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Kenya

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border marking, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
phonolite parasitic cones, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
carbonatite dyke, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
border marking, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
phonolite parasitic cones, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
carbonatite dyke, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
border marking, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
phonolite parasitic cones, Shombole volcano

Shompole, Kajiado County, Kenya
Area:581,309 km2
Locality type:Country


Kenya adopted a new constitution on 27 August 2010 and this came into force after the general elections on 27 March 2013. This resulted in the provinces being replaced with the following 47 semi-autonomous counties, some of which have the same name as the former provinces: Mombassa; Kwale; Kilifi; Tana River; Lamu; Taita/Taveta; Garissa; Wajir; Mandera; Marsabit; Isiolo; Meru; Tharaka-Nithi; Embu; Kitui; Machakos; Makueni; Nyandarua; Nyeri; Kirinyaga; Murang'a; Kiambu; Turkana; West Pokot; Samburu; Trans Nzoia; Uasin Gishu; Elgeyo/Marakwet; Nandi; Baringo; Laikipia; Nakuru; Narok; Kajiado; Kericho; Bomet; Kakamega; Vihiga; Bungoma; Busia; Siaya; Kisumu; Homa Bay; Migori; Kisii; Nyamira; and Nairobi City.

These 47 counties now form the first-order divisions of Kenya.

Under the constitution these county boundaries may only be altered by Parliamentary resolution in order to reflect, for example changing populations.

Prior to 2013, Kenya comprised the following eight provinces (mkoa singular, mikoa plural in Swahili): Central; Coast; Eastern; Nairobi; North Eastern; Nyanza; Rift Valley; and Western. These former provinces were subdivided into districts (wilaya). Many of the counties are equivalent to the old districts. The former provinces have been retained as non-hierarchical localities as many texts and references refer to these and the fact that the changes are fairly recent.

Note: East Africa Protectorate (also known as British East Africa) was an area of East Africa occupying roughly the same terrain as present-day Kenya; it was controlled by Britain in the late 19th century.


Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Actinolite

Aegirine

Aegirine-augite

Aenigmatite

Albite

var: Oligoclase

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

'Allanite Group'

'Amphibole Supergroup'

Analcime

Anatase

Andradite

var: Melanite

Anhydrite

Anorthite

'Anorthoclase'

'Apatite'

Aphthitalite

'Apophyllite'

Aragonite

Arfvedsonite

'Asbestos'

Augite

var: Fassaite

Baryte

'Bastnäsite'

Berdesinskiite (TL)

Beryl

var: Aquamarine

'Biotite'

Blödite

Bobierrite

Brookite

Brushite

Burkeite

Calcite

Cancrinite

'Chabazite'

Chalcopyrite

Chevkinite-(Ce)

Chlorapatite

'Chlorite Group'

'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'

Chromite

Chrysoberyl

Clinoferrosilite

'Clinoptilolite'

'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'

Corundum

var: Ruby

var: Sapphire

'Denhardtite'

Diamond

Diopside

Dolomite

Dravite

var: Chromian Dravite

Epidote

Epsomite

'Erionite'

Eudialyte

Eugsterite (TL)

Euxenite-(Y)

'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'

'Feldspar Group'

Ferro-richterite

Ferrosilite

'Florencite'

Florencite-(Ce)

Fluorapatite

var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite

Fluorite

Forsterite

Galena

'Garnet Group'

Gaylussite

'Glass'

'Gmelinite'

Goethite

Gold

Gonnardite

Gorceixite

Götzenite

Goyazite

Graphite

Grossular

var: Hessonite

var: Tsavorite

Gypsum

Halite

Halotrichite

Hannayite

Harmotome

Hedenbergite

Hematite

'Heulandite'

Hexahydrite

Hibonite

'Hornblende'

Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)

Hydroxylapatite

var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

Ilmenite

Irarsite

Iron

var: Kamacite

Jacobsite

Kanemite

Kaolinite

Kenyaite (TL)

'K Feldspar'

'var: Adularia'

Kogarkoite

Kolbeckite

Kornerupine

Kyanite

Laumontite

'Limonite'

Magadiite (TL)

Magnesio-arfvedsonite

Magnesioferrite

Magnesite

Magnetite

var: Titaniferous Magnetite

Makatite (TL)

Marcasite

'Melilite Group'

Microcline

Mirabilite

Mohrite

'Monazite'

Montdorite

Mullite

Muscovite

var: Illite

var: Sericite

Nahcolite

Natrolite

Natron

Nepheline

Newberyite

'Nickel-iron'

Niggliite

Nitromagnesite

Nyerereite

Opal

Orthoclase

'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'

Oxy-dravite (TL)

'Parisite'

Pectolite

Pentlandite

Perovskite

'Phillipsite'

Phlogopite

Pigeonite

'Plumbopyrochlore (of Atencio et al.)'

Polyhalite

Prehnite

'Psilomelane'

Pyrite

'Pyrochlore'

Pyrochlore Group

var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group

Pyrolusite

Pyrope

var: Rhodolite

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Amethyst

var: Blue Lace Agate

var: Chalcedony

var: Rose Quartz

var: Smoky Quartz

Richterite

Riebeckite

Rustenburgite

Rutile

Salammoniac

Sanidine

Sapphirine

'Scapolite'

Schreyerite (TL)

Sepiolite

'Serpentine Subgroup'

Siderite

Sillimanite

'Smectite Group'

Sodalite

Sperrylite

Sphalerite

Spinel

Stercorite

'Stilbite'

Sylvite

'Synchysite'

Syngenite

Taranakite

'Thénardite'

Thermonatrite

Thomsonite-Ca

Titanite

Topaz

'Tourmaline'

Tremolite

Tridymite

Trona

Turquoise

'Uhligite'

'Uvite Series'

'Verdelite'

Villiaumite

Whitlockite

Wollastonite

'Zeolite Group'

Zircon


147 valid minerals. 7 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Localities in this Region
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This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Dodson, R.G. (1957) Pegmatites of Kenya. in Commission de Coopération Technique en Afrique au Sud du Sahara (C.C.T.A.). Geologie. Comités regionaux Centre, Est et Sud. Conférence de Tananarive Avril 1957. I, 151-154.
King, B.C., Le Bas, M.J., Sutherland, D.S. (1972) The history of the alkaline volcanoes and intrusive complexes of eastern Uganda and western Kenya. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 128, 173-205.
Horkel, A.D., Neubauer, W., Niedermayr, G., Okelo, R.E., Wachira, J.K., Werneck, W. (1984) Notes on the Geology and Mineral Resources of the Southern Kenyan Coast. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen geologischen Gesellschaft 77, 151-159. [http://www2.uibk.ac.at/downloads/oegg/Band_77_151_159.pdf]
Lakkundi, T. (2012) Geology and Mineral Resources of Kenya with special emphasis on Minerals around Mombasa. Online PDF file. [http://www.academia.edu/3478616/Geology_and_Mineral_Resources_of_Kenya_with_special_emphasis_on_minerals_around_Mombasa]

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