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Kazakhstani
Regional Level Types
KazakhstanCountry

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Key
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Geological Map of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan
Name in French:Kazakhstan
Name in German:Kasachstan
Name in Italian:Kazakistan
Name in Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):Қазақстан
Name in Kazakh (Latin Script):Qazaqstan
Name in Russian:Казахстан
Name in Simplified Chinese:哈萨克斯坦
Name in Spanish:Kazajistán
Name in Abkhaz:Ҟазаҟсҭан
Name in Achinese:Kazakhstan
Name in Adyghe:Казахстан
Name in Afrikaans:Kasakstan
Name in Albanian:Kazakistani
Name in Alemannic:Kasachstan
Name in Amharic:ካዛክስታን
Name in Anglo-Saxon:Casahstan
Name in Arabic:كازاخستان
Name in Aragonese:Cazaquistán
Name in Armenian:Ղազախստան
Name in Asturian:Kazakstán
Name in Avaric:Хъазахъистан
Name in Azeri:Qazaxıstan
Name in Bashkir:Ҡаҙағстан
Name in Basque:Kazakhstan
Name in Bavarian:Kasachstan
Name in Belarusian:Казахстан
Name in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):Казахстан
Name in Bengali:কাজাখস্তান
Name in Bishnupriya Manipuri:কাজাখস্তান
Name in Bislama:Kazakhstan
Name in Bosnian:Kazahstan
Name in Breton:Kazakstan
Name in Buginese:Kazakhstan
Name in Bulgarian:Казахстан
Name in Burmese:ကာဇက်စတန်နိုင်ငံ
Name in Catalan:Kazakhstan
Name in Cebuano:Kasahistan
Name in Central Bikol:Kasahistan
Name in Chechen:Кхазакхстан
Name in Cherokee:ᎧᏎᎧᏍᏕᏂ
Name in Church Slavic:Каꙁахстанъ
Name in Chuvash:Казахстан
Name in Cornish:Pow Kazagh
Name in Crimean Tatar (Latin):Qazahistan
Name in Croatian:Kazahstan
Name in Czech:Kazachstán
Name in Danish:Kasakhstan
Name in Doteli:कजाख्स्तान
Name in Dutch:Kazachstan
Name in Dutch Low Saxon:Kazakstan
Name in Egyptian Arabic:كازاخستان
Name in Erzya:Казахстан Мастор
Name in Esperanto:Kazaĥio
Name in Estonian:Kasahstan
Name in Ewe:Kazakhstan
Name in Extremaduran:Cazastán
Name in Faroese:Kasakstan
Name in Farsi/Persian:قزاقستان
Name in Fiji Hindi:Kazakhstan
Name in Finnish:Kazakstan
Name in Franco-Provençal:Kazacstan
Name in Gagauz:Kazakistan
Name in Galician:Casaquistán
Name in Georgian:ყაზახეთი
Name in Greek:Καζακστάν
Name in Greenlandic:Kasakhstani
Name in Guarani:Kasahitã
Name in Gujarati:કઝાકિસ્તાન
Name in Haitian:Kazakstan
Name in Hakka:Kazakhstan
Name in Hausa:Kazakystan
Name in Hawaiian:Kasakana
Name in Hebrew:קזחסטן
Name in Hindi:कज़ाख़िस्तान
Name in Hungarian:Kazahsztán
Name in Icelandic:Kasakstan
Name in Ido:Kazakstan
Name in Igbo:Kazakhstan
Name in Iloko:Kazakhstan
Name in Indonesian:Kazakhstan
Name in Ingush:ГІазакхстане
Name in Interlingua:Kazakhstan
Name in Inuktitut:ᑲᓴᒃᖢᓇ ᓄᓇ
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Chasacstáin
Name in Jamaican Patois:Kazaxtan
Name in Japanese:カザフスタン
Name in Javanese:Kazakhstan
Name in Judaeo-Spanish:Kazakistan
Name in Kabardian:Къазахъстэн
Name in Kabiye:Kazakisitanɩ
Name in Kalmyk:Хасгудин Орн
Name in Kannada:ಕಜಾಕಸ್ಥಾನ್
Name in Kapampangan:Kazastan
Name in Karachay-Balkar:Къазакъстан
Name in Karakalpak:Qazaqstan
Name in Kashubian:Kazachstan
Name in Khmer:សាធារណរដ្ឋកាហ្សាក់ស្ថាន
Name in Kinyarwanda:Kazakisitani
Name in Komi:Казахстан
Name in Komi-Permyak:Казахстан
Name in Kongo:Kazakhstan
Name in Konkani:कझाकस्तान
Name in Korean:카자흐스탄
Name in Kurdish (Latin Script):Qazaxistan
Name in Kyrgyz:Казакстан
Name in Lao:ຄາຊັກສະຖານ
Name in Latgalian:Kazaheja
Name in Latin:Kazachstania
Name in Latvian:Kazahstāna
Name in Lezghian:Къазакъстан
Name in Ligurian:Kazakistan
Name in Limburgian:Kazachstan
Name in Lingala:Kazakstáni
Name in Lithuanian:Kazachstanas
Name in Livvi-Karelian:Kazahstan
Name in Lojban:kazaksTAN
Name in Lombard:Kazakistan
Name in Low Saxon/Low German:Kasachstan
Name in Lower Sorbian:Kazachstan
Name in Luxembourgish:Kasachstan
Name in Macedonian:Казахстан
Name in Maithili:कजाख्स्तान
Name in Malagasy:Kazakstàna
Name in Malay:Kazakhstan
Name in Malayalam:കസാഖ്സ്ഥാൻ
Name in Maltese:Każakistan
Name in Manx:Yn Chassaghstaan
Name in Maori:Katatānga
Name in Marathi:कझाकस्तान
Name in Mazanderani:قزاقستون
Name in Meadow Mari:Казахстан
Name in Min Dong Chinese:Kazakhstan
Name in Minangkabau:Kazakhstan
Name in Mingrelian:ყაზახეთი
Name in Moksha:Казахстан
Name in Mongolian:Хасаг улс
Name in Nauruan:Kadaketan
Name in Navajo:Bilį́į́ʼ Ńdeiltihii Dineʼé Bikéyah
Name in Nepali:कजाख्स्तान
Name in Newar / Nepal Bhasa:कजाख्स्तान
Name in Northern Frisian:Kasachstaan
Name in Northern Sami:Kasakstan
Name in Norwegian:Kasakhstan
Name in Norwegian (Nynorsk):Kasakhstan
Name in Novial:Kasakstan
Name in Occitan:Cazacstan
Name in Odia:କାଜାଖସ୍ତାନ
Name in Ossetian:Хъазахстан
Name in Pali:कजाकस्थान
Name in Pangasinan:Kazakstan
Name in Papiamento:Kazachstan
Name in Pashto:قزاقستان
Name in Pennsylvania German:Kazakhstan
Name in Piedmontese:Kazakistan
Name in Polish:Kazachstan
Name in Portuguese:Cazaquistão
Name in Punjabi:ਕਜ਼ਾਖ਼ਸਤਾਨ
Name in Quechua:Qasaqsuyu
Name in Romanian:Kazahstan
Name in Romansh:Kasachstan
Name in Russia Buriat:Казахстан
Name in Rusyn:Казахстан
Name in Samoan:Kasakisitana
Name in Samogitian:Kazakstans
Name in Sanskrit:कजाकस्थान
Name in Sardinian:Kazàchistan
Name in Saterland Frisian:Kasachstan
Name in Scots:Kazakhstan
Name in Scottish Gaelic:Casachstàn
Name in Serbian:Казахстан
Name in Serbo-Croatian:Kazahstan
Name in Shona:Kazakhstan
Name in Sicilian:Kazakistan
Name in Silesian:Kazachstůn
Name in Sindhi:قزاقستان
Name in Sinhalese:කසක්ස්තානය
Name in Slovak:Kazachstan
Name in Slovenian:Kazahstan
Name in Somali:Kasakhstan
Name in South Azerbaijani:قازاخیستان
Name in Sranan Tongo:Kazachstan
Name in Sundanese:Kazakstan
Name in Swahili:Kazakhstan
Name in Swati:IKhazakhi
Name in Swedish:Kazakstan
Name in Tagalog:Kazakhstan
Name in Tajik (Cyrillic Script):Қазоқистон
Name in Tamil:கசக்கஸ்தான்
Name in Tatar:Казакъстан
Name in Telugu:కజకస్తాన్
Name in Tetum:Kazakistaun
Name in Thai:ประเทศคาซัคสถาน
Name in Tibetan (Standard):ཀཛ་ཀིསུ་གཏན།
Name in Traditional Chinese:哈薩克
Name in Tsonga:Kazakhstan
Name in Tulu:ಕಜಾಕಸ್ತಾನ್
Name in Tumbuka:Kazakhstan
Name in Turkish:Kazakistan
Name in Turkmen:Gazagystan
Name in Tuvan:Казахстан
Name in Udmurt:Казахстан
Name in Ukrainian:Казахстан
Name in Upper Sorbian:Kazachstan
Name in Urdu:قازقستان
Name in Uyghur:قازاقىستان
Name in Uzbek (Latin Script):Qozogʻiston
Name in Venetian:Kazakistan
Name in Veps:Kazahstan
Name in Vietnamese:Kazakhstan
Name in Volapük:Kazakistän
Name in Walloon:Cazaxhistan
Name in Waray:Kasahistan
Name in Welsh:Casachstan
Name in West Flemish:Kazachstan
Name in West Frisian:Kazachstan
Name in Western Punjabi:قازقستان
Name in Wolof:Kasakistaan
Name in Wu Chinese:哈萨克斯坦
Name in Yakut:Казахстаан
Name in Yiddish:קאזאכסטאן
Name in Yoruba:Kàsàkstán
Name in Zazaki:Qazaxıstan
Name in Zeelandic:Kazachstan
Name in Zhuang:Kazakhstan
Area:2,724,900 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Almaty2,000,900 (2016)
Karagandy451,800 (2018)
Shymkent414,032 (2018)
Taraz358,153 (2017)
Astana345,604 (2011)
Pavlodar329,002 (2018)
Museums in region:


Kazakhstan is divided into 14 provinces (oblysy, облыстар; oblasts under the Soviet Union) and three galasy (cities with regional status). The provinces are subdivided into districts (rayons, аудандар).

Note about Kazakh locality names. Since independence in 1991 the Republic of Kazakhstan has been replacing Soviet-era Russian-language locality names with Kazakh language names. In 2017 Preident Nazarbayev decreed that Kazakhstan would transition from using a Cyrillic character for the Kazakh language to a Latin script, with the aim for transition by 2025.

This is the official transliteration table for converting Kazakh (Cyrillic) to Kazakh (Latin) names. If no alternative English name is available the English name should be taken from the Kazakh (Latin) name with any accents removed.

Official Government Transliteration table, 2018

Kazakhstan

It is important to note that the қ character transliterates to q, and the к character transliterates to k. This is a great source of confusion in current locality names. However, for places with well-recognised English language names (such as Karaganda), the English version should be used in the default locality text.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

647 valid minerals. 77 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Aeschynite'
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Aikinite-Bismuthinite Series'
Akdalaite (TL)
Formula: 5Al2O3 · H2O
Aksaite (TL)
Formula: Mg[B6O7(OH)6] · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Aleksite
Formula: PbBi2Te2S2
Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Altaite (TL)
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Alumotantite
Formula: AlTaO4
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Alvanite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Ni)Al4(V5+O3)2(OH)12 · 2H2O
'Amber'
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Ancylite'
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Ankinovichite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Zn)Al4(V5+O3)2(OH)12 · 2.5H2O
Type Locality:
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Anyuiite
Formula: AuPb2
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Argentotennantite (TL)
Formula: Ag6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Type Locality:
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenohauchecornite
Formula: Ni18Bi3AsS16
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
'Arsenpolybasite'
Arsenuranospathite
Formula: Al[(UO2)(AsO4)]2F(H2O)20
Locality: Bota-Burum U deposit, Alakol, Almaty, Kazakhstan - erroneously reported
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Aspidolite
Formula: NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Bafertisite
Formula: Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Bairdite
Formula: Pb2Cu2+4Te6+2O10(OH)2(SO4)•H2O
Barnesite
Formula: (Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
Barstowite
Formula: Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Barylite
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y(CO3)F
Type Locality:
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Bazzite
Formula: Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Bearsite (TL)
Formula: Be2(AsO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Berzeliite
Formula: (NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Betpakdalite-CaCa (TL)
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Betpakdalite-NaCa (TL)
Formula: [Na2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]
Type Locality:
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Bezsmertnovite
Formula: (Au,Ag)4Cu(Te,Pb)
Bilibinskite
Formula: PbCu2Au3Te2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Manganophyllite'
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bischofite
Formula: MgCl2 · 6H2O
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
'Bitumen'
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Bogdanovite
Formula: (Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Bokite (TL)
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)1.3(V5+,V4+,Fe3+)8O20 · 7.4H2O
Boracite
Formula: Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
'Bursaite'
Formula: Pb5Bi4S11 (?)
'Cacholong'
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Cadmium
Formula: Cd
'Calamine'
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calciotantite
Formula: CaTa4O11
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Calcurmolite
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(UO2)3Mo2(O,OH)11 · nH2O
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cámaraite (TL)
Formula: Ba3Na(Fe2+,Mn)8Ti4(Si2O7)4O4(OH,F)7
Type Locality:
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Cappelenite-(Y)
Formula: Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2
Carbonatecyanotrichite (TL)
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Carpholite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Celestine var: Barian Celestine
Formula: (Sr,Ba)SO4
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Chabazite'
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chekhovichite (TL)
Formula: Bi2Te4+4O11
Chelkarite (TL)
Formula: CaMgB2O4(Cl,OH)2 · 5H2O Or near, with Cl:OH = 3:1
Type Locality:
Chernykhite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,Na)(V3+,Al,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2
Chistyakovaite (TL)
Formula: Al(UO2)2(AsO4)2(F,OH) · 6.5H2O
Type Locality:
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chromite var: Aluminian Chromite
Formula: Fe(Cr,Al)2O4
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Chrysoprase'
Chukhrovite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: Ca3(Nd,Y)Al2(SO4)F13·12H2O
Type Locality:
Chukhrovite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Ca3(Y,Ce)[F|SO4|(AlF6)2] · 10H2O
Type Locality:
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
'Clays'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Leuchtenbergite
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinohumite var: Titanclinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinokurchatovite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)[B2O5]
Type Locality:
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Colemanite
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Corvusite
Formula: (Na,K,Ca,Mg)2(V5+,V4+,Fe2+)8O20 · 6-10H2O
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Coulsonite
Formula: Fe2+V3+2O4
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Cryolite
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cupropearceite (TL)
Formula: [Cu6As2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Type Locality:
Cuprostibite
Formula: Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Danalite
Formula: Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Davidite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Davisite
Formula: CaScAlSiO6
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Delvauxite
Formula: CaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diamond
Formula: C
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Dioptase (TL)
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Type Locality:
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dokuchaevite
Formula: Cu8O2(VO4)3Cl3
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Domeykite-β
Formula: Cu3-xAs
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Dzharkenite (TL)
Formula: FeSe2
Type Locality:
'Dzhezkazganite'
Formula: ReMoCu2PbS6 ?
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Elpidite var: Calcian Elpidite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Ernienickelite
Formula: NiMn3O7 · 3H2O
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Evansite
Formula: Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
'Fergusonite'
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Ferri-fluoro-leakeite (TL)
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2
Type Locality:
Ferrihydrite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ferripyrophyllite
Formula: Fe3+Si2O5(OH)
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferroselite
Formula: FeSe2
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
'Fluocerite'
Fluocerite-(La) (TL)
Formula: (La,Ce)F3
Type Locality:
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Fluorite var: Yttrofluorite
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Fraipontite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Francevillite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Friedelite
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Friedelite var: Arsenofriedelite
Formula: Mn2+8(Si,As)6O15(OH,Cl)10
Friedrichite
Formula: Pb5Cu5Bi7S18
Frohbergite
Formula: FeTe2
Froodite
Formula: α-PdBi2
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gagarinite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: NaCaYF6
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 64 localities in this region.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Gasparite-(La) (TL)
Formula: LaAsO4
Type Locality:
Gaspéite
Formula: Ni(CO3)
'Gaspéite-Magnesite Series'
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Geerite
Formula: Cu8S5
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Genthelvite
Formula: Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Gerhardtite
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Germanocolusite (TL)
Formula: Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
Type Locality:
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Ginorite
Formula: Ca2B14O20(OH)6 · 5H2O
Gladite
Formula: PbCuBi5S9
'Glass'
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Glaucophane
Formula: ⃞[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Gmelinite'
Gmelinite-Ca
Formula: Ca2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Görgeyite
Formula: K2Ca5(SO4)6 · H2O
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Graphite
Formula: C
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Greifensteinite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Grossite ?
Formula: CaAl4O7
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
'Gutsevichite'
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 8H2O
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Häggite
Formula: V3+V4+O2(OH)3
Halite
Formula: NaCl
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halurgite (TL)
Formula: Mg2[B4O7]2 · 5H2O
Hammarite
Formula: Pb2Cu2Bi4S9
Harkerite
Formula: Ca12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2O
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hessite (TL)
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hewettite
Formula: CaV6O16 · 9H2O
Hexahydroborite
Formula: Ca[B(OH)4]2 · 2H2O or CaB2O4 · 6H2O
Hibonite
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Hilgardite
Formula: Ca2B5O9Cl · H2O
Hilgardite var: Strontiohilgardite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)2[B5O8(OH)2]Cl
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Högbomite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
'Hornblende'
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Hungchaoite
Formula: Mg(B4O7) · 9H2O
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
'Hydroastrophyllite'
Formula: (H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
Hydroboracite (TL)
Formula: CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
'Hydrogarnet'
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
Hydrokenoelsmoreite
Formula: 2W2O6(H2O)
Hydrokenoelsmoreite var: Ferritungstite
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Ilmenite var: Manganoan Ilmenite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Inderborite (TL)
Formula: CaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2O
Inderite (TL)
Formula: MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Indium
Formula: In
Inyoite
Formula: Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Iriginite
Formula: (UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2O
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Irtyshite (TL)
Formula: Na2(Ta,Nb)4O11
'Ivanovite'
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Jinshajiangite
Formula: BaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
Jonassonite ?
Formula: AuBi5S4
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Jordisite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Kainite
Formula: KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Kaliborite
Formula: KMg2H[B6O8(OH)5]2(H2O)4
Kamphaugite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Karibibite
Formula: Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Kazakhstanite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+5V4+3V5+12O39(OH)9 · 9H2O
'K-cymrite'
Formula: KAlSi3O8 · H2O
'Keatite'
Formula: SiO2
Keiviite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Si2O7
Kentrolite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Klockmannite
Formula: CuSe
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Koechlinite
Formula: Bi2MoO6
Kokchetavite (TL)
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Kryzhanovskite (TL)
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Type Locality:
Kumdykolite (TL)
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Type Locality:
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Kurgantaite (TL)
Formula: CaSr[B5O9]Cl · H2O
Kurnakovite (TL)
Formula: MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Kurumsakite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)
Type Locality:
Kutinaite
Formula: Ag6Cu14As7
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Langbeinite
Formula: K2Mg2(SO4)3
Larnite
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lead
Formula: Pb
Leonite
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite var: Hydrolepidocrocite
'Lepidolite'
'Lepidomelane'
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Leucophanite
Formula: NaCaBeSi2O6F
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Likasite
Formula: Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Lindströmite
Formula: Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Lithiotantite (TL)
Formula: LiTa3O8
Lithiowodginite (TL)
Formula: LiTa3O8
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Löweite
Formula: Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Ludwigite
Formula: Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ⃞{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Ishkulite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Magnetite var: Mushketovite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Maikainite (TL)
Formula: Cu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
Type Locality:
Majorite
Formula: Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Manganberzeliite
Formula: NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Maruyamaite (TL)
Formula: K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O
Type Locality:
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Mattagamite
Formula: CoTe2
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Mcallisterite
Formula: Mg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2O
Mckinstryite
Formula: Ag5-xCu3+xS4
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Melkovite (TL)
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)15Ca(H2O)6][Mo8P2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Type Locality:
'Melnikovite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Metaborite (TL)
Formula: HBO2
Type Locality:
Metahewettite
Formula: CaV6O16 · 3H2O
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Meteoritic Iron'
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
'Mica Group'
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mimetite var: Campylite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Minyulite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Mitryaevaite (TL)
Formula: Al6(PO4)((P,S)O3(OH,O))2F2(OH)2 · 14.5H2O
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Molybdenite var: Femolite
Formula: (Mo,Fe)S2
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La) (TL)
Formula: La(PO4)
Type Locality:
'Monimolite'
Formula: Pb2Sb5+2O7
Montbrayite
Formula: (Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Moolooite
Formula: Cu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Morinite
Formula: NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Mourite (TL)
Formula: UMo5O12(OH)10
Type Locality:
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Liebenerite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Nantokite
Formula: CuCl
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Natroboltwoodite (TL)
Formula: Na(UO2)(SiO3OH) · H2O
Type Locality:
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natrotitanite (TL)
Formula: (Na0.5Y0.5)Ti(SiO4)O
Type Locality:
Natrouranospinite (TL)
Formula: (Na2,Ca)(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nickelphosphide
Formula: (Ni,Fe)3P
Niksergievite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2O
Type Locality:
Ningyoite
Formula: CaU(PO4)2 · 1-2H2O
Nisbite
Formula: NiSb2
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Novgorodovaite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(C2O4)Cl2 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Novodneprite (TL)
Formula: AuPb3
Type Locality:
Nuffieldite
Formula: Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Opal var: Fire Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Moss Opal
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Patrónite
Formula: VS4
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
'Pearceite-T2ac'
Pekoite
Formula: PbCuBi11(S,Se)18
Pennantite
Formula: Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Pennantite var: Fe-pennantite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Perite
Formula: PbBiClO2
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Petrovskaite (TL)
Formula: AuAg(S,Se)
Type Locality:
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
'Phengite'
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phosphohedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Phosphuranylite
Formula: (H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Locality: