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La Bruyère Mine, Welkenraedt, Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet mining district (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet mining district), Liège, Wallonia, Belgiumi
Regional Level Types
La Bruyère MineMine
WelkenraedtMunicipality
Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet mining district (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet mining district)Mining District
LiègeProvince
WalloniaRegion
BelgiumCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 39' 19'' North , 5° 57' 11'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Welkenraedt9,006 (2012)1.3km
Baelen3,928 (2011)3.1km
Lontzen4,862 (2011)4.8km
Limbourg5,612 (2018)4.9km
Eupen18,029 (2011)6.6km
Name(s) in local language(s):
La Bruyère, Welkenraedt, Plombières-Vieille Montagne (Plombières-Altenberg) District, Verviers, Liège Province, Belgium


The La Bruyère mine in Welkenraedt (1878-1883)

The mine was located on the Welkenraedt fault line from the NW to the SE.
On this fault, the following mines can be found: Wilcour, Nouvelle Espérence, St-Paul, La Bruyère, and Heggelsbrück.
The La Bruyére mine was connected underground with the Saint-Paul.
The zinc mine was part of the Altenberg concession with its head office in Kelmis. The mine was part of the Belgian zinc group Vieille Montagne.

As early as in 1409 a sale agreement in La Bruyere was mentioned in the literature.

Also between 1765 and 1772, ores were collected.
The La Bruyère mine was exploited by Vieille Montagne between 1878 and 1883.
They dug to a depth of 59 meters.

The production between 1878 and 1883 amounted to 100,000 tons of calamine and 75,000 tons of sulfides. The extracted ores were mixed with the ores of the Saint-Paul mine. The mine was more or less an expansion of the St-Paul mine. The produced ores went to the wash plant at the Altenberg mine in Kelmis by rail.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


7 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Dejonghe, L., Ladeuze, F., Jans, D. (1993) Atlas des gisements plombo-zincifères du synclinorium de Verviers (Est de la Belgique). Mémoires du Service Géologique de Belgique, 483 pages [135-144].; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Dejonghe, L., Ladeuze, F., Jans, D. (1993) Atlas des gisements plombo-zincifères du synclinorium de Verviers (Est de la Belgique). Mémoires du Service Géologique de Belgique, 483 pages [135-144].; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dejonghe, L., Ladeuze, F., Jans, D. (1993) Atlas des gisements plombo-zincifères du synclinorium de Verviers (Est de la Belgique). Mémoires du Service Géologique de Belgique, 483 pages [135-144].; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Dejonghe, L., Ladeuze, F., Jans, D. (1993) Atlas des gisements plombo-zincifères du synclinorium de Verviers (Est de la Belgique). Mémoires du Service géologique de Belgique, 33, 483 pages.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Dejonghe, L., Ladeuze, F., Jans, D. (1993) Atlas des gisements plombo-zincifères du synclinorium de Verviers (Est de la Belgique). Mémoires du Service Géologique de Belgique, 483 pages [135-144].; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Sphalerite var:
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Schalenblende2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Sphalerite
var: Schalenblende
-ZnS

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
OOxygen
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O QuartzSiO2
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dejonghe, L., Ladeuze, F., Jans, D. (1993) Atlas des gisements plombo-zincifères du synclinorium de Verviers (Est de la Belgique). Mémoires du Service Géologique de Belgique, 483 pages [135-144].
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).

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