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Fianel (Fianel Mine), Ausserferrera, Ferrera Valley, Hinterrhein Valley, Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden), Switzerlandi
Regional Level Types
Fianel (Fianel Mine)- not defined -
Ausserferrera- not defined -
Ferrera ValleyValley
Hinterrhein ValleyValley
Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)- not defined -
SwitzerlandCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Fianel (Grube Fianel), Ausserferrera (Farera), Val Ferrera (Ferreratal), Hinterrheintal, Graubünden (Grisons; Grischun; Grigioni), Schweiz (Suisse; Svizzera)
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 32' 47'' North , 9° 27' 43'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.54639,9.46222
GeoHash:G#: u0q8z3d0m
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Andeer800 (2017)6.9km
Pignieu105 (2017)7.8km
Sufers156 (2017)7.8km
Splügen400 (2017)10.7km
Savognin961 (2017)11.8km


An old iron and manganese mine.
The Fianel Fe-Mn deposit is of syn-sedimentary to diagenetic origin, embedded in Triassic marble belonging to the Starlera nappe. It underwent a polyphase Tertiary metamorphism, climaxing under blueschist- to green-schist facies conditions (Nussbaum et al. 1998).

The lenticular ore body (60 x 60 x 20 m) of Fianel was exploited for iron until the end of 19th century.


Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


42 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Am.Min.: 81:1270-1276.
Ansermetite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+(V2O6) · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: J. Brugger et al.: Can. Mineral. 41:1423-1431 (2003)
Barylite
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Reference: Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2013): Die seltenen Mineralien der Bündner Manganvorkommen. Schweizer Strahler 47 (3), 8-21 (in German and French).
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 362.
Baryte var: Strontian Baryte
Formula: (Ba,Sr)SO4
Reference: Am Min 83: 1100–1110. (1998)
Bergslagite
Formula: CaBeAsO4(OH)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 362.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 362.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 84
Calderite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Reference: Am Min 83: 1100–1110. (1998)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Am Min 83: 1100–1110. (1998)
Fianelite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+2((V,As)2O7) · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Am.Min.: 81:1270-1276.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Brugger, J., Gieré, R., Graeser, S., and Meisser, N. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 136-146.
Fluorcalcioroméite
Formula: (Ca,Na,◻)2Sb5+2(O,OH)6F
Reference: Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2013): Die seltenen Mineralien der Bündner Manganvorkommen. Schweizer Strahler 47 (3), 8-21 (in German and French).
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 211.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 209.
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 211.
'Kenocalcioroméite' ?
Reference: Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2013): Die seltenen Mineralien der Bündner Manganvorkommen. Schweizer Strahler 47 (3), 8-21 (in German and French).
Krettnichite
Formula: PbMn3+2(VO4)2(OH)2
Reference: EDS EDXPR_1772 by P. Roth, 11.12.2016; XRD NM 5049 by N. Meisser, 21.8.2017 Roth P. (2018) Ein weiterer interessanter Neufund aus Fianel (GR): Krettnichit. Schweizer Strahler, 2018(1), 30–31 (in French and German).
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Amer.Min.(1996) 81, 1270-1276
Långbanite
Formula: Mn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Reference: Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2013): Die seltenen Mineralien der Bündner Manganvorkommen. Schweizer Strahler 47 (3), 8-21 (in German and French).
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Am.Min.: 81:1270-1276.
Manganberzeliite
Formula: NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Reference: Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2013): Die seltenen Mineralien der Bündner Manganvorkommen. Schweizer Strahler 47 (3), 8-21 (in German and French).
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 266.
Medaite
Formula: Mn2+6V5+Si5O18(OH)
Reference: J. Brugger et al.: Can. Mineral. 41:1423-1431 (2003); American Mineralogist: 91: 937-943.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Brugger, J., Giere, R., Grobeéty, B., & Uspensky, E. (1998). Scheelite-powellite and paraniite-(Y) from the Fe-Mn deposit at Fianel, Eastern Swiss Alps. American Mineralogist, 83(9-10), 1100-1110.
Nambulite
Formula: LiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)
Reference: Nagashima, M., Armbruster, T., Kolitsch, U. and Pettke, T. (2014): The relation between Li <-> Na substitution and hydrogen bonding in five-periodic single-chain silicates nambulite and marsturite: A single-crystal X-ray study. American Mineralogist 99, 1462–1470.
'Oxycalciobetafite'
Formula: Ca2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Reference: Brugger J., Giere R. (1999) As, Sb, Be and Ce enrichment in minerals from metamorphosed Fe-Mn deposit, Val Ferrera, Eastern Swiss Alps, - Canadian Mineralogist, 37, pp.37-52.
Oxycalcioroméite ?
Formula: Ca2Sb2O6O
Reference: Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2013): Die seltenen Mineralien der Bündner Manganvorkommen. Schweizer Strahler 47 (3), 8-21 (in German and French).
Palenzonaite
Formula: (NaCa2)Mn2+2(VO4)3
Reference: Amer.Min.(1996) 81, 1270-1276
Paraniite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2Y(AsO4)(WO4)2
Reference: Brugger J., Gieré R., Grobéty B., Uspensky E., 1998. Scheelite-powellite and paraniite-(Y) from the Fe-Mn deposit at Fianel, Eastern Swiss Alps. Am. Miner., 83: 1100-1110.
Parsettensite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Reference: Amer.Min.(1996) 81, 1270-1276
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Am Min 83: 1100–1110. (1998)
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 72, 111, 362.
Pyrobelonite
Formula: PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Amer.Min.(1996) 81, 1270-1276
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 72
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data (2013)
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Amer.Min.(1996) 81, 1270-1276
'Roméite Group'
Reference: Brugger, J., Cabalzar, W., Weibel, M. (1993): Romeit aus den Schweizer Alpen. Mineralienfreund 31(4), 1-7; Brugger, J., Gieré, R., Graeser, S., and Meisser, N. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 136-146.
Rüdlingerite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+2V5+As5+O7·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Meisser, N., Roth, P., Nestola, F., Škoda, R., Cámara, F., Bosi, F., Ciriotti, M.E., Hålenius, U., Schnyder, C. and Bracco, R. (2017) Rüdlingerite, IMA 2016-054a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1282; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1279–1286. Roth P. and Meisser N. (2018): Rüdlingerit, eine neue Mineralart aus Fianel (GR). Schweizer Strahler, 2018(1), 26–29 (in French and German).
Saneroite
Formula: NaMn2+5[Si5O14(OH)](VO3)(OH)
Reference: Amer.Min.(1996) 81, 1270-1276
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 72, 362.
Scheuchzerite (TL)
Formula: Na(Mn,Mg,Zn)9[VSi9O28(OH)](OH)3
Type Locality:
Habit: Acicular
Colour: Yellow-orange
Reference: Brugger, J. et al. (2006): American Mineralogist: 91: 937-943.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 370.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Am Min 83: 1100–1110. (1998)
Tiragalloite
Formula: Mn2+4As5+Si3O12(OH)
Reference: J. Brugger et al.: Am. Min. 91:937-943(2006)
Wallkilldellite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection (from Sauktown Sales)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ansermetite (TL)4.HD.30Mn2+(V2O6) · 4H2O
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
'Roméite Group'4.DH.
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
var: Strontian Baryte7.AD.35(Ba,Sr)SO4
Paraniite-(Y)7.GA.15Ca2Y(AsO4)(WO4)2
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Bergslagite8.BA.10CaBeAsO4(OH)
Chernovite-(Y)8.AD.35Y(AsO4)
Fianelite (TL)8.FC.05Mn2+2((V,As)2O7) · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Krettnichite8.CG.15PbMn3+2(VO4)2(OH)2
Manganberzeliite8.AC.25NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Palenzonaite8.AC.25(NaCa2)Mn2+2(VO4)3
Pyrobelonite8.BH.40PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Wallkilldellite8.DL.20Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Barylite9.BB.15Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Calderite9.AD.25(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Långbanite9.AG.10Mn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Medaite9.BJ.30Mn2+6V5+Si5O18(OH)
Nambulite9.DK.05LiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)
Parsettensite9.EG.40(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Saneroite9.DK.15NaMn2+5[Si5O14(OH)](VO3)(OH)
Scheuchzerite (TL)9.DM.35Na(Mn,Mg,Zn)9[VSi9O28(OH)](OH)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tiragalloite9.BJ.25Mn2+4As5+Si3O12(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Fluorcalcioroméite-(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb5+2(O,OH)6F
'Kenocalcioroméite' ?-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Oxycalciobetafite'-Ca2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Oxycalcioroméite ?-Ca2Sb2O6O
Rüdlingerite (TL)-Mn2+2V5+As5+O7·2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)3
Manganberzeliite38.2.1.2NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Palenzonaite38.2.1.3(NaCa2)Mn2+2(VO4)3
AXO4
Chernovite-(Y)38.4.11.2Y(AsO4)
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Bergslagite41.5.4.4CaBeAsO4(OH)
Pyrobelonite41.5.2.3PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Roméite Group'44.1.1.3
Miscellaneous
Långbanite44.3.4.1Mn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Compound Molybdates and Tungstates
Paraniite-(Y)49.4.7.1Ca2Y(AsO4)(WO4)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Calderite51.4.3a.6(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [4] and higher coordination
Barylite55.1.1.1Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si4O13] groups
Tiragalloite57.2.1.1Mn2+4As5+Si3O12(OH)
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with groups with 6 or more tetrahedra
Medaite57.4.1.1Mn2+6V5+Si5O18(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Nambulite65.4.1.4LiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Saneroite69.2.2.1NaMn2+5[Si5O14(OH)](VO3)(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Parsettensite74.1.3.1(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Ansermetite (TL)-Mn2+(V2O6) · 4H2O
Baryte
var: Strontian Baryte
-(Ba,Sr)SO4
Fianelite (TL)-Mn2+2((V,As)2O7) · 2H2O
Fluorcalcioroméite-(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb5+2(O,OH)6F
'Kenocalcioroméite' ?-
Krettnichite-PbMn3+2(VO4)2(OH)2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Oxycalciobetafite'-Ca2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Oxycalcioroméite ?-Ca2Sb2O6O
Rüdlingerite (TL)-Mn2+2V5+As5+O7·2H2O
Scheuchzerite (TL)-Na(Mn,Mg,Zn)9[VSi9O28(OH)](OH)3
Wallkilldellite-Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ScheuchzeriteNa(Mn,Mg,Zn)9[VSi9O28(OH)](OH)3
H FianeliteMn22+((V,As)2O7) · 2H2O
H AnsermetiteMn2+(V2O6) · 4H2O
H RüdlingeriteMn22+V5+As5+O7·2H2O
H BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H SaneroiteNaMn52+[Si5O14(OH)](VO3)(OH)
H PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
H Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H MedaiteMn62+V5+Si5O18(OH)
H TiragalloiteMn42+As5+Si3O12(OH)
H WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H Fluorcalcioroméite(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb25+(O,OH)6F
H NambuliteLiMn42+Si5O14(OH)
H KrettnichitePbMn23+(VO4)2(OH)2
LiLithium
Li NambuliteLiMn42+Si5O14(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
Be BaryliteBe2Ba(Si2O7)
CCarbon
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O ScheuchzeriteNa(Mn,Mg,Zn)9[VSi9O28(OH)](OH)3
O FianeliteMn22+((V,As)2O7) · 2H2O
O AnsermetiteMn2+(V2O6) · 4H2O
O RüdlingeriteMn22+V5+As5+O7·2H2O
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O Paraniite-(Y)Ca2Y(AsO4)(WO4)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
O Palenzonaite(NaCa2)Mn22+(VO4)3
O SaneroiteNaMn52+[Si5O14(OH)](VO3)(OH)
O PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
O BaryteBaSO4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4
O MedaiteMn62+V5+Si5O18(OH)
O TiragalloiteMn42+As5+Si3O12(OH)
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O BaryliteBe2Ba(Si2O7)
O LångbaniteMn42+Mn93+Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
O ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn22+(AsO4)3
O Fluorcalcioroméite(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb25+(O,OH)6F
O NambuliteLiMn42+Si5O14(OH)
O KrettnichitePbMn23+(VO4)2(OH)2
O OxycalcioroméiteCa2Sb2O6O
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorcalcioroméite(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb25+(O,OH)6F
NaSodium
Na ScheuchzeriteNa(Mn,Mg,Zn)9[VSi9O28(OH)](OH)3
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Palenzonaite(NaCa2)Mn22+(VO4)3
Na SaneroiteNaMn52+[Si5O14(OH)](VO3)(OH)
Na Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Na ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn22+(AsO4)3
Na Fluorcalcioroméite(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb25+(O,OH)6F
MgMagnesium
Mg Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si ScheuchzeriteNa(Mn,Mg,Zn)9[VSi9O28(OH)](OH)3
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Si SaneroiteNaMn52+[Si5O14(OH)](VO3)(OH)
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si MedaiteMn62+V5+Si5O18(OH)
Si TiragalloiteMn42+As5+Si3O12(OH)
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si BaryliteBe2Ba(Si2O7)
Si LångbaniteMn42+Mn93+Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Si NambuliteLiMn42+Si5O14(OH)
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4
KPotassium
K Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca Paraniite-(Y)Ca2Y(AsO4)(WO4)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
Ca Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Ca Palenzonaite(NaCa2)Mn22+(VO4)3
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Ca OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Ca ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn22+(AsO4)3
Ca Fluorcalcioroméite(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb25+(O,OH)6F
Ca OxycalcioroméiteCa2Sb2O6O
TiTitanium
Ti OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
VVanadium
V ScheuchzeriteNa(Mn,Mg,Zn)9[VSi9O28(OH)](OH)3
V FianeliteMn22+((V,As)2O7) · 2H2O
V AnsermetiteMn2+(V2O6) · 4H2O
V RüdlingeriteMn22+V5+As5+O7·2H2O
V Palenzonaite(NaCa2)Mn22+(VO4)3
V SaneroiteNaMn52+[Si5O14(OH)](VO3)(OH)
V PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
V MedaiteMn62+V5+Si5O18(OH)
V KrettnichitePbMn23+(VO4)2(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn ScheuchzeriteNa(Mn,Mg,Zn)9[VSi9O28(OH)](OH)3
Mn FianeliteMn22+((V,As)2O7) · 2H2O
Mn AnsermetiteMn2+(V2O6) · 4H2O
Mn RüdlingeriteMn22+V5+As5+O7·2H2O
Mn Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Mn Palenzonaite(NaCa2)Mn22+(VO4)3
Mn SaneroiteNaMn52+[Si5O14(OH)](VO3)(OH)
Mn PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Mn Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mn MedaiteMn62+V5+Si5O18(OH)
Mn TiragalloiteMn42+As5+Si3O12(OH)
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Mn LångbaniteMn42+Mn93+Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Mn ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn22+(AsO4)3
Mn NambuliteLiMn42+Si5O14(OH)
Mn KrettnichitePbMn23+(VO4)2(OH)2
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Fe JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
AsArsenic
As FianeliteMn22+((V,As)2O7) · 2H2O
As RüdlingeriteMn22+V5+As5+O7·2H2O
As Paraniite-(Y)Ca2Y(AsO4)(WO4)2
As BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
As Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
As TiragalloiteMn42+As5+Si3O12(OH)
As WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
As ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn22+(AsO4)3
SrStrontium
Sr Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4
YYttrium
Y Paraniite-(Y)Ca2Y(AsO4)(WO4)2
Y Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
NbNiobium
Nb OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
MoMolybdenum
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
SbAntimony
Sb LångbaniteMn42+Mn93+Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Sb Fluorcalcioroméite(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb25+(O,OH)6F
Sb OxycalcioroméiteCa2Sb2O6O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4
Ba BaryliteBe2Ba(Si2O7)
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
DyDysprosium
Dy Paraniite-(Y)Ca2Y(AsO4)(WO4)2
WTungsten
W Paraniite-(Y)Ca2Y(AsO4)(WO4)2
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Pb KrettnichitePbMn23+(VO4)2(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3185222
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleozoic - Proterozoic
251.902 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3158931
basement

Age: to Triassic (251.902 - 2500 Ma)

Description: low grade metamorphic

Lithology: Gneiss

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleozoic - Neoproterozoic
251.902 - 1000 Ma



ID: 2367110
Metamorphe Gesteine, meist Metamagmatite

Age: Neoproterozoic to Triassic (251.902 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Metagranitoid

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Brugger, J. and Berlepsch, P. (1996) Description and crystal structure of fianelite Mn2V(V,As)O7·2H2O, a new mineral from Fianel, Val Ferrera, (Graubünden, Switzerland). American Mineralogist 81: 1270-1276.
Brugger J., Gieré R. (2000): Origin and distribution of some trace elements in metamorphosed Fe-Mn deposits, Val Ferrera, Eastern Swiss Alps. Canadian Mineralogist 38: 1075-1101.
Lapis (2004): 29(5): 40 .
Brugger J., Gieré R., Grobéty B., Uspensky E. (1998): Scheelite-powellite and paraniite-(Y) from the Fe-Mn deposit at Fianel, Eastern Swiss Alps. American Mineralogist 83: 1100-1110.
Brugger, J. and Gieré, R. (1999): As, Sb, and Ce enrichment in minerals from a metamorphosed Fe-Mn deposit (Val Ferrera, Eastern Swiss Alps). Canadian Mineralogist 37: 37-52.
Brugger, J., Berleepsch, P., Meisser, N., and Armbruster, T. (2003) Ansermetite, MnV2O6·4H2O, a new mineral species with V5+ in five-fold coordination from Val Ferrera, Eastern Swiss Alps. Canadian Mineralogist 41: 1423-1431.
Brugger, J., Krivovichev, S., Meisser, N., Ansermet, S., and Armbruster, T. (2006): Scheuchzerite, Na(Mn,Mg)9[VSi9O28(OH)](OH)3, a new single-chain silicate. American Mineralogist 91: 937-943.
Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2013): Die seltenen Mineralien der Bündner Manganvorkommen. Schweizer Strahler 47 (3), 8-21 (in German and French).
Nagashima, M., Armbruster, T., Kolitsch, U. and Pettke, T. (2014): The relation between Li <-> Na substitution and hydrogen bonding in five-periodic single-chain silicates nambulite and marsturite: A single-crystal X-ray study. American Mineralogist 99, 1462–1470.
Nagashima M. and Armbruster T. (2012): Palenzonaite, berzeliite and manganberzeliite: (As,V,Si)O4 tetrahedra in garnet structures: Mineralogical Magazine v. 76, pp. 1081-1097.
Nagashima M. and Armbruster T. (2010): Saneroite: chemical and structural variations of manganese pyroxenoids with hydrogen bonding in the silicate chain: Eur. J. of Min. v. 22, pp. 393-402.
Roth P. and Meisser N. (2018) Rüdlingerit, eine neue Mineralart aus Fianel (GR). Schweizer Strahler, 2018(1), 26–29 (in French and German).
Roth P. (2018) Ein weiterer interessanter Neufund aus Fianel (GR): Krettnichit. Schweizer Strahler, 2018(1), 30–31 (in French and German).


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