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Tor Caldara slag locality, Anzio, Metropolitan City of Rome Capital, Lazio, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Tor Caldara slag localitySlag Locality
AnzioMunicipality
Metropolitan City of Rome CapitalMetropolitan City
LazioAdministrative Region
ItalyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Tor Caldara (località di scorie), Anzio, Roma, Lazio, Italia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 29' 12'' North , 12° 35' 23'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 41.48690,12.58984
GeoHash:G#: sr2un2rws
Locality type:Slag Locality
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Lavinio10,000 (2012)1.8km
Spadellata888 (2014)4.6km
Anzio45,403 (2015)4.6km
Lido dei Pini3,094 (2014)5.5km
Nettuno44,756 (2015)7.0km


Slags found near a Roman villa.
Located a bit north of Anzio, in the 'Riserva Naturale Regionale di Tor Caldara'.

Note on the mineral list: Palombi et al. (2009) also mention several unidentified secondary copper phases.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Marco Bonifazi Collection
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Palombi, S., Bellatreccia, F. & Pucci, R. (2009): Le scorie metallurgiche di Tor Caldara, Anzio - RM. Il Cercapietre, no. 1-2, 44-56. [http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista09/art03.pdf]
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Palombi, S., Bellatreccia, F. & Pucci, R. (2009): Le scorie metallurgiche di Tor Caldara, Anzio - RM. Il Cercapietre, no. 1-2, 44-56. [http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista09/art03.pdf]
Celestine ?
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Palombi, S., Bellatreccia, F. & Pucci, R. (2009): Le scorie metallurgiche di Tor Caldara, Anzio - RM. Il Cercapietre, no. 1-2, 44-56. [http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista09/art03.pdf]
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Palombi, S., Bellatreccia, F. & Pucci, R. (2009): Le scorie metallurgiche di Tor Caldara, Anzio - RM. Il Cercapietre, no. 1-2, 44-56. [http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista09/art03.pdf]
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Marco Bonifazi Collection
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Reference: Marco Bonifazi collection; Palombi, S., Bellatreccia, F. & Pucci, R. (2009): Le scorie metallurgiche di Tor Caldara, Anzio - RM. Il Cercapietre, no. 1-2, 44-56. [http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista09/art03.pdf]
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Marco Bonifazi Collection
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Reference: Marco Bonifazi collection
Fiedlerite ?
Formula: Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Reference: Marco Bonifazi Collection
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Palombi, S., Bellatreccia, F. & Pucci, R. (2009): Le scorie metallurgiche di Tor Caldara, Anzio - RM. Il Cercapietre, no. 1-2, 44-56. [http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista09/art03.pdf]
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Marco Bonifazi Collection
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Marco Bonifazi Collection
Leadhillite ?
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Marco Bonifazi Collection
Litharge ?
Formula: PbO
Reference: Palombi, S., Bellatreccia, F. & Pucci, R. (2009): Le scorie metallurgiche di Tor Caldara, Anzio - RM. Il Cercapietre, no. 1-2, 44-56. [http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista09/art03.pdf]
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Marco Bonifazi Collection
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Reference: Marco Bonifazi Collection
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Marco Bonifazi Collection
Penfieldite
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Reference: Palombi, S., Bellatreccia, F. & Pucci, R. (2009): Le scorie metallurgiche di Tor Caldara, Anzio - RM. Il Cercapietre, no. 1-2, 44-56. [http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista09/art03.pdf]
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: Palombi, S., Bellatreccia, F. & Pucci, R. (2009): Le scorie metallurgiche di Tor Caldara, Anzio - RM. Il Cercapietre, no. 1-2, 44-56. [http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista09/art03.pdf]
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Marco Bonifazi Collection
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Reference: Marco Bonifazi collection (typical twinning)
Thorikosite ?
Formula: Pb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
Reference: Marco Bonifazi Collection
'Unnamed (Ba-Ca Carbonate)'
Formula: Ba, Ca, C, O, H
Reference: Marco Bonifazi & Uwe Kolitsch (to be published)
'Unnamed (Ba Thiosulphate Monohydrate)'
Formula: Ba(S2O3) · H2O
Reference: Marco Bonifazi & Uwe Kolitsch (to be published)
'Unnamed (Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H Phase)'
Formula: Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H
Reference: Marco Bonifazi & Uwe Kolitsch (to be published)
Wroewolfeite ?
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Marco Bonifazi Collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 3 - Halides
Cumengeite3.DB.20Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Diaboleite3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Fiedlerite ?3.DC.10Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Matlockite3.DC.25PbFCl
Paralaurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Penfieldite3.DC.15Pb2Cl3(OH)
Pseudoboleite3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Thorikosite ?3.DC.40Pb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Litharge ?4.AC.20PbO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Leadhillite ?5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine ?7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Wroewolfeite ?7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Unnamed (Ba Thiosulphate Monohydrate)'-Ba(S2O3) · H2O
'Unnamed (Ba-Ca Carbonate)'-Ba, Ca, C, O, H
'Unnamed (Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H Phase)'-Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Litharge ?4.2.4.1PbO
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Matlockite9.2.11.1PbFCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
Paralaurionite10.2.3.1PbCl(OH)
Thorikosite ?10.2.6.1Pb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
A3(O,OH)2Xq
Fiedlerite ?10.3.2.1Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
A2(O,OH)Xq
Penfieldite10.4.1.1Pb2Cl3(OH)
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Cumengeite10.6.7.1Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Diaboleite10.6.1.1Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pseudoboleite10.6.8.1Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite ?17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine ?28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Wroewolfeite ?31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Unnamed (Ba Thiosulphate Monohydrate)'-Ba(S2O3) · H2O
'Unnamed (Ba-Ca Carbonate)'-Ba, Ca, C, O, H
'Unnamed (Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H Phase)'-Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
H ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Unnamed (Ba-Ca Carbonate)Ba, Ca, C, O, H
H Unnamed (Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H Phase)Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H
H Unnamed (Ba Thiosulphate Monohydrate)Ba(S2O3) · H2O
H DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
H PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
H WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
CCarbon
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C CerussitePbCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Unnamed (Ba-Ca Carbonate)Ba, Ca, C, O, H
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
OOxygen
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O CerussitePbCO3
O PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O LaurionitePbCl(OH)
O ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Unnamed (Ba-Ca Carbonate)Ba, Ca, C, O, H
O CupriteCu2O
O Unnamed (Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H Phase)Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H
O Unnamed (Ba Thiosulphate Monohydrate)Ba(S2O3) · H2O
O DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
O PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
O CelestineSrSO4
O LithargePbO
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
O WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
FFluorine
F MatlockitePbFCl
F FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Unnamed (Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H Phase)Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H
S Unnamed (Ba Thiosulphate Monohydrate)Ba(S2O3) · H2O
S CelestineSrSO4
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
Cl CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cl LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl MatlockitePbFCl
Cl Unnamed (Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H Phase)Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H
Cl DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cl PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cl FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Cl ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Unnamed (Ba-Ca Carbonate)Ba, Ca, C, O, H
FeIron
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Unnamed (Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H Phase)Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H
CuCopper
Cu CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cu PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cu WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
SbAntimony
Sb ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Unnamed (Ba-Ca Carbonate)Ba, Ca, C, O, H
Ba Unnamed (Ba Thiosulphate Monohydrate)Ba(S2O3) · H2O
PbLead
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
Pb CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb MatlockitePbFCl
Pb Unnamed (Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H Phase)Pb-Fe-Cl-S(?)-O-H
Pb DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pb PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Pb LithargePbO
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Pb ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ma



ID: 3159158
submarine continental crust

Age: Anthropocene ( Ma)

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palombi, S., Bellatreccia, F., and Pucci, R. (2009) Le scorie metallurgiche di Tor Caldara, Anzio - RM. Il Cercapietre, no. 1-2, 44-56. [http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista09/art03.pdf]
Marco Bonifazi & Uwe Kolitsch (to be published)


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