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Kenyai
Regional Level Types
KenyaCountry

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border marking, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
phonolite parasitic cones, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
carbonatite dyke, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
border marking, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
phonolite parasitic cones, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
carbonatite dyke, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
border marking, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
phonolite parasitic cones, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
Name in French:Kenya
Name in German:Kenia
Name in Italian:Kenya
Name in Russian:Кения
Name in Simplified Chinese:肯尼亚
Name in Spanish:Kenia
Name in Afrikaans:Kenia
Name in Albanian:Kenia
Name in Arabic:كينيا
Name in Belarusian:Кенія
Name in Bulgarian:Кения
Name in Catalan:Kenya
Name in Czech:Keňa
Name in Danish:Kenya
Name in Dutch:Kenia
Name in Estonian:Keenia
Name in Farsi/Persian:کنیا
Name in Finnish:Kenia
Name in Galician:Quenia
Name in Greek:Κένυα
Name in Hebrew:קניה
Name in Hindi:कीनिया
Name in Hungarian:Kenya
Name in Icelandic:Kenía
Name in Indonesian:Kenya
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Chéinia
Name in Japanese:ケニア
Name in Korean:케냐
Name in Latvian:Kenija
Name in Lithuanian:Kenija
Name in Macedonian:Кенија
Name in Norwegian:Kenya
Name in Polish:Kenia
Name in Portuguese:Quénia
Name in Romanian:Kenya
Name in Serbian:Кенија
Name in Slovak:Keňa
Name in Slovenian:Kenija
Name in Swahili:Kenya
Name in Swedish:Kenya
Name in Tagalog:Kenya
Name in Thai:ประเทศเคนย่า
Name in Turkish:Kenya
Name in Ukrainian:Кенія
Name in Vietnamese:Kenya
Name in Welsh:Kenya
Area:581,309 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Nairobi2,750,547 (2014)
Nakuru259,903 (2018)
Eldoret218,446 (2013)
Kisumu216,479 (2013)
Thika200,000 (2013)
Malindi118,265 (2013)


Kenya adopted a new constitution on 27 August 2010 and this came into force after the general elections on 27 March 2013. This resulted in the provinces being replaced with the following 47 semi-autonomous counties, some of which have the same name as the former provinces: Mombassa; Kwale; Kilifi; Tana River; Lamu; Taita/Taveta; Garissa; Wajir; Mandera; Marsabit; Isiolo; Meru; Tharaka-Nithi; Embu; Kitui; Machakos; Makueni; Nyandarua; Nyeri; Kirinyaga; Murang'a; Kiambu; Turkana; West Pokot; Samburu; Trans Nzoia; Uasin Gishu; Elgeyo/Marakwet; Nandi; Baringo; Laikipia; Nakuru; Narok; Kajiado; Kericho; Bomet; Kakamega; Vihiga; Bungoma; Busia; Siaya; Kisumu; Homa Bay; Migori; Kisii; Nyamira; and Nairobi City.

These 47 counties now form the first-order divisions of Kenya.

Under the constitution these county boundaries may only be altered by Parliamentary resolution in order to reflect, for example changing populations.

Prior to 2013, Kenya comprised the following eight provinces (mkoa singular, mikoa plural in Swahili): Central; Coast; Eastern; Nairobi; North Eastern; Nyanza; Rift Valley; and Western. These former provinces were subdivided into districts (wilaya). Many of the counties are equivalent to the old districts. The former provinces have been retained as non-hierarchical localities as many texts and references refer to these and the fact that the changes are fairly recent.

Note: East Africa Protectorate (also known as British East Africa) was an area of East Africa occupying roughly the same terrain as present-day Kenya; it was controlled by Britain in the late 19th century.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

149 valid minerals. 7 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: MIBEI, GEOFFREY KIPTOO (2012) Application of alteration minerals and thermal fluid geochemistry in geothermal conceptual modeling, case study of Olkaria geothermal field in Kenya. MS Thesis University of Nairobi
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Horne, J.E.T., Butler, J.R. (1965) A Second occurrence of Lyndochite. Mineralogical Magazine, 34:268, 237-248.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World, Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 pages.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Rout, S. S. & Bischoff, A. (2008) Ca,Al-rich Inclusions in Rumuruti Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIX. LPI Contribution No. 1391: p.1255. (March 2008)
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Coetzee, G.L., Edwards, C.B. (1959) The Mrima Hill Carbonatite, Coast Province, Kenya. South African Journal of Geology, 62:1, 373-397.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Sutherland, D.S. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 24, 114-135.
'Asbestos'
Reference: Anyona, S., & Rop, B. (2015, May). The Character and Profile of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gemstone Mining Community in Taita Taveta County, Kenya. In Proceedings of Sustainable Research and Innovation Conference (pp. 109-125).
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Rout, S. S. & Bischoff, A. (2008) Ca,Al-rich Inclusions in Rumuruti Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIX. LPI Contribution No. 1391: p.1255. (March 2008)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
Berdesinskiite (TL)
Formula: V3+2TiO5
Type Locality:
Reference: Bernhardt, H.J., Schmetzer, K., Medenbach, O. (1983) Berdesinskiite, V₂TiO5, a new mineral from Kenya and additional data for schreyerite, V2Ti3O9. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 3, 110 - 118.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Bobierrite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World, Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 pages.
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Forti, P., E. Galli & A. Rossi (2004):"Minerogenesis of volcanic caves of Kenya" , Int. J. Speleol. 32, 3-18
Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Reference: Vergouwen, L. (1979) Two new occurrences and the Gibbs energy of burkeite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:327, 341-345.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World, Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 pages.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Hay, R.L. (1964) Phillipsite of Saline Lakes and Soils. The American Mineralogist, 49, 1366-1387.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 1998, V. 62, N° 4, pp. 477-486. / Journal of Petrology, Vol. 42, N° 4, pp. 825-845, 2001. / Mineralogical Magazine, Volume 66, Number 2, 1 April 2002, pp. 287-299(13) / The United Nations University, GEOTHERMAL TRAINING PROGRAMME Reports 2004, Number 1, Orkustofnun, Grensásvegur 9, IS-108 Reykjavík, Iceland
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Schulze, H., Bischoff, A., Palme, H., Spettel, B., Dreibus, G. & Otto, J. (1994). Mineralogy and chemistry of Rumuruti: The first meteorite fall of the new R chondrite group, Meteoritics 29 (2), 275-286. (March 1994)
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World, Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 pages. Coetzee, G.L., Edwards, C.B. (1959) The Mrima Hill Carbonatite, Coast Province, Kenya. South African Journal of Geology, 62:1, 373-397.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Späth, A., Le Roex, A.P., Opiyo-Akech, N. (2001) Plume–lithosphere interaction and the origin of continental rift-related alkaline volcanism—the Chyulu Hills Volcanic Province, southern Kenya. Journal of Petrology, 42(4), 765-787.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Description: Chromite = Chromian Spinel with accessory Ti & Ferric iron
Reference: Schulze, H. & Otto, J. (1993) Rumuruti: A New Carlisle Lakes-type Chondrite, Meteoritics 28 (3): 433. (July 1993)
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Bulletin of the Imperial Institute - Geology and Mineral Resources of Kenya (1948) p297
Clinoferrosilite
Formula: Fe2+SiO3
Reference: Rocky Mountain (53rd) and South-Central (35th) Sections, GSA, Joint Annual Meeting (April 29–May 2, 2001) Session No. 7-Booth# 38.
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: Hay, R.L. (1964) Phillipsite of Saline Lakes and Soils. The American Mineralogist, 49, 1366-1387.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
'Denhardtite'
Reference: H. Potonie, (1905) Monatsber. Deutsch. geol. Ges., p259
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Bulletin of the Imperial Institute - Geology and Mineral Resources of Kenya (1948) p297
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dravite var: Chromian Dravite
Formula: Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
'Erionite'
Reference: Hay, R.L. (1964) Phillipsite of Saline Lakes and Soils. The American Mineralogist, 49, 1366-1387.
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Eugsterite (TL)
Formula: Na4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Reference: Vergouwen, L. (1981) Eugsterite, a new salt mineral. American Mineralogist, 66, 632-636.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Horne, J.E.T., Butler, J.R. (1965) A Second occurrence of Lyndochite. Mineralogical Magazine, 34:268, 237-248.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Price, R.C., Johnson, R.W., Gray, C.M., and Frey, F.A. (1985) Geochemistry of phonolites and trachytes from the summit region of Mt. Kenya. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 89, 394–409.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 1998, V. 62, N° 4, pp. 477-486. / Journal of Petrology, Vol. 42, N° 4, pp. 825-845, 2001. / Mineralogical Magazine, Volume 66, Number 2, 1 April 2002, pp. 287-299(13) / The United Nations University, GEOTHERMAL TRAINING PROGRAMME Reports 2004, Number 1, Orkustofnun, Grensásvegur 9, IS-108 Reykjavík, Iceland
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: Rocky Mountain (53rd) and South-Central (35th) Sections, GSA, Joint Annual Meeting (April 29–May 2, 2001) Session No. 7-Booth# 38.
'Florencite'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World, Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 pages.
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Liferovich, R.P., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Lyalina, M.F. (1998) A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor Massif, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 971-980.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Nyamai, C.M., Haapala, I. (2000) A Comparison of the uncompahgrite and turjaite mineralogy (phlogopite, melilite, etc.) of the south Nyanza district, western Kenya, with similar rock complexes in Asia, Australia and America. China & East Asia 2000 Symposium.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Bill Wall specimens (collected 1970s)
'Glass'
'Gmelinite'
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Paolo Forti - Genetic processes of cave minerals in volcanic environments: An overview. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, v. 67, no. 1, p. 3-13.
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World, Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 pages. Coetzee, G.L., Edwards, C.B. (1959) The Mrima Hill Carbonatite, Coast Province, Kenya. South African Journal of Geology, 62:1, 373-397.
Götzenite
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World, Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 pages. USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World, Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 pages.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
Grossular var: Tsavorite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Hannayite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Forti, P., E. Galli & A. Rossi (2004):"Minerogenesis of volcanic caves of Kenya" , Int. J. Speleol. 32, 3-18
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Description: Ferrohedenbergite.
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 1998, V. 62, N° 4, pp. 477-486. / Journal of Petrology, Vol. 42, N° 4, pp. 825-845, 2001. / Mineralogical Magazine, Volume 66, Number 2, 1 April 2002, pp. 287-299(13) / The United Nations University, GEOTHERMAL TRAINING PROGRAMME Reports 2004, Number 1, Orkustofnun, Grensásvegur 9, IS-108 Reykjavík, Iceland
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Ko Jansen collection & Photo, photo id-693044
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Hibonite
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
'Hornblende'
Reference: Coetzee, G.L., Edwards, C.B. (1959) The Mrima Hill Carbonatite, Coast Province, Kenya. South African Journal of Geology, 62:1, 373-397.
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Reference: Baker, B.H. (1967) Geology of the Mount Kenya area. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, Mines and Geological Department, Report No. 79, 78 pp.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Noble Metal Phases in Rumuruti-chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, supplement): p. A139. (July 1998)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Schulze, H., Bischoff, A., Palme, H., Spettel, B., Dreibus, G. & Otto, J. (1994). Mineralogy and chemistry of Rumuruti: The first meteorite fall of the new R chondrite group, Meteoritics 29 (2), 275-286. (March 1994)
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Schulze, H., Bischoff, A., Palme, H., Spettel, B., Dreibus, G. & Otto, J. (1994). Mineralogy and chemistry of Rumuruti: The first meteorite fall of the new R chondrite group, Meteoritics 29 (2), 275-286. (March 1994)
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: A. N. Zaitsev, T. Wenzel, T. Vennemann and G. Markl (2013): Tinderet volcano, Kenya: an altered natrocarbonatite locality? Mineralogical Magazine 77, 213-226.
Kanemite
Formula: HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Reference: G. Périnet, J.J. Tiercelin, C.E. Barton : "Présence de kanémite dans les sédiments récents du lac Bogoria, Rift Gregory, Kenya", Bull. Minéral., 1982, 105, 633-639.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kenyaite (TL)
Formula: Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: McAtee, J.L., House, R., Eugster, H.P. (1968) Magadiite from Trinity County, California. The American Mineralogist, 53, 2061-2069. HB2/1 (1995).
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 1998, V. 62, N° 4, pp. 477-486. / Journal of Petrology, Vol. 42, N° 4, pp. 825-845, 2001. / Mineralogical Magazine, Volume 66, Number 2, 1 April 2002, pp. 287-299(13) / The United Nations University, GEOTHERMAL TRAINING PROGRAMME Reports 2004, Number 1, Orkustofnun, Grensásvegur 9, IS-108 Reykjavík, Iceland
Kogarkoite
Formula: Na3(SO4)F
Reference: Forti, P. et al. (2004), "Minerogenesis of volcanic caves of Kenya". Int. J. Speleol. 32, 3-18
Kolbeckite
Formula: ScPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Liferovich, R.P., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Lyalina, M.F. (1998) A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor Massif, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 971-980.
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World, Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 pages. Coetzee, G.L., Edwards, C.B. (1959) The Mrima Hill Carbonatite, Coast Province, Kenya. South African Journal of Geology, 62:1, 373-397.
Magadiite (TL)
Formula: Na2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Reference: McAtee, J.L., House, R., Eugster, H.P. (1968) Magadiite from Trinity County, California. The American Mineralogist, 53, 2061-2069. HB2/2 (1995). New data on minerals. M.: 2003. Volume 38 pp113.
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: A. N. Zaitsev, T. Wenzel, T. Vennemann and G. Markl (2013): Tinderet volcano, Kenya: an altered natrocarbonatite locality? Mineralogical Magazine 77, 213-226.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Nash, W.P., Carmichael, I.S.E., Hohnson, R.W. (1969) The Mineralogy and Petrology of Mount Suswa, Kenya. Journal of Petrology, 10:3, 409-439.
Makatite (TL)
Formula: Na2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Sheppard, R.A., Gude, A.J. (1970) Makatite, A new hydrous sodium silicate mineral from Lake Magadi, Kenya. The American Mineralogist, 55, 358-366. HB2/2 (1995).
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Abba-kaka, A (1990) Ore mineralization of two hotsprings near Jombo Hill in south coast area of Kenya. MSc thesis, University of Nairobi
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World, Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 pages. Coetzee, G.L., Edwards, C.B. (1959) The Mrima Hill Carbonatite, Coast Province, Kenya. South African Journal of Geology, 62:1, 373-397.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Mohrite
Formula: (NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
'Monazite'
Montdorite
Formula: (K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 1998, V. 62, N° 4, pp. 477-486. / Journal of Petrology, Vol. 42, N° 4, pp. 825-845, 2001. / Mineralogical Magazine, Volume 66, Number 2, 1 April 2002, pp. 287-299(13) / The United Nations University, GEOTHERMAL TRAINING PROGRAMME Reports 2004, Number 1, Orkustofnun, Grensásvegur 9, IS-108 Reykjavík, Iceland
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Reference: Ulianov, A., Kalt, A., Pettke, T. (2005) Hibonite, Ca (Al, Cr, Ti, Si, Mg, Fe2+)12 O19, in granulite xenoliths from the Chyulu Hills volcanic field, Kenya. European Journal of Mineralogy, 17:2, 343-356.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Hay, R.L., Hughes, R.E., Kyser, T.K., Glass, H.D., Liu, J. (1995) Magnesium-Rich Clays of the Meerschaum Mines in the Amboseli Basin, Tanzania and Kenya. Clays and Clay Minerals, vol. 43:4, 455-466. [DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1995.0430409].
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Nyamai, C.M., Haapala, I. (2000) A Comparison of the uncompahgrite and turjaite mineralogy (phlogopite, melilite, etc.) of the south Nyanza district, western Kenya, with similar rock complexes in Asia, Australia and America. China & East Asia 2000 Symposium.
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Newberyite
Formula: Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Reference: Forti, P., E. Galli & A. Rossi (2004):"Minerogenesis of volcanic caves of Kenya" , Int. J. Speleol. 32, 3-18
'Nickel-iron'
Reference: Schulze, H. & Otto, J. (1993) Rumuruti: A New Carlisle Lakes-type Chondrite, Meteoritics 28 (3): 433. (July 1993)
Niggliite
Formula: PtSn
Description: as sparse individual grains
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Noble Metal Phases in Rumuruti-chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, supplement): p. A139. (July 1998)
Nitromagnesite
Formula: Mg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Nyerereite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2
Reference: A. N. Zaitsev, T. Wenzel, T. Vennemann and G. Markl (2013): Tinderet volcano, Kenya: an altered natrocarbonatite locality? Mineralogical Magazine 77, 213-226.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opaline
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Owen, R. A., Owen, R. B., Renaut, R. W., Scott, J. J., Jones, B., & Ashley, G. M. (2008). Mineralogy and origin of rhizoliths on the margins of saline, alkaline Lake Bogoria, Kenya Rift Valley. Sedimentary Geology, 203(1-2), 143-163.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Description: unequilibrated, mean Fs~26
Reference: Wlotzka, F. [Ed.] (1993). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 75. Meteoritics, 28 (5): 692-703. (Dec 1993)
Oxy-dravite (TL)
Formula: Na(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Reference: Bosi, F. and Skogby, H. (2012): Oxy-dravite, IMA 2012-004a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1285; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Bosi, F. and Skogby, H. (2013): Oxy-dravite, Na(Al2Mg)(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O, a new mineral species of the tourmaline supergroup. Am. Mineral. 98, 1442-1448; Gatta, G., D, Bosi, F., McIntyre, G. J., and Skogby, H. (2014): First accurate location of two proton sites in tourmaline: A single-crystal neutron diffraction study of oxy-dravite. Mineralogical Magazine 78, 681-692.
'Parisite'
Reference: Onuonga, I.O., Bowden, P. (2000) Hot-spring and supergene lanthanide mineralization at the Buru carbonatite centre, Western Kenya. Mineralogical magazine, 64:4, 663-673.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Description: exsolutions in pyrrhotite
Reference: Wlotzka, F. [Ed.] (1993). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 75. Meteoritics, 28 (5): 692-703. (Dec 1993); Schulze, H. & Otto, J. (1993) Rumuruti: A New Carlisle Lakes-type Chondrite, Meteoritics 28 (3): 433. (July 1993) ; Schulze, H., Bischoff, A., Palme, H., Spettel, B., Dreibus, G. & Otto, J. (1994). Mineralogy and chemistry of Rumuruti: The first meteorite fall of the new R chondrite group, Meteoritics 29 (2), 275-286. (March 1994)
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
'Phillipsite'
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Coetzee, G.L., Edwards, C.B. (1959) The Mrima Hill Carbonatite, Coast Province, Kenya. South African Journal of Geology, 62:1, 373-397.
'Plumbopyrochlore (of Atencio et al.)'
Reference: A. N. Zaitsev, T. Wenzel, T. Vennemann and G. Markl (2013): Tinderet volcano, Kenya: an altered natrocarbonatite locality? Mineralogical Magazine 77, 213-226.
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 1998, V. 62, N° 4, pp. 477-486. / Journal of Petrology, Vol. 42, N° 4, pp. 825-845, 2001. / Mineralogical Magazine, Volume 66, Number 2, 1 April 2002, pp. 287-299(13) / The United Nations University, GEOTHERMAL TRAINING PROGRAMME Reports 2004, Number 1, Orkustofnun, Grensásvegur 9, IS-108 Reykjavík, Iceland
'Psilomelane'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Group var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Harris, P.M. (1965) Pandaite [= bariopyrochlore] from the Mrima Hill niobium deposit (Kenya). Mineralogical Magazine 35:270, 277-290.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Coetzee, G.L., Edwards, C.B. (1959) The Mrima Hill Carbonatite, Coast Province, Kenya. South African Journal of Geology, 62:1, 373-397.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: http://www.cigem.ca/353.html
Pyrope var: Rhodolite
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: http://www.cigem.ca/353.html
'Pyroxene Group'
Description: Both high-Ca & low-Ca varieties
Reference: Schulze, H., Bischoff, A., Palme, H., Spettel, B., Dreibus, G. & Otto, J. (1994). Mineralogy and chemistry of Rumuruti: The first meteorite fall of the new R chondrite group, Meteoritics 29 (2), 275-286. (March 1994)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Blue Lace Agate
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: John Walter Gregory (1921) The rift valleys and geology of East Africa: an account of the origin & history of the rift valleys of East Africa & their relation to the contemporary earth-movements which transformed the geography of the world. With some account of the prehistoric stone implements, soils, water supply, & mineral resources of the Kenya colony. Seeley, Service & Co. limited, 479 pages
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Sutherland, D.S. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 24, 114-135.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rustenburgite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)3Sn
Description: as sparse individual grains
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Noble Metal Phases in Rumuruti-chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, supplement): p. A139. (July 1998)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
'Scapolite'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World, Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 pages.
Schreyerite (TL)
Formula: V3+2Ti3O9
Type Locality:
Reference: Lapis 8(4), 25 (1983). Bernhardt, H.J., Schmetzer, K., Medenbach, O. (1983) Berdesinskiite, V₂TiO5, a new mineral from Kenya and additional data for schreyerite, V2Ti3O9. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 3, 110 - 118.
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Baker, B.H. (1967) Geology of the Mount Kenya area. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, Mines and Geological Department, Report No. 79, 78 pp.
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Hay, R.L., Hughes, R.E., Kyser, T.K., Glass, H.D., Liu, J. (1995) Magnesium-Rich Clays of the Meerschaum Mines in the Amboseli Basin, Tanzania and Kenya. Clays and Clay Minerals, vol. 43:4, 455-466. Stoessell, R.K., Hay, R.L. (1978) The geochemical origin of sepiolite and kerolite at Amboseli, Kenya. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, vol. 65:3, 255-267.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Mercier A., Debat P. & Saul J.M. (1999): Exotic origin of the ruby deposits of the Mangari area in SE Kenya. Ore Geology Reviews, 14, 83-104.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
'Sodium Amphibole Subgroup'
Formula: An(Na2)(Z5)(Si8-mAlmO22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Baker, B.H. (1967) Geology of the Mount Kenya area. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, Mines and Geological Department, Report No. 79, 78 pp.
'Sodium-Calcium Amphibole Subgroup'
Formula: An(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZ3+m)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Baker, B.H. (1967) Geology of the Mount Kenya area. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, Mines and Geological Department, Report No. 79, 78 pp.
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Noble Metal Phases in Rumuruti-chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, supplement): p. A139. (July 1998)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World, Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 pages. Coetzee, G.L., Edwards, C.B. (1959) The Mrima Hill Carbonatite, Coast Province, Kenya. South African Journal of Geology, 62:1, 373-397.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Stercorite
Formula: Na(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
'Synchysite'
Reference: Onuonga, I.O., Bowden, P. (2000) Hot-spring and supergene lanthanide mineralization at the Buru carbonatite centre, Western Kenya. Mineralogical magazine, 64:4, 663-673.
Syngenite
Formula: K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Taranakite
Formula: (K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: Forti, P., E. Galli & A. Rossi (2004):"Minerogenesis of volcanic caves of Kenya" , Int. J. Speleol. 32, 3-18
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Bulletin of the Imperial Institute - Geology and Mineral Resources of Kenya (1948) p297
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Schulze, H., Bischoff, A., Palme, H., Spettel, B., Dreibus, G. & Otto, J. (1994). Mineralogy and chemistry of Rumuruti: The first meteorite fall of the new R chondrite group, Meteoritics 29 (2), 275-286. (March 1994)
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
'Uhligite'
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?
Description: Discredited by IMA in 2006 (IMA 06–C), possible perovskite or zirkelite(?).cf. Burke 2006.
Reference: New data on minerals. M.: 2003. Volume 38 pp113.
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
'Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Villiaumite
Formula: NaF
Reference: Nielsen, J.M. (1999) East African magadi (trona): fluoride concentration and mineralogical composition. Journal of African Earth Sciences: 29: 423-428.
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Reference: Schulze, H. & Otto, J. (1993) Rumuruti: A New Carlisle Lakes-type Chondrite, Meteoritics 28 (3): 433. (July 1993) ; Schulze, H., Bischoff, A., Palme, H., Spettel, B., Dreibus, G. & Otto, J. (1994). Mineralogy and chemistry of Rumuruti: The first meteorite fall of the new R chondrite group, Meteoritics 29 (2), 275-286. (March 1994)
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 1998, V. 62, N° 4, pp. 477-486. / Journal of Petrology, Vol. 42, N° 4, pp. 825-845, 2001. / Mineralogical Magazine, Volume 66, Number 2, 1 April 2002, pp. 287-299(13) / The United Nations University, GEOTHERMAL TRAINING PROGRAMME Reports 2004, Number 1, Orkustofnun, Grensásvegur 9, IS-108 Reykjavík, Iceland
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Niggliite1.AG.60PtSn
Rustenburgite1.AG.10(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Villiaumite3.AA.20NaF
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Berdesinskiite (TL)4.CB.30V3+2TiO5
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hibonite4.CC.45(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opaline4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Blue Lace Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Schreyerite (TL)4.CB.35V3+2Ti3O9
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gaylussite5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Natron5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Nitromagnesite5.NC.05Mg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Nyerereite5.AC.10Na2Ca(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Burkeite7.BD.25Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Eugsterite (TL)7.CD.25Na4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Kogarkoite7.BD.15Na3(SO4)F
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Mohrite7.CC.60(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Polyhalite7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Syngenite7.CD.35K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Bobierrite8.CE.35Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Brushite8.CJ.50Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Florencite-(Ce)8.BL.13CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Gorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hannayite8.CH.35(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Kolbeckite8.CD.05ScPO4 · 2H2O
Newberyite8.CE.10Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Stercorite8.CJ.05Na(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
Taranakite8.CH.25(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Clinoferrosilite9.DA.10Fe2+SiO3
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
var: Chromian Dravite9.CK.05Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Tsavorite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Götzenite9.BE.22NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Kanemite9.EF.25HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kenyaite (TL)9.HA.10Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Magadiite (TL)9.EA.20Na2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Makatite (TL)9.EE.45Na2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montdorite9.EC.15(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
Mullite9.AF.20Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Oxy-dravite (TL)9.CK.05Na(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Rhodolite9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Asbestos'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Denhardtite'-
'Erionite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Florencite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Gmelinite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Monazite'-
'Nickel-iron'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Parisite'-
'Phillipsite'-
'Plumbopyrochlore (of Atencio et al.)'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Sodium Amphibole Subgroup'-An(Na2)(Z5)(Si8-mAlmO22)(OH,F,Cl)2
'Sodium-Calcium Amphibole Subgroup'-An(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZ3+m)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Uhligite'-Ca3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Niggliite1.2.10.1PtSn
Rustenburgite1.2.5.2(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
AB2X5
Berdesinskiite (TL)7.7.2.1V3+2TiO5
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
A2B3O9
Schreyerite (TL)8.4.1.1V3+2Ti3O9
Miscellaneous
'Uhligite'8.7.2.1Ca3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
Villiaumite9.1.1.3NaF
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
A2B(XO3)2
Nyerereite14.3.4.1Na2Ca(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
A(XO3)2·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Nitromagnesite18.2.3.1Mg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mohrite29.3.7.1(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Syngenite29.3.1.1K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Eugsterite (TL)29.4.2.1Na4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Polyhalite29.4.5.1K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Kogarkoite30.1.6.1Na3(SO4)F
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates
Burkeite32.1.1.1Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Brushite39.1.1.1Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Newberyite39.1.6.1Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Hannayite39.3.5.1(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Stercorite39.3.1.1Na(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
Taranakite39.3.6.1(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Bobierrite40.3.7.1Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Kolbeckite40.4.3.3ScPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Florencite-(Ce)41.5.10.2CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Gorceixite42.7.3.2BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Mullite52.2.3.1Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Götzenite56.2.5.4NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoferrosilite65.1.1.2Fe2+SiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Ferrosilite65.1.2.2FeSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Montdorite71.2.2a.10(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double layers
Kanemite73.1.5.1HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Makatite (TL)74.3.5.2Na2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Harmotome77.1.3.5(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Kenyaite (TL)78.7.7.1Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Magadiite (TL)78.7.12.1Na2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Asbestos'-
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
'Biotite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
'Denhardtite'-
Dravite
var: Chromian Dravite
-Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Erionite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Ferro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Florencite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Gmelinite'-
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Tsavorite-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Nickel-iron'-
Opal
var: Opaline
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Oxy-dravite (TL)-Na(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
'Parisite'-
'Phillipsite'-
'Plumbopyrochlore (of Atencio et al.)'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Group
var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
-A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrope
var: Rhodolite
-Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Blue Lace Agate-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Sodium Amphibole Subgroup'-An(Na2)(Z5)(Si8-mAlmO22)(OH,F,Cl)2
'Sodium-Calcium Amphibole Subgroup'-An(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZ3+m)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Synchysite'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
H MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2O
H MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
H EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
H Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H NahcoliteNaHCO3
H Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
H ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
H KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
H Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Hannayite(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
H NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
H BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
H Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
H PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
H NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Opal (var: Opaline)SiO2 · nH2O
H IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H Sodium Amphibole SubgroupAn(Na2)(Z5)(Si8-mAlmO22)(OH,F,Cl)2
H Sodium-Calcium Amphibole SubgroupAn(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZm3+)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
BBoron
B Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
B Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C NahcoliteNaHCO3
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C GraphiteC
C ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
C GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
C NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
C DiamondC
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
NNitrogen
N Hannayite(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
N StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
N NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
N Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
OOxygen
O BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
O KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
O MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2O
O MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
O SchreyeriteV23+Ti3O9
O EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
O Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O NahcoliteNaHCO3
O UhligiteCa3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?
O Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O CorundumAl2O3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O SideriteFeCO3
O GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O RutileTiO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Quartz (var: Blue Lace Agate)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3
O FerrosiliteFeSiO3
O Pyrope (var: Rhodolite)Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
O KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
O Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Hannayite(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
O NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
O BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
O Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AnataseTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
O KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O TridymiteSiO2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
O PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
O NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Opal (var: Opaline)SiO2 · nH2O
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O Sodium Amphibole SubgroupAn(Na2)(Z5)(Si8-mAlmO22)(OH,F,Cl)2
O Sodium-Calcium Amphibole SubgroupAn(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZm3+)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
FFluorine
F VilliaumiteNaF
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
F KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Sodium Amphibole SubgroupAn(Na2)(Z5)(Si8-mAlmO22)(OH,F,Cl)2
F Sodium-Calcium Amphibole SubgroupAn(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZm3+)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
NaSodium
Na KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Na MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Na MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Na EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Na Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na NahcoliteNaHCO3
Na Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na VilliaumiteNaF
Na ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
Na KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
Na HaliteNaCl
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Na GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Na NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
Na StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na Sodium Amphibole SubgroupAn(Na2)(Z5)(Si8-mAlmO22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Na Sodium-Calcium Amphibole SubgroupAn(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZm3+)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Mg Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Pyrope (var: Rhodolite)Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
Mg SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Mg Hannayite(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Mg NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Mg Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Mg NitromagnesiteMg(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
AlAluminium
Al Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Al UhligiteCa3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?
Al Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Pyrope (var: Rhodolite)Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Al Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Al Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al Sodium Amphibole SubgroupAn(Na2)(Z5)(Si8-mAlmO22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Al Sodium-Calcium Amphibole SubgroupAn(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZm3+)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
SiSilicon
Si KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Si MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Si MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Quartz (var: Blue Lace Agate)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3
Si FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Si Pyrope (var: Rhodolite)Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Si Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
Si Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si Opal (var: Opaline)SiO2 · nH2O
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si Sodium Amphibole SubgroupAn(Na2)(Z5)(Si8-mAlmO22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Si Sodium-Calcium Amphibole SubgroupAn(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZm3+)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
PPhosphorus
P GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P Hannayite(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
P NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
P BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
P Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
P KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
S SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl Sodium Amphibole SubgroupAn(Na2)(Z5)(Si8-mAlmO22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Cl Sodium-Calcium Amphibole SubgroupAn(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZm3+)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
K Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
K PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
K SylviteKCl
K SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
CaCalcium
Ca EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Ca UhligiteCa3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
Ca Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ca Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Ca SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca Sodium-Calcium Amphibole SubgroupAn(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZm3+)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
ScScandium
Sc KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O
TiTitanium
Ti BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
Ti SchreyeriteV23+Ti3O9
Ti UhligiteCa3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Ti Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ti Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
VVanadium
V BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
V SchreyeriteV23+Ti3O9
CrChromium
Cr Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
Mn EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3
Fe FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
Fe Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Fe JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe IronFe
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
CuCopper
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
As SperrylitePtAs2
SrStrontium
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ZrZirconium
Zr UhligiteCa3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
NbNiobium
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
RuRuthenium
Ru Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
RhRhodium
Rh Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
SnTin
Sn NiggliitePtSn
Sn Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ba Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
LaLanthanum
La Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
CeCerium
Ce Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Ce Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
IrIridium
Ir Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PtPlatinum
Pt Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Pt NiggliitePtSn
Pt Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
ThThorium
Th Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dodson, R.G. (1957) Pegmatites of Kenya. in Commission de Coopération Technique en Afrique au Sud du Sahara (C.C.T.A.). Geologie. Comités regionaux Centre, Est et Sud. Conférence de Tananarive Avril 1957. I, 151-154.
King, B.C., Le Bas, M.J., Sutherland, D.S. (1972) The history of the alkaline volcanoes and intrusive complexes of eastern Uganda and western Kenya. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 128, 173-205.
Horkel, A.D., Neubauer, W., Niedermayr, G., Okelo, R.E., Wachira, J.K., Werneck, W. (1984) Notes on the Geology and Mineral Resources of the Southern Kenyan Coast. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen geologischen Gesellschaft 77, 151-159. [http://www2.uibk.ac.at/downloads/oegg/Band_77_151_159.pdf]
Lakkundi, T. (2012) Geology and Mineral Resources of Kenya with special emphasis on Minerals around Mombasa. Online PDF file. [http://www.academia.edu/3478616/Geology_and_Mineral_Resources_of_Kenya_with_special_emphasis_on_minerals_around_Mombasa]

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