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Chelmsford Lime Quarries, Chelmsford, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USAi
Regional Level Types
Chelmsford Lime QuarriesGroup of Quarries
Chelmsford- not defined -
Middlesex Co.County
MassachusettsState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
42° 35' 35'' North , 71° 21' 57'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Group of Quarries
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Chelmsford33,925 (2017)0.7km
Lowell110,699 (2017)6.1km
Westford21,587 (2017)6.1km
Carlisle4,799 (2017)7.2km
Billerica39,904 (2017)8.8km


Quarries in metamorphosed limestone worked from the 1700's to 1830. In 1820, there were five lime quarries operating in this area. It is said that the mortar made with Chelmsford lime was "so strong and clings so tenaciously, that bricks laid in it are not worth cleaning".

"Chelmsfordite" was described as a new mineral by J. F. Dana & S. L. Dana in 1818. This mineral was later determined to be scapolite. James Freeman Dana (1793-1827), was born in Amherst, New Hampshire, and was a chemist, professor and author. His brother, Samuel Luther Dana (1795-1868) was also a noted chemist.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Colour: green
Reference: Gleba, P. (1978) Massachusetts Mineral and Fossil Localities. Barton, W.R., Goldsmith, C.E. (1968) New England Beryllium Investigations. U.S. Depaartment of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Report of investigations 7070. 177 pages and maps.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Cook, L.P. (1974) Metamorphosed Carbonate Rocks of the Nashoba Formation, Eastern Massachusetts. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University PhD Dissertation, 454 pages.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Gleba, P. (1978) Massachusetts Mineral and Fossil Localities. Barton, W.R., Goldsmith, C.E. (1968) New England Beryllium Investigations. U.S. Depaartment of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Report of investigations 7070. 177 pages and maps.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Gleba, P. (1978) Massachusetts Mineral and Fossil Localities. Barton, W.R., Goldsmith, C.E. (1968) New England Beryllium Investigations. U.S. Depaartment of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Report of investigations 7070. 177 pages and maps.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Cook, L.P. (1974) Metamorphosed Carbonate Rocks of the Nashoba Formation, Eastern Massachusetts. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University PhD Dissertation, 454 pages.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: P. Cristofono collection
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Gleba, P. (1978) Massachusetts Mineral and Fossil Localities. Barton, W.R., Goldsmith, C.E. (1968) New England Beryllium Investigations. U.S. Depaartment of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Report of investigations 7070. 177 pages and maps.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Cook, L.P. (1974) Metamorphosed Carbonate Rocks of the Nashoba Formation, Eastern Massachusetts. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University PhD Dissertation, 454 pages.
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Cook, L.P. (1974) Metamorphosed Carbonate Rocks of the Nashoba Formation, Eastern Massachusetts. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University PhD Dissertation, 454 pages.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Gleba, P. (1978) Massachusetts Mineral and Fossil Localities. Barton, W.R., Goldsmith, C.E. (1968) New England Beryllium Investigations. U.S. Depaartment of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Report of investigations 7070. 177 pages and maps.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Colour: yellow-green, greenish brown, brown
Reference: Peter Cristofono collection, 2017
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Cook, 1974.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: P. Cristofono collection, 2017
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Gleba, P. (1978) Massachusetts Mineral and Fossil Localities. Barton, W.R., Goldsmith, C.E. (1968) New England Beryllium Investigations. U.S. Depaartment of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Report of investigations 7070. 177 pages and maps.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Gleba, P. (1978) Massachusetts Mineral and Fossil Localities. Barton, W.R., Goldsmith, C.E. (1968) New England Beryllium Investigations. U.S. Depaartment of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Report of investigations 7070. 177 pages and maps.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Gleba, P. (1978) Massachusetts Mineral and Fossil Localities. Barton, W.R., Goldsmith, C.E. (1968) New England Beryllium Investigations. U.S. Depaartment of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Report of investigations 7070. 177 pages and maps.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Cook, L.P. (1974) Metamorphosed Carbonate Rocks of the Nashoba Formation, Eastern Massachusetts. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University PhD Dissertation, 454 pages.
'Scapolite'
Reference: Gleba, P. (1978) Massachusetts Mineral and Fossil Localities. Barton, W.R., Goldsmith, C.E. (1968) New England Beryllium Investigations. U.S. Depaartment of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Report of investigations 7070. 177 pages and maps.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Gleba, P. (1978) Massachusetts Mineral and Fossil Localities. Barton, W.R., Goldsmith, C.E. (1968) New England Beryllium Investigations. U.S. Depaartment of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Report of investigations 7070. 177 pages and maps.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Hitchcock, E. (1833) Report on the Geology, Mineralogy, Botany, and Zoology of Massachusetts. J.S.& C. Adams, Amherst, pp. 307-311.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Gleba, P. (1978) Massachusetts Mineral and Fossil Localities. Yale Peabody Museum no. 1722. Barton, W.R., Goldsmith, C.E. (1968) New England Beryllium Investigations. U.S. Depaartment of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Report of investigations 7070. 177 pages and maps.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Colour: brown
Reference: Gleba, P. (1978) Massachusetts Mineral and Fossil Localities. Barton, W.R., Goldsmith, C.E. (1968) New England Beryllium Investigations. U.S. Depaartment of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Report of investigations 7070. 177 pages and maps.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Peter Cristofono collection, 2017

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Hornblende'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
AX2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Hornblende'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O RutileTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O GeikieliteMgTiO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg GeikieliteMgTiO3
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti GeikieliteMgTiO3
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dana, J.F., Dana, S.L. (1818) Outlines of the mineralogy and geology of Boston and its vicinity, with a geological map. Cummings and Hilliard, University Press, 108 pages. 
Rev. Wilkes Allen (1820) The History of Chelmsford (From its origin in 1653 to the year 1820).
Hitchcock, E. (1833) Report on the Geology, Mineralogy, Botany, and Zoology of Massachusetts, pp. 307-311.
Barton, W.R., Goldsmith, C.E. (1968) New England Beryllium Investigations. U.S. Depaartment of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Report of investigations 7070. 177 pages and maps.
Cook, L.P. (1974) Metamorphosed Carbonate Rocks of the Nashoba Formation, Eastern Massachusetts. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University PhD Dissertation, 454 pages.
Gleba, P. (1978) Massachusetts Mineral and Fossil Localities.

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