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Barranca del Sulfato, Mejillones peninsula, Mejillones, Antofagasta Province, Antofagasta Region, Chile

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 23° 7' 19'' South , 70° 30' 32'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -23.12194,-70.50889
GeoHash:G#: 67vu7wbbz
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate


(At least) two old copper mines 5 km west of Mejillones.
The locality name "Barranca del Sulfato" (literally 'canyon of sulphate') is an inofficial name. The names of the old mines are unknown.
Coordinates are given for the southwestern mine.

Regions containing this locality

Atacama Desert, Chile

Desert - 514 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


29 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Amarillite
Formula: NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: XRD by Joachim Lorenz, SEM-EDS by Joy Desor
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: XRD by Joachim Lorenz
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: identified by Gerhard Möhn
Butlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: identified by Gerhard Möhn
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Collected by myself; Gunnar Färber specimens
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: SEM-EDS and Raman Spectroscopy by Joy Desor
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Collected by myself
Cuprocopiapite
Formula: CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Elmar Lackner Collection, collected and identified by G.Möhn
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: identified by Igor V. Pekov
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: identified by Gerhard Möhn
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: identified by Gerhard Möhn
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Collected by myself
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: SEM-EDS by Igor V. Pekov
Lesukite
Formula: Al2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection (obtained from Udo Hörig, PXRD-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch)
Metasideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: SEM-EDS and XRD by Igor V. Pekov
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: identified by Gerhard Möhn
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: SEM-EDS by Igor V. Pekov
Parabutlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: XRD by Joachim Lorenz
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: identified by Gerhard Möhn
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: identified by Gerhard Möhn
Quenstedtite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: identified by Gerhard Möhn
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: identified by Gerhard Möhn
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: SEM-EDS by Joy Desor, chemical tests (valence of Fe) by Gerhard Möhn
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Luigi Chiappino specimen
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: identified by Gerhard Möhn
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: identified by Gerhard Möhn

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
'Atacamite'3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
'Clinoatacamite'3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
'Halite'3.AA.20NaCl
'Lesukite'3.BD.10Al2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Amarillite'7.CC.75NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Butlerite'7.DC.10Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
'Copiapite'7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Coquimbite'7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
'Cuprocopiapite'7.DB.35CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Jarosite'7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Kröhnkite'7.CC.30Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
'Metasideronatrite'7.DF.20Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
'Metavoltine'7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
'Natrojarosite'7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Parabutlerite'7.DC.10Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
'Quenstedtite'7.CB.65Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
'Rhomboclase'7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
'Römerite'7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
'Sideronatrite'7.DF.20Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
'Szomolnokite'7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Scorodite'8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Kröhnkite29.3.2.1Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Metavoltine29.4.6.1Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Amarillite29.5.3.2NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Quenstedtite29.8.5.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Metasideronatrite31.8.4.1Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Sideronatrite31.8.3.1Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Butlerite31.9.1.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Parabutlerite31.9.2.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Cuprocopiapite31.10.5.3CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Clinoatacamite-Cu2(OH)3Cl
Lesukite-Al2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H LesukiteAl2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
H MetasideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
H MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ParabutleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
H QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
H Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O LesukiteAl2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
O MetasideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
O MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ParabutleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
O Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
NaSodium
Na AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na MetasideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Na MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
AlAluminium
Al LesukiteAl2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S MetasideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
S MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ParabutleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
S Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
S SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
S SulphurS8
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl LesukiteAl2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Fe ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MetasideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Fe MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe ParabutleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Fe Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
CuCopper
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Cu KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
AsArsenic
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Silurian - Cambrian
419.2 - 541 Ma



ID: 3188736
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Paleozoic (419.2 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Udo Hörig (field observations) pers. comm. to Uwe Kolitsch, April 2017


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