Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Ethiopiai
Regional Level Types
EthiopiaCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Industrial Mineral Occurrence Map of Ethiopia

Ethiopia
Industrial Mineral Occurrence Map of Ethiopia

Ethiopia
Industrial Mineral Occurrence Map of Ethiopia

Ethiopia
Name in French:Éthiopie
Name in German:Äthiopien
Name in Italian:Etiopia
Name in Russian:Эфиопия
Name in Simplified Chinese:埃塞俄比亚
Name in Spanish:Etiopía
Name in Afrikaans:Ethiopië
Name in Albanian:Etiopia
Name in Arabic:إثيوبيا
Name in Belarusian:Эфіопія
Name in Bulgarian:Етиопия
Name in Catalan:Etiòpia
Name in Czech:Etiopie
Name in Danish:Etiopien
Name in Dutch:Ethiopië
Name in Estonian:Etioopia
Name in Farsi/Persian:اتیوپی
Name in Finnish:Etiopia
Name in Galician:Etiopía
Name in Greek:Αιθιοπία
Name in Hebrew:אתיופיה
Name in Hindi:इथियोपिया
Name in Hungarian:Etiópia
Name in Icelandic:Eþíópía
Name in Indonesian:Ethiopia
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Aetóip
Name in Japanese:エチオピア
Name in Korean:에티오피아
Name in Latvian:Etiopija
Name in Lithuanian:Etiopija
Name in Macedonian:Етиопија
Name in Norwegian:Etiopia
Name in Polish:Etiopia
Name in Portuguese:Etiópia
Name in Romanian:Etiopia
Name in Serbian:Етиопија
Name in Slovak:Etiópia
Name in Slovenian:Etiopija
Name in Swahili:Ethiopia
Name in Swedish:Etiopien
Name in Tagalog:Etiyopiya
Name in Thai:ประเทศเอธิโอเปีย
Name in Turkish:Etiyopya
Name in Ukrainian:Ефіопія
Name in Vietnamese:Ethiopia
Name in Welsh:Ethiopia
Area:1,104,300 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Addis Ababa2,757,729 (2015)
Dire Dawa252,279 (2015)
Mek'ele215,546 (2016)
Nazrēt213,995 (2012)
Bahir Dar168,899 (2013)
Gondar153,914 (2018)


In older literature (e.g. Dana) sometimes listed under the obsolete name "Abyssinia". Note also that some references to "Ethiopia" localities may now be in the newly (since 1993) independent Eritrea (qv).

Ethiopia is divided into ethno-linguistically based regional states (plural: kililoch; singular: kilil) and two astedader (cities). Several changes of province names and areas have happened in the 1990s.

Before 1996, Ethiopia was divided into 13 provinces, many derived from historical regions.



Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

139 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Altaite ?
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Tadesse, S., Milesi, J-P., Deschamps, Y. (2003) Geology and mineral potential of Ethiopia: a note on geology and mineral map of Ethiopia. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 36, 273-313.
'Amber'
Description: (Locality may be given as "Debre Lebanon" (sic), actually derived from the geological unit, the Debre Libanos sandstone Formation.)
Reference: www.ambergallery.it
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.; A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Colour: Beige-pink
Reference: Varet, J. (1969): New discovery of fumarolitic garnets (Fant'Ale, Ethiopia). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 22, 185-189.; Varet, J. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 27, 321-332.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Holwerda, J. G., & Hutchinson, R. W. (1968). Potash-bearing evaporites in the Danakil area, Ethiopia. Economic Geology, 63(2), 124-150.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Varet, J. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 22, 185-189.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.env.duke.edu/people/faculty/boudreau/9thPtSymposium/Belete_Abstract.pdf; Kebede H. Belete, Aberra Mogessie and , John F.W. Bowles Platinum-Group Minerals in the Alaskan Type Mafic-Ultramafic Intrusions of the Yubdo Area, Western Ethiopia. 9th Platinum symposium
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Kebede H. Belete, Aberra Mogessie and , John F.W. Bowles Platinum-Group Minerals in the Alaskan Type Mafic-Ultramafic Intrusions of the Yubdo Area, Western Ethiopia. 9th Platinum symposium
'Apatite'
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., Laflamme, J. H. G., Bearne, G. S., & Harris, D. C. (1981). Mineralogical study of complex Pt-Fe nuggets from Ethiopia. Bulletin de Mineralogie, 104(4), 508-525.
Augite var: Ferroaugite
Reference: Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., Laflamme, J. H. G., Bearne, G. S., & Harris, D. C. (1981). Mineralogical study of complex Pt-Fe nuggets from Ethiopia. Bulletin de Mineralogie, 104(4), 508-525.
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Econ Geology (1993)88:198-202
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Billay, A.Y., Kisters, A.F.M., Meyer, F.M., and Schneider, J. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 491-504.
Bowieite
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Reference: C. J. Stanley et al.: Mineralogical Magazine 69(4):447-453 (2005)
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Kebede H. Belete, Aberra Mogessie and , John F.W. Bowles Platinum-Group Minerals in the Alaskan Type Mafic-Ultramafic Intrusions of the Yubdo Area, Western Ethiopia. 9th Platinum symposium
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Zelenski, M. E., Fischer, T. P., De Moor, J. M., Marty, B., Zimmermann, L., Ayalew, D., ... & Karandashev, V. K. (2013). Trace elements in the gas emissions from the Erta Ale volcano, Afar, Ethiopia. Chemical Geology, 357, 95-116.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Küster, D. et al. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 723-750.; A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprorhodsite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Reference: C. J. Stanley et al.: Mineralogical Magazine 69(4):447-453 (2005)
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Varet, J. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 27, 321-332.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Ferronickelplatinum
Formula: Pt2FeNi
Description: Sponge-like crystalline aggregates up to 0.8 mm with composition (Pt1.72Ir0.22)1.94Fe1.05(Ni0.91Cu0.04)1.01. Iridian variety with about 6 mas.% Ir.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2014)
'Ferrorhodsite'
Formula: (Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Reference: C. J. Stanley et al.: Mineralogical Magazine 69(4):447-453 (2005)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Forsterite var: Peridot
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Solomon Tadesse (2009) Mineral Resources Potential of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa University Press, 290 pages
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Genkinite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Billay, A.Y., Kisters, A.F.M., Meyer, F.M., and Schneider, J. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 491-504.
'Glass'
Reference: Zelenski, M. E., Fischer, T. P., de Moor, J. M., Marty, B., Zimmermann, L., Ayalew, D., ... & Karandashev, V. K. (2013). Trace elements in the gas emissions from the Erta Ale volcano, Afar, Ethiopia. Chemical Geology, 357, 95-116.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1986) 81:1278-1285
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Varet, J. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 27, 321-332.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Billay, A.Y., Kisters, A.F.M., Meyer, F.M., and Schneider, J. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 491-504.; A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
'Hollingworthite-Irarsite Series'
Description: Inclusions of distorted octahedrons up to 10 mkm size within polyxene grains. It is interesting, that these minerals differ from usual hollingworthites from the same specimen by constant admixture of tellurium on level ~1 mas.%.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015
Holmquistite
Formula: ☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
'Hornblende'
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Description: Micro-hexagonal prisms coprecipitated with mitridatite-robertsite.
Reference: American Mineralogist, Vol. 64, 1979, pp. 169-171.
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Description: Fossil remains constituent.
Reference: American Mineralogist, Vol. 64, 1979, pp. 169-171.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.; A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Kainite
Formula: KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Holwerda, J. G., & Hutchinson, R. W. (1968). Potash-bearing evaporites in the Danakil area, Ethiopia. Economic Geology, 63(2), 124-150.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kingstonite (TL)
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)3S4
Type Locality:
Reference: C. J. Stanley et al.: Mineralogical Magazine 69(4):447-453 (2005)
Kogarkoite
Formula: Na3(SO4)F
Reference: Žáček V, Rapprich V, Šíma J, Škoda R, Laufek F, Legesa F (2015): Kogarkoite, Na3(SO4)F, from the Shalo hot spring, Main Ethiopian Rift: implications for F-enrichment of thermal groundwater related to alkaline silicic volcanic rocks. Journal of Geosciences, 60, 171-179.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Laitakarite
Formula: Bi4Se2S
Reference: A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.; A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Reference: A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Kebede H. Belete, Aberra Mogessie and , John F.W. Bowles Platinum-Group Minerals in the Alaskan Type Mafic-Ultramafic Intrusions of the Yubdo Area, Western Ethiopia. 9th Platinum symposium
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.env.duke.edu/people/faculty/boudreau/9thPtSymposium/Belete_Abstract.pdf
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnesite var: Ferroan Magnesite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Chrommagnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Magnetite var: Ishkulite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
'Mica Group'
Reference: Tadesse, S., Milesi, J-P., Deschamps, Y. (2003) Geology and mineral potential of Ethiopia: a note on geology and mineral map of Ethiopia. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 36, 273-313.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; Küster, D., Romer, R. L., Tolessa, D., Zerihun, D., Bheemalingeswara, K., Melcher, F., & Oberthür, T. (2009). The Kenticha rare-element pegmatite, Ethiopia: internal differentiation, U–Pb age and Ta mineralization. Mineralium Deposita, 44(7), 723-750.
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Küster, D., Romer, R. L., Tolessa, D., Zerihun, D., Bheemalingeswara, K., Melcher, F., & Oberthür, T. (2009). The Kenticha rare-element pegmatite, Ethiopia: internal differentiation, U–Pb age and Ta mineralization. Mineralium Deposita, 44(7), 723-750.
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: Kaiser, H. (2006): Amazonit aus Äthiopien-Kristalle in Jutesäcken. ExtraLapis 30: 72-73
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Description: Feathery olive-green microcrystals.
Reference: American Mineralogist, Vol. 64, 1979, pp. 169-171.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Billay, A.Y., Kisters, A.F.M., Meyer, F.M., and Schneider, J. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 491-504.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Billay, A.Y., Kisters, A.F.M., Meyer, F.M., and Schneider, J. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 491-504.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Reference: Field collected by Alfredo Petrov, ID by wet chemistry by Dr Fred Riley, chemistry teacher at Ethiopian Adventist College.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Billay, A.Y., Kisters, A.F.M., Meyer, F.M., and Schneider, J. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 491-504.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: (Rock Currier collection)
Opal var: Precious Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: GIA 2019
Opal var: White Opal
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Osmium var: Iridosmine
Formula: (Os,Ir)
Reference: P.M. Kartashov analytical data
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petalite ?
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: Küster, D. et al. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 723-750.
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Phillipsite-Ca
Formula: (Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Platinum var: Polyxene
Formula: (Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2014)
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Tadesse, S., Milesi, J-P., Deschamps, Y. (2003) Geology and mineral potential of Ethiopia: a note on geology and mineral map of Ethiopia. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 36, 273-313.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: albert russ
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
'Quartz-beta'
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Robertsite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Description: Mitridatite-robertsite series.
Reference: American Mineralogist, Vol. 64, 1979, pp. 169-171.
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Tadesse, S., Milesi, J-P., Deschamps, Y. (2003) Geology and mineral potential of Ethiopia: a note on geology and mineral map of Ethiopia. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 36, 273-313.
Rutheniridosmine
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Ruthenium
Formula: (Ru,Ir)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Scherillo, A. (1938): Su alcune zeoliti dell’Eritrea. Per. Mineral., 9, 61-69.; Tschernich, Rudy W. (1992): Zeolites of the World. [locality given as "Alomata, Eritrea"]]
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Econ Geology (1993)88:198-202
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: http://www.kefi-minerals.com/files/files/2015_TK_DFS_Complete_Final_Web.pdf
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: American Mineralogist, Vol. 64, 1979, pp. 169-171.
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Küster, D., Romer, R. L., Tolessa, D., Zerihun, D., Bheemalingeswara, K., Melcher, F., & Oberthür, T. (2009). The Kenticha rare-element pegmatite, Ethiopia: internal differentiation, U–Pb age and Ta mineralization. Mineralium Deposita, 44(7), 723-750.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: Scherillo, A. (1938): Su alcune zeoliti dell’Eritrea. Per. Mineral., 9, 61-69.
Stumpflite
Formula: Pt(Sb,Bi)
Reference: T.L. Evstigneyeva, A.S. Kudryavtsev, N.S. Rudashevskiy (1992) Minerals of the platinum-group elements from Yubdo (Ethiopia): New data. Mineral. Zhurnal, l4(l), 29-41 (in Russian)
Stützite
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Reference: Billay, A.Y., Kisters, A.F.M., Meyer, F.M., and Schneider, J. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 491-504.
Swinefordite
Formula: Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Mineralium Deposita October 2009, Volume 44, Issue 7, pp 723-750
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Küster, D., Romer, R. L., Tolessa, D., Zerihun, D., Bheemalingeswara, K., Melcher, F., & Oberthür, T. (2009). The Kenticha rare-element pegmatite, Ethiopia: internal differentiation, U–Pb age and Ta mineralization. Mineralium Deposita, 44(7), 723-750.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: http://www.kefi-minerals.com/files/files/2015_TK_DFS_Complete_Final_Web.pdf
Tetraferroplatinum
Formula: PtFe
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Billay, A.Y., Kisters, A.F.M., Meyer, F.M., and Schneider, J. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 491-504.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Küster, D. et al. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 723-750.; A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Žáček V, Rapprich V, Šíma J, Škoda R, Laufek F, Legesa F (2015): Kogarkoite, Na3(SO4)F, from the Shalo hot spring, Main Ethiopian Rift: implications for F-enrichment of thermal groundwater related to alkaline silicic volcanic rocks. Journal of Geosciences, 60, 171-179.
Tulameenite
Formula: Pt2CuFe
Tulameenite var: Antimonian Tulameenite
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 949.
'UM1981-08-E:FeIrPtRhRu'
Formula: Ir-Fe-Pt-Rh-Ru-O-H ?
Reference: Cabri, L.J., Criddle, A.J., Laflamme, J.H.G., Bearne, G.S., Harris, D.C. (l981): Mineralogical study of complex Pt-Fe nuggets from Ethiopia. Bull. Minéral.: 104: 508-525; in: Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Mandarino, J.A., Pabst, A. (1982): New mineral names. American Mineralgogist: 67: 1079
'UM1981-13-S:CoFeNiRh'
Formula: (Fe,Ni,Rh,Co)9S8
Reference: Cabri, L.J., Criddle, A.J., Laflamme, J.H.G., Bearne, G.S., Harris, D.C. (1981) : Mineralogical study of complex Pt-Fe nuggets from Ethiopia. Bull. Minéral.: 104: 508-525; in: Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Mandarino, J.A., Pabst, A. (1982): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 67: 1080
'UM1981-14-S:CuFeIrNiRh'
Formula: (Fe,Ni,Ir,Rh,Cu,Pt,Co)1.06S0.94
Reference: Cabri, L.J., Criddle, A.J., Laflamme, J.H.G., Bearne, G.S., Harris, D.C. (1981) : Mineralogical study of complex Pt-Fe nuggets from Ethiopia. Bull. Minéral.: 104: 508-525; in: Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Mandarino, J.A., Pabst, A. (1982): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 67: 1080
'UM1981-15-S:CuFeIrNiRh'
Formula: (Rh,Fe,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
Reference: Cabri, L.J., Criddle, A.J., Laflamme, J.H.G., Bearne, G.S., Harris, D.C. (1981) : Mineralogical study of complex Pt-Fe nuggets from Ethiopia. Bull. Minéral.: 104: 508-525; in: Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Mandarino, J.A., Pabst, A. (1982): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 67: 1080
'UM1981-16-S:CuFeIrNiRh'
Formula: (Fe,Rh,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
Reference: Cabri, L.J., Criddle, A.J., Laflamme, J.H.G., Bearne, G.S., Harris, D.C. (1981) : Mineralogical study of complex Pt-Fe nuggets from Ethiopia. Bull. Minéral.: 104: 508-525; in: Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Mandarino, J.A., Pabst, A. (1982): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 67: 1080
'UM1981-17-S:CuIrPtRh'
Formula: Pt(Rh,Ir)CuS4
Reference: Cabri, L.J., Criddle, A.J., Laflamme, J.H.G., Bearne, G.S., Harris, D.C. (1981) : Mineralogical study of complex Pt-Fe nuggets from Ethiopia. Bull. Minéral.: 104: 508-525; in: Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Mandarino, J.A., Pabst, A. (1982): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 67: 1080
'UM1981-29-Te:BiRh'
Formula: Rh(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Cabri, L.J., A. J. Criddle, A.J., Laflamme, J.H.G., Bearne, G.S., Harris,D.C. (1981): Mineralogical study of complex Pt-Fe nuggets from Ethiopia. Bull. Minéral.: 104: 508-525; in: Fleischer, M., Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Grice, J.G., Mandarino, J.A., Pabst, A. (1982): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 67: 1079
'UM1992-24-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh'
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Ir)3(Fe,Ni,Cu)3S8
Reference: Evstigneyeva, T.L., Kudryavtsev, A.S., Rudashevskiy, N.S. (1992) Minerals of the platinum-group elements from Yubdo (Ethiopia): New data. Mineral. Zhurnal, l4(1), 29-41 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Roberts, A.C., 1994. New mineral names. Am. Min., 79, 1210-1214
'UM1992-31-Sb:AsPdRh'
Formula: (Pd,Rh)2(Sb,As)
Reference: Evstigneyeva, T.L., Kudryavtsev, A.S., Rudashevskiy, N.S. (1992) Minerals of the platinum-group elements from Yubdo (Ethiopia): New data. Mineral. Zhurnal, l4(1), 29-41 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Roberts, A.C., 1994. New mineral names. Am. Min., 79, 1210-1214
'Unnamed (Pt-Fe Alloy)'
Formula: Pt2Fe
Reference: Mogessie et al. (2009): Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 108. (Abs.)
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; Küster, D., Romer, R. L., Tolessa, D., Zerihun, D., Bheemalingeswara, K., Melcher, F., & Oberthür, T. (2009). The Kenticha rare-element pegmatite, Ethiopia: internal differentiation, U–Pb age and Ta mineralization. Mineralium Deposita, 44(7), 723-750.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Ferronickelplatinum1.AG.40Pt2FeNi
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
var: Iridosmine1.AF.05(Os,Ir)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
var: Polyxene1.AF.10(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
Rutheniridosmine1.AF.05(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ruthenium1.AF.05(Ru,Ir)
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Tetraferroplatinum1.AG.40PtFe
Tulameenite1.AG.40Pt2CuFe
var: Antimonian Tulameenite1.AG.40Pt2CuFe
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite ?2.CD.10PbTe
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Bowieite2.DB.15(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Cuprorhodsite2.DA.05(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
'Ferrorhodsite'2.DA.05(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Genkinite2.AC.35a(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Hollingworthite2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Kingstonite (TL)2.DA.25(Rh,Ir,Pt)3S4
Laitakarite2.DC.05Bi4Se2S
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibiopalladinite2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Stumpflite2.CC.05Pt(Sb,Bi)
Stützite2.BA.65Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 3 - Halides
Carnallite3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Chrommagnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
var: Ishkulite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Precious Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: White Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
var: Ferroan Magnesite5.AB.05(Mg,Fe)CO3
Natron5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Kainite7.DF.10KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Kogarkoite7.BD.15Na3(SO4)F
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Robertsite8.DH.30Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Ferroaugite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
var: Peridot9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Holmquistite9.DD.05☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Petalite ?9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phillipsite-Ca9.GC.10(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Swinefordite9.EC.45Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amber'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Hollingworthite-Irarsite Series'-
'Hornblende'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Quartz-beta'-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1981-08-E:FeIrPtRhRu'-Ir-Fe-Pt-Rh-Ru-O-H ?
'UM1981-13-S:CoFeNiRh'-(Fe,Ni,Rh,Co)9S8
'UM1981-14-S:CuFeIrNiRh'-(Fe,Ni,Ir,Rh,Cu,Pt,Co)1.06S0.94
'UM1981-15-S:CuFeIrNiRh'-(Rh,Fe,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
'UM1981-16-S:CuFeIrNiRh'-(Fe,Rh,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
'UM1981-17-S:CuIrPtRh'-Pt(Rh,Ir)CuS4
'UM1981-29-Te:BiRh'-Rh(Te,Bi)2
'UM1992-24-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh'-(Rh,Pt,Ir)3(Fe,Ni,Cu)3S8
'UM1992-31-Sb:AsPdRh'-(Pd,Rh)2(Sb,As)
'Unnamed (Pt-Fe Alloy)'-Pt2Fe

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Ferronickelplatinum1.2.4.3Pt2FeNi
Iridium1.2.1.2(Ir,Os,Ru)
Isoferroplatinum1.2.5.1Pt3Fe
Osmium1.2.2.1(Os,Ir,Ru)
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Rutheniridosmine1.2.2.3(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ruthenium1.2.2.2(Ru,Ir)
Tetraferroplatinum1.2.4.1PtFe
Tulameenite1.2.4.2Pt2CuFe
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Stibiopalladinite2.3.3.1Pd5Sb2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Genkinite2.6.4.1(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Laitakarite2.6.2.4Bi4Se2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite ?2.8.1.3PbTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Cuprorhodsite2.10.1.16(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Bowieite2.11.12.1(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Hollingworthite2.12.3.8(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Miscellaneous
Stützite2.16.13.1Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Carnallite11.1.2.1KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Kogarkoite30.1.6.1Na3(SO4)F
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kainite31.7.1.1KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Robertsite42.8.4.2Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Holmquistite66.1.2.9☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Swinefordite71.3.1a.5Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite ?72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amber'-
'Apatite'-
Augite
var: Ferroaugite
-(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Beryl
var: Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Chromian Clinochlore
-Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Ferrorhodsite'-(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Forsterite
var: Peridot
-Mg2SiO4
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Hollingworthite-Irarsite Series'-
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kingstonite (TL)-(Rh,Ir,Pt)3S4
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesite
var: Ferroan Magnesite
-(Mg,Fe)CO3
Magnetite
var: Chrommagnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
var: Ishkulite-Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group
var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Precious Opal-SiO2 · nH2O
var: White Opal-SiO2 · nH2O
Osmium
var: Iridosmine
-(Os,Ir)
Phillipsite-Ca-(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Platinum
var: Polyxene
-(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Quartz-beta'-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Spodumene
var: Kunzite
-LiAlSi2O6
Stumpflite-Pt(Sb,Bi)
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tulameenite
var: Antimonian Tulameenite
-Pt2CuFe
'UM1981-08-E:FeIrPtRhRu'-Ir-Fe-Pt-Rh-Ru-O-H ?
'UM1981-13-S:CoFeNiRh'-(Fe,Ni,Rh,Co)9S8
'UM1981-14-S:CuFeIrNiRh'-(Fe,Ni,Ir,Rh,Cu,Pt,Co)1.06S0.94
'UM1981-15-S:CuFeIrNiRh'-(Rh,Fe,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
'UM1981-16-S:CuFeIrNiRh'-(Fe,Rh,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
'UM1981-17-S:CuIrPtRh'-Pt(Rh,Ir)CuS4
'UM1981-29-Te:BiRh'-Rh(Te,Bi)2
'UM1992-24-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh'-(Rh,Pt,Ir)3(Fe,Ni,Cu)3S8
'UM1992-31-Sb:AsPdRh'-(Pd,Rh)2(Sb,As)
'Unnamed (Pt-Fe Alloy)'-Pt2Fe
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
H CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H UM1981-08-E:FeIrPtRhRuIr-Fe-Pt-Rh-Ru-O-H ?
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
H Opal (var: Precious Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
LiLithium
Li SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
BeBeryllium
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
C GraphiteC
C CalciteCaCO3
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
C Magnesite (var: Ferroan Magnesite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz-betaSiO2
O AnataseTiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O RutileTiO2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
O Magnetite (var: Ishkulite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
O Magnesite (var: Ferroan Magnesite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Magnetite (var: Chrommagnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O UM1981-08-E:FeIrPtRhRuIr-Fe-Pt-Rh-Ru-O-H ?
O KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
O Opal (var: Precious Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
FFluorine
F SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Magnesite (var: Ferroan Magnesite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
Mg SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Mg CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
AlAluminium
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
SiSilicon
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz-betaSiO2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Holmquistite☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Opal (var: Precious Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
PPhosphorus
P MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
SSulfur
S Kingstonite(Rh,Ir,Pt)3S4
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S ErlichmaniteOsS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S LauriteRuS2
S Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
S Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
S Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
S MilleriteNiS
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
S LaitakariteBi4Se2S
S ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S UM1981-13-S:CoFeNiRh(Fe,Ni,Rh,Co)9S8
S UM1981-14-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Fe,Ni,Ir,Rh,Cu,Pt,Co)1.06S0.94
S UM1981-15-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Rh,Fe,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
S UM1981-16-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Fe,Rh,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
S UM1981-17-S:CuIrPtRhPt(Rh,Ir)CuS4
S KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
S UM1992-24-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Rh,Pt,Ir)3(Fe,Ni,Cu)3S8
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
KPotassium
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
K SylviteKCl
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
K KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
CaCalcium
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Ca Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cr UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Cr Magnetite (var: Ishkulite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Cr Magnetite (var: Chrommagnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
MnManganese
Mn RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
FeIron
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe TulameenitePt2CuFe
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
Fe TetraferroplatinumPtFe
Fe Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Magnetite (var: Ishkulite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Fe Magnesite (var: Ferroan Magnesite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Unnamed (Pt-Fe Alloy)Pt2Fe
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe Magnetite (var: Chrommagnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
Fe Platinum (var: Polyxene)(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
Fe Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe UM1981-08-E:FeIrPtRhRuIr-Fe-Pt-Rh-Ru-O-H ?
Fe UM1981-13-S:CoFeNiRh(Fe,Ni,Rh,Co)9S8
Fe UM1981-14-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Fe,Ni,Ir,Rh,Cu,Pt,Co)1.06S0.94
Fe UM1981-15-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Rh,Fe,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
Fe UM1981-16-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Fe,Rh,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe UM1992-24-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Rh,Pt,Ir)3(Fe,Ni,Cu)3S8
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co UM1981-13-S:CoFeNiRh(Fe,Ni,Rh,Co)9S8
Co UM1981-14-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Fe,Ni,Ir,Rh,Cu,Pt,Co)1.06S0.94
NiNickel
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
Ni ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ni FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
Ni Platinum (var: Polyxene)(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
Ni UM1981-13-S:CoFeNiRh(Fe,Ni,Rh,Co)9S8
Ni UM1981-14-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Fe,Ni,Ir,Rh,Cu,Pt,Co)1.06S0.94
Ni UM1981-15-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Rh,Fe,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
Ni UM1981-16-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Fe,Rh,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
Ni UM1992-24-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Rh,Pt,Ir)3(Fe,Ni,Cu)3S8
CuCopper
Cu TulameenitePt2CuFe
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Cu Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu Platinum (var: Polyxene)(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
Cu UM1981-14-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Fe,Ni,Ir,Rh,Cu,Pt,Co)1.06S0.94
Cu UM1981-15-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Rh,Fe,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
Cu UM1981-16-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Fe,Rh,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
Cu UM1981-17-S:CuIrPtRhPt(Rh,Ir)CuS4
Cu UM1992-24-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Rh,Pt,Ir)3(Fe,Ni,Cu)3S8
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As SperrylitePtAs2
As Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As NickelineNiAs
As Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As UM1992-31-Sb:AsPdRh(Pd,Rh)2(Sb,As)
SeSelenium
Se LaitakariteBi4Se2S
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
NbNiobium
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
RuRuthenium
Ru LauriteRuS2
Ru Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Ru Ruthenium(Ru,Ir)
Ru Rutheniridosmine(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ru UM1981-08-E:FeIrPtRhRuIr-Fe-Pt-Rh-Ru-O-H ?
RhRhodium
Rh Kingstonite(Rh,Ir,Pt)3S4
Rh Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Rh Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Rh Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Rh Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Rh Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Rh Platinum (var: Polyxene)(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
Rh UM1981-08-E:FeIrPtRhRuIr-Fe-Pt-Rh-Ru-O-H ?
Rh UM1981-29-Te:BiRhRh(Te,Bi)2
Rh UM1981-13-S:CoFeNiRh(Fe,Ni,Rh,Co)9S8
Rh UM1981-14-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Fe,Ni,Ir,Rh,Cu,Pt,Co)1.06S0.94
Rh UM1981-15-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Rh,Fe,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
Rh UM1981-16-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Fe,Rh,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
Rh UM1981-17-S:CuIrPtRhPt(Rh,Ir)CuS4
Rh UM1992-24-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Rh,Pt,Ir)3(Fe,Ni,Cu)3S8
Rh UM1992-31-Sb:AsPdRh(Pd,Rh)2(Sb,As)
PdPalladium
Pd StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
Pd Platinum (var: Polyxene)(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
Pd UM1992-31-Sb:AsPdRh(Pd,Rh)2(Sb,As)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Sb StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
Sb StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)
Sb UM1992-31-Sb:AsPdRh(Pd,Rh)2(Sb,As)
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te UM1981-29-Te:BiRhRh(Te,Bi)2
Te AltaitePbTe
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
BaBarium
Ba Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
CeCerium
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
OsOsmium
Os ErlichmaniteOsS2
Os Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
Os Rutheniridosmine(Ir,Os,Ru)
Os Osmium (var: Iridosmine)(Os,Ir)
IrIridium
Ir Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Ir Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Ir Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ir Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Ir Rutheniridosmine(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ir Osmium (var: Iridosmine)(Os,Ir)
Ir UM1981-08-E:FeIrPtRhRuIr-Fe-Pt-Rh-Ru-O-H ?
Ir UM1981-14-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Fe,Ni,Ir,Rh,Cu,Pt,Co)1.06S0.94
Ir UM1981-15-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Rh,Fe,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
Ir UM1981-16-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Fe,Rh,Ni,Cu,Ir)S
Ir UM1981-17-S:CuIrPtRhPt(Rh,Ir)CuS4
Ir UM1992-24-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Rh,Pt,Ir)3(Fe,Ni,Cu)3S8
PtPlatinum
Pt PlatinumPt
Pt TulameenitePt2CuFe
Pt IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
Pt TetraferroplatinumPtFe
Pt Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Pt Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
Pt Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Pt Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Pt Unnamed (Pt-Fe Alloy)Pt2Fe
Pt StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)
Pt FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
Pt Platinum (var: Polyxene)(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
Pt UM1981-08-E:FeIrPtRhRuIr-Fe-Pt-Rh-Ru-O-H ?
Pt UM1981-14-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Fe,Ni,Ir,Rh,Cu,Pt,Co)1.06S0.94
Pt UM1981-17-S:CuIrPtRhPt(Rh,Ir)CuS4
Pt UM1992-24-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Rh,Pt,Ir)3(Fe,Ni,Cu)3S8
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LeadPb
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb AltaitePbTe
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi LaitakariteBi4Se2S
Bi StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)
Bi UM1981-29-Te:BiRhRh(Te,Bi)2
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ottemann, J. and Augusthitis, S.S. (1967) Geochemistry and origin of "platinum nuggets" in laterite covers from ultrabasic rocks and birbirites of W. Ethiopia. Mineral. Deposita: 1: 269-277.
DE WIT M.J. & CHEWAKA S. (1981): Plate tectonic evolution of Ethiopia and origin of its mineral deposits: an overview. In S. CHEWAKA & M.J. DE WIT (eds). Plate Tectonics and Metallogenesis: Some Guide Lines to Ethiopian Mineral Deposits. Ethiopian Inst. Geol. Surv. Bull. 2:115-129.
G Assefa (1991) The mineral resources potential of Ethiopia. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia, 5:111-137

External Links


Localities in this Region
Show map


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: March 20, 2019 08:19:06 Page generated: March 19, 2019 07:52:43
Go to top of page