Biagioni C., Orlandi P., Camarda S., Chinellato M., Appiani R., Del Chiaro L., Sanguineti G., (2019) Minerals from marbles of Carrara and the Apuan Alps. Page 40
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Morino, A. (2017) I minerali nel marmo di Carrara. I minerali estetici. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 4 (4-2017), 242-253.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102; Morino A., and Passarino G. (2016) Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102. Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Morino, A. (2017) I minerali nel marmo di Carrara. I minerali estetici. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 4 (4-2017), 242-253.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102; Morino, A. (2017) I minerali nel marmo di Carrara. I minerali estetici. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 4 (4-2017), 242-253.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102. ; Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102; Morino, A. (2017) I minerali nel marmo di Carrara. I minerali estetici. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 4 (4-2017), 242-253.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102. ; Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Reference: Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102; Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102. Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
Vésigniéite
Formula: BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Reference: NHM of the Pisa University collection
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: [MinRec 18:287]; Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Description: Orlandi P. Franzini M. (1994). I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Silvana Editoriale, Amilcare Pizzi S.p.a. pp. 88-91
Reference: Orlandi P. Franzini M. (1994). I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Silvana Editoriale, Amilcare Pizzi S.p.a.; Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102. Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Cannizzarite2.JB.20Pb48Bi56S132
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Sulvanite2.CB.70Cu3VS4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Vésigniéite8.BH.45BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Sulvanite3.2.3.1Cu3VS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Cannizzarite3.6.5.1Pb48Bi56S132
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Vésigniéite41.5.13.1BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CelestineSrSO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
SSulfur
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S SulvaniteCu3VS4
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S GalenaPbS
S GreenockiteCdS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
S CelestineSrSO4
S CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
VVanadium
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
V SulvaniteCu3VS4
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
V VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CuCopper
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
Cu SulvaniteCu3VS4
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
ZnZinc
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
BaBarium
Ba VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
PbLead
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Pb CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132
BiBismuth
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186389
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cretaceous - Jurassic
66 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3156501
Jurassic marble

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 201.3 Ma)

Description: low grade metamorphic

Lithology: Marble

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Orlandi, P., and Franzini, M. (1994) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Cassa di Risparmio di Carrara - Amilcare Pizzi Editore S.p.A., Milano, 109 pp.
Bombarda, L., Granai, F., and Orlandi, P. (1999) Le cave di Val Bona e Val Pulita. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 2 (2-1999), 100-102.
Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
Morino A., and Passarino G. (2016) Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
Morino, A. (2017) I minerali nel marmo di Carrara. I minerali estetici. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 4 (4-2017), 242-253.
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Camarda, S., Chinellato, M., Appiani, R., Del Chiaro, L., and Sanguineti, G. (2019) Minerals from marbles of Carrara and the Apuan Alps. LoGisma editore, Vicchio (Firenze) - Musumeci S.p.A., Quart (Aosta), 144 pp.


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