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Saudi Arabiai
Regional Level Types
Saudi ArabiaCountry

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Name in French:Arabie saoudite
Name in German:Saudi-Arabien
Name in Italian:Arabia Saudita
Name in Russian:Саудовская Аравия
Name in Simplified Chinese:沙特阿拉伯
Name in Spanish:Arabia Saudita
Name in Afrikaans:Saoedi-Arabië
Name in Albanian:Arabia Saudite
Name in Arabic:السعودية
Name in Belarusian:Саудаўская Аравія
Name in Bulgarian:Саудитска Арабия
Name in Catalan:Aràbia Saudita
Name in Czech:Saúdská Arábie
Name in Danish:Saudi-Arabien
Name in Dutch:Saoedi-Arabië
Name in Estonian:Saudi Araabia
Name in Farsi/Persian:عربستان سعودی
Name in Finnish:Saudi-Arabia
Name in Galician:Arabia Saudí
Name in Greek:Σαουδική Αραβία
Name in Hebrew:ערב הסעודית
Name in Hindi:सउदी अरब
Name in Hungarian:Szaúd-Arábia
Name in Icelandic:Sádí-Arabía
Name in Indonesian:Arab Saudi
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Araib Shádach
Name in Japanese:サウジアラビア
Name in Korean:사우디아라비아
Name in Latvian:Saūda Arābija
Name in Lithuanian:Saudo Arabija
Name in Macedonian:Саудиска Арабија
Name in Norwegian:Saudi-Arabia
Name in Polish:Arabia Saudyjska
Name in Portuguese:Arábia Saudita
Name in Romanian:Arabia Saudită
Name in Serbian:Саудијска Арабија
Name in Slovak:Saudská Arábia
Name in Slovenian:Saudova Arabija
Name in Swahili:Saudia
Name in Swedish:Saudiarabien
Name in Tagalog:Arabyang Saudi
Name in Thai:ประเทศซาอุดีอาระเบีย
Name in Turkish:Suudi Arabistan
Name in Ukrainian:Саудівська Аравія
Name in Vietnamese:Ả Rập Saudi
Name in Welsh:Saudi Arabia
Area:2,149,690 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Riyadh4,205,961 (2016)
Jeddah2,867,446 (2018)
Mecca1,323,624 (2018)
Medina1,300,000 (2014)
Sulţānah946,697 (2012)
Dammam768,602 (2014)


Saudi Arabia is divided into thirteen manaţiq (sing. minţaqah: regions or emirates; also translated as provinces).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

163 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Abhurite (TL)
Formula: Sn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Type Locality:
Reference: Matzko, J. J., Evans, H. T., Jr., Mrose, M. E. and Aruscavage, P. (1985) Abhurite, a new tin hydroxychloride mineral, and a comparative study with a synthetic basic tin chloride. Canadian Mineralogist. 23, 233-240
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: C. F. Blain (1978) Hydrothermal Nickelian Mackinawite in Nickel Mineralization at Wadi Qatan, Saudi Arabia. Mineralogical Magazine 42:284-286
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Zulfiqar, A. & Hariri, M. M. (2006): Formation and mineral chemistry of a calcic skarn from Al-Madhiq, SW Saudi Arabia. Chemie der Erde 66, 187-201.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Description: Occasional albite twinning plus rare instances of pericline twinning.
Reference: Kraut, F. & Fredriksson, K. (1971) Hedjaz, an L-3, L-4, L-5 and L-6 chondrite. Meteoritics 6: p. 284.; Misawa, K. & Nakamura, N. (1987) The Hedjaz Meteorite: REE Abundances in Chondrules and Lithic Fragments: Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, volume 18, page 645.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Bokhari, M. M., Jackson, N. J., & Al Oweidi, K. (1986). Geology and mineralization of the Jabal Umm Al Suqian albitized apogranite, southern Najd region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Journal of African Earth Sciences (1983), 4, 189-198.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: USGS Open File Report 1976-0865
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Description: Most common plagioclase composition.
Reference: Fredriksson, K., Fredriksson, B. J. & Kraut, F. (1986) The Hedjaz meteorite: Meteoritics 21(2): 159-168. (June 1986).
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Description: Most common plagioclase composition.
Reference: Fredriksson, K., Fredriksson, B. J. & Kraut, F. (1986) The Hedjaz meteorite: Meteoritics 21(2): 159-168. (June 1986).
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Matzko, J. J., Evans, H. T., Jr., Mrose, M. E. and Aruscavage, P. (1985) Abhurite, a new tin hydroxychloride mineral, and a comparative study with a synthetic basic tin chloride. Canadian Mineralogist. 23, 233-240
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Archerite
Formula: (K,NH4)(H2PO4)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Arnhemite'
Formula: (K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Arseniosiderite ?
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1414-1434
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: T. P. Pedersen, SCHWERTMANNITE AND AWARUITE AS ALTERATION PRODUCTS IN IRON METEORITES. 62nd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
'Biotite'
Biphosphammite
Formula: (NH4,K)(H2PO4)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: USGS Open File Report 1976-0865
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Testard, J., Tegyey, M., Picot, P., Maury, M., & Kosakevitch, M. (1979, June). Khnaiguiyah: Mineralization in an Acid Volcanosedimentary Environment. In Evolution and Mineralization of the Arabian-Nubian Shield: Proceedings of a Symposium Convened (Vol. 3, p. 80). Pergamon Press.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Wlotzka, F. (2005) Cr spinel and chromite as petrogenetic indictors in ordinary chondrites: Equilibrium temperatures of petrologic type 3.7 to 6. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40 (11): 1673-1702. (Nov 2005).
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Description: Both Ca-poor clinopyroxene and diopside are present.
Reference: Fredriksson, K., Fredriksson, B. J. & Kraut, F. (1986) The Hedjaz meteorite: Meteoritics 21(2): 159-168. (June 1986).
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Gnos, E., Hofmann, B. A., Halawani, M. A., Tarabulsi, Y., Hakeem, M., Al Shanti, M., ... & Ramseyer, K. (2013). The Wabar impact craters, Saudi Arabia, revisited. Meteoritics & planetary science, 48(10), 2000-2014.
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Reference: Meteoritics, Vol. 17, p.179
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Atencio, D., Bastos Neto, A.C., Pereira, V.P., Ferron, J.T.M.M., Hoshino, M., Moriyama, T., Watanabe, Y., Miyawaki, R., Coutinho, J.M.V., Andrade, M.B., Domanik, K., Chukanov, N.V., Momma, K., Hirano, H., Tsunematsu, M. (2015): Waimirite-(Y), orthorhombic YF3, a new mineral from the Pitinga mine, Presidente Figueiredo, Amazonas, Brazil and from Jabal Tawlah, Saudi Arabia: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 767-780.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Conichalcite ?
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1414-1434
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Nehlig, P., Salpeteur, I., Asfirane, F., Bouchot, V., Eberlé, J. M., & Genna, A. (1999). The Mineral Potential of the Arabian Shield: A reassessment. In Proceedings of the IUGS/UNESCO Meeting on the “Base and Precious Metal Deposits in the Arabian Shield”, Jeddah, November (pp. 12-19).
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Faheha, A. A., Hamidalddin, S. Q., Al-Turkestany, N. A., & Ibraheim, N. M. (2012). Concentrations Of Natural And Man-Made Radioactivity Of Surface Soil In Al-Madinh Al-Monawarah, Western Province of Saudi Arabia. Isotope and Radiation Research, 44(2), 495-504.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Atencio, D., Bastos Neto, A.C., Pereira, V.P., Ferron, J.T.M.M., Hoshino, M., Moriyama, T., Watanabe, Y., Miyawaki, R., Coutinho, J.M.V., Andrade, M.B., Domanik, K., Chukanov, N.V., Momma, K., Hirano, H., Tsunematsu, M. (2015): Waimirite-(Y), orthorhombic YF3, a new mineral from the Pitinga mine, Presidente Figueiredo, Amazonas, Brazil and from Jabal Tawlah, Saudi Arabia: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 767-780.
'Faujasite'
Reference: Faheha, A. A., Hamidalddin, S. Q., Al-Turkestany, N. A., & Ibraheim, N. M. (2012). Concentrations Of Natural And Man-Made Radioactivity Of Surface Soil In Al-Madinh Al-Monawarah, Western Province of Saudi Arabia. Isotope and Radiation Research, 44(2), 495-504.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Habit: Blades 2-10cm long near pegmatites
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1414-1434
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.; Atencio, D., Bastos Neto, A.C., Pereira, V.P., Ferron, J.T.M.M., Hoshino, M., Moriyama, T., Watanabe, Y., Miyawaki, R., Coutinho, J.M.V., Andrade, M.B., Domanik, K., Chukanov, N.V., Momma, K., Hirano, H., Tsunematsu, M. (2015): Waimirite-(Y), orthorhombic YF3, a new mineral from the Pitinga mine, Presidente Figueiredo, Amazonas, Brazil and from Jabal Tawlah, Saudi Arabia: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 767-780.
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: Surour, A. A. (2015). Cu–Mn–Fe alloys and Mn-rich amphiboles in ancient copper slags from the Jabal Samran area, Saudi Arabia: With synopsis on chemistry of Fe–Mn (III) oxyhydroxides in alteration zones. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 101, 70-83.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1414-1434
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Description: Forsterite, sensu strictu, grains (Fo97) present.
Reference: Grady, M.M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pp.
Frohbergite
Formula: FeTe2
Gagarinite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaYF6
Reference: Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Geerite
Formula: Cu8S5
Geigerite
Formula: Mn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Faheha, A. A., Hamidalddin, S. Q., Al-Turkestany, N. A., & Ibraheim, N. M. (2012). Concentrations Of Natural And Man-Made Radioactivity Of Surface Soil In Al-Madinh Al-Monawarah, Western Province of Saudi Arabia. Isotope and Radiation Research, 44(2), 495-504.
'Glass'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Charles Creekmur collection
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Surour, A. A., & Bakhsh, R. (2013). Microfabrics and microchemistry of sulfide ores from the 640 FW-E level at the Al Amar gold mine, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure, 1(3), 96-110.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: USGS Open File Report 1976-0865
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Hillebrandite
Formula: Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1977) 8:391
'Hornblende'
'Hydrohetaerolite'
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Reference: Testard, J., Tegyey, M., Picot, P., Maury, M., & Kosakevitch, M. (1979, June). Khnaiguiyah: Mineralization in an Acid Volcanosedimentary Environment. In Evolution and Mineralization of the Arabian-Nubian Shield: Proceedings of a Symposium Convened (Vol. 3, p. 80). Pergamon Press.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: USGS Open File Report 1976-0865
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.; Bokhari, M. M., Jackson, N. J., & Al Oweidi, K. (1986). Geology and mineralization of the Jabal Umm Al Suqian albitized apogranite, southern Najd region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Journal of African Earth Sciences (1983), 4, 189-198.
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Reference: Testard, J., Tegyey, M., Picot, P., Maury, M., & Kosakevitch, M. (1979, June). Khnaiguiyah: Mineralization in an Acid Volcanosedimentary Environment. In Evolution and Mineralization of the Arabian-Nubian Shield: Proceedings of a Symposium Convened (Vol. 3, p. 80). Pergamon Press.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Faheha, A. A., Hamidalddin, S. Q., Al-Turkestany, N. A., & Ibraheim, N. M. (2012). Concentrations Of Natural And Man-Made Radioactivity Of Surface Soil In Al-Madinh Al-Monawarah, Western Province of Saudi Arabia. Isotope and Radiation Research, 44(2), 495-504.
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: USGS Open File Report 1976-0865
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Matzko, J. J., Evans, H. T., Jr., Mrose, M. E. and Aruscavage, P. (1985) Abhurite, a new tin hydroxychloride mineral, and a comparative study with a synthetic basic tin chloride. Canadian Mineralogist. 23, 233-240
Leucoxene
Reference: USGS Open File Report 1976-0865
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Nehlig, P., Salpeteur, I., Asfirane, F., Bouchot, V., Eberlé, J. M., & Genna, A. (1999). The Mineral Potential of the Arabian Shield: A reassessment. In Proceedings of the IUGS/UNESCO Meeting on the “Base and Precious Metal Deposits in the Arabian Shield”, Jeddah, November (pp. 12-19).
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: C. F. Blain (1978) Hydrothermal Nickelian Mackinawite in Nickel Mineralization at Wadi Qatan, Saudi Arabia. Mineralogical Magazine 42:284-286
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Mckinstryite
Formula: Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Reference: Fredriksson, K., Fredriksson, B. J. & Kraut, F. (1986) The Hedjaz meteorite: Meteoritics 21(2): 159-168. (June 1986).; Misawa, K. & Nakamura, N. (1987) The Hedjaz Meteorite: REE Abundances in Chondrules and Lithic Fragments: Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, volume 18, page 645.
Metatyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Offretite
Formula: KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Reference: Faheha, A. A., Hamidalddin, S. Q., Al-Turkestany, N. A., & Ibraheim, N. M. (2012). Concentrations Of Natural And Man-Made Radioactivity Of Surface Soil In Al-Madinh Al-Monawarah, Western Province of Saudi Arabia. Isotope and Radiation Research, 44(2), 495-504.
'Oolitic Quartz'
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Surour, A. A. (2015). Cu–Mn–Fe alloys and Mn-rich amphiboles in ancient copper slags from the Jabal Samran area, Saudi Arabia: With synopsis on chemistry of Fe–Mn (III) oxyhydroxides in alteration zones. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 101, 70-83.
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Faheha, A. A., Hamidalddin, S. Q., Al-Turkestany, N. A., & Ibraheim, N. M. (2012). Concentrations Of Natural And Man-Made Radioactivity Of Surface Soil In Al-Madinh Al-Monawarah, Western Province of Saudi Arabia. Isotope and Radiation Research, 44(2), 495-504.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
'Plessite'
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Nehlig, P., Salpeteur, I., Asfirane, F., Bouchot, V., Eberlé, J. M., & Genna, A. (1999). The Mineral Potential of the Arabian Shield: A reassessment. In Proceedings of the IUGS/UNESCO Meeting on the “Base and Precious Metal Deposits in the Arabian Shield”, Jeddah, November (pp. 12-19).
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1414-1434
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Reference: Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
'Pyrocoproite'
Formula: (K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: USGS Open File Report 1976-0865
'Pyrophosphite'
Formula: K2Ca(P2O7)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Nehlig, P., Salpeteur, I., Asfirane, F., Bouchot, V., Eberlé, J. M., & Genna, A. (1999). The Mineral Potential of the Arabian Shield: A reassessment. In Proceedings of the IUGS/UNESCO Meeting on the “Base and Precious Metal Deposits in the Arabian Shield”, Jeddah, November (pp. 12-19).
Quartz var: Jasper
Reevesite
Formula: Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Doebrich, J. L., Al-Jehani, A. M., Siddiqui, A. A., Hayes, T. S., Wooden, J. L., & Johnson, P. R. (2007). Geology and metallogeny of the Ar Rayn terrane, eastern Arabian shield: evolution of a Neoproterozoic continental-margin arc during assembly of Gondwana within the East African Orogen. Precambrian Research, 158(1), 17-50.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Doebrich, J. L., Al-Jehani, A. M., Siddiqui, A. A., Hayes, T. S., Wooden, J. L., & Johnson, P. R. (2007). Geology and metallogeny of the Ar Rayn terrane, eastern Arabian shield: evolution of a Neoproterozoic continental-margin arc during assembly of Gondwana within the East African Orogen. Precambrian Research, 158(1), 17-50.
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Riebeckite ?
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
Romarchite
Formula: SnO
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/romarchite.pdf.; Matzko, J. J., Evans, H. T., Jr., Mrose, M. E. and Aruscavage, P. (1985) Abhurite, a new tin hydroxychloride mineral, and a comparative study with a synthetic basic tin chloride. Canadian Mineralogist. 23, 233-240
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Description: Mostly accessory to Serpentine
Reference: Guan, Y. & Zolensky, M. E. (1997) The D/H ratios of round phyllosilicate and glass spherules in the AL Rais (CR) chondrite. Conference Paper, Lunar and Planetary Science XXVIII: p. 485. (March 1997)
'Scapolite'
Reference: Zulfiqar, A. & Hariri, M. M. (2006): Formation and mineral chemistry of a calcic skarn from Al-Madhiq, SW Saudi Arabia. Chemie der Erde 66, 187-201.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Meteoritics, Vol. 17, p.179
Scorodite ?
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1414-1434
Senaite
Formula: Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Reference: Staatz H.M. and Brownfield I.K. 1986, Tarce- and minor-element mineralogy of the microgranite at ghurayyah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. US-Geological Survey Open-File report 86.105
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: USGS Open File Report 1976-0865
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Testard, J., Tegyey, M., Picot, P., Maury, M., & Kosakevitch, M. (1979, June). Khnaiguiyah: Mineralization in an Acid Volcanosedimentary Environment. In Evolution and Mineralization of the Arabian-Nubian Shield: Proceedings of a Symposium Convened (Vol. 3, p. 80). Pergamon Press.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Stishovite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Gnos, E., Hofmann, B. A., Halawani, M. A., Tarabulsi, Y., Hakeem, M., Al Shanti, M., ... & Ramseyer, K. (2013). The Wabar impact craters, Saudi Arabia, revisited. Meteoritics & planetary science, 48(10), 2000-2014.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Nehlig, P., Salpeteur, I., Asfirane, F., Bouchot, V., Eberlé, J. M., & Genna, A. (1999). The Mineral Potential of the Arabian Shield: A reassessment. In Proceedings of the IUGS/UNESCO Meeting on the “Base and Precious Metal Deposits in the Arabian Shield”, Jeddah, November (pp. 12-19).
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Tinaksite
Formula: K2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]
Reference: Faheha, A. A., Hamidalddin, S. Q., Al-Turkestany, N. A., & Ibraheim, N. M. (2012). Concentrations Of Natural And Man-Made Radioactivity Of Surface Soil In Al-Madinh Al-Monawarah, Western Province of Saudi Arabia. Isotope and Radiation Research, 44(2), 495-504.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1414-1434
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Testard, J., Tegyey, M., Picot, P., Maury, M., & Kosakevitch, M. (1979, June). Khnaiguiyah: Mineralization in an Acid Volcanosedimentary Environment. In Evolution and Mineralization of the Arabian-Nubian Shield: Proceedings of a Symposium Convened (Vol. 3, p. 80). Pergamon Press.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Description: In acicular pyroxene chondrules.
Reference: Kraut, F. & Fredriksson, K. (1971) Hedjaz, an L-3, L-4, L-5 and L-6 chondrite. Meteoritics 6: p. 284.; Fredriksson, K., Fredriksson, B. J. & Kraut, F. (1986) The Hedjaz meteorite: Meteoritics 21(2): 159-168. (June 1986).
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Tunisite
Formula: NaCa2Al4(CO3)4(OH)8Cl
Reference: Faheha, A. A., Hamidalddin, S. Q., Al-Turkestany, N. A., & Ibraheim, N. M. (2012). Concentrations Of Natural And Man-Made Radioactivity Of Surface Soil In Al-Madinh Al-Monawarah, Western Province of Saudi Arabia. Isotope and Radiation Research, 44(2), 495-504.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Urea
Formula: CO(NH2)2
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Reference: Nehlig, P., Salpeteur, I., Asfirane, F., Bouchot, V., Eberlé, J. M., & Genna, A. (1999). The Mineral Potential of the Arabian Shield: A reassessment. In Proceedings of the IUGS/UNESCO Meeting on the “Base and Precious Metal Deposits in the Arabian Shield”, Jeddah, November (pp. 12-19).
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1414-1434
Volkovskite
Formula: KCa4[B5O8OH]4[B(OH)3]2Cl · 4H2O
Reference: Faheha, A. A., Hamidalddin, S. Q., Al-Turkestany, N. A., & Ibraheim, N. M. (2012). Concentrations Of Natural And Man-Made Radioactivity Of Surface Soil In Al-Madinh Al-Monawarah, Western Province of Saudi Arabia. Isotope and Radiation Research, 44(2), 495-504.
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Vulcanite
Formula: CuTe
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
'Wad'
Waimirite-(Y)
Formula: YF3
Reference: Atencio, D., Bastos Neto, A.C., Pereira, V.P., Ferron, J.T.M.M., Hoshino, M., Moriyama, T., Watanabe, Y., Miyawaki, R., Coutinho, J.M.V., Andrade, M.B., Domanik, K., Chukanov, N.V., Momma, K., Hirano, H., Tsunematsu, M. (2015): Waimirite-(Y), orthorhombic YF3, a new mineral from the Pitinga mine, Presidente Figueiredo, Amazonas, Brazil and from Jabal Tawlah, Saudi Arabia: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 767-780.
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1414-1434
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zirkelite ?
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Reference: Economic Geology (1996) 91:1414-1434

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Cohenite1.BA.05Fe3C
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Frohbergite2.EB.10aFeTe2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geerite2.BA.05Cu8S5
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Mckinstryite2.BA.40Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rickardite2.BA.30Cu7Te5
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Volynskite2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Vulcanite2.CB.75CuTe
Group 3 - Halides
Abhurite (TL)3.DA.30Sn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gagarinite-(Y)3.AB.35NaCaYF6
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Hydrohetaerolite'4.BB.10ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Metatyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Romarchite4.AC.20SnO
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Senaite4.CC.40Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Stishovite4.DA.40SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Varlamoffite4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Zirkelite ?4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reevesite5.DA.50Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Tunisite5.BB.15NaCa2Al4(CO3)4(OH)8Cl
Group 6 - Borates
Volkovskite6.EC.20KCa4[B5O8OH]4[B(OH)3]2Cl · 4H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Arcanite7.AD.05K2SO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Archerite8.AD.15(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
'Arnhemite'8.FC.20(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Arseniosiderite ?8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Biphosphammite8.AD.15(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
Conichalcite ?8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Geigerite8.CE.05Mn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
'Pyrocoproite'8.FA.20(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
'Pyrophosphite'8.FA.20K2Ca(P2O7)
Scorodite ?8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hillebrandite9.DG.40Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Johannsenite9.DA.15CaMn2+Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Offretite9.GD.25KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Riebeckite ?9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Tinaksite9.DG.75K2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Urea10.CA.35CO(NH2)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Apatite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Faujasite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Oolitic Quartz'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Plessite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
Waimirite-(Y)-YF3
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Cohenite1.1.16.1Fe3C
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Mckinstryite2.4.5.1Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Vulcanite2.8.13.1CuTe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Frohbergite2.12.2.3FeTe2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Vaesite2.12.1.2NiS2
Miscellaneous
Rickardite2.16.15.1Cu7Te5
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
ø = 2
Volynskite3.7.1.3AgBiTe2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Romarchite4.2.5.1SnO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Stishovite4.4.1.9SiO2
Varlamoffite4.4.2.1(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
'Hydrohetaerolite'7.2.7.3ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Zirkelite ?8.2.5.1(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
AB21O38
Senaite8.5.1.4Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Am(O,OH)pXq
Abhurite (TL)10.5.9.1Sn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX6
Gagarinite-(Y)11.5.6.1NaCaYF6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Tunisite16a.5.2.1NaCa2Al4(CO3)4(OH)8Cl
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Dundasite16b.2.1.1PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reevesite16b.6.3.1Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Pentaborates
Volkovskite26.5.16.1KCa4[B5O8OH]4[B(OH)3]2Cl · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Arcanite28.2.1.2K2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Archerite37.1.4.2(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
Biphosphammite37.1.4.1(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Miscellaneous
'Pyrophosphite'38.5.8.K2Ca(P2O7)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Geigerite39.2.6.2Mn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metatyuyamunite40.2a.26.2Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite ?40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite ?41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite ?42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Miscellaneous
Urea50.4.6.1CO(NH2)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Johannsenite65.1.3a.4CaMn2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Hillebrandite65.2.3.1Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 67 - INOSILICATES Unbranched Chains with W > 2
Unbranched Chains with W>2 with W=5
Tinaksite67.2.1.1K2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite75.1.4.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Offretite77.1.2.4KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase-Albite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Arnhemite'-(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
Clinochlore
var: Ripidolite
-(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Faujasite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Geerite-Cu8S5
'Glass'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Oolitic Quartz'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Plessite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyrocoproite'-(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
Riebeckite ?-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
Waimirite-(Y)-YF3
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
H SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
H Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
H Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
H Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H UreaCO(NH2)2
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2O
H VolkovskiteKCa4[B5O8OH]4[B(OH)3]2Cl · 4H2O
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
H GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
H DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
H TunisiteNaCa2Al4(CO3)4(OH)8Cl
H OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B VolkovskiteKCa4[B5O8OH]4[B(OH)3]2Cl · 4H2O
CCarbon
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
C UreaCO(NH2)2
C CoheniteFe3C
C GraphiteC
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
C DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
C TunisiteNaCa2Al4(CO3)4(OH)8Cl
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
NNitrogen
N Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
N UreaCO(NH2)2
OOxygen
O AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
O QuartzSiO2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O SideriteFeCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O BaryteBaSO4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O UraniniteUO2
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O RomarchiteSnO
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
O RutileTiO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
O Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
O ArcaniteK2SO4
O Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
O Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
O UreaCO(NH2)2
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
O MaghemiteFe23+O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2O
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O TridymiteSiO2
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O VolkovskiteKCa4[B5O8OH]4[B(OH)3]2Cl · 4H2O
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
O GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
O DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
O TunisiteNaCa2Al4(CO3)4(OH)8Cl
O OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O TenoriteCuO
O CupriteCu2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O StishoviteSiO2
O CoesiteSiO2
O Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
FFluorine
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Gagarinite-(Y)NaCaYF6
F Waimirite-(Y)YF3
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Na Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Gagarinite-(Y)NaCaYF6
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]
Na TunisiteNaCa2Al4(CO3)4(OH)8Cl
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Mg Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Al TunisiteNaCa2Al4(CO3)4(OH)8Cl
Al OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si StishoviteSiO2
Si CoesiteSiO2
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
P Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
P Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
P PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S BaryteBaSO4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S StibniteSb2S3
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S MarcasiteFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S ArcaniteK2SO4
S TroiliteFeS
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S AlabanditeMnS
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S AnglesitePbSO4
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S VaesiteNiS2
S PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S MckinstryiteAg5-xCu3+xS4
S AniliteCu7S4
S GeeriteCu8S5
ClChlorine
Cl AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl VolkovskiteKCa4[B5O8OH]4[B(OH)3]2Cl · 4H2O
Cl TunisiteNaCa2Al4(CO3)4(OH)8Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
K ArcaniteK2SO4
K Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
K Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
K Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
K PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K VolkovskiteKCa4[B5O8OH]4[B(OH)3]2Cl · 4H2O
K TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]
K OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ca WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Ca PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
Ca Gagarinite-(Y)NaCaYF6
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Ca VolkovskiteKCa4[B5O8OH]4[B(OH)3]2Cl · 4H2O
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]
Ca TunisiteNaCa2Al4(CO3)4(OH)8Cl
Ca OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
TiTitanium
Ti SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]
Ti Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
VVanadium
V MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
V SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
CrChromium
Cr SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Mn HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2O
Mn GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe FrohbergiteFeTe2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe MaghemiteFe23+O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe CoheniteFe3C
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Fe IronFe
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
NiNickel
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Ni VaesiteNiS2
Ni PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
CuCopper
Cu VulcaniteCuTe
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu RickarditeCu7Te5
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu MckinstryiteAg5-xCu3+xS4
Cu AniliteCu7S4
Cu GeeriteCu8S5
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Zn HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2O
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Y Gagarinite-(Y)NaCaYF6
Y Waimirite-(Y)YF3
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Ag VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag SilverAg
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag MckinstryiteAg5-xCu3+xS4
SnTin
Sn AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn RomarchiteSnO
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
TeTellurium
Te VulcaniteCuTe
Te FrohbergiteFeTe2
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te AltaitePbTe
Te Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te RickarditeCu7Te5
Te VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Te TelluriumTe
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
Au Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Bi BismuthBi
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
U SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
U UraniniteUO2
U Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Quaternary : 0.0002 Ma to 0 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Quaternary
   Anthropocene
ⓘ Abhurite (youngest age)0 MaSharm Abhur Cove, Jiddah (Jeddah), Mintaqah Makkah, Saudi Arabia
ⓘ Abhurite (oldest age)Anthropocene
(0 - 0.0002 Ma)
Sharm Abhur Cove, Jiddah (Jeddah), Mintaqah Makkah, Saudi Arabia

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Al-Shanti, A. M. S. (1995): mineral deposits in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Sci. Publ. Centre, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah
Nehlig, P., Salpeteur, I., Asfirane, F., Bouchot, V., Eberlé, J. M., & Genna, A. (1999). The Mineral Potential of the Arabian Shield: A reassessment. In Proceedings of the IUGS/UNESCO Meeting on the “Base and Precious Metal Deposits in the Arabian Shield”, Jeddah, November (pp. 12-19).

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