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Clarke Head, Parrsboro, Cumberland Co., Nova Scotia, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Clarke HeadHeadland
Parrsboro- not defined -
Cumberland Co.County
Nova ScotiaProvince
CanadaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
45° 22' 50'' North , 64° 14' 27'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Parrsboro1,472 (2014)7.2km
Springhill3,940 (2008)33.5km
Wolfville3,523 (2008)34.4km
Hantsport1,253 (2008)35.4km
Kentville12,636 (2014)39.2km


A mishmash of several rock types including siltstone, gypsum, and a seastack exposing a 'scapolite pegmatite'. Described as a 'melange' by Bromley (1987) and a 'megabreccia' by Gibbons and Murphy (1995).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Owen, J.V., Greenough, J.D. (1999) Scapolite Pegmatite from the Minas Fault, Nova Scotia. Mineralogical Magazine: 63(3): 387-397.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Ronnie Van Dommelen Collection
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Bromley, M.H. (1987) Geology of the melange at Clarke Head, Cumberland County, Nova Scotia. Bachelor of Science Thesis, Acadia University.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Colour: Yellow, white
Reference: Owen, J.V., Greenough, J.D. (1999) Scapolite Pegmatite from the Minas Fault, Nova Scotia. Mineralogical Magazine: 63(3): 387-397.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Colour: White
Description: White radial intergrown sprays forming pseudomorphs after an unknown mineral. The shape of the pseudos is a rectangular prism. They reach perhaps 1 cm in size.
Reference: Ronnie Van Dommelen collection;
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Owen, J.V., Greenough, J.D. (1999) Scapolite Pegmatite from the Minas Fault, Nova Scotia. Mineralogical Magazine: 63(3): 387-397.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Colour: Yellowish-green, green
Description: Surfaces of prismatic crystals.
Reference: Owen, J.V., Greenough, J.D. (1999) Scapolite Pegmatite from the Minas Fault, Nova Scotia. Mineralogical Magazine: 63(3): 387-397.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Colour: White, bright orange, colorless
Description: Both selenite and satin spar varieties can be found.
Reference: Sabina, A.P. (1964) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector - Bay of Fundy Area. Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 64-10.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Colour: Black
Reference: Owen, J.V., Greenough, J.D. (1999) Scapolite Pegmatite from the Minas Fault, Nova Scotia. Mineralogical Magazine: 63(3): 387-397.
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Owen, J.V., Greenough, J.D. (1999) Scapolite Pegmatite from the Minas Fault, Nova Scotia. Mineralogical Magazine: 63(3): 387-397.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Description: Traill is simply a collection of previous literature references. It is unclear what the original reference to this mineral at this location is. However Marsh (Marsh, O.C. (1863) "Catalogue of Mineral Localities in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland", American Journal of Science and Arts, Second Series, vol. 35, no. 104, art. 23) already lists it and specifically mentions in his text that it is a doubtful occurrence. There are no descriptions, analyses, or specimens to suggest it was ever found here.
Reference: Traill, R.J. (1980) Catalog of Canadian Minerals. CGS Paper 80-18. Marsh, O.C. (1863) Catalogue of Mineral Localities in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland. American Journal of Science and Arts, Second Series: 35(104).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Habit: Pyritohedrons, cubes, highly complex microcrystals.
Colour: Brass-colored
Description: In 2004 some very complex crystals were found in a gypsum boulder. These are quite tiny, perhaps in the range of 100 microns. One of these was measured by Peter Richards on a goniometer. Forms included {100}, {111}, {210} (uneven faces, but consistently present), {211}, {321}, and {10 5 2}. Despite the unusually high indices of the {10 5 2} measured form, the fact that it is a bevelled edge between {210} and {211} makes it reasonable.
Reference: Sabina, A.P. (1964) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector - Bay of Fundy Area. Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 64-10.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Henry How (Mineralogy of Nova Scotia, pg 203) lists pseudomorphs of quartz after stilbite. Nothing more is said about them. None are known to have survived from those early finds. Tiny (approx 1 mm) perfectly transparent floater quartz crystals, seemingly authigenic, in massive gypsum matrix, associated with floater tourmaline of similar size and highly complex floater pyrites.
Reference: Ronnie Van Dommelen Collection
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Owen, J.V., Greenough, J.D. (1999) Scapolite Pegmatite from the Minas Fault, Nova Scotia. Mineralogical Magazine: 63(3): 387-397.
'Scapolite'
Reference: Owen, J.V., Greenough, J.D. (1999) Scapolite Pegmatite from the Minas Fault, Nova Scotia. Mineralogical Magazine: 63(3): 387-397.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Colour: Green-yellow
Reference: Owen, J.V., Greenough, J.D. (1999) Scapolite Pegmatite from the Minas Fault, Nova Scotia. Mineralogical Magazine: 63(3): 387-397.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Habit: Floater, prismatic hemimorphic crystals.
Colour: Olive green
Description: Tiny (~1mm) but perfectly formed sharp euhedral floater crystals. Transparent olive green in color. The Raman fit was best for dravite but could be one of several other tourmalines. Found in a gypsum boulder with tiny floater quartz crystals and muscovite in square prisms (apparently pseudomorphing some other mineral). Possibly authigenic.
Reference: Ronnie Van Dommelen collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Prehnite ?9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite ?72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O CalciteCaCO3
O RutileTiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
NaSodium
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
MgMagnesium
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Marsh, O.C. (1863) Catalogue of Mineral Localities in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland. American Journal of Science and Arts, Second Series: 35(104).
Dawson, Sir John William (1878) Acadian Geology. Macmillan and Co., London.
Sabina, A.P. (1964) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector - Bay of Fundy Area. Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 64-10. https://geoscan.nrcan.gc.ca/starweb/geoscan/servlet.starweb?path=geoscan/fulle.web&search1=R=101010
Bromley, M.H. (1987) Geology of the melange at Clarke Head, Cumberland County, Nova Scotia. Bachelor of Science Thesis, Acadia University.
Gibbons, W., Murphy, J.B. (1995) Mylonitic mafic granulite fault megabreccia at Clarke Head, Nova Scotia; a sample of Avalonian lower crust? Geological Magazine: 132(1): 81-90.
Owen, J.V., Greenough, J.D. (1999) Scapolite Pegmatite from the Minas Fault, Nova Scotia. Mineralogical Magazine: 63(3): 387-397. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/1999/00000063/00000003/art00010
Calder, J.H., Naylor, R.D., Waldron, K.W.F., Adams, K., Fedak, T., George, E., Giles, P.S., Stevens, R. (2015) Geological Mapping at Parrsboro (Cape Sharp to McKay Head), Nova Scotia. Geoscience and Mines Branch, Report of Activities 2014, Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources, Report ME 2015-001: 1-5. https://novascotia.ca/natr/meb/data/pubs/15re01/15re01_01_CalderetalROA2014.pdf

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