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West Mount Apatite Mining District, Auburn, Androscoggin Co., Maine, USAi
Regional Level Types
West Mount Apatite Mining DistrictMining District
Auburn- not defined -
Androscoggin Co.County
MaineState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
44° North , 70° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~5km
Locality type:


Mount Apatite has many granite pegmatite quarries and prospects which are mineralogically rich and have late-stage lithium mineralization. The Mount Apatite region is geographically bisected by the Hatch Road into Western and Eastern quarry groups, although the maximum distance between quarries is less than 2 km. Without a doubt the most famous of all of the quarries is the Pulsifer Quarry in the western portion of the district which has produced the finest purple apatites in the world. Fine tourmalines from the various quarries are generally quite small (less than 2 cm). Quarrying efforts in the 1990's at a small prospect now called the Groves Quarry, once called the Hole in the Ground, produced a handful of purple apatite-(CaF) crystals from 1-2 cm. The Pulsifer Pegmatite is over 0.5 km long and is certainly far from exhausted.

The Western Group quarries are currently privately owned and the Eastern Group are owned by the City of Auburn with the exception of the Hatch Farm Prospect which is also in private hands.

Mount Apatite's early history has been associated with the names of Nathaniel Perry, G.C. Hatch, Martin Keith, Thomas Lamb, Loren Merrill, Pitt Pulsifer, John Towne, Hiram Greenlaw, Eli Turner, William Wade and more recently with Stanley Perham, Ken Grover, Irving "Dudy" Groves, Terrance Szenics, Frank Perham and Dick Dionne.

Gem exploration began as early as 1862. Feldspar production began in the mid-1890's, but the feldspar was shipped to Topsham for processing. The Maine Feldspar Co. worked at its namesake quarry in 1902 and a mill was built in 1906 at Littlefield Corner near the Danville Junction of the Grand Trunk Railroad, now of the Maine Central Railroad, in Auburn. Feldspar production ended on October 1, 1929. Within a kilometer of the Mount Apatite District, there are mineralogically simple pegmatites which have not been included in the Mount Apatite District.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

49 valid minerals. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (1977): Famous mineral localities: The Pulsifer Quarry. Mineralogical Record 8 (2), 72-77; Rocks and Minerals, (1997) 72:44-48
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1997) 72:44-48
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Wise, M. A. (2007). Crystallization of 'pocket' berthierine from the pulsifer granitic pegmatite, Poland, Maine, USA. Clays and Clay Minerals, 55(6), 583-592.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Thompson, W, Joyner, D., Woodman, R., and King, V., 1998. Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd ed.; King and Foord, 1994, Mineralogy of Maine
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Habit: hexagonal prisms with pinacoids
Colour: yellow to yellow-orange
Description: massive to subhedral prisms to at least 15 cm frozen in matrix, associated with cleavelandite, quartz, schorl, columbite
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Dick Dionne
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1997) 72:44-48
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)
Formula: {KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1975) 50:240-243
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Reference: Guidebook 1 to Mineral Collecting in the Maine Pegmatite Belt Pg. 3
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Kaolinite ?
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Probably montmorillonite and/or clay-like muscovite.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1997) 72:44-48
'Lepidolite'
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: No reference listed
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: No reference listed
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Schernikite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Habit: curved foliae
Colour: silver-gray to lavender
Description: curved "ball-peen" aggregates to 3 or so cm across, showing tessellated, rhombic fibers in cross-section. Associated with cleavelandite, smoky quartz, normal muscovite.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Description: Microcline, not orthoclase.
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (1977): Famous mineral localities: The Pulsifer Quarry. Mineralogical Record 8 (2), 72-77; Rocks and Minerals, (1997) 72:44-48
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Purpurite
Formula: Mn3+(PO4)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Guidebook 1 to Mineral Collecting in the Maine Pegmatite Belt Pg 2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: USGS Bull 445
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Guidebook 1 to Mineral Collecting in the Maine Pegmatite Belt Pg. 3
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1, p.349
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Rocks and Minerals, (1997) 72:44-48]
'Tourmaline var: Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Watermelon Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Description: Lithiophilite only
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (1977): Famous mineral localities: The Pulsifer Quarry. Mineralogical Record 8 (2), 72-77; Rocks and Minerals, (1997) 72:44-48
Triplite
Formula: Mn2+2(PO4)F
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1, p.360.
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
'Zinnwaldite' ?
Reference: No reference listed
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite ?8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Brazilianite8.BK.05NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)8.BF.05{KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fairfieldite8.CG.05Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Purpurite8.AB.10Mn3+(PO4)
Triphylite ?8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10Mn2+2(PO4)F
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Berthierine9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite ?9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Schernikite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase ?9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Lepidolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zinnwaldite' ?-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Triphylite ?38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
AXO4
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Purpurite38.4.1.2Mn3+(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Fairfieldite40.2.2.1Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite ?41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Brazilianite41.5.7.1NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2Mn2+2(PO4)F
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)41.7.2.2{KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Berthierine71.1.2c.2(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase ?76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Kaolinite ?-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
Muscovite
var: Schernikite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Citrine
-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2
'Zinnwaldite' ?-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
H FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H Muscovite (var: Schernikite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
H Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
LiLithium
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
O FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
O UraniniteUO2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
O EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Muscovite (var: Schernikite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
O Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Muscovite (var: Schernikite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Al Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Muscovite (var: Schernikite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
P FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
P PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
P Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
P EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
P BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
KPotassium
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K Muscovite (var: Schernikite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Ca FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Mn FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
Mn PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
FeIron
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Fe Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Perham, Jane C. (1985), Maine’s Treasure Chest.
King, Vandall T. and Foord, E. (1994), Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1. Descriptive Mineralogy.
King, Vandall T. (2000), Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 2: Mining History, Gems and Geology.
King, Vandall T. and Szenics, T. (2008), Pulsifer Quarry, Androscoggin County, Maine, American Mineral Treasures: 324-327.
King, Vandall T. (2009), Maine Feldspar, Families, and Feuds.
City of Auburn Parks and Recreation: Mt. Apatite Park Trail Map and Park Rules.

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