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Kambalda, Coolgardie Shire, Western Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Kambalda- not defined -
Coolgardie ShireShire
Western AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 11' 60'' South , 121° 40' 12'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Stoneville2,841 (2016)38.2km
Boulder5,178 (2017)49.5km


The deposit was discovered 1966 and mining commenced 1967. Owned by Western Mining. In 1986 this deposit was estimated to contain 7% of the western world's nickel reserves. Ore body contains the Lunnon shoot and the Durkin shoot (Durkin shaft).



Nickel is the 1960's was a rare commodity. In the late 1960's to early 70's, massive nickel deposits were discovered in Western Australia. It is known in Western Australian history as the Nickel Boom. Australia holds 35% of world reserves, and 90% of this is in Western Australia. Most of the nickel deposits were discovered in the Eastern Goldfields province, particularly centred on the Kambalda region. At present (2012) 22 nickel mines are operational in the Kambalda area. Western Mining Corporation discovered nickel at Kambalda in 1965, and the first mine (Silver Lake Mine) opened in 1966. The Kambalda region produces 35 000 tonnes of nickel metal pa.

Specimens generally come from the 132 North Mine near Widgiemooltha, and the Otter Shoot Mine on the outskirts of the East Kambalda townsite. Nickel secondary species from Kambalda mines are described by geologists as rare. It needs to be said mining companys often simply describe the whole lot as nickel ore, which gets processed regardless of the composition.

Geology speaking, the Kambalda Dome nickel mineralisation is one of the most heavily studied in Western Australia. A detailed description is beyond the scope (and my brain power) of this summary.

The Kambalda Dome shows as an elogated feature in a north north-west direction, and located 56 kilometres south south-east of Kalgoorlie.

From the lowest upwards, is the Lunnon Basalt, overlain by the Kambalda Komatiite which hosts the nickel sulphide mineralisation, Devons Consol Basalt, then a package of slates and greywackes.

The Kambalda Komatiite lays between the two basalt members. Nickel sulphide mineralisation is concentrated at its contact with the Lunnon Basalt, where it occupies the base of the lava flow, in incised channels forming elongated lenses and ribbon like structures. These trend in a north north-west direction, up to 3 kilometres long and 300m wide. The channel flows themselves can be up to 100m thick, 500m wide, and 15 kilometres in length. It contains pyrrhotite-pentlandite-pyrite-chalcopyrite, with locally abundant millerite.

The sulphides in the komatiite lava flows are denser, so tend to pool in topographic low areas, enhanced by the thermal erosion of the substrate by the lava.

The ore zone in the Kambalda Komatiite from the base upwards consists of a zone of massive sulphides (95% sulphide) of metasedimentary or melted material and enclaves of olivine. Overlaying this is a zone of matrix sulphide of a jackstraw texture, composed of bladed to accicular metamorphic olivine, spinifex textured in a matrix of nickel sulphide. Next a zone of net textured ore, rarely observed, but assumed, as nickel sulphide forming a network textured groundmass liquid in which olivine crystals float in massive sulphide. Described as having the consistency of toothpaste, we are uncertain though it does much to fight tooth decay. Lastly a disseminated sulphide zone grading upwards to barren ultramafic in a fine grained groundmass.

There is a variation in deposits with some zones missing. While originally formed as generally horizontal volcanic lava flows, processes since such as metamorphism, folding etc create a large degree of variability between the deposits.

The oxidised weathered zone above the ore, is dominated by boxworks of goethite, hematite, magherite and ocher clays. Non sulphide nickel mineralisation is usually soluable, and preserved as carbonates, or within the ore as nickeline. Mineral species such as gaspeite, hellyerite, otwayite, widgiemoolthalite, and related nickel carbonates have been preserved by the arid environment, but are still rare. Secondary copper species malachite, azurite, chalcocite, and cobalt nickel compounds are more persistent in the boxworks.

The oxidised zone includes goethite, hematite, limonite, often associated with polydymite and violarite, supergene in origin in the lower portions of the saprolite rock.
Located about 25 km NNE of Widgiemooltha.


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

107 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Xue, Y., Campbell, I (2014), The Mineralogy of the Bellerophon-Nelson Telluride Bearing gold Deposit St Ives Camp, Canadian Mineralogist 52 p981-1006 2014
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Neumayr, P., Walshe, J., Hagemann, S., Petersen, K., Roache, A., Frikken, P., Horn, L., and Halley, S. (2008): Oxidized and Reduced Mineral Assemblages in Greenstone Belt Rocks of the St. Ives Gold Camp, Western Australia- vectors to high-grade ore bodies in Archaean gold deposits?. Mineralium Deposita (2008):43: 363-371
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Geology Society of Australia WA Div, 12th Australian Geology Convention., Excursion Guidebook 8. Ore Deposits of the Eastern Goldfields WA, Sept 1994
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Euli, P. (2003), Orogenic Gold Deposits, Fennoscanndian Exploratory Mining, 2003
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: AM 70 (1985), 419
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Naldrett, A.J. (2004): Magmatic Sulfide Deposits. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York)(2004):740
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Buckhornite
Formula: AuPb2BiTe2S3
Reference: Xue, Y., Campbell, I (2014), The Mineralogy of the Bellerophon-Nelson Telluride Bearing gold Deposit St Ives Camp, Canadian Mineralogist 52 p981-1006 2014
Bunsenite
Formula: NiO
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Naldrett, A.J. (2004): Magmatic Sulfide Deposits. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York)(2004):740
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:1697-1704; Econ Geol (1986) 81:1218-1225; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 1, p 392 (as part of Butterfly GM at location)
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:1697-1704
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Pryce, M. W. and Just, J. (1974): Glaukosphaerite: A New Nickel Analogue of Rosasite. Mineralogical Magazine. 39, 737-743
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Marston, R. J., Kay, B. D. (1980) The Distribution, Petrology, and Genesis of Nickel Ores at the Juan Complex, Kambalda, Western Australia, Economic Geology (1980) Vol. 75, No.4, pp.546-565.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bath, A. et al (2013), Biotite and Apatite as Tools for Tracking Pathways of Oxidised Fluids in the Archaean East Repulse Gold Deposit, Econ Geol, July 2013
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Steffen Robertson & Kirsten Pty Ltd (2004), An Independent Technical Report on the St Ives Gold Mine Western Australia , 2004
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Description: Zincian Daubréelite
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Geology Society of Australia WA Div, 12th Australian Geology Convention., Excursion Guidebook 8. Ore Deposits of the Eastern Goldfields WA, Sept 1994
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Neumayr, P., Walshe, J., Hagemann, S., Petersen, K., Roache, A., Frikken, P., Horn, L., and Halley, S. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 363-371.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Naldrett, A.J. (2004): Magmatic Sulfide Deposits. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York)(2004):740
'Feldspar Group'
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gaspéite
Formula: Ni(CO3)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 1l pp.26-32 (1973)
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Glaukosphaerite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Pryce, M. W. and Just, J. (1974): Glaukosphaerite: A New Nickel Analogue of Rosasite. Mineralogical Magazine. 39, 737-743
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Graphite
Formula: C
Description: rare
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972); Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Hudson, D.R., Robinson, B.W., Vigers, R.B.W. (1978) Zoned michenerite-testibiopalladite from Kambalda, Western Australia, The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 16 May 1978, pp.121-126.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1981 44 : 333-337.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Bridge, P.J. (1977) Nickelblödite, Na₂Ni(SO₄)₂.4H₂O, a new mineral from Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine, March 1977, Vol.41 pp.37-41.
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Hudson, D.R., Robinson, B.W., Vigers, R.B.W. (1978) Zoned michenerite-testibiopalladite from Kambalda, Western Australia, The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 16 May 1978, pp.121-126.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: No reference listed; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
'Hornblende'
Hydrohonessite (TL)
Formula: (Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1981 44 : 333-337.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Euli, P. (2003), Orogenic Gold Deposits, Fennoscanndian Exploratory Mining, 2003
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Description: Si-rich, characteristic of all Enstatite chondrites
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Description: Si-rich, characteristic of all Enstatite chondrites
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Kambaldaite (TL)
Formula: NaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
Reference: AM 70 (1985), 419
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Bath, A. et al (2013), Biotite and Apatite as Tools for Tracking Pathways of Oxidised Fluids in the Archaean East Repulse Gold Deposit, Econ Geol, July 2013
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Naldrett, A.J. (2004): Magmatic Sulfide Deposits. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York)(2004):740
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Ostwald, J (1978) Linnaeite series minerals from the Kalgoorlie district, Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (Mar 1978) Vol.42 pp.93-98.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Econ Geol (1986) 81:1218-1225
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:1697-1704
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: J. F. Carpentier collection; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Ahmed A et all (2014), The Invincible Deposit, Australian Institute of Geoscientists Symposia Kalgoorlie 08 Oct -10 Oct 2014
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Naldrett, A.J. (2004): Magmatic Sulfide Deposits. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 740 pp.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1986) 81:1218-1225
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Steffen Robertson and Kirsten Pty Ltd (2004), An Independent Technical Report on the St Ives Gold Mine WA 01/07/2004
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Eardleyite as a Product of the Supergene Alteration of Nickel Sulphides in Western Australia; E Nickel, C Davis, M Bussell, P Bridge, J Dunn, R Macdonald; American Mineralogist, Vol 62, pp 449-457, 1977
Nickelblödite (TL)
Formula: Na2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Bridge, P.J. (1977) Nickelblödite, Na₂Ni(SO₄)₂.4H₂O, a new mineral from Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine, March 1977, Vol.41 pp.37-41.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Otwayite
Formula: Ni2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Naldrett, A.J. (2004): Magmatic Sulfide Deposits. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York)(2004):740
Palladoarsenide
Formula: Pd2As
Reference: Econ Geol (1986) 81:1218-1225
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1981 44 : 333-337.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:1697-1704; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:1697-1704; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Reevesite
Formula: Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: AM 70 (1985), 419
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Rucklidgeite
Formula: PbBi2Te4
Reference: Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225. Hudson, D.R., Robinson, B.W., Vigers, R.B.W. (1978) Zoned michenerite-testibiopalladite from Kambalda, Western Australia, The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 16 May 1978, pp.121-126.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Xue, Y., Campbell, I (2014), The Mineralogy of the Bellerophon-Nelson Telluride Bearing gold Deposit St Ives Camp, Canadian Mineralogist 52 p981-1006 2014
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: Ostwald, J (1978) Linnaeite series minerals from the Kalgoorlie district, Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (Mar 1978) Vol.42 pp.93-98.
'Silica'
Description: An unidentified siica phase(s) is found with plagioclase and enstatite
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972); Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Sinoite
Formula: Si2N2O
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: D. R. Hudson, B. W. Robinson, and R. B. W. Vigers (1978) Zoned michenerite-testibiopalladite from Kambalda, Western Australia Can Mineral, 16:121-126
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Reference: Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225.
Sudburyite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)Sb
Reference: Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Takovite
Formula: Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: E Nickel & B Robinson (1985)Kambaldaite - A new hvdrated Ni-Na carbonate mineral from Kambalda, Western Australia, American Mineralogist, Volume 70, pages 419422
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Econ Geol (1986) 81:1218-1225
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Yunxing Xue and Ian Campbell (2014) The Mineralogy of the Bellerophon-Nelson Telluride-bearing Gold Deposit, St. Ives Camp, Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia. Can Mineral 52:981-1006
'Testibiopalladite'
Formula: PdTe(Sb,Te)
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Xue, Y., Campbell, I (2014), The Mineralogy of the Bellerophon-Nelson Telluride Bearing gold Deposit St Ives Camp, Canadian Mineralogist 52 p981-1006 2014
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Xue, Y., Campbell, I (2014), The Mineralogy of the Bellerophon-Nelson Telluride Bearing gold Deposit St Ives Camp, Canadian Mineralogist 52 p981-1006 2014
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Reference: No reference listed; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
'Wad'
Reference: Pryce, M. W. and Just, J. (1974): Glaukosphaerite: A New Nickel Analogue of Rosasite. Mineralogical Magazine. 39, 737-743

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Osbornite1.BC.15TiN
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Sinoite1.DB.10Si2N2O
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Buckhornite2.HB.20bAuPb2BiTe2S3
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Hawleyite2.CB.05aCdS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Palladoarsenide2.AC.25aPd2As
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rickardite2.BA.30Cu7Te5
Rucklidgeite2.GC.40cPbBi2Te4
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibiopalladinite2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Sudburyite2.CC.05(Pd,Ni)Sb
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
'Testibiopalladite'2.EB.25PdTe(Sb,Te)
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Volynskite2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Bunsenite4.AB.25NiO
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gaspéite5.AB.05Ni(CO3)
Glaukosphaerite (TL)5.BA.10(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Kambaldaite (TL)5.DA.20NaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Otwayite5.DA.15Ni2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Reevesite5.DA.50Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Takovite5.DA.50Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydrohonessite (TL)7.DD.35(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Nickelblödite (TL)7.CC.50Na2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Népouite9.ED.15(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pecoraite9.ED.15Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Osbornite1.1.19.1TiN
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sinoite1.3.9.1Si2N2O
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Stibiopalladinite2.3.3.1Pd5Sb2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Palladoarsenide2.4.14.1Pd2As
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Rucklidgeite2.6.2.7PbBi2Te4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Hawleyite2.8.2.6CdS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Buckhornite2.11.11.1AuPb2BiTe2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
'Testibiopalladite'2.12.3.13PdTe(Sb,Te)
Miscellaneous
Rickardite2.16.15.1Cu7Te5
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
ø = 2
Volynskite3.7.1.3AgBiTe2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Bunsenite4.2.1.2NiO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Gaspéite14.1.1.8Ni(CO3)
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Glaukosphaerite (TL)16a.3.1.3(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Otwayite16b.3.2.1Ni2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Reevesite16b.6.3.1Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Takovite16b.6.3.2Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Kambaldaite (TL)16b.7.12.1NaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Nickelblödite (TL)29.3.3.2Na2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Hydrohonessite (TL)31.10.7.1(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Népouite71.1.2b.3(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pecoraite71.1.2d.4Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hornblende'-
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
Sudburyite-(Pd,Ni)Sb
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
H Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
H NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
H PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
C KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
C GaspéiteNi(CO3)
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
C AragoniteCaCO3
C TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
NNitrogen
N OsborniteTiN
N SinoiteSi2N2O
OOxygen
O Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
O Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
O NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O GaspéiteNi(CO3)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O SideriteFeCO3
O ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O BaryteBaSO4
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O SinoiteSi2N2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O RutileTiO2
O CelestineSrSO4
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BunseniteNiO
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O AnataseTiO2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
Na NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si SinoiteSi2N2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
S NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
S MilleriteNiS
S PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
S AlabanditeMnS
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
S TroiliteFeS
S BuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S CelestineSrSO4
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S HawleyiteCdS
S GreenockiteCdS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S MarcasiteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
TiTitanium
Ti OsborniteTiN
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti AnataseTiO2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe IronFe
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CoCobalt
Co CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Ni Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Ni KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
Ni NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Ni GaspéiteNi(CO3)
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
Ni CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Ni PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
Ni TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Ni Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni BunseniteNiO
Ni OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cu RickarditeCu7Te5
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As SperrylitePtAs2
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As NickelineNiAs
As Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
As PalladoarsenidePd2As
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As CobaltiteCoAsS
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
RuRuthenium
Ru Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
RhRhodium
Rh Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PdPalladium
Pd MicheneritePdBiTe
Pd TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)
Pd Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
Pd StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
Pd Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Pd Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pd PalladoarsenidePd2As
AgSilver
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
CdCadmium
Cd HawleyiteCdS
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)
Sb Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
Sb StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Te MeloniteNiTe2
Te AltaitePbTe
Te RickarditeCu7Te5
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te MicheneritePdBiTe
Te TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)
Te RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4
Te Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Te Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Te TelluriumTe
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te ColoradoiteHgTe
Te TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Te BuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
IrIridium
Ir Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PtPlatinum
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
Pt Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Pt Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
Au BuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3
HgMercury
Hg ColoradoiteHgTe
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4
Pb BuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
BiBismuth
Bi VolynskiteAgBiTe2
Bi MicheneritePdBiTe
Bi RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4
Bi Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Bi TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Bi BuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Woodall, R. and Travis, G.A. (1969):The Kambalda Nickel Deposits Western Australia. Ninth Commonwealth Mining and Metallurgical Congress (1969):paper 26
Ross, J.R. and Hopkins, G.M.F. (1975):The Nickel Sulfide Deposits of Kambalda, Western Australia. In: Economic Geology of Australia and Papua-New Guinea (C. Knight, editor). Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (1975): Monograph 5(1):100-121
D. R. Hudson, B. W. Robinson, and R. B. W. Vigers (1978) Zoned michenerite-testibiopalladite from Kambalda, Western Australia Can Mineral, 16:121-126
Marston, R. J. and Kay, B. D.,(1980): The Distribution, Petrology, and Genesis of Nickel Ores at the Juan Complex, Kambalda, Western Australia, Economic Mineralogy (1980):75:546-565.
Gresham, J.J. and Loftus-Hills, G.D. (1981):The Geology of the Kambalda Nickel Field, Western Australia. Economic Geology: 76: 1373-1416.
Hudson, D.R. and Donaldson, M.J. (1981): Mineralogy of Platinum-group Elements in the Kambalda Nickel Deposits, Western Australia. In: Buchanan, D.L., and Jones, M.J. (eds.): Sulphide Deposits in Mafic and Ultramafic Rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, London, U.K.(1981):55-61
Lesher, C.M. and Groves, D.I. (1982):Localisation of Volcanic Peridotite-associated Ni-sulfide Mineralisation at Kambalda, Western Australia, and Implictions for Ore Emplacement. Third Nickel Sulfide Field Conference (Perth), Sulfide Deposits in Mafic and Ultramafic Rocks
Lesher, C.M. (1983):Localisation and Genesis of Komatiite-Associated Fe-Ni-Cu Sulfide Mineralisation at Kambalda, Western Australia, Ph.D. thesis, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia (1983)
Mining Annual Review (1985):368.
Beresford, S.W., Cas, R.A.F., Lambert, D.D., and Stone, W.E. (2000):Vesicles in Thick Komatiite Lava Flows, Kambalda, Western Australia. Journal of the Geological Society, London (2000): 157: 11-14.
Naldrett, A.J. (2004): Magmatic Sulfide Deposits. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York)(2004):740
(1982): Abstract Volume: 27-28.

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