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Zimbabwe

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Geological map of Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe
The Penhalonga Gold Mine circa 1910

Penhalonga, Mutare District, Manicaland, Zimbabwe
Geological map of Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe
The Penhalonga Gold Mine circa 1910

Penhalonga, Mutare District, Manicaland, Zimbabwe
Geological map of Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe
The Penhalonga Gold Mine circa 1910

Penhalonga, Mutare District, Manicaland, Zimbabwe
 
Area:390,757 km2
Name(s) in local language(s):Zimbabwe (Southern Rhodesia; Rhodesia)


Zimbabwe (named as such from 1980 onwards) was formerly called Southern Rhodesia (1901–1965), Rhodesia (1965–1979), Zimbabwe Rhodesia (1979) and Southern Rhodesia (1979-1980).

For Northern Rhodesia see Zambia.

The Great Dyke is an area of mafic and ultramafic rocks that is 4-11 km wide and 550 km long. It contains significant resources of platinum group elements. It stretches from the Mimosa mine to the Snake's Head area.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Actinolite

Adamite

var: Cobaltoan Adamite

var: Cuprian Adamite

Aegirine-augite

Albite

var: Cleavelandite

var: Oligoclase

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Allophane

Alluaudite

Almandine

Altaite

Alumotantite

Amblygonite

'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'

Amphibole Supergroup

Analcime

Andalusite

var: Chiastolite

Anglesite

Anhydrite

Ankerite

Annabergite

Anorthite

Anthophyllite

Antigorite

Antimony

'Apatite'

'var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'

Aragonite

Arfvedsonite

Argentopentlandite

Armalcolite

Arrojadite-(KFe)

Arsenopyrite

Atheneite

Atokite

Augite

Aurichalcite

Aurostibite

Awaruite

Azurite

Baddeleyite

Baryte

Bayldonite

Beaverite-(Cu)

Berthierite

Beryl

var: Aquamarine

var: Emerald

var: Goshenite

var: Heliodor

var: Morganite

Bieberite

Bijvoetite-(Y)

Bikitaite (TL)

'Biotite'

Bismite

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

Bismutite

Bismutotantalite

Bityite

Bixbyite

Bornite

Braggite

Brazilianite

Brochantite

Brucite

'Cacholong'

Calcite

'Calcite Group'

Cancrinite

Carnotite

Cassiterite

Celadonite

Cerussite

Chalcocite

Chalcopyrite

Chalcostibite

'Chevkinite Group'

'Chlorite Group'

'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'

Chromite

Chrysoberyl

var: Alexandrite

Chrysocolla

Chrysotile

Cinnabar

Clausthalite

Clinochlore

'Clinochrysotile'

Clinoclase

Clinohumite

'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'

Clinozoisite

Cobaltite

Coloradoite

Columbite-(Fe)

'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'

Columbite-(Mn)

'Columbite-Tantalite'

Cooperite

Copper

Cordierite

Cornwallite

Corundum

var: Ruby

var: Sapphire

Cosalite

Covellite

Crocoite

Cubanite

Cummingtonite

Cuprite

Cuprotungstite

'Cymatolite'

Diamond

Diaspore

Digenite

Diopside

Dioptase

Dolomite

Dravite

Duftite

Dumortierite

Elbaite

'Electrum'

Empressite

Enstatite

Epidote

Euclase

Eucryptite

'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'

'Feldspar Group'

'var: Perthite'

Ferberite

'Fergusonite'

'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'

Fluorapatite

Fluorite

Forsterite

Francevillite

Galena

'Garnet'

Gaspéite

Gedrite

Geikielite

Gersdorffite

var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite

Goethite

Gold

Gorceixite

Goslarite

Graftonite

Graphite

Grayite (TL)

Gudmundite

Gypsum

var: Selenite

Hafnon

'Halloysite'

Hastingsite

Hedleyite

Helvine

Hematite

Hemimorphite

Hessite

Hetaerolite

Heterosite

'Heulandite'

Hollandite

Hollingworthite

Holmquistite

'Hornblende'

Hydrokenoelsmoreite

Hydromagnesite

Hydroxylapatite

Ikunolite

Ilmenite

var: Manganoan Ilmenite

Ingodite

Irarsite

Iridium

var: Osmiridium

Iron

var: Kamacite

Isocubanite

Jamesonite

Jarosite

Jonassonite

Joséite-A

Joséite-B

Kaolinite

Kasolite

Kermesite

'K Feldspar'

'var: Adularia'

Kostovite

Kotulskite

Kyanite

Laumontite

Laurite

Lavendulan

Lazulite

Lead

Legrandite

'Lepidolite'

Leucoxene

'Limonite'

Linnaeite

Litharge

Lithiophilite

Loparite-(Ce)

Loveringite

Mackinawite

Magnesite

Magnetite

var: Titaniferous Magnetite

Malachite

Maldonite

'Manganoan Calcite'

Marcasite

Margarite

Maslovite

Matlockite

'Maufite'

Melanterite

Melonite

Merenskyite

Mesolite

Meta-ankoleite

Metatorbernite

'Meteoritic Iron'

'Mica Group'

Michenerite

Microcline

Microlite Group

Milarite

Millerite

Mimetite

Molybdenite

'Monazite'

Monazite-(Ce)

Moncheite

Montebrasite

Montmorillonite

Mordenite

Muscovite

var: Fuchsite

var: Sericite

Natrolite

Nepheline

Nickeline

Nickelskutterudite

Nontronite

Olivenite

'Olivine'

Opal

Orthoclase

'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'

Osarizawaite

'Parachrysotile'

Pentlandite

Periclase

var: Ferropericlase

Perovskite

Petalite

'Petrified Wood'

Petzite

Pharmacosiderite

Phenakite

Philipsbornite

Phlogopite

Phosphuranylite

Platarsite

Platinum

'Platinum-Group Elements'

'Plessite'

Polarite

Pollucite

Polydymite

Potarite

Powellite

'Protojoséite'

Proustite

'Psilomelane'

Pyrite

'Pyrochlore'

Pyromorphite

Pyrope

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Agate

var: Amethyst

var: Chalcedony

var: Chrome-Chalcedony

var: Jasper

var: Rock Crystal

var: Smoky Quartz

Rhönite

Rickardite

Riebeckite

Rosasite

Rouaite

Ruarsite

'Rubellite'

Rucklidgeite

Rustenburgite

Rutile

Samarskite-(Y)

'Saussurite'

Scheelite

Schorl

Schreibersite

Scolecite

Scorodite

'Serpentine Subgroup'

Siderite

Siderophyllite

Silver

Simpsonite

'Smectite Group'

Smithsonite

Sodalite

Sperrylite

Spessartine

Sphalerite

Spinel

Spodumene

Staurolite

Stibiopalladinite

Stibiotantalite

Stibnite

Stichtite

'Stilbite'

Strengite

Stützite

Sylvanite

Taenite

Talc

'Tantalite'

Tantalite-(Fe)

Tantalite-(Mn)

'Tapiolite'

Tellurium

Tellurobismuthite

Tenorite

Tetradymite

Tetrahedrite

Thorite

var: Orangite

var: Uranothorite

Titanite

Topaz

'Tourmaline'

Tremolite

Triplite

Troilite

Tsumoite

'UM1991-28-Se:BiTe'

'Unnamed (Bi Telluride Sulphide I)'

Uraninite

Uranophane-β

'Uvite Series'

Vaesite

Valleriite

Vanadinite

Vermiculite

Veszelyite

Violarite

Volynskite

Vysotskite

'Wad'

Weissite

Werdingite

Winchite

Wodginite

'Wolframite'

Xenotime-(Y)

Yimengite

Yoderite

Yttrotantalite-(Y)

Zabuyelite

Zimbabweite (TL)

'Zinnwaldite'

Zircon

Zoisite

Zvyagintsevite


302 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Neoarchean : 2600 Ma to 2590 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Archean
  Neoarchean
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)2590 MaRAN Mine, Bindura District, Mashonaland Central, Zimbabwe
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)2600 MaRAN Mine, Bindura District, Mashonaland Central, Zimbabwe

Localities in this Region

Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Bartholomew, D. S. (1990). Base metal and industrial mineral deposits of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Geological Survey, Mineral Resources Survey No. 22

Bartholomew, D. S. (1990). Gold deposits of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Geological Survey, Mineral Resources Survey No. 23

Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342

External Links

- http://www.geosurvey.co.zw/ [Zimbabwe Geological Survey]

Mineral and/or Locality  
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