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Gebel Kamil meteorite, Gebel Kamil Crater (Kamil Crater), East Uweinat Desert, Matruh, Egypti
Regional Level Types
Gebel Kamil meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Gebel Kamil Crater (Kamil Crater)Crater
East Uweinat DesertDesert
MatruhGovernorate
EgyptCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 22° 1' 5'' North , 26° 5' 14'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 22.01833,26.08750
GeoHash:G#: seft38k64
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:Ungrouped iron meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:Iron, ungrouped
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


A total of 1,6 t of iron meteorite shrapnel (thousands of pieces) was found in a 45-meter wide meteorite impact crater, estimated to be less than 5,000 years old.
Iron-ungrouped Ni-rich ataxite, characterized by extensive shear deformation and low weathering.

Located near the border to Sudan (near Jebel Uweinat mountain range?).

For minerals found in the crater rocks, see Gebel Kamil Crater.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate
Sahara Desert, North AfricaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


7 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: D'Orazio, M. et. al. (2011) Gebel Kamil:The iron meteorite that formed the Kamil crater(Egypt) Meteoritics and Planetary Sciences 46 Nr. 8 1179-1196
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: http://tin.er.usgs.gov/meteor/metbull.php?code=52031
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: http://tin.er.usgs.gov/meteor/metbull.php?code=52031
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: http://tin.er.usgs.gov/meteor/metbull.php?code=52031
Nickelphosphide
Formula: (Ni,Fe)3P
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: http://tin.er.usgs.gov/meteor/metbull.php?code=52031
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: star-bits.com/GebelKamil.htm
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: http://tin.er.usgs.gov/meteor/metbull.php?code=52031

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Nickelphosphide1.BD.05(Ni,Fe)3P
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Troilite2.CC.10FeS

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Iron-Fe
Nickelphosphide-(Ni,Fe)3P

List of minerals for each chemical element

PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P Nickelphosphide(Ni,Fe)3P
SSulfur
S TroiliteFeS
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
CrChromium
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
FeIron
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe IronFe
NiNickel
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Nickelphosphide(Ni,Fe)3P
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Precambrian
541 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3186527
Precambrian sedimentary rocks

Age: Precambrian (541 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Rhyacian - Neoarchean
2050 - 2800 Ma



ID: 3307477

Age: Precambrian (2050 - 2800 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Folco, L. et al. (2010) The Kamil Crater in Egypt. Science DOI: 10.1126/science.1190990.
D'Orazio, M. et. al. (2011) Gebel Kamil: The iron meteorite that formed the Kamil crater (Egypt). Meteoritics and Planetary Sciences 46(8), 1179-1196, doi:10.1111/j.1945-5100.2011.01222.x

External Links



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