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Madagascari
Regional Level Types
MadagascarCountry

Key
Lock Map
Placer gold mining, ca. 1900.

Madagascar
Placer gold mining, ca. 1910

Madagascar
Placer gold mining, ca. 1900.

Madagascar
Placer gold mining, ca. 1910

Madagascar
Placer gold mining, ca. 1900.

Madagascar
Name in French:Madagascar
Name in German:Madagaskar
Name in Italian:Madagascar
Name in Malagasy:Madagasikara
Name in Russian:Мадагаскар
Name in Simplified Chinese:马达加斯加
Name in Spanish:Madagascar
Name in Achinese:Madagaskar
Name in Afrikaans:Madagaskar
Name in Albanian:Madagaskari
Name in Alemannic:Madagaskar
Name in Amharic:ማዳጋስካር
Name in Anglo-Saxon:Madagascar
Name in Arabic:مدغشقر
Name in Aragonese:Madagascar
Name in Armenian:Մադագասկար
Name in Asturian:Madagascar
Name in Azeri:Madaqaskar
Name in Bambara:Madagaskar
Name in Bashkir:Мадагаскар
Name in Basque:Madagaskar
Name in Belarusian:Мадагаскар
Name in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):Мадагаскар
Name in Bengali:মাদাগাস্কার
Name in Bishnupriya Manipuri:মাদাগাস্কার
Name in Bislama:Madagaskar
Name in Bosnian:Madagaskar
Name in Breton:Madagaskar
Name in Bulgarian:Мадагаскар
Name in Burmese:မဒါဂတ်စကားနိုင်ငံ
Name in Catalan:Madagascar
Name in Cebuano:Madagascar
Name in Central Bikol:Madagaskar
Name in Chechen:Мадагаскар
Name in Cheyenne:Madagascar
Name in Chuvash:Мадагаскар Республики
Name in Cornish:Madagaskar
Name in Crimean Tatar (Latin):Madagaskar
Name in Croatian:Madagaskar
Name in Czech:Madagaskar
Name in Danish:Madagaskar
Name in Doteli:मडागास्कर
Name in Dutch:Madagaskar
Name in Dutch Low Saxon:Madagaskar
Name in Egyptian Arabic:مادجاسكار
Name in Esperanto:Madagaskaro
Name in Estonian:Madagaskar
Name in Ewe:Malagasi
Name in Extremaduran:Madagascal
Name in Faroese:Madagaskar
Name in Farsi/Persian:ماداگاسکار
Name in Fiji Hindi:Madagascar
Name in Fijian:Madagasikar
Name in Finnish:Madagaskar
Name in Franco-Provençal:Madagascâr
Name in Gagauz:Madagaskar
Name in Galician:Madagascar
Name in Georgian:მადაგასკარი
Name in Greek:Μαδαγασκάρη
Name in Greenlandic:Madagascar
Name in Guarani:Mandagaka
Name in Gujarati:મડાગાસ્કર
Name in Haitian:Madagaskar
Name in Hakka:Madagascar
Name in Hausa:Madagaskar
Name in Hebrew:מדגסקר
Name in Hill Mari:Мадагаскар
Name in Hindi:मेडागास्कर
Name in Hungarian:Madagaszkár
Name in Icelandic:Madagaskar
Name in Ido:Madagaskar
Name in Igbo:Madagascar
Name in Iloko:Madagascar
Name in Indonesian:Madagaskar
Name in Interlingua:Madagascar
Name in Irish Gaelic:Madagascar
Name in Jamaican Patois:Madagiaska
Name in Japanese:マダガスカル
Name in Javanese:Madagaskar
Name in Judaeo-Spanish:Madagaskar
Name in Kabiye:Madakasɩkarɩ
Name in Kabyle:Madagaskar
Name in Kalmyk:Мадагаскармудин Орн
Name in Kannada:ಮಡಗಾಸ್ಕರ್
Name in Kapampangan:Madagascar
Name in Karakalpak:Madagaskar
Name in Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):Мадагаскар
Name in Kikuyu:Madagascar
Name in Kinyarwanda:Madagasikari
Name in Kongo:Malagasi
Name in Korean:마다가스카르
Name in Kurdish (Latin Script):Madagaskar
Name in Kyrgyz:Мадагаскар
Name in Latgalian:Madagaskars
Name in Latin:Madagascaria
Name in Latvian:Madagaskara
Name in Ligurian:Madagascar
Name in Limburgian:Madagaskar
Name in Lingala:Madagasikari
Name in Lithuanian:Madagaskaras
Name in Livvi-Karelian:Madagaskar
Name in Lombard:Madagascar
Name in Low Saxon/Low German:Madagaskar
Name in Lower Sorbian:Madagaskar
Name in Luganda:Madagascar
Name in Luri:ماداگاسکار
Name in Luxembourgish:Madagaskar
Name in Macedonian:Мадагаскар
Name in Malay:Madagaskar
Name in Malayalam:മഡഗാസ്കർ
Name in Maltese:Madagaskar
Name in Manx:Madagascar
Name in Maori:Marakāhia
Name in Marathi:मादागास्कर
Name in Mazanderani:ماداگاسکار
Name in Min Dong Chinese:Madagascar
Name in Minangkabau:Madagaskar
Name in Mingrelian:მადაგასკარი
Name in Mongolian:Мадагаскар
Name in Nahuatl:Madagascar
Name in Navajo:Mágí Bitseeʼ Noodǫ́zí Bikéyah
Name in Nepali:माडागास्कर
Name in Newar / Nepal Bhasa:मादागास्कर
Name in Northern Frisian:Madagaskar
Name in Northern Sami:Madagaskar
Name in Northern Sotho:Madagascar
Name in Norwegian:Madagaskar
Name in Norwegian (Nynorsk):Madagaskar
Name in Novial:Madagaskar
Name in Occitan:Madagascar
Name in Odia:ମାଡାଗାସ୍କର
Name in Ossetian:Мадагаскар
Name in Pali:मडगास्कर
Name in Papiamento:Madagascar
Name in Pashto:مادغاسکر
Name in Pennsylvania German:Madagascar
Name in Piedmontese:Madagascar
Name in Polish:Madagaskar
Name in Pontic Greek:Μαδαγασκάρην
Name in Portuguese:Madagáscar
Name in Punjabi:ਮਾਦਾਗਾਸਕਰ
Name in Quechua:Madagaskar
Name in Romanian:Madagascar
Name in Russia Buriat:Мадагаскар
Name in Samoan:Madagascar
Name in Samogitian:Madagaskars
Name in Sanskrit:मडगास्कर
Name in Sardinian:Madagascàr
Name in Saterland Frisian:Madagaskar
Name in Scots:Madagascar
Name in Scottish Gaelic:Madagascar
Name in Serbian:Мадагаскар
Name in Serbo-Croatian:Madagaskar
Name in Sesotho:Madagascar
Name in Shona:Madagascar
Name in Sicilian:Madagascar
Name in Silesian:Madagaskar
Name in Sinhalese:මැඩගස්කරය
Name in Slovak:Madagaskar
Name in Slovenian:Madagaskar
Name in Somali:Madagaskar
Name in South Azerbaijani:ماداقاسکار
Name in Sundanese:Madagaskar
Name in Swahili:Madagaska
Name in Swati:IMadagasikha
Name in Swedish:Madagaskar
Name in Tagalog:Madagascar
Name in Tahitian:Matatatihata
Name in Tajik (Cyrillic Script):Мадагаскар
Name in Tamil:மடகாசுகர்
Name in Tatar:Мадагаскар
Name in Telugu:మడగాస్కర్
Name in Thai:ประเทศมาดากัสการ์
Name in Tibetan (Standard):མ་ད་གཱ་སི་ཀར།
Name in Tigrinya:ማዳጋስካር
Name in Traditional Chinese:馬達加斯加
Name in Tsonga:Madagascar
Name in Turkish:Madagaskar
Name in Turkmen:Madagaskar
Name in Udmurt:Мадагаскар
Name in Ukrainian:Мадагаскар
Name in Upper Sorbian:Madagaskar
Name in Urdu:مڈغاسکر
Name in Uyghur:ماداگاسكار
Name in Uzbek (Latin Script):Madagaskar
Name in Venetian:Madagascar
Name in Veps:Madagaskar
Name in Vietnamese:Madagascar
Name in Volapük:Malagaseän
Name in Waray:Madagascar
Name in Welsh:Madagasgar
Name in West Frisian:Madagaskar
Name in Western Punjabi:مڈغاسکر
Name in Wolof:Madagaskaar
Name in Wu Chinese:馬達加斯加
Name in Yakut:Мадагаскар
Name in Yiddish:מאדאגאסקאר
Name in Yoruba:Madagáskàr
Name in Zazaki:Madagaskar
Name in Zeelandic:Madahaskar
Name in Zulu:IMadagasika
Area:587,041 km2
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Antananarivo1,391,433 (2018)
Toamasina206,373 (2018)
Antsirabe186,253 (2018)
Fianarantsoa167,227 (2018)
Mahajanga154,657 (2018)
Toliara115,319 (2018)


Madagascar is presently divided into 22 regions (Faritra). This political division was created in 2004. A hierarchical division would be:
Fokotany (an older political unit; the smallest community unit, often abbreviated as FKT), Kaominina (= Commune), Distrika or District (earlier called Fivondronana, abbreviated FIV, then also in a short period Departments), Faritra (Regions).

An example: Take the Antsongombato gem mine - which recently has produced large and nice crystals of londonite/rhodizite. In the literature and on many labels it says: "Antsongombato, 25 km SW of Mahaiza, Betafo-Antsirabe area, Madagascar". This is correct but more of a description than an actual locality.
Using the country's own geographical and political division, the locality should have been labeled: "Antsongombato gem mine, FKT Antsentsindrano, Andrembesoa Commune, Betafo District, Vakinankaratra Region, Madagascar".

This (place name, FKT, Commune, District, Faritra, Madagascar) should be the "right" hierarchy. This is very difficult to do in all cases, lacking detailed maps that reflect this division.

Note that in 2007 the provinces of Madagascar were abolished.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

367 valid minerals. 16 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 4 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Rasoamalala, V., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Ursule, J.-Ph., Cuney, M., Parseval, Ph. de, Guillaume, D., Moine, B. & Andriamampihantona, J. (2014): Geology of bastnaesite and monazite deposits in the Ambatofinandrahana area, central part of Madagascar: An overview. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 94, 128-140
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
'Aeschynite Group'
Formula: AD2O6
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # M-519
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 69 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Pericline
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pezzotta F., 1999: Madagaskar. Ein Paradies voll mit Mineralien und Edelsteinen. Extra Lapis nr. 17, pp.78-79
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Mukosi, Ndivhuwo Cecilia (2012): Petrogenesis of the Ambohiby Complex, Madagascar and the role of the Marion Hotspot Plume. Thesis (MSc)-Stellenbosch University, 2012
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Colour: white
Description: Compact masses of several kg.
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
'Ambatoarinite' (FRL)
Formula: Sr5(Ce,La,Dy)10(CO3)17O3 ?
Type Locality:
Colour: grey, rose
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1915) : Sur un nouveau minéral [ambatoarinite] de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société francaise de Minéralogie, Paris. 38, 265-271 ; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 293.
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Lefevre & Thomas (1998): Les pegmatites de la vallée de la Sahatany, Madagascar. La Règne Minéral, nr 19, 15-28
'Ammonite'
Reference: Karel Bal Collection
'Ammonite var: Ammolite'
Reference: Karel Bal Collection
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Anatase var: Niobian Anatase
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel (2011), fieldwork/studies
Anatase var: Xanthitane
Formula: TiO2
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: A.Lacroix (1956): Notes posthumes mineralogie, petrographie. Madagascar. Travaux du Bureau Geologigue nr 78. Service Geologique, Tananarive.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Pezzotta, F. (2009). Demantoide e Topazolite: nuovo ritrovamento in Madgascar. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, n.3-2009, 198-200; Pezzotta, F. (2010): Demantoid und Topazolith aus Antetezambato, Nordmadagaskar. Lapis, 35 (10), 31-39; 90; Hintze, J. (2010): Eine Reise zu den Demantoiden von Antetezambato. Lapis, 35 (10), 40-43 (in German).
Andradite var: Topazolite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Pezzotta, F. (2009). Demantoide e Topazolite: nuovo ritrovamento in Madgascar. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, n.3-2009, 198-200; Pezzotta, F. (2010): Demantoid und Topazolith aus Antetezambato, Nordmadagaskar. Lapis, 35 (10), 31-39; 90; Hintze, J. (2010): Eine Reise zu den Demantoiden von Antetezambato. Lapis, 35 (10), 40-43 (in German).
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Colour: Black
Description: Occurs in large plates.
Reference: De Vito et al (2006): Nb-Ti-Ta oxides in the gem-mineralized and "hybrid" Anjanabonoina granitic pegmatite, central Madagascar: A record of magmatic and postmagmatic events. Canadian Mineralogist. 44: 87-103.; De Vito, C., Pezzotta, F., Ferrini, V., and Aurisicchio, C. (2006): Nb-Ti-Ta oxides in the gem-mineralized and "hybrid" Anjanabonoina granitic pegmatite, central Madagascar: A record of magmatic and postmagmatic events. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 87-103.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1913) Minéralogie de La France et de ses colonies. Tome Cinq, Deuxième Supplément. Librairie Polytechnique, Paris 1913, p. 4.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 91 localities in this region.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: De Ascenção Guedes, R., Chiappero, J. & Bayle, L.-D. (2012): Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines 2012. Le Règne Minéral. 106, 37-53 [p.44]
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Aragonite var: Ctypéite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Pezzotta, F. (1999): Madagaskar. Das Paradies der Mineralien und Edelsteine. Extra Lapis nr 17, pp 53-54 (german edition)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
'Asbestos'
Asbolane ?
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Description: Investigated with a qualitative analysis by Behier (1960), may be a cobaltian asbolane or a heterogenite.
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
'Ashanite'
Formula: (Nb,Ta,U,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Ranorosoa, N. (1986): Etude mineralogique des pegmatites du champ de la Sahatany, Madagascar. These de Doctorat de l`Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Description: Knut Edvard Larsen collection, identified by XRD at MGM, Oslo 1998.
Reference: Larsen, K. E. (2003): Mineralene i Sahatany pegmatittfelt, Madagaskar. Bergverksmuseets skrifter 25, 5-18 (in norwegian)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Barbosalite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
'Barkevikite'
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel (2011), fieldwork/studies
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Pezzotta, F. (2005): La pegmatite di Ambatovita, un giacimento ricco di micro-minerali. Rivista Mineralogical Italiana. 30 (2): 100-101
Becquerelite
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Béhierite (TL)
Formula: (Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Habit: Octahedral crystals
Colour: Grayish-pink
Reference: Mrose, M.E. & Rose jr, J. (1961): Behierite, (Ta, Nb)BO4, a new mineral from Manjaka, Madagascar. Geol.Soc.Am, Abstracts 1961 Ann. Meetings, p 111A
Berdesinskiite ?
Formula: V3+2TiO5
Berlinite
Formula: AlPO4
Reference: Ackermand et al.(2006): "Lazulite-bearing metaquartzite of the Itremo Group (Central Madagascar); Scientific significance and economic importance" in Proceedings of the Malagasy-German Research Cooperation in Life and Earth sciences, 5-18
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Habit: small crystals< 0,5 mm forming rims around masses of phosphosiderite
Colour: redbrown
Description: Analysed by Miss Mrose with XRD in 1956
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 19, p 20
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 222 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Alkali-beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 101 localities in this region.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Colour: greenish brown
Reference: Pers.com Roy Kristiansen 1996, XRD analysis Smithsonian Institution, USA 1974
Bismutotantalite
Formula: Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Bityite (TL)
Formula: LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Habit: pseudohexagonal barrelshaped aggregates with curved top (polysyntetic twins)up to 2 mm long; fine lamelles
Colour: white; whith-yellowish
Description: The typematerial of bityite was found in a pegmatite dike situated about 300 m N of the Maharitra workings (Behier (1960) Found on tourmaline or quartz
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. pp 398-400 + planche 18 / Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 78p.
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Boralsilite
Formula: Al16B6Si2O37
Reference: Novák, M., Cempírek, J., Gadas, P., Škoda, R., Galiová, M. V., Pezzotta, F. and Groat, L. A. (2015): Boralsilite and Li, Be-bearing "Boron Mullite" Al8B2Si2O19, Breakdown products of spodumene from the Manjaka pegmatite, Sahatany valley, Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist. 53: 357-374
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel (2011) and Guillaume Estrade (University of Toulouse, 2011)
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Colour: colourless
Description: Excact locality not known. Found together with pyrochlore, fluorite, quartz and fergusonite in an alkaline rock
Reference: Kieft, C & Burke, E.A.J. (1970): La britholite, un mineral nouveau pour Madagascar. Compte Rendu de la Semaine Géologique Madagascar, 101-103
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: Dr.Federico Pezzotta analysis
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
'Calamine'
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 96 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.589)
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Estrade, G., et al. (2014): REE and HFSE mineralization in peralkaline granites of the Ambohimirahavavy alkaline complex, Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 94: 141–155
Cerite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: G. Estrade/University of Toulouse personal communication to W.Hampel, 2011
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cesiokenopyrochlore (TL)
Formula: □Nb2(O,OH)6Cs1−x (x ∼ 0.20)
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Kasatkin, A.V., Britvin, S.N., Siidra, O.I., Pautov, L.A., Pekov, I.V. and Karpenko, V.Y. (2017) Cesiokenopyrochlore, IMA 2016-104. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 406; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 403–409.
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Description: Inclusions in sapphire.
Reference: Rakotondrazafy, A.F.M., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Rakotosamizanany, S., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Maluski, H., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., and Ratrimo, V. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 134-154.
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
'Chevkinite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chiavennite
Formula: CaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Pezzotta F., Guastoni A., Forner H., Demartin F., Kristiansen R. (2004) : Exceptional chiavennite associated with pezzottaite from the Sakavalana Pegmatite, Ambatovita, Madagascar. Web site of Mineralogical Society of America. www.minsocam.org/msa/Pegmatites.html; Pezzotta, F., Guastoni, A., Forner, H., Demartin, F., Kristiansen, R. (2005): Découverte exceptionnelle de chiavennite associée à pezzottaite dans la pegmatite de Sakavalana, Mandrosonoro, Madagascar. Le Règne Minéral, 62, 25-28.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Chloropal (of Schneiderhöhn)'
Reference: John Krygier photo & specimen
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl var: Alexandrite
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysoberyl var: Cymophane
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Chrysoprase'
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: Extra Lapis nr 17. Madagascar p 4 (german edition)]
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Leuchtenbergite
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris; p 202
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
'Clinoptilolite'
Description: Earlier erronously labeled as heulandite (Lefevre & Thomas (1998).
Reference: Pezzotta, F. (1999): Madagaskar. Das Paradies der Mineralien und Edelsteine. Extra Lapis nr 17, pp 53-54 (german edition)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite var: Clinothulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Jean Chervet collection
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Reference: Nicollet, Christian (1985) Thèse d'Etat. Clermont Fd, 350pp.; Nicollet, Christian (1990) In Granulites and Crustal Differentiation (Vielzeuf, D. and Vidal, P., eds.), Kluwer Academic publishers, in press.; Nicollet, Christian (1990) Occurrences of grandidierite, serendibite and tourmaline near Ihosy, southern Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 54, n° 374, pp. 131-133.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Description: Behier (1960) describes a specimen with cobaltite that has been found by Picot (1957) at "Milanoa". Behier belives that this locality is the same as Mahasaborivaky.
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p. 28
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Columbite-(Mg)
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Description:
Reference: Listed in www.excaliburmineral.com- catalog of rare species
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Mn)-Tantalite-(Mn) Series'
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
'Copal'
Reference: Geirnaert, E. (2002): L`Ambre- Miel de Fortune et Mémoire de Vie. Les Editions du Piat. 176p. [p. 87]
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 89 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Padparadscha
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Peretti, A., FGG, F., & Hahn, L. (2012). Record-breaking discovery of ruby and sapphire at the Didy mine in Madagascar: Investigating the source. InColor Fall/Winter, 22-35.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Geologique A. 1871
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Crichtonite
Formula: Sr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.587)
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Description: As exsolutions in chalcopyrite
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.31
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprorhodsite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Curite
Formula: Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.32
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Davidite'
Description: J.Behier (1963) uses the variety name "mazuvite".
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Delessite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A. Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. p 603
Dewindtite
Formula: H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Diamond ?
Formula: C
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 69 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Diallage
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
'Dravite-Uvite Series'
Reference: Novák, M., Cempírek, J., Gadas, P., Škoda, R., Galiová, M. V., Pezzotta, F. and Groat, L. A. (2015): Boralsilite and Li, Be-bearing "Boron Mullite" Al8B2Si2O19, Breakdown products of spodumene from the Manjaka pegmatite, Sahatany valley, Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist. 53: 357-374
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.32
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 78p [p.35]
Eckermannite ?
Formula: NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'
Reference: Nizamoff, J.W.; Falster, A.U.; Pezzota, F. ; Simmons, W.B.; Hanson, S.L. and Webber, K.L. (2000): Recent mining at the Antandrokomby pegmatite, Madagascar. 26th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium. Rocks & Minerals, july 2000. ; Simmons, W.B., Webber, K.L., Falster, A.U., & Nizamoff, J. W. (2001): Gem tourmaline chemistry and paragenesis. Australian gemmologist 21, number 01
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Evansite
Formula: Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
'Faratsihite' (FRL)
Type Locality:
Habit: massive
Colour: white creme
Description: The typematerial of the now discredited faratshite was found in a roadcut about 10 km from Faratsiho on the road to Sambaina. It was found in an altered volcanique rock (basalt or trachyte)as an elliptical mass of 2 x 1 meter
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Antiperthite'
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1939): La lamboanite, schiste cristallin à faciès gneissique dépourvu de quartz et à pegmatite à cordiérite qui l'accompagne à Ankaditany (S. Madagascar) . Bulletin de Minéralogie 62: 289-298
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Fergusonite'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ferriallanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Estrade, G., et al. (2014): REE and HFSE mineralization in peralkaline granites of the Ambohimirahavavy alkaline complex, Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 94: 141–155
'Ferrierite'
Reference: Forner, H.. Gautier, F. & Thomas, L. (2001) Les macles de quartz de la région d`Andilamena, Madagascar. Le Règne Minéral, nr. 39, 42-46.
Ferri-winchite
Formula: ☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Deep black-blue bladed single crystals embedded in dolomite
Reference: RRUFF ID: R060038
'Ferro-eckermannite'
Formula: NaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Rakotovao, S. (2009): Les minéralisations associées aux intrusions alcalines d’Ampasindava.- Ph.D. study, University of Antananarivo, 189 pages.
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mukosi, Ndivhuwo Cecilia (2012): Petrogenesis of the Ambohiby Complex, Madagascar and the role of the Marion Hotspot Plume. Thesis (MSc)-Stellenbosch University, 2012
Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeite
Formula: Na(Na2)(Fe2+2Fe3+2Li)(Si8O22)(F)2
Reference: Estrade, G. (2014): Le complexe cénozoïque alcalin d’Ambohimirahavavy à Madagascar: origine, évolution et minéralisations en métaux rares.- thèse de doctorat; Université de Toulouse, 256 pages + annexes.
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S
Formula: [(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Feruvite ?
Formula: Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: No published analysis or other information. Samples visually identical to samples sold as feruvite in mineral shows has showed to be dravite.(K.E.Larsen commment des 2011)
Reference: Gunnar Färber, Samswegen, 2005
'Fluocerite'
Reference: Rasoamalala, V., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Ursule, J.-Ph., Cuney, M., Parseval, Ph. de, Guillaume, D., Moine, B. & Andriamampihantona, J. (2014): Geology of bastnaesite and monazite deposits in the Ambatofinandrahana area, central part of Madagascar: An overview. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 94, 128-140
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Praszkier, T. (2010): Calcite and Zeolites from Sambava,Madagascar. Mineralogical Record 41, 239-252.
Fluorcalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Reference: Estrade, G. (2014): Le complexe cénozoïque alcalin d’Ambohimirahavavy à Madagascar: origine, évolution et minéralisations en métaux rares.- thèse de doctorat; Université de Toulouse, 256 pages + annexes.
Fluor-elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Fluor-liddicoatite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunn, P. J., Appleman, D.E. & Nelen, J.E. (1977): Liddicoatite, a new calcium end-member of the tourmaline group. American Mineralogist 62, 1121-1124; Henry, D., Novák, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ertl, A., Dutrow, B.L., Uher, P. & Pezzotta, F. (2011): Nomenclature of the tourmaline supergroup minerals. Am. Mineral., 96, 895-913.
Fluornatropyrochlore
Formula: (Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Reference: Estrade, G. (2014): Le complexe cénozoïque alcalin d’Ambohimirahavavy à Madagascar: origine, évolution et minéralisations en métaux rares.- thèse de doctorat; Université de Toulouse, 256 pages + annexes.
Fluoro-cannilloite ?
Formula: {Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Description: Found in a metamorphic U-rich thorianite bearing pyroxenite near Tranomaro. (Lapis 21 (11): 45. Set as questionable due to lack of analytic evidence.
Reference: Lapis 21 (11): p 45. (abstract)
Fluoro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Hawthorne, F. C., Oberti, R., Ungaretti, L., & Grice, J. D. (1996). A new hyper-calcific amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland. American Mineralogist, 81, 995-1002.
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/msa/special/pig/PIG_articles/Madagascar_txt.pdf
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
'Gadolinite'
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
'Gagarinite'
Reference: Gilbertson, J. (2011) Private report for Tantalus Rare Earths. http://www.tre-ag.com/~/media/Files/T/Tantalus-Rare-Earths/Attachments/pdf/cpr-srk-reports/cpr-january-2011.pdf
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
'Garnierite'
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Genthite'
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Gittinsite
Formula: CaZrSi2O7
Reference: G. Estrade et al. (2011): HFSE enrichment in a peralkaline granite related skarn, Ampasindava Peninsula, Madagascar.- University of Toulouse, France; presentation given at the University of Tübingen.
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 290.
'Gmelinite'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Goldmanite
Formula: Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Grandidierite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Habit: masses up to several centimeters across
Colour: Bluish green
Description: C. Mignot was not able to find any more grandidierite at the site in 1960 (Behier 1960)
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1902): Note préliminaire sur une nouvelle espèce minerale. Bulletin de la Société Francaise de Minéralogie 25: 85-86 ;
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Tsavorite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Gummite'
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hercynite var: Chromohercynite
Formula: Fe(Al,Cr)2O4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Heterosite ?
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Description: Listed by Behier (1963)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 42
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Praszkier, T. (2010): Calcite and Zeolites from Sambava,Madagascar. Mineralogical Record 41, 239-252
'Heulandite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Hibonite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Description: per correspondence with Knut Edvard: The TL produced just a few specimens in the year of discovery (also an eluvial locality ). When lacking exact locality data the Madagascar hibonite specimens are often erroneously labeled and sold as coming from Esiva, often being the only locality referred to in textbooks.
Reference: Delbos, L. (1955): Note sur le gisement d'un mineral nouveau " la hibonite" de' l'Androy Mandrareen" in Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1955, Tananarivo.143-144
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Hyrsl, J. & Niedermayr, G. (2003): Magic World: Inclusions in Quartz. Bode Verlag, Haltern.
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Humboldtine
Formula: Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Description: Found as yellow crystals on dinosaur coprolite, from the association with siderite ( From Southern part of Madagascar ??)
Reference: Chukanov, N. V. (2014): Infrared spectra of mineral species. Extended library. Vol. 1. Springer: Dordrect, 2014. p. 205
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
'Humite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 43
Hydrokenopyrochlore (TL)
Formula: (□,□)2Nb2O6·H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Gieré, R.,Meisser, N., Nestola, F., Pasero, M., Robyr, M., Roth, P. and Schnyder, C. (2017) Hydrokenopyrochlore, IMA 2017-005. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 739; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 737–742; Biagioni, C., Meisser, N., Nestola, F., Pasero, M., Bobyr, M., Roth, P., Schnyder, C., Gieré, R. (2018): Hydrokenopyrochlore, (□,#)2Nb2O6·H2O, a new species of the pyrochlore supergroup from the Sahatany Pegmatite Field, Antananarivo Province, Madagascar. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30, 869-876
Hydroxykenomicrolite
Formula: (◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
Reference: C. Stefano photo & Specimen -obtained from Al Falster
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: -Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Ilmenorutile-Strüverite Series'
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # M-331
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Isomertieite
Formula: Pd11Sb2As2
Reference: [AmMin 85:265]/ McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352; Econ Geol (1994) 89:1630-1639
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ixiolite var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring)
Formula: (Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: v. Knorring, O. V., Sahama, Th.G. (1969): Scandian ixiolite from Mozambique and Madagascar. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland. 41: 75-77
Ixiolite var: Wolframoixiolite
Formula: (Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jeremejevite
Formula: Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Reference: Min Rec (2006) 37:361-470
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Karelianite
Formula: V3+2O3
Kashinite
Formula: (Ir,Rh)2S3
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871; Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p 582)
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Lanthanite' ?
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 18
Lasnierite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Sr)(Mg,Fe2+)2Al(P[O,F]4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Rondeau, B., Devouard, B., Jacob, D., Roussel, P., Stéphant, N., Boulet, C., Mollé, V., Corre, M., Fritsch, E., Ferraris, C. and Parodi, G.C. (2018) Lasnierite, IMA 2017-084. CNMNC Newsletter No. 42, April 2018, 447; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: 445–451.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Lepidocrocite ?
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Habit: small violette crystals or as small green masses in phosphate nodules
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.46-47
Leucoxene
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel (2011)
Liandratite (TL)
Formula: U(Nb,Ta)2O8
Type Locality:
Colour: yellow to brown
Description: As a 2mm thick crust on petscheckite
Reference: Mücke, A. & Strunz, H. (1978): Petscheckite and liandratite, two new pegmatite minerals from Madagascar. American Mineralogist 63: 941-946
'Liddicoatite'
Formula: Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 47
Lipscombite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Habit: Forming a thin film on altered triplite
Colour: green-yellow
Description: Analysis (XRD) by M.E.Rose.
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 47
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Brindley, G.W. & Hsien Ming Wan. (1975): Compositions, structures, and thermal behavior of nickel-containing minerals in the lizardite-nepouite series. American Mineralogist. 60, 863-871
Lizardite var: Nickeloan Lizardite
Formula: (Mg,Ni)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Brindley, G.W. & Hsien Ming Wan. (1975): Compositions, structures, and thermal behavior of nickel-containing minerals in the lizardite-nepouite series. American Mineralogist. 60, 863-871
Londonite (TL)
Formula: (Cs,K,Rb)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Habit: Dodecahedron {110}, tristetrahedron {211}, tetrahedron{111} and cube {100} (the last form is rare}
Colour: Milky to pale yellow crystals up to 1 cm
Description: Occurs in saccharoidal albite or in cavities. Many crystals contain patchy zones of londonite and rhodizite that are only visible by back-scattered electron imaging.
Reference: Simmons, W. B; Pezzotta, F; Falster, A.U & Webber, K. L. (2001): Londonite, a new mineral species: The Cs-dominant analogue of Rhodizite from the Antandrokomby granitic pegmatite, Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist 39: 747-755/ MinRec 33:165]
'Londonite-Rhodizite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel (2011)
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-foitite ?
Formula: (□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: Black (internally very dark brown), highly, lustrous crystals from 3.8 to 9.8 cm, where found in a large collapsed pocket in an unspecified locality in the Tsitondroina area in 2010. These were first thought to be schorl, but according to Moore (2014) they has been analysed and found to be magnesio-foitite. However, no further information was given about the analytical methods used to establish this identity.
Reference: http://www.minrec.org/pdfs/Toms%20Online%20report%2038.pdf
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Andrianjakavah, P.R., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Rakotondrazafy, M. and Giuliani, G. (2009) Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44: 817-835.
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S
Formula: Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S
Formula: Mg2BeAl6O12
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Chevallier, R., Bolfa, J. & Mathieu, S.(1955): Titanomagnétites et ilménites ferromagnétiques, Pts 1 and 2. Bull. Soc. Fr. Mineral Cristallogr. 78, 307-346 and 365-399
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Manandonite (TL)
Formula: Li2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
Habit: Flakes (sometimes with hexagonal contours)in fanlike globular aggregates
Colour: white
Description: white flakes with pearly lustre on the (001) cleavage.
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1912): Sur une nouvelle espèce minérale (manandonite) des pegmatites de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie, 35, 223-226; Ranorosoa, N. , Fontan, F. & Fransolet, A-M. (1989): Rediscovery of manandonite in the Sahatany Valley, Madagascar. European Journal of Mineralogy 1, 633-638
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Geologique A. 1871
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
'Mésotype'
Reference: Behier, J. (1963) Carte minéralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: [AmMin 85:265]
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 64 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Description: Spelled as uranomikrolith in Pezzotta (1999)
Reference: Pezzotta, F. (1999): Madagaskar. Das Paradies der Mineralien und Edelsteine. Extra Lapis nr 17, pp 53-54 (german edition)
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: Pezzotta, F. (2005): La pegmatite di Ambatovita, un giacimento ricco di micro-minerali. Rivista Mineralogical Italiana. 30 (2): 100-101
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 65 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Habit: pulverulent
Colour: snow-white
Description: as alteration film on bastnäsite-(Ce) with cerianite-(Ce)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Reference: Praszkier, T. (2010): Calcite and Zeolites from Sambava,Madagascar. Mineralogical Record 41, 239-252.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 90 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Damourite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Gilbertite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Grundmann, G. (2001): Die Smaragde der Welt. ExtraLapis 21: 26-37 [german version]
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)
Formula: NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Estrade, G., et al. (2014): REE and HFSE mineralization in peralkaline granites of the Ambohimirahavavy alkaline complex, Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 94: 141–155
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Reference: Vapnik, Y.E., Sabot, B., and Moroz, I. (2003): Fluid Inclusions in Ianapera Emerald, Southern Madagascar. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series 2, Szeged, 2003.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Opal var: Fire Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Simoni, M., Caucia, F., Adamao, I. & Galinetto, P. (2010): New occurrence of fire opal from Bemia, Madagascar. Gems & Gemmology. 46 (2), 114-121
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # M-190
Opal var: Opal-C
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Simoni, M., Caucia, F., Adamao, I. & Galinetto, P. (2010): New occurrence of fire opal from Bemia, Madagascar. Gems & Gemmology. 46 (2), 114-121
Opal var: Opal-CT
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Simoni, M., Caucia, F., Adamao, I. & Galinetto, P. (2010): New occurrence of fire opal from Bemia, Madagascar. Gems & Gemmology. 46 (2), 114-121
'Orbicular Jasper'
Reference: Lieber, W. (2003): Sphärolithischer Chalcedon von Madagaskar. LAPIS 28 (9), 18-22
'Orthochevkinite'
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris, p 586-7
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Oxyvanite
Formula: V3+2V4+O5
Palladoarsenide
Formula: Pd2As
Reference: McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Parisite'
Reference: Ungemach, M.H. (1916) Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société française de minéralogie. 39: 5-38; Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Museum de Paris collection, see Behier, J. (1959): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1959. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive: 237-250
'Petrified Wood'
Petscheckite (TL)
Formula: UFe(Nb,Ta)2O8
Type Locality:
Colour: black
Description: As metamict crystals up to 4 cm long and 2 cm thick with a greybrowh\n, brown, yellow or white crust of varying thickness.
Reference: Mücke, A. & Strunz, H. (1978): Petscheckite and liandratite, two new pegmatite minerals from Madagascar. American Mineralogist 63: 941-946
Petscheckite var: Hydroxy-petscheckite
Formula: U4+(Fe3+1/3,☐≥2/3)(Nb,Ta)2O≤7(OH)≥1
Reference: Mücke, A. & Strunz, H. (1978): Petscheckite and liandratite, two new pegmatite minerals from Madagascar. American Mineralogist 63: 941-946
Petscheckite var: Oxy-petscheckite
Formula: UFe3+2/31/3(Nb,Ta)2O8
Reference: Mücke, A. & Strunz, H. (1978): Petscheckite and liandratite, two new pegmatite minerals from Madagascar. American Mineralogist 63: 941-946
Pezzottaite (TL)
Formula: Cs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Description: Found in a large miarolitic cavity containing large crystals of citrine quartz, green amazonite, albite, green-to pink spodumene and multicolored liddicoatite.
Reference: Laurs, B. L. et al. (2003): Pezzottaite from Ambatovita, Madagaascar: A new Gem mineral. Gems & Gemology 39 (4): 284-301; Hawthorne, F.C., Cooper, M.A., Simmons, W.B., Falster, A.U., Laurs, B.M., Armbruster, T., Rossman, G.R., Peretti, A., Günter, D., and Grobéty, B. (2004) Pezzottaite Cs(Be2Li)Al2Si6O18 A spectacular new beryl-group mineral from the Sakavalana pegmatite, Fianarantsoa province, Madagascar. Mineralogical Record: 35(5): 369-378; G. Diego Gatta, Ilaria Adamo, Martin Meven, Erica Lambruschi (2012): A single-crystal neutron and X-ray diffraction study of pezzottaite, Cs(Be2Li)Al2Si6O18. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 39, 829-840.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Phillipsite'
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 201 localities in this region.
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Phosphosiderite var: Vilateite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Habit: very small crystals
Colour: colourless to clar pinkish
Description: Described by Behier (1957,1960) first under the name blue "metastrengite"
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 48
Phosphuranylite
Formula: (H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Potassic-fluoro-pargasite (TL)
Formula: {K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Pagano, R., Pagano, A. (2010): Fluoro-potassic-pargasite, KCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2 from the Tranomaro area, Madagascar: mineral description and crystal chemistry. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 961-967
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Psilomelane'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Renfro, N. (2009): Pumpellyite in QUARTZ. Fall 2009 Lab Notes. Gems & Gemmology Fall 2009: 211-212
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Group var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Hatzl, T. (2010): Mineralogische und geochemische Untersuchungen an der Probe TANT2-477067 aus Madagaskar unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Seltenerdelemente, Zirkon, Hafnium, Yttrium, Niob, Tantal, Thorium und Uran.- Report for Tantalus Rare Earths AG, 56 pages.
'Pyrochlore Group var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Rakotovao, S. (2009): Les minéralisations associées aux intrusions alcalines d’Ampasindava.- http://madarevues.recherches.gov.mg/revues/pdfxfiles/Madageo13(1).pdf RAKOTOVAO, S.R. (2009): LES MINERALISATIONS ASSOCIEES AUX INTRUSIONS ALCALINES D’AMPASINDAVA.- Ph.D. study, University of Antananarivo, 189 pages.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' (FRL)
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Habit: masses ; octaedres
Reference: C.R.Acad.Sci. Paris (1912) 154, 1042/ . Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p , p 379
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope var: Umbalite
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Isatelle, F. (2009): Field Trip to Madagascar (Oct/Nov 2009) – Beseva Malaya Garnets Mining Area www.gems-geology.com
'Pyrope-Spessartine Series'
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 324 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Carnelian
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Karel Bal Collection
Quartz var: Onyx
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Quartz var: Pseudocubic Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1931
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rutilated Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Rhabdophane-(Nd)
Formula: Nd(PO4) · H2O
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel (2011), fieldwork/studies
Rhodizite
Formula: (K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: Ddistinct crystals formingg smal rosette-like aggregates, crust concisting og spherelike aggregates
Colour: Pale blue, pale bluishgreen
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.58
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Rossmanite
Formula: ☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Description: Found in small bands at the exocontact of the pegmatite with the host rock.
Reference: Novák, M.,Gadas, P.,Galiová Vašínová, M. & Pezzotta, F. (2013): Compositional variations in Cs,Li,Mg-rich beryl from exocontact of the complex Manjaka pegmatite, Sahatany Valley, Madagascar. GAG-MAC Winnipeg 2013, SY2-P3, p. 152-153
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Rynersonite
Formula: CaTa2O6
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Description: pseudomorph after olivine
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1898): Matériaux pour la Minéralogie de Madagascar. I. Zeolites et minéraux cuprifères de Bekiady. Bulletin du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle 4 : 291-292
Saponite var: Bowlingite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Description: pseudomorph after olivine
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1898): Matériaux pour la Minéralogie de Madagascar. I. Zeolites et minéraux cuprifères de Bekiady. Bulletin du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle 4 : 291-292
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Scapolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 64 localities in this region.
'Scapolite var: Wernerite'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Scheelite var: Molybdoscheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schiavinatoite (TL)
Formula: (Nb,Ta)(BO4)
Habit: as cryptocrystalline portions in behierite
Reference: Demartin, F. et al (2001): Schiavinatoite,(Nb,Ta)BO4, the Nb analogue of behierite. European Journal of Mineralogy 13, 159-165
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Schreyerite
Formula: V3+2Ti3O9
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Serendibite
Formula: Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sinhalite
Formula: MgAl(BO4)
Reference: Razakamanana, T., Windley, B.F. & Ackermand, D. (2010): Petrology, chemistry and phase relations of borosilicate phases in phlogopite diopsidites and granitic pegmatites from the Tranomaro belt, SE Madagascar; boron-fluid evolution. IN Kusky, T. M., Zhai, M.-G. & Xiao, W. (eds) The Evolving Continents: Understanding Processes of Continental Growth. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 338, 139–161.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: [AmMin 85:265]/ McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Spessartine var: Spandite
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 106 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Ferropicotite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Spodumene var: Hiddenite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: http://www.geminterest.com/ : "Pezzottaïte: "Béryl", Traduction, Arrangement, Données par JM. Arlabosse, .
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
'Steacyite Group'
Reference: G. Estrade/University of Toulouse personal communication to W.Hampel, 2011
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel (2011)
Stewartite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 63
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Ackermand et al.(2006): "Lazulite-bearing metaquartzite of the Itremo Group (Central Madagascar); Scientific significance and economic importance" in Proceedings of the Malagasy-German Research Cooperation in Life and Earth sciences, 5-18
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel (2011), fieldwork/studies
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Talc var: Steatite
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Description: Specimen in the Muséum national d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris. (MNHN No 193.14). Excact locality not known
Reference: Muséum national d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris specimen MNHN No 193.14
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Taramite Root Name'
Formula: A(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: De Ascenção Guedes, R., Lebocey, J. & Bayle, L.-D. (2010): Munich 2010. Le Règne Minéral. 96 (Nov-Déc 2010): 27-44 [p.40-41]
Tavorite
Formula: LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 63-64
Tengerite-(Y)
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Description: Showed to be churchite (Behier 1960b)
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 64; Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Thomsonite'
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
Thorianite var: Uranothorianite
Formula: (Th,U)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Thorite var: Ferrithorite
Formula: (Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
Reference: Lacroix, Alfred (1922) Mineralogie de Madagascar, v. 3, p. 309.; Lacroix, A. (1923): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome III. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A. Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. p. 309.
Thorite var: Orangite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Thortveitite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Thortveitite var: Befanamite (FRL)
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Description: The largest crystal found weighed 450 gram. Found as groups of parallellgrowing crystals mostly embedded in quartz, but it has been observed together with strüverite, monazite and beryl. Small crystals of green thortveitite has been observed on monazite crystals.
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922) Minéralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. Augustin Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p. [p.500-502]; Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 19-20
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Titanite var: Greenovite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 155 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Watermelon Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Martin Gruell photo & specimen, photo id 368722
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Reference: Collection Musée National de la Geologie at Ampandrianomby in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Inventory # 21079
Triplite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Trolleite
Formula: Al4(PO4)3(OH)3
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Turkestanite
Formula: (K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Reference: Estrade, G., et al. (2014): REE and HFSE mineralization in peralkaline granites of the Ambohimirahavavy alkaline complex, Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 94: 141–155
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1959): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1959. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive: 237-250; Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'UM1992-07-E:AuCuPdPt'
Formula: (Pd,Pt,Au)2Cu
Reference: (1) Legendre, O., Augé, T. (1992): Alluvial platinum-group minerals from the Manampotsy area, east Madagascar. Australian Jour. Earth Sci.: 39: 389-404; (2) Augé, T., Legendre, O. (1992): Pt-Fe nuggets from alluvial deposits in eastern Madagascar. Can. Mineral.: 30: 983-1004; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1110
'UM1992-09-E:CuFePt'
Formula: Pt3(Cu,Fe)
Reference: (1) Legendre, O., Augé, T. (1992): Alluvial platinum-group minerals from the Manampotsy area, east Madagascar. Australian Jour. Earth Sci.: 39: 389-404; (2) Augé, T., Legendre, O. (1992): Pt-Fe nuggets from alluvial deposits in eastern Madagascar. Can. Mineral.: 30: 983-1004; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1110
'UM1992-13-O:IrPt'
Formula: (Ir,Pt)O2
'UM1992-25-S:CuOsPdPtRh'
Formula: (Pt,Cu,Pd,Rh,Os)3S2
Reference: (1) Legendre, O., Augé, T. (1992): Alluvial platinum-group minerals from the Manampotsy area, east Madagascar. Australian Jour. Earth Sci.: 39: 389-404; (2) Augé, T., Legendre, O. (1992): Pt-Fe nuggets from alluvial deposits in eastern Madagascar. Can. Mineral.: 30: 983-1004; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1110
'UM1992-26-S:CuPdPt'
Formula: (Pd,Pt)3(Cu,Ni)S2
Reference: (1) Legendre, O., Augé, T. (1992): Alluvial platinum-group minerals from the Manampotsy area, east Madagascar. Australian Jour. Earth Sci.: 39: 389-404; (2) Augé, T., Legendre, O. (1992): Pt-Fe nuggets from alluvial deposits in eastern Madagascar. Can. Mineral.: 30: 983-1004; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1110
'UM1992-27-S:CuPdPtRh'
Formula: (Pd,Pt)2RhCuS4
Reference: (1) Legendre, O., Augé, T. (1992): Alluvial platinum-group minerals from the Manampotsy area, east Madagascar. Australian Jour. Earth Sci.: 39: 389-404; (2) Augé, T., Legendre, O. (1992): Pt-Fe nuggets from alluvial deposits in eastern Madagascar. Can. Mineral.: 30: 983-1004; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1110
'UM1992-28-S:Pd'
Formula: Pd4S
Reference: (1) Legendre, O., Augé, T. (1992): Alluvial platinum-group minerals from the Manampotsy area, east Madagascar. Australian Jour. Earth Sci.: 39: 389-404; (2) Augé, T., Legendre, O. (1992): Pt-Fe nuggets from alluvial deposits in eastern Madagascar. Can. Mineral.: 30: 983-1004; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1110
'UM1992-29-S:PdPt'
Formula: (Pd,Pt)2S
Reference: (1) Legendre, O., Augé, T. (1992): Alluvial platinum-group minerals from the Manampotsy area, east Madagascar. Australian Jour. Earth Sci.: 39: 389-404; (2) Augé, T., Legendre, O. (1992): Pt-Fe nuggets from alluvial deposits in eastern Madagascar. Can. Mineral.: 30: 983-1004; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1110
'UM1998-//-BOSiO:AlFeMg[2]'
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)2Al14Si4B4O37
Reference: Grew, E. S. et al. (1998): Werdingite, a borosilicate new to granitic pegmatites, The Canadian Mineralogist 36, 399-414: AmMin 84:993
'Unnamed (Pd Antimonide Arsenide)'
Formula: Pd3(Sb,As)
Reference: [AmMin 85:265]/ McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352
'Unnamed (Pd Hydroxide)'
Formula: Pd(OH)2
Reference: [AmMin 85:265]
'Unnamed (Pd Oxide)'
Formula: PdO · 3H2O
Reference: [AmMin 85:265]/ McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352
'Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)'
Formula: Ti2V4+2V3+2O11
Reference: Di Cecco, V. E., Tait, K. T., Spooner, E. T. C and Scherba, C. (2018) The Vanadium-bearing Oxide Minerals of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, Southwest Madagascar. The Canadian Mineralogist: 56:247-257
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uranocircite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977) var: Samiresite'
Formula: (U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Vigezzite ?
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Description: As alteration of behierite-schiavinatoite crystals
Reference: Pezzotta, Federico (2007): Ta-Nb borates and other rare accessory phases in granitic pegmatites of the Itremo region, central Madagascar. Bergverksmuseet Skrift 35,97-98
Vincentite ?
Formula: Pd3As
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Vránaite (TL)
Formula: Al16B4Si4O38
Type Locality:
Reference: Cempírek, J.,Grew, E.S.,Kampf, A.R., Ma, C., Novák, M., Gadas, P., Škoda, R., Vašinová-Galiová, M., Pezzotta, F., and Groat, L.A., 2016. Vránaite, IMA 2015-084. CNMNC Newsletter No. 29, February 2016, 200; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 199–205
'Wad'
'Wad var: Cobaltian Wad'
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Werdingite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
Colour: Shows yellow pleochroism
Description: Be-werdingite, replaces sillimanite. Found as inclusions in grandidierite or garnet, or as grains 0,05-5mm long and 0,1-2 mm across or as 0,1-2 mm graisn replacing sillimanite.
Reference: Grew, E. S. et al. (1998): Werdingite, a borosilicate new to granitic pegmatites, The Canadian Mineralogist 36, 399-414 + [AmMin 84:993]
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
'Xenotime'
Reference: Gilbertson, J. (2011) Private report for Tantalus Rare Earths. http://www.tre-ag.com/~/media/Files/T/Tantalus-Rare-Earths/Attachments/pdf/cpr-srk-reports/cpr-january-2011.pdf
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Zektzerite
Formula: LiNaZrSi6O15
Reference: G. Estrade et al. (2011): HFSE enrichment in a peralkaline granite related skarn, Ampasindava Peninsula, Madagascar.- University of Toulouse, France; presentation given at the University of Tübingen.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Lautel, R. (1953): Etude géologique de la feuille Bekitro. Travaux du Bureau Géologique (Tananarive): 40: 1-34 + planches
'Zinnwaldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 103 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Description: Cyrtolite mentioned as a associated mineral to "blomstrandite" in Lacroix (1912), but described as malacon later in Lacroix 1922
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1912): Sur un groupe de niobotantalates cubiques, radioactifs, des pegmatites du Vakinankaratra . Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie, Paris 35 , 85-92
Zircon var: Hafnian Zircon
Formula: (Zr,Hf)SiO4
Reference: K.E.Larsen collection, analyzed (SEM-EDS) by Skip Simmons 1999
Zircon var: Malacon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Zoisite var: Thulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Collection Collection Musée National de la Geologie at Ampandrianomby in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Inventory # 9490

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond ?1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Braggite2.CC.35a(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Cuprorhodsite2.DA.05(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hollingworthite2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Isomertieite2.AC.15aPd11Sb2As2
Kashinite2.DB.15(Ir,Rh)2S3
Keithconnite2.BC.20Pd20Te7
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Palladoarsenide2.AC.25aPd2As
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vincentite ?2.AC.05bPd3As
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Aeschynite Group'4.DL.05AD2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
var: Niobian Anatase4.DD.05(Ti,Nb)O2
var: Xanthitane4.DD.05TiO2
Asbolane ?4.FL.30(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Becquerelite4.GB.10Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Berdesinskiite ?4.CB.30V3+2TiO5
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15
Bismutotantalite4.DE.30Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Cesiokenopyrochlore (TL)4.DH.□Nb2(O,OH)6Cs1−x (x ∼ 0.20)
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
var: Alexandrite4.BA.05BeAl2O4
var: Cymophane4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mg)4.DB.35(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Padparadscha4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Crichtonite4.CC.40Sr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Curite4.GB.55Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S4.00.[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fluornatropyrochlore4.DH.(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Chromohercynite4.BB.05Fe(Al,Cr)2O4
Hibonite (TL)4.CC.45(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hydroxykenomicrolite4.DH.(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring)4.DB.25(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
var: Wolframoixiolite4.DB.25(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Karelianite4.CB.05V3+2O3
Lepidocrocite ?4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Liandratite (TL)4.DH.35U(Nb,Ta)2O8
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S4.FC.25Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S4.FC.25Mg2BeAl6O12
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Fire Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-C4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-CT4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Oxyvanite4.CB.30V3+2V4+O5
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Petscheckite (TL)4.DH.35UFe(Nb,Ta)2O8
var: Hydroxy-petscheckite4.DH.35U4+(Fe3+1/3,☐≥2/3)(Nb,Ta)2O≤7(OH)≥1
var: Oxy-petscheckite4.DH.35UFe3+2/31/3(Nb,Ta)2O8
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Onyx4.DA.05SiO2
var: Pseudocubic Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rutilated Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Niobian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Rynersonite4.DF.05CaTa2O6
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Schreyerite4.CB.35V3+2Ti3O9
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Ferropicotite4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
var: Uranothorianite4.DL.05(Th,U)O2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
'var: Samiresite'4.DH.15(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Vigezzite ?4.DF.05(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Ctypéite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)5.BD.20aLa(CO3)F
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)5.BD.20cCaY(CO3)2F
Tengerite-(Y) ?5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Group 6 - Borates
Béhierite (TL)6.AC.15(Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
Hambergite6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Jeremejevite6.AB.15Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Londonite (TL)6.GC.05(Cs,K,Rb)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Rhodizite6.GC.05(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Schiavinatoite (TL)6.AC.15(Nb,Ta)(BO4)
Sinhalite6.AC.05MgAl(BO4)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
var: Molybdoscheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Augelite8.BE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Barbosalite8.BB.40Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Berlinite8.AA.05AlPO4
Bermanite8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Brockite8.CJ.45(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Cheralite8.AD.50CaTh(PO4)2
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Clinobisvanite8.AD.65Bi(VO4)
Cyrilovite8.DL.10NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Dewindtite8.EC.10H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Evansite8.DF.10Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite8.BN.05(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Graftonite8.AB.20Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Heterosite ?8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Lipscombite8.BB.90Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)8.AD.50La(PO4)
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
var: Vilateite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Phosphuranylite8.EC.10(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pucherite8.AD.40Bi(VO4)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Rhabdophane-(Nd)8.CJ.45Nd(PO4) · H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Stewartite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Tavorite8.BB.05LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Trolleite8.BB.45Al4(PO4)3(OH)3
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Uranocircite8.EB.05Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Pericline9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Amesite9.ED.15Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
var: Chiastolite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Demantoid9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Topazolite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Alkali-beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bityite (TL)9.EC.35LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Boralsilite9.BD.30Al16B6Si2O37
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Cerite-(Ce)9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Cerite-(La)9.AG.20(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chiavennite9.GF.25CaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Leuchtenbergite9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Clinothulite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clintonite9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Diallage9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Eckermannite ?9.DE.25NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferri-winchite9.DE.20☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferriallanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Ferro-eckermannite'9.DE.25NaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Ferro-edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeite9.DE.25Na(Na2)(Fe2+2Fe3+2Li)(Si8O22)(F)2
Feruvite ?9.CK.05Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fluor-elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-liddicoatite (TL)9.CK.05Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluoro-cannilloite ?9.DE.10{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Gittinsite9.BC.05CaZrSi2O7
Glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Goldmanite9.AD.25Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Grandidierite (TL)9.AJ.05(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Tsavorite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
'Liddicoatite'9.CK.05Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
var: Nickeloan Lizardite9.ED.15(Mg,Ni)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-foitite ?9.CK.05(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite9.DE.25◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Manandonite (TL)9.ED.15Li2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Damourite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Gilbertite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)9.BE.20NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Perrierite-(Ce)9.BE.70Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Pezzottaite (TL)9.CJ.60Cs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Potassic-fluoro-pargasite (TL)9.DE.15{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Umbalite9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Roscoelite9.EC.15K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Rossmanite9.CK.05☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var: Bowlingite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Serendibite9.DH.40Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Spandite9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Hiddenite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
var: Steatite9.EC.05Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Ferrithorite9.AD.30(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
var: Orangite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Uranothorite9.AD.30(Th,U)SiO4
Thortveitite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
var: Befanamite (TL)9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
var: Greenovite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Turkestanite9.CH.10(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Werdingite9.BD.35(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zektzerite9.DN.05LiNaZrSi6O15
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
var: Hafnian Zircon9.AD.30(Zr,Hf)SiO4
var: Malacon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
var: Thulite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Humboldtine10.AB.05Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Ambatoarinite' (TL)-Sr5(Ce,La,Dy)10(CO3)17O3 ?
'Ammonite'-
'var: Ammolite'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Asbestos'-
'Ashanite'-(Nb,Ta,U,Fe,Mn)4O8
'Barkevikite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
'Calamine'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chloropal (of Schneiderhöhn)'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Chrysoprase'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-(Mn)-Tantalite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Copal'-
'Davidite'-
'Delessite'-(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
'Dravite-Schorl Series'-
'Dravite-Uvite Series'-
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Faratsihite' (TL)-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Antiperthite'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Ferrierite'-
'Fluocerite'-
Fluorcalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
'Gadolinite'-
'Gagarinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'-
'Genthite'-
'Gmelinite'-
'Gummite'-
'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Humite Group'-
Hydrokenopyrochlore (TL)-(□,□)2Nb2O6·H2O
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Ilmenorutile-Strüverite Series'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lanthanite' ?-
Lasnierite (TL)-(Ca,Sr)(Mg,Fe2+)2Al(P[O,F]4)3
'Lepidolite'-
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Londonite-Rhodizite Series'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Mésotype'-
'Orbicular Jasper'-
'Orthochevkinite'-(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Parisite'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Phillipsite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' (TL)-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Pyrope-Spessartine Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Scapolite'-
'var: Wernerite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Steacyite Group'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Taramite Root Name'-A(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
'Thomsonite'-
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1992-07-E:AuCuPdPt'-(Pd,Pt,Au)2Cu
'UM1992-09-E:CuFePt'-Pt3(Cu,Fe)
'UM1992-13-O:IrPt'-(Ir,Pt)O2
'UM1992-25-S:CuOsPdPtRh'-(Pt,Cu,Pd,Rh,Os)3S2
'UM1992-26-S:CuPdPt'-(Pd,Pt)3(Cu,Ni)S2
'UM1992-27-S:CuPdPtRh'-(Pd,Pt)2RhCuS4
'UM1992-28-S:Pd'-Pd4S
'UM1992-29-S:PdPt'-(Pd,Pt)2S
'UM1998-//-BOSiO:AlFeMg[2]'-(Fe2+,Mg)2Al14Si4B4O37
'Unnamed (Pd Antimonide Arsenide)'-Pd3(Sb,As)
'Unnamed (Pd Hydroxide)'-Pd(OH)2
'Unnamed (Pd Oxide)'-PdO · 3H2O
'Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)'-Ti2V4+2V3+2O11
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Vránaite (TL)-Al16B4Si4O38
'Wad'-
'var: Cobaltian Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Isoferroplatinum1.2.5.1Pt3Fe
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond ?1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
Keithconnite2.2.6.1Pd20Te7
Vincentite ?2.2.5.1Pd3As
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Palladoarsenide2.4.14.1Pd2As
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Braggite2.8.5.3(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Cooperite2.8.5.1PtS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Cuprorhodsite2.10.1.16(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Kashinite2.11.12.2(Ir,Rh)2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Hollingworthite2.12.3.8(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Miscellaneous
Isomertieite2.16.2.1Pd11Sb2As2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
ø = 2
Miargyrite3.7.3.2AgSbS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Karelianite4.3.1.4V3+2O3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AX6O19·xH2O
Becquerelite5.7.1.2Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Miscellaneous
Curite5.9.3.1Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite ?6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Asbolane ?6.4.9.1(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S7.2.11.1Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S7.2.12.1Mg2BeAl6O12
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Hibonite (TL)7.4.1.1(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB2X5
Berdesinskiite ?7.7.2.1V3+2TiO5
Oxyvanite7.7.2.2V3+2V4+O5
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Bismutotantalite8.1.6.3Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Liandratite (TL)8.1.9.1U(Nb,Ta)2O8
Petscheckite (TL)8.1.9.2UFe(Nb,Ta)2O8
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.2.5
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)'8.2.1.6A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.4A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' (FRL)
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mg)8.3.2.5(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Rynersonite8.3.7.2CaTa2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Vigezzite ?8.3.7.1(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
A2B3O9
Schreyerite8.4.1.1V3+2Ti3O9
AB21O38
Crichtonite8.5.1.3Sr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Tengerite-(Y) ?15.4.3.1Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)16a.1.1.2La(CO3)F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)16a.1.3.2CaY(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2XO4
Béhierite (TL)24.1.2.1(Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
Sinhalite24.1.1.1MgAl(BO4)
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Hambergite25.1.1.1Be2(BO3)(OH)
Miscellaneous
Jeremejevite25.8.1.1Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Rhodizite25.8.2.1(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
(AB)3(XO4)2
Graftonite38.3.3.1Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
AXO4
Berlinite38.4.2.1AlPO4
Cheralite38.4.3.5CaTh(PO4)2
Clinobisvanite38.4.7.1Bi(VO4)
Heterosite ?38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)38.4.3.2La(PO4)
Pucherite38.4.6.1Bi(VO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Uranocircite40.2a.3.1Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Brockite40.4.7.5(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Tavorite41.5.9.1LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Augelite41.6.8.1Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Triplite41.6.1.2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Barbosalite41.10.1.4Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lipscombite41.10.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Trolleite41.11.1.1Al4(PO4)3(OH)3
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Evansite42.1.2.1Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Phosphuranylite42.4.8.1(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyrilovite42.7.8.1NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dewindtite42.9.8.1H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Bermanite42.11.17.1Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Stewartite42.11.10.2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Humboldtine50.1.3.1Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Goldmanite51.4.3b.4Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cerite-(Ce)52.4.6.1(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Grandidierite (TL)54.1.1.1(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Gittinsite55.2.1a.1CaZrSi2O7
Thortveitite55.2.1a.4Sc2Si2O7
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Mn)56.2.2.3Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)56.2.5.2NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
'Orthochevkinite'56.2.8.4(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
Perrierite-(Ce)56.2.8.3Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Werdingite56.3.2.1(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Feruvite ?61.3.1.4Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Liddicoatite'61.3.1.2Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Eckermannite ?66.1.3c.6NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeite66.1.3c.15Na(Na2)(Fe2+2Fe3+2Li)(Si8O22)(F)2
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Glaucophane66.1.3c.1◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Zektzerite66.3.4.2LiNaZrSi6O15
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Serendibite69.2.1a.6Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Chiavennite70.5.1.1CaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Amesite71.1.2c.1Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Manandonite (TL)71.1.2c.6Li2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Bityite (TL)71.2.2c.3LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Clintonite71.2.2c.2Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Roscoelite71.2.2a.4K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Aeschynite Group'-AD2O6
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Cleavelandite-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Pericline-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Ambatoarinite' (FRL)-Sr5(Ce,La,Dy)10(CO3)17O3 ?
'Ammonite'-
'var: Ammolite'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anatase
var: Niobian Anatase
-(Ti,Nb)O2
var: Xanthitane-TiO2
Andalusite
var: Chiastolite
-Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
var: Demantoid
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Topazolite-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Ctypéite-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Asbestos'-
'Ashanite'-(Nb,Ta,U,Fe,Mn)4O8
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Barkevikite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var: Alkali-beryl
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
Boralsilite-Al16B6Si2O37
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
'Calamine'-
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerite-(La)-(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Cesiokenopyrochlore (TL)-□Nb2(O,OH)6Cs1−x (x ∼ 0.20)
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chloropal (of Schneiderhöhn)'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
Chrysoberyl
var: Alexandrite
-BeAl2O4
var: Cymophane-BeAl2O4
'Chrysoprase'-
Clinochlore
var: Leuchtenbergite
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite-(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Clinozoisite
var: Clinothulite
-{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-(Mn)-Tantalite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Copal'-
Corundum
var: Padparadscha
-Al2O3
var: Ruby-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
'Davidite'-
'Delessite'-(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Diopside
var: Diallage
-CaMgSi2O6
'Dravite-Schorl Series'-
'Dravite-Uvite Series'-
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Faratsihite' (FRL)-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Antiperthite'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
Ferri-winchite-☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferriallanite-(Ce)-{CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Ferrierite'-
'Ferro-eckermannite'-NaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Ferro-edenite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S-[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
'Fluocerite'-
Fluor-elbaite-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-liddicoatite (TL)-Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluorapatite
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
-(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Fluorcalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Fluornatropyrochlore-(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Fluoro-cannilloite ?-{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
'Gadolinite'-
'Gagarinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'-
'Genthite'-
'Gmelinite'-
Grossular
var: Tsavorite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Gummite'-
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
Hercynite
var: Chromohercynite
-Fe(Al,Cr)2O4
'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Humite Group'-
Hydrokenopyrochlore (TL)-(□,□)2Nb2O6·H2O
Hydroxykenomicrolite-(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Ilmenorutile-Strüverite Series'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Ixiolite
var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring)
-(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
var: Wolframoixiolite-(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lanthanite' ?-
Lasnierite (TL)-(Ca,Sr)(Mg,Fe2+)2Al(P[O,F]4)3
'Lepidolite'-
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lizardite
var: Nickeloan Lizardite
-(Mg,Ni)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Londonite (TL)-(Cs,K,Rb)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
'Londonite-Rhodizite Series'-
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-foitite ?-(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite-◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group
var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Damourite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Gilbertite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Mésotype'-
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Opal
var: Fire Opal
-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-C-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-CT-SiO2 · nH2O
'Orbicular Jasper'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Parisite'-
'Petrified Wood'-
Petscheckite
var: Hydroxy-petscheckite
-U4+(Fe3+1/3,☐≥2/3)(Nb,Ta)2O≤7(OH)≥1
var: Oxy-petscheckite-UFe3+2/31/3(Nb,Ta)2O8
Pezzottaite (TL)-Cs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
'Phillipsite'-
Phosphosiderite
var: Vilateite
-FePO4 · 2H2O
Potassic-fluoro-pargasite (TL)-{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
'Psilomelane'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Pyrope
var: Umbalite
-Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
'Pyrope-Spessartine Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Carnelian-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Onyx-SiO2
var: Pseudocubic Quartz-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Rutilated Quartz-SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Rhabdophane-(Nd)-Nd(PO4) · H2O
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rossmanite-☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Rutile
var: Niobian Rutile
-(Ti,Nb)O2
Saponite
var: Bowlingite
-Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Scapolite'-
'var: Wernerite'-
Scheelite
var: Molybdoscheelite
-Ca(WO4)
Schiavinatoite (TL)-(Nb,Ta)(BO4)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Spessartine
var: Spandite
-Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spinel
var: Ferropicotite
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
var: Pleonaste-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Spodumene
var: Hiddenite
-LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite-LiAlSi2O6
'Steacyite Group'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Talc
var: Steatite
-Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Taramite Root Name'-A(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
'Thomsonite'-
Thorianite
var: Uranothorianite
-(Th,U)O2
Thorite
var: Ferrithorite
-(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
var: Orangite-Th(SiO4)
var: Uranothorite-(Th,U)SiO4
Thortveitite
var: Befanamite (FRL)
-Sc2Si2O7
Titanite
var: Greenovite
-CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Turkestanite-(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
'UM1992-07-E:AuCuPdPt'-(Pd,Pt,Au)2Cu
'UM1992-09-E:CuFePt'-Pt3(Cu,Fe)
'UM1992-13-O:IrPt'-(Ir,Pt)O2
'UM1992-25-S:CuOsPdPtRh'-(Pt,Cu,Pd,Rh,Os)3S2
'UM1992-26-S:CuPdPt'-(Pd,Pt)3(Cu,Ni)S2
'UM1992-27-S:CuPdPtRh'-(Pd,Pt)2RhCuS4
'UM1992-28-S:Pd'-Pd4S
'UM1992-29-S:PdPt'-(Pd,Pt)2S
'UM1998-//-BOSiO:AlFeMg[2]'-(Fe2+,Mg)2Al14Si4B4O37
'Unnamed (Pd Antimonide Arsenide)'-Pd3(Sb,As)
'Unnamed (Pd Hydroxide)'-Pd(OH)2
'Unnamed (Pd Oxide)'-PdO · 3H2O
'Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)'-Ti2V4+2V3+2O11
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
var: Samiresite'
-(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Vránaite (TL)-Al16B4Si4O38
'Wad'-
'var: Cobaltian Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Zeolite Group'-
'Zinnwaldite'-
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
var: Hafnian Zircon-(Zr,Hf)SiO4
var: Malacon-Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite
var: Thulite
-{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
H BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
H Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H Cesiokenopyrochlore□Nb2(O,OH)6Cs1−x (x ∼ 0.20)
H Hydrokenopyrochlore(□,□)2Nb2O6·H2O
H HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977) (var: Samiresite)(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Unnamed (Pd Hydroxide)Pd(OH)2
H Unnamed (Pd Oxide)PdO · 3H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Leuchtenbergite)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
H DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
H CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO