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Bali Lo copper mine (Casleys prospect; Bali Low prospect), Ashburton Downs Station, Ashburton Shire, Western Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Bali Lo copper mine (Casleys prospect; Bali Low prospect)Mine
Ashburton Downs Station- not defined -
Ashburton ShireShire
Western AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 23° 24' 8'' South , 116° 56' 2'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -23.40246,116.93402
GeoHash:G#: qeg4ugsyb
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


Longitude 23,24S, 116,55E.

The Bali Lo Prospect is found in rough, remote mountainous desert country, about 11 kilometers southwest of the Ashburton Downs homestead, in the southern portions of the Capricorn Range. The track to it is far longer, rocky and difficult. It has been little visited due to its remoteness, yet specimens from the location have been available, despite the few photographs on Mindat. Of particular note is the large number of species found at the location.

To a lesser degree specimens have also been seen from Bali Hi, 1 kilometer east of Bali Lo, and Mineral Claim 84 (Anticline) 500 meters east of Bali Lo. Bali East is about 2 kilometers east, Stockyard Gully 3 kilometers south and Bali South 4 kilometers southeast, all from Bali Hi. The Ledge deposit is 3 kilometers west of Bali Lo. Little in the way of specimens have been seen from these last four locations so far, although the Western Australian Museum holds many specimens.

The Bali Lo prospect is little more than part of a ridge bulldozed over a few square meters, yet has been a rich source of specimens.

Ashburton Mining, Westfield Mining, Picklands Mather, and Barrick Mines have all explored the area. The only mining to take place was between 1962-1963, of 129 tons of secondary copper material grading 8.8% copper.

The Bali Lo area is associated with well-known geologist Blair Gartrell, who collected several thousand specimens between 1985-1990. The new species ashburtonite and gartrellite were discovered by him from Mineral Claim 84 (Anticline).

The country rock in the area is slate, siltstone, conglomerate, graywacke, and tuff of the Ashburton Formation. Overlying this is shelf-facies conglomerate, dolomite, greywacke, and minor tuff of the Capricorn Formation, all folded into a major west-northwest anticline.

Bali Lo is located close to the hinge of the anticline on the Bali Shear fault zone, near the contact with the above two rock formations. The intensely decomposed deposits in the area hold secondary copper species hosted by quartz veins, with small pods of limonite with disseminated malachite, azurite, chrysocolla, and copper arsenates. Primary sulphide minerals include arsenopyrite, pyrite, marcasite, galena, tennantite and chalcopyrite. The primary mineralization is dominated by sulphides and arsenides of lead, iron, copper and zinc.

The locations are of interest due to the open cellular boxwork from the decomposition of tennantite. This creates cells often containing a number of mainly arsenate species. Various species though are also found outside of this framework.

The tennantite has been intruded by veinlets of various Cu, Fe and Pb arsenates dissolving along fractures, creating an acid environment and new species.

The veinlets have been found to contain olivenite and chenevixite as major components; and minor reddish-brown mawbyite, gartrellite, mimetite, bright green arsentsumebite, and green bayldonite.

Species found lining the cells are olivenite as olive-green to brown elongated crystals and fine-grained yellowish-white masses; chenevixite as porous yellowish-green masses; nodular and arborescent forms of mawbyite; yellow to brownish or yellow or greenish-yellow gartrellite; arsentsumebite; rare clusters of pseudo-cubic crystals from the alunite supergroup minerals; tiny red crystals of cinnabar; rare bluish-green prismatic and pyramidal crystals of brochantite; hematite and goethite as red and brown wall coatings; occasional blue grains of chrysocolla; and possibly perroudite.

Nickel et.al., lists three unknown species in the Arsenates and Sulfarenates class: BaAl3(AsO4)-(AsO3OH)(OH)6?; Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4?; and Cu,Al,Fe,As.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
West Australian Element, Western Australia, AustraliaCraton
Warakurna Large Igneous Province, Western Australia, AustraliaGeologic Province
Pilbara Craton, Western Australia, AustraliaCraton
Fortescue Basin, Western Australia, AustraliaBasin
Hamersley Basin, Western Australia, AustraliaBasin
Gascoyne Province, Western Australia, AustraliaGeologic Province
Ashburton Basin, Western Australia, AustraliaBasin
Blair Basin, Western Australia, AustraliaBasin

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


57 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Aheylite
Formula: (Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Arsenogorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Frost, R. L., Xi, Y., & Pogson, R. E. (2012). Raman spectroscopic study of the mineral arsenogorceixite BaAl 3 AsO 3 (OH)(AsO 4, PO 4)(OH, F) 6. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 91, 301-306.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Dr Peter Downes, WA Museum, 2012 lecture Perth, In the Wild West Series
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Ceruleite
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: [MinRec 24:210]
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Williams, P. A., Downes, P. J., Buchert, D.E., and Vaughan, D. (2007): Secondary minerals in a tennantite boxwork from the Bali Lo prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 13(1), 31-39.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Gartrellite
Formula: Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Luetheite
Formula: Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Dr Peter Downes, WA Museum, 2012 lecture Perth, In the Wild West Series
Mawbyite
Formula: Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Perroudite
Formula: Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
Reference: Nickel, E. H. & Gartrell, B. J. (1993): Secondary Minerals from Ashburton Downs, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record 24, 203-216, 218.
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Dr Peter Downes, WA Museum, 2012 lecture Perth, In the Wild West Series
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Dr Peter Downes, WA Museum, 2012 lecture Perth, In the Wild West Series
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Perroudite2.FC.20cHg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Tripuhyite4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Osarizawaite7.BC.10Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Aheylite8.DD.15(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Arsenogorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsentsumebite8.BG.05Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Bayldonite8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Ceruleite8.DE.25Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Clinoclase8.BE.20Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornubite8.BD.30Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Gartrellite8.CG.20Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Hidalgoite8.BL.05PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Luetheite8.DD.05Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Mawbyite8.CG.15Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Philipsbornite8.BL.10PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Chlor-sulfides
Perroudite2.15.5.1Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite6.1.1.3Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Osarizawaite30.2.4.4Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Mawbyite40.2.9.4Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Clinoclase41.3.1.1Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornubite41.4.2.1Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite41.4.2.2Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Bayldonite41.5.14.1PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Luetheite42.7.10.2Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Philipsbornite42.7.4.2PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Aheylite42.9.3.5(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Ceruleite42.13.6.1Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Normal Compound Phosphates, etc·
Gartrellite43.2.2.1Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Arsenogorceixite43.4.1.9BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsentsumebite43.4.2.2Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hidalgoite43.4.1.3PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
AX2O6
Tripuhyite44.2.1.3Fe3+Sb5+O4
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H GartrellitePb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
H ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
H CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
H ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
H MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O GartrellitePb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
O ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
O ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
O ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
O CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
O ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
O MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
NaSodium
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Al ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Al HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Al PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
PPhosphorus
P Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S PerrouditeHg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
S CinnabarHgS
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl PerrouditeHg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
MnManganese
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Fe GartrellitePb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
Fe Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CuCopper
Cu GartrellitePb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cu CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Cu ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Cu CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As GartrellitePb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
As ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
As ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
As ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
As CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
As LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
As MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
BrBromine
Br PerrouditeHg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
AgSilver
Ag PerrouditeHg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
SbAntimony
Sb TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
IIodine
I PerrouditeHg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
BaBarium
Ba ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Ba BaryteBaSO4
HgMercury
Hg PerrouditeHg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb GartrellitePb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Pb CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
UUranium
U MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3193232
Paleoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Wyloo Group

Comments: Ashburton Basin

Lithology: Shale,sandstone,conglomerate

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Orosirian
1800 - 2050 Ma



ID: 701213
Ashburton Formation

Age: Orosirian (1800 - 2050 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Ashburton Formation

Description: Mudstone and sandstone, minor conglomerate, banded iron-formation, chert, dolomite, and mafic to felsic volcanics.

Comments: argillaceous detrital sediment; sedimentary carbonate; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Argillaceous detrital sediment; sedimentary carbonate

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bridge, P.J. & Pryce, M.W. (1978) Copper minerals from Bali Lo copper mine, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia. Australian Mineralogist (1978) 14: 69-70.
Nickel, E. H. & Gartrell, B. J. (1993) Secondary Minerals from Ashburton Downs, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1993) 24: 203-216, 218.
Dr Peter Downes, Curator of minerals and meteorites, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Western Australian Museum; lecture as part of the In The Wild West Lecture Series, Perth 2012.
Nickel, E.H., Williams, P. A., Downes, P. J., Buchert, D.E., and Vaughan, D. (2007) Secondary minerals in a tennantite boxwork from the Bali Lo prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 13(1), 31-39.
Marston, R.J. (1979) Copper Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 13, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 208p. 


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