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US highway 5 road cut, Putney, Windham Co., Vermont, USAi
Regional Level Types
US highway 5 road cutRoad Cutting
Putney- not defined -
Windham Co.County
VermontState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
42° 59' 59'' North , 72° 29' 10'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Putney523 (2017)4.0km
Westmoreland1,861 (2017)5.5km
Westminster282 (2017)7.9km
Walpole605 (2017)10.1km
Chesterfield3,773 (2017)12.6km


Extensive road cut through phyllite.

Sediments are of Ordovician age. Mineralization occurs in veinlets crosscutting the phyllite at sharp angles. Veinlets are 2 to 5 mm in thickness.

Of interest is the occurrence of three identified REE carbonates.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min. vol. 71, (1996); Mineralogical Record 22:384
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Colour: pink
Reference: Johannes Swarts collection
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Johannes Swarts collection
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: P. Cristofono collection, 2012
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Mineralogical Record 22:384
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min. vol. 71, (1996); Mineralogical Record 22:384
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Johannes Swarts collection
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: P. Cristofono collection, 2012
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Description: Perhaps the synchysite-(Ce) was mistaken for ettringite?
Reference: Rocks & Min. vol. 71, (1996); Rocks & Minerals, v. 71, no. 5, pg. 334
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: P. Cristofono collection, 2012
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: P. Cristofono collection, 2012
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Weber, Marcelle H. & William A. Henderson Jr. (1996). Through the 'Scope: Searching Vermont for Microminerals (Rocks & Minerals 71(4):262-266).
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Description: Bill Henderson used optics along with a positive test for Ba (see Rocks & Minerals, v. 71, no. 4, pg. 262).
Reference: Rocks & Min. vol. 71, (1996); Mineralogical Record 22:384
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Weber, Marcelle H. & William A. Henderson Jr. (1996). Through the 'Scope: Searching Vermont for Microminerals (Rocks & Minerals 71(4):262-266).
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Weber, Marcelle H. & William A. Henderson Jr. (1996). Through the 'Scope: Searching Vermont for Microminerals (Rocks & Minerals 71(4):262-266).
Lanthanite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Reference: Johannes Swarts collection
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Record 22:384
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Habit: Elongated crystals, acicular with right angle bends.
Reference: Rocks & Min. vol. 71, (1996); Mineralogical Record 22:384
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min. vol. 71, (1996); Mineralogical Record 22:384
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Johannes Swarts collection
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Johannes Swarts collection
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Johannes Swarts collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Lanthanite-(La)5.CC.25(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Ettringite ?7.DG.15Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Lanthanite-(La)15.4.2.1(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Ettringite ?31.10.2.1Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Harmotome77.1.3.5(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
H EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
CCarbon
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
OOxygen
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O BrookiteTiO2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O BaryteBaSO4
O EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
NaSodium
Na Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
SiSilicon
Si Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
KPotassium
K Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
BaBarium
Ba Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
LaLanthanum
La Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
CeCerium
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Devonian - Silurian
358.9 - 443.8 Ma



ID: 3186140
Paleozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 443.8 Ma)

Lithology: Mudstone-carbonate-sandstone-conglomerate

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Late Ordovician
443.8 - 458.4 Ma



ID: 2965835
Partridge Formation

Age: Late Ordovician (443.8 - 458.4 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Partridge Formation

Description: Dark-gray to grayish-black, rusty-weathering sulfidic slate and phyllite interlayered with felsic volcanic rocks and tuffs, and amphibolite (Opa). Stratified rocks of the Bronson Hill arch and Sawyer Mountain belt.

Comments: Original map source: Ratcliffe, N.M., Stanley, R.S., Gale., M.H., Thompson, P.J., and Walsh, G.J., 2011, Bedrock geologic map of Vermont: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3184, 3 sheets, scale 1:100,000.

Lithology: Major:{slate,phyllite}, Minor:{felsic volcanic}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Robinson, G.W., King, V.T. (1991) What's New in Minerals? The Mineralogical Record, 22:6, 384.
Weber, Marcelle H., Henderson, W.A. Jr. (1996) Through the 'Scope: Searching Vermont for Microminerals. Rocks & Minerals, 71:4, 262-266.


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