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Karelia Beryl Mine pegmatite, Kännätsalo, Luumäki, South Karelia, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
Karelia Beryl Mine pegmatitePegmatite
Kännätsalo- not defined -
LuumäkiMunicipality
South KareliaRegion
FinlandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
60° 58' 20'' North , 27° 44' 8'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Luumäki5,305 (2014)9.8km
Lemi3,034 (2014)10.7km
Ylämaa1,415 (2014)23.9km
Savitaipale4,195 (2014)25.4km
Taipalsaari4,778 (2014)26.0km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Luumäki Beryllilouhos


Gem mining, strongly etched prismatic crystals of yellow, green, and pale blue gem beryl.

Note: A 100 kg specimen of smoky quartz crystals was from a big rapakivi granite cavity in a road construction site in Luotola, Luumäki, not from the Karelian Beryl Mine.


Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Lyckberg, P. (2004): Ein Neufund phantastischer grüner Edelberylle aus Luumäki, Karelien, Finnland. Mineralien Welt 15 (6), 38-45
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Lyckberg, P. (2004): Ein Neufund phantastischer grüner Edelberylle aus Luumäki, Karelien, Finnland. Mineralien Welt 15 (6), 38-45
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Collected by Ilkka Mikkola analyzed by Dr Seppo Lahti
'Chlorite Group'
Description: in pockets
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Lahti, Seppo & Kärkkäinen, Niilo 2016. Esiselvitys: REE-mineraalien esiintyminen Etelä-Suomen graniiteissa ja graniittipegmatiiteisssa. Geologinen Tutkimuskeskus raportti28/2016.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Description: Noted in 1986 around one gem beryl carrying pocket (Lyckberg 2006)
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107; Suomen mineraalit Hytönen, Kai 1999; Lahti, Seppo I. & Kinnunen. Kari A. 1992 Uusia havaintoja Luumäen pegmatiittiesiintymästä ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi. Suomen Jalokiviharrastajain Yhdistys r.y. jäsenlehti, 11-30 ; Ilkka Mikkola collection; Lahti, S.I.,; Lahti, S. I. & Kinnunen, Kari, 1992. Uusia havaintoja Luumäen pegmatiittiesiintymästä ja sen mineraaleista, erityisesti jaloberyllistä. Kivi 10, n:ro 3, 10-30.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Description: as inclusions in quartz
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Lahti, Seppo & Kärkkäinen, Niilo 2016. Esiselvitys: REE-mineraalien esiintyminen Etelä-Suomen graniiteissa ja graniittipegmatiiteisssa. Geologinen Tutkimuskeskus raportti28/2016.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Lyckberg, P. (2004): Ein Neufund phantastischer grüner Edelberylle aus Luumäki, Karelien, Finnland. Mineralien Welt 15 (6), 38-45
'Monazite'
Reference: Photo ID: 763816, Jyrki Autio collection
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107; HANNU MÄKITIE, HEINI ERVANNE (2007) Fe(II)/Fetot and U(IV)/Utot in pegmatite minerals from southern Finland. Granitic Pegmatites: The State of the Art – International Symposium. 06th – 12th May 2007, Porto, Portugal.
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Reference: Lahti, Seppo & Kärkkäinen, Niilo 2016. Esiselvitys: REE-mineraalien esiintyminen Etelä-Suomen graniiteissa ja graniittipegmatiiteisssa. Geologinen Tutkimuskeskus raportti28/2016.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: P. Koski sample
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Lahti, Seppo & Kärkkäinen, Niilo 2016. Esiselvitys: REE-mineraalien esiintyminen Etelä-Suomen graniiteissa ja graniittipegmatiiteisssa. Geologinen Tutkimuskeskus raportti28/2016.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lyckberg, P. (2004): Ein Neufund phantastischer grüner Edelberylle aus Luumäki, Karelien, Finnland. Mineralien Welt 15 (6), 38-45
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lyckberg, P. (2004): Ein Neufund phantastischer grüner Edelberylle aus Luumäki, Karelien, Finnland. Mineralien Welt 15 (6), 38-45
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Lyckberg, P. (2004): Ein Neufund phantastischer grüner Edelberylle aus Luumäki, Karelien, Finnland. Mineralien Welt 15 (6), 38-45
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Bergverksmuseets Skrift 33, 87-107

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)8.AD.50La(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Monazite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)38.4.3.2La(PO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Monazite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O QuartzSiO2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
MnManganese
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
FeIron
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
LaLanthanum
La Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lyckberg, P. (2004): Ein Neufund phantastischer grüner Edelberylle aus Luumäki, Karelien, Finnland. Mineralien Welt 15 (6), 38-45
Lyckberg, P. (2006): Miarolitic pegmatites of the Viborg rapakivi granite massif, SE Finland with special attention to the green gem beryl producing Karelia Beryl Mine pegmatite at Luumäki, Karelia. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 33, 87-107.

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