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Ankaratra Volcanic Range, Madagascari
Regional Level Types
Ankaratra Volcanic RangeVolcanic Range
MadagascarCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Fianarantsoa167,227 (2018)
Faratsiho37,563 (2018)
Ikongo32,374 (2018)
Ambositra30,353 (2018)
Betafo29,785 (2018)
Ambalavao28,027 (2018)
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Ankaratra Mountains
Other Languages:
French:
Ankaratra, Madagascar
German:
Ankaratra, Madagaskar
Malagasy:
Ankaratra, Madagasikara
Russian:
Анкаратра, Мадагаскар
Simplified Chinese:
安卡拉特拉山, 马达加斯加
Spanish:
Ankaratra, Madagascar
Cebuano:
Tangorombohitr' Ankaratra, Madagascar
Dutch:
Ankaratra, Madagaskar
Estonian:
Ankaratra mäed, Madagaskar
Macedonian:
Анкаратра, Мадагаскар
Polish:
Ankaratra, Madagaskar
Serbian:
Анкаратра, Мадагаскар
Slovak:
Ankaratra, Madagaskar
Swedish:
Tangorombohitr' Ankaratra, Madagaskar
Turkish:
Ankaratra, Madagaskar
Ukrainian:
Анкаратра, Мадагаскар


A volcanic mountain range in the central highland of Madagascar which runs south-southwest of the capitol Antananarivo. It covers an area of about 5200 square km and is located in 2 different regions in the Antananarivo Province; Itasy and Vakinankaratra. The Ankaratra Mountains is bordered by the towns Arivonimamo to the North, Ambatolampy to the East, Betafo to the South and Faratsiho to the West. The highest peak is 2643m.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

197 valid minerals. 10 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Rasoamalala, V., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Ursule, J.-Ph., Cuney, M., Parseval, Ph. de, Guillaume, D., Moine, B. & Andriamampihantona, J. (2014): Geology of bastnaesite and monazite deposits in the Ambatofinandrahana area, central part of Madagascar: An overview. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 94, 128-140
'Aeschynite Group'
Formula: AD2O6
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # M-519
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. p 601.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Ambatoarinite' (FRL)
Formula: Sr5(Ce,La,Dy)10(CO3)17O3 ?
Type Locality:
Colour: grey, rose
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1915) : Sur un nouveau minéral [ambatoarinite] de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société francaise de Minéralogie, Paris. 38, 265-271 ; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 293.
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Lefevre & Thomas (1998): Les pegmatites de la vallée de la Sahatany, Madagascar. La Règne Minéral, nr 19, 15-28
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Anatase var: Xanthitane
Formula: TiO2
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: A.Lacroix (1956): Notes posthumes mineralogie, petrographie. Madagascar. Travaux du Bureau Geologigue nr 78. Service Geologique, Tananarive.
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: Karel Bal Collection
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Colour: Black
Description: Occurs in large plates.
Reference: De Vito et al (2006): Nb-Ti-Ta oxides in the gem-mineralized and "hybrid" Anjanabonoina granitic pegmatite, central Madagascar: A record of magmatic and postmagmatic events. Canadian Mineralogist. 44: 87-103.; De Vito, C., Pezzotta, F., Ferrini, V., and Aurisicchio, C. (2006): Nb-Ti-Ta oxides in the gem-mineralized and "hybrid" Anjanabonoina granitic pegmatite, central Madagascar: A record of magmatic and postmagmatic events. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 87-103.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1913) Minéralogie de La France et de ses colonies. Tome Cinq, Deuxième Supplément. Librairie Polytechnique, Paris 1913, p. 4.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Pezzotta, F. (1999): Madagaskar. Das Paradies der Mineralien und Edelsteine. Extra Lapis nr 17, pp 53-54 (german edition)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Asbestos'
'Ashanite'
Formula: (Nb,Ta,U,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Ranorosoa, N. (1986): Etude mineralogique des pegmatites du champ de la Sahatany, Madagascar. These de Doctorat de l`Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Description: Knut Edvard Larsen collection, identified by XRD at MGM, Oslo 1998.
Reference: Larsen, K. E. (2003): Mineralene i Sahatany pegmatittfelt, Madagaskar. Bergverksmuseets skrifter 25, 5-18 (in norwegian)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: Described by Lacroix (1899) under the name "chessylite"
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1899): Matériaux pour la Minéralogie de Madagascar. IV. Brochantite d'Ambatofangehana (Province d'Ambositra). Bulletin du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle 5 : 318-319
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Description: A specimen fra Behiers collection marked "Bastnaesite" was shown to be Bastnäsite-(Ce) (Simmons 2003)
Reference: Simmons, W. B. (2003): Investigation of oxide minerals from an old collection of Madagascar minerals. (Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy). Rocks & Minerals, nr 2, 2003
Béhierite (TL)
Formula: (Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Habit: Octahedral crystals
Colour: Grayish-pink
Reference: Mrose, M.E. & Rose jr, J. (1961): Behierite, (Ta, Nb)BO4, a new mineral from Manjaka, Madagascar. Geol.Soc.Am, Abstracts 1961 Ann. Meetings, p 111A
Berlinite
Formula: AlPO4
Reference: Ackermand et al.(2006): "Lazulite-bearing metaquartzite of the Itremo Group (Central Madagascar); Scientific significance and economic importance" in Proceedings of the Malagasy-German Research Cooperation in Life and Earth sciences, 5-18
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 106 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Alkali-beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Colour: greenish brown
Reference: Pers.com Roy Kristiansen 1996, XRD analysis Smithsonian Institution, USA 1974
Bismutotantalite
Formula: Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 65; Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Geologique A. 1871
Bityite (TL)
Formula: LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Habit: pseudohexagonal barrelshaped aggregates with curved top (polysyntetic twins)up to 2 mm long; fine lamelles
Colour: white; whith-yellowish
Description: The typematerial of bityite was found in a pegmatite dike situated about 300 m N of the Maharitra workings (Behier (1960) Found on tourmaline or quartz
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. pp 398-400 + planche 18 / Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 78p.
Boralsilite
Formula: Al16B6Si2O37
Reference: Novák, M., Cempírek, J., Gadas, P., Škoda, R., Galiová, M. V., Pezzotta, F. and Groat, L. A. (2015): Boralsilite and Li, Be-bearing "Boron Mullite" Al8B2Si2O19, Breakdown products of spodumene from the Manjaka pegmatite, Sahatany valley, Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist. 53: 357-374
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Description: Described by Lacroix (1899) under the name "erubescite".
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive.p 24
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 22
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1899): Matériaux pour la Minéralogie de Madagascar. IV. Brochantite d'Ambatofangehana (Province d'Ambositra). Bulletin du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle 5 : 318-319
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: Dr.Federico Pezzotta analysis
'Calamine'
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Colour: mustard-brown to yellowish
Description: alteration film on bastnäsite-(Ce)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Cesiokenopyrochlore (TL)
Formula: □Nb2(O,OH)6Cs1−x (x ∼ 0.20)
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Kasatkin, A.V., Britvin, S.N., Siidra, O.I., Pautov, L.A., Pekov, I.V. and Karpenko, V.Y. (2017) Cesiokenopyrochlore, IMA 2016-104. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 406; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 403–409.
'Chabazite'
Description: in basaltic rock
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Minéralogie de Madagascar. Tome 1. Paris , p 601
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive.p 24
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Description: Samples labelled "chevkinite-(Ce) has been showed to be allanite-(Ce). See Larsen (2003)
Reference: Lefevre, M. & Thomas, L. (1998): Les pegmatites de la vallée de la Sahatany, Madagascar. Le Règne Minéral no 19, 15-28
'Chevkinite Group'
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl var: Cymophane
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: Extra Lapis nr 17. Madagascar p 4 (german edition)]
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Leuchtenbergite
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Michel Arliguie collection & photo (Photo ID: 946870, old sample)
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris; p 202
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection (# M-569 + M-576)
'Clinoptilolite'
Description: Earlier erronously labeled as heulandite (Lefevre & Thomas (1998).
Reference: Pezzotta, F. (1999): Madagaskar. Das Paradies der Mineralien und Edelsteine. Extra Lapis nr 17, pp 53-54 (german edition)
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: A sample in the collection of Muséum de Paris, France, see http://webmineral.brgm.fr:8003/mineraux/ImageView.html?SYSID_IMAGE=7312&TARGET=MainEnd
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1940): Les modifications mineralogiques secondaires du gisement de phlogopite de Volonandrongo ouest du massif central de Madagascar. Compte Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances de l'Academie des Sciences 210(12): 425-429; Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Geologique A. 1871
Clinozoisite var: Clinothulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Jean Chervet collection
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Columbite-(Mg)
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Description:
Reference: Listed in www.excaliburmineral.com- catalog of rare species
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Mn)-Tantalite-(Mn) Series'
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Crichtonite
Formula: Sr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.587)
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # M-539
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Description: As exsolutions in chalcopyrite
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.31
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Diamond
Formula: C
Description: A crystal thought to be diamond found in one stream in the Sahatany area, was sent to the french mineralogist A. Lacroix. Under examination, it showed to be rhodizite
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p [p.151-152]
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: RRUFF ID: R060038
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
Reference: De Vito et al (2006): Nb-Ti-Ta oxides in the gem-mineralized and "hybrid" Anjanabonoina granitic pegmatite, central Madagascar: A record of magmatic and postmagmatic events. Canadian Mineralogist. 44: 87-103.
'Dravite-Uvite Series'
Reference: Novák, M., Cempírek, J., Gadas, P., Škoda, R., Galiová, M. V., Pezzotta, F. and Groat, L. A. (2015): Boralsilite and Li, Be-bearing "Boron Mullite" Al8B2Si2O19, Breakdown products of spodumene from the Manjaka pegmatite, Sahatany valley, Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist. 53: 357-374
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 78p [p.35]
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'
Reference: Nizamoff, J.W.; Falster, A.U.; Pezzota, F. ; Simmons, W.B.; Hanson, S.L. and Webber, K.L. (2000): Recent mining at the Antandrokomby pegmatite, Madagascar. 26th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium. Rocks & Minerals, july 2000. ; Simmons, W.B., Webber, K.L., Falster, A.U., & Nizamoff, J. W. (2001): Gem tourmaline chemistry and paragenesis. Australian gemmologist 21, number 01
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Arliguie M photo & specimen
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Faratsihite' (FRL)
Type Locality:
Habit: massive
Colour: white creme
Description: The typematerial of the now discredited faratshite was found in a roadcut about 10 km from Faratsiho on the road to Sambaina. It was found in an altered volcanique rock (basalt or trachyte)as an elliptical mass of 2 x 1 meter
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
'Fergusonite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
'Ferrierite'
Reference: Forner, H.. Gautier, F. & Thomas, L. (2001) Les macles de quartz de la région d`Andilamena, Madagascar. Le Règne Minéral, nr. 39, 42-46.
Ferri-winchite
Formula: ☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Deep black-blue bladed single crystals embedded in dolomite
Reference: RRUFF ID: R060038
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Feruvite ?
Formula: Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: No published analysis or other information. Samples visually identical to samples sold as feruvite in mineral shows has showed to be dravite.(K.E.Larsen commment des 2011)
Reference: Gunnar Färber, Samswegen, 2005
'Fluocerite'
Reference: Rasoamalala, V., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Ursule, J.-Ph., Cuney, M., Parseval, Ph. de, Guillaume, D., Moine, B. & Andriamampihantona, J. (2014): Geology of bastnaesite and monazite deposits in the Ambatofinandrahana area, central part of Madagascar: An overview. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 94, 128-140
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Fluor-elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fluor-liddicoatite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunn, P. J., Appleman, D.E. & Nelen, J.E. (1977): Liddicoatite, a new calcium end-member of the tourmaline group. American Mineralogist 62, 1121-1124; Henry, D., Novák, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ertl, A., Dutrow, B.L., Uher, P. & Pezzotta, F. (2011): Nomenclature of the tourmaline supergroup minerals. Am. Mineral., 96, 895-913.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Wilson, W.E. (1989) The Anjanabonoina pegmatite, Madagascar. Mineralogical Record 20: 191-200
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 290.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Graphite
Formula: C
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Tsavorite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Adamo, I., Diella, V. & Pezzotta, F. (2012): Tsavorite and other Grossulars from Itrafo, Madagascar. Gems & Gemology. 48, 178-187
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Description: Found in tiny cavities in altered pyrite crystals
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-6195
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.568)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 18
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Hyrsl, J. & Niedermayr, G. (2003): Magic World: Inclusions in Quartz. Bode Verlag, Haltern.
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Reference: McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352
'Hornblende'
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p 563)
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Hydrokenopyrochlore (TL)
Formula: (□,□)2Nb2O6·H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Gieré, R.,Meisser, N., Nestola, F., Pasero, M., Robyr, M., Roth, P. and Schnyder, C. (2017) Hydrokenopyrochlore, IMA 2017-005. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 739; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 737–742; Biagioni, C., Meisser, N., Nestola, F., Pasero, M., Bobyr, M., Roth, P., Schnyder, C., Gieré, R. (2018): Hydrokenopyrochlore, (□,#)2Nb2O6·H2O, a new species of the pyrochlore supergroup from the Sahatany Pegmatite Field, Antananarivo Province, Madagascar. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30, 869-876
Hydroxykenomicrolite
Formula: (◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
Reference: C. Stefano photo & Specimen -obtained from Al Falster
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte minéralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Ilmenorutile-Strüverite Series'
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # M-331
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352
Isomertieite
Formula: Pd11Sb2As2
Reference: [AmMin 85:265]/ McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352; Econ Geol (1994) 89:1630-1639
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ixiolite var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring)
Formula: (Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: v. Knorring, O. V., Sahama, Th.G. (1969): Scandian ixiolite from Mozambique and Madagascar. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland. 41: 75-77
Ixiolite var: Wolframoixiolite
Formula: (Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871; Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p 582)
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Lanthanite' ?
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 18
Lasnierite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Sr)(Mg,Fe2+)2Al(P[O,F]4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Rondeau, B., Devouard, B., Jacob, D., Roussel, P., Stéphant, N., Boulet, C., Mollé, V., Corre, M., Fritsch, E., Ferraris, C. and Parodi, G.C. (2018) Lasnierite, IMA 2017-084. CNMNC Newsletter No. 42, April 2018, 447; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: 445–451.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Lepidocrocite ?
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Description: Probably hematite; Lepidocrocite has never been positively identified as an inclusion in quartz (Pers.com John S. White)
Reference: Pezzotta, F. (1996): Mangatobangy. Amethyst-Zepter aus Madagascar. Lapis 21 (9), pp 32-35
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Liddicoatite'
Formula: Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Reference: Ranorosoa, N. (1986): Etude mineralogique des pegmatites du champ de la Sahatany, Madagascar. These de doctorat de L'Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse
Londonite (TL)
Formula: (Cs,K,Rb)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Habit: Dodecahedron {110}, tristetrahedron {211}, tetrahedron{111} and cube {100} (the last form is rare}
Colour: Milky to pale yellow crystals up to 1 cm
Description: Occurs in saccharoidal albite or in cavities. Many crystals contain patchy zones of londonite and rhodizite that are only visible by back-scattered electron imaging.
Reference: Simmons, W. B; Pezzotta, F; Falster, A.U & Webber, K. L. (2001): Londonite, a new mineral species: The Cs-dominant analogue of Rhodizite from the Antandrokomby granitic pegmatite, Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist 39: 747-755/ MinRec 33:165]
'Londonite-Rhodizite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S
Formula: Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: Chevallier, R., Bolfa, J. & Mathieu, S.(1955): Titanomagnétites et ilménites ferromagnétiques, Pts 1 and 2. Bull. Soc. Fr. Mineral Cristallogr. 78, 307-346 and 365-399
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Chevallier, R., Bolfa, J. & Mathieu, S.(1955): Titanomagnétites et ilménites ferromagnétiques, Pts 1 and 2. Bull. Soc. Fr. Mineral Cristallogr. 78, 307-346 and 365-399
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Manandonite (TL)
Formula: Li2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
Habit: Flakes (sometimes with hexagonal contours)in fanlike globular aggregates
Colour: white
Description: white flakes with pearly lustre on the (001) cleavage.
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1912): Sur une nouvelle espèce minérale (manandonite) des pegmatites de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie, 35, 223-226; Ranorosoa, N. , Fontan, F. & Fransolet, A-M. (1989): Rediscovery of manandonite in the Sahatany Valley, Madagascar. European Journal of Mineralogy 1, 633-638
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Mica Group'
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: [AmMin 85:265]
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Description: Spelled as uranomikrolith in Pezzotta (1999)
Reference: Pezzotta, F. (1999): Madagaskar. Das Paradies der Mineralien und Edelsteine. Extra Lapis nr 17, pp 53-54 (german edition)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Habit: pulverulent
Colour: snow-white
Description: as alteration film on bastnäsite-(Ce) with cerianite-(Ce)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Damourite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Habit: massive
Colour: light greenish
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 32
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Gilbertite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Orthochevkinite'
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris, p 586-7
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Palladoarsenide
Formula: Pd2As
Reference: McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1912): Sur quelques minéraux des pegmatites du Vakinankaratra (Madagascar). Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie, Paris 35 , 76-84
'Parisite'
Reference: Ungemach, M.H. (1916) Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société française de minéralogie. 39: 5-38; Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 284.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352.
Pezzottaite
Formula: Cs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Rob Lavinsky photo id 744080 ( Dr. Federico Pezzotta is cited in caption on the validity of the id)
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 57-58
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Renfro, N. (2009): Pumpellyite in QUARTZ. Fall 2009 Lab Notes. Gems & Gemmology Fall 2009: 211-212
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' (FRL)
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Habit: masses ; octaedres
Reference: C.R.Acad.Sci. Paris (1912) 154, 1042/ . Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p , p 379
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.584)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 133 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium collection Sample # 13429
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Karel Bal Collection
Quartz var: Pseudocubic Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1931
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rutilated Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: JR Montgomery collection
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Rhodizite
Formula: (K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rasoamalala, V., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Ursule, J.-Ph., Cuney, M., Parseval, Ph. de, Guillaume, D., Moine, B. & Andriamampihantona, J. (2014): Geology of bastnaesite and monazite deposits in the Ambatofinandrahana area, central part of Madagascar: An overview. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 94, 128-140
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: M. Arligue photo and specimen
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Description: small radiating nodules with phosphosiderite in cracks in triplite-graftonite
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 57-58
Rossmanite
Formula: ☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Buřival, Z. & Novàk, M. (2015): Hydrothermal replacement of garnet by tourmaline in elbaite subtype LCT pegmatites. In PEG 2015: 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites. 2015.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Description: Found in small bands at the exocontact of the pegmatite with the host rock.
Reference: Novák, M.,Gadas, P.,Galiová Vašínová, M. & Pezzotta, F. (2013): Compositional variations in Cs,Li,Mg-rich beryl from exocontact of the complex Manjaka pegmatite, Sahatany Valley, Madagascar. GAG-MAC Winnipeg 2013, SY2-P3, p. 152-153
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Rynersonite
Formula: CaTa2O6
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Scapolite'
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Extra Lapis nr 17. Madagascar p 54 (german edition); Nizamoff, J.W. et al.(2000): Recent mining at the Antandrokomby pegmatite, Madagascar. 26th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium. Rocks & Minerals, july 2000
Schiavinatoite (TL)
Formula: (Nb,Ta)(BO4)
Habit: as cryptocrystalline portions in behierite
Reference: Demartin, F. et al (2001): Schiavinatoite,(Nb,Ta)BO4, the Nb analogue of behierite. European Journal of Mineralogy 13, 159-165
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: [AmMin 85:265]/ McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Ferropicotite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. p 326
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen pers.com 2009 & collection
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Ackermand et al.(2006): "Lazulite-bearing metaquartzite of the Itremo Group (Central Madagascar); Scientific significance and economic importance" in Proceedings of the Malagasy-German Research Cooperation in Life and Earth sciences, 5-18
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Talc var: Steatite
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Thomsonite'
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Rasoamalala, V., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Ursule, J.-Ph., Cuney, M., Parseval, Ph. de, Guillaume, D., Moine, B. & Andriamampihantona, J. (2014): Geology of bastnaesite and monazite deposits in the Ambatofinandrahana area, central part of Madagascar: An overview. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 94, 128-140
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Thorite var: Orangite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Reference: Deditius,A.D., Pointeau, V., Zhang, J.M. & Ewing, R.C. (2012) Formation of nanoscale Th-coffinite. American Mineralogist: 97:681–693
Thortveitite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Thortveitite var: Befanamite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p. 20
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 90 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Michel Arliguie photo & specimen, photo-id 122484
'Tourmaline var: Watermelon Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Martin Gruell photo & specimen, photo id 368722
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Description: Found in a "biotite-trachyte", partly or nearly completely paramorphed to quartz
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Minéralogie de Madagascar. Tome 1. Paris, p.220
Triplite
Formula: Mn2+2(PO4)F
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Trolleite
Formula: Al4(PO4)3(OH)3
'Unnamed (Pd Antimonide Arsenide)'
Formula: Pd3(Sb,As)
Reference: [AmMin 85:265]/ McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352
'Unnamed (Pd Hydroxide)'
Formula: Pd(OH)2
Reference: [AmMin 85:265]
'Unnamed (Pd Oxide)'
Formula: PdO · 3H2O
Reference: [AmMin 85:265]/ McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977) var: Samiresite'
Formula: (U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Colour: green
Description: Found in the Marirana South pegmatite. One small fragment of green tourmaline was analyzed by (Ranorosoa 1986) and found to be an uvite
Reference: Ranorosoa N (1986): Etude mineralogique des pegmatites du champ de la Sahatany, Madagascar. These de Doctorat de l`Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulose
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vigezzite ?
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Description: As alteration of behierite-schiavinatoite crystals
Reference: Pezzotta, Federico (2007): Ta-Nb borates and other rare accessory phases in granitic pegmatites of the Itremo region, central Madagascar. Bergverksmuseet Skrift 35,97-98
Vránaite (TL)
Formula: Al16B4Si4O38
Type Locality:
Reference: Cempírek, J.,Grew, E.S.,Kampf, A.R., Ma, C., Novák, M., Gadas, P., Škoda, R., Vašinová-Galiová, M., Pezzotta, F., and Groat, L.A., 2016. Vránaite, IMA 2015-084. CNMNC Newsletter No. 29, February 2016, 200; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 199–205
'Wad'
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1899): Matériaux pour la Minéralogie de Madagascar. IV. Brochantite d'Ambatofangehana (Province d'Ambositra). Bulletin du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle 5 : 318-319
'Wad var: Cobaltian Wad'
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1899): Matériaux pour la Minéralogie de Madagascar. IV. Brochantite d'Ambatofangehana (Province d'Ambositra). Bulletin du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle 5 : 318-319
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Zinnwaldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Description: Cyrtolite mentioned as a associated mineral to "blomstrandite" in Lacroix (1912), but described as malacon later in Lacroix 1922
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1912): Sur un groupe de niobotantalates cubiques, radioactifs, des pegmatites du Vakinankaratra . Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie, Paris 35 , 85-92
Zircon var: Hafnian Zircon
Formula: (Zr,Hf)SiO4
Reference: K.E.Larsen collection, analyzed (SEM-EDS) by Skip Simmons 1999
Zircon var: Malacon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Zoisite var: Thulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Collection Collection Musée National de la Geologie at Ampandrianomby in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Inventory # 9490

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Diamond ?1.CB.10aC
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hollingworthite2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Isomertieite2.AC.15aPd11Sb2As2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Palladoarsenide2.AC.25aPd2As
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Aeschynite Group'4.DL.05AD2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
var: Xanthitane4.DD.05TiO2
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15
Bismutotantalite4.DE.30Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Cesiokenopyrochlore (TL)4.DH.□Nb2(O,OH)6Cs1−x (x ∼ 0.20)
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
var: Cymophane4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mg)4.DB.35(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Crichtonite4.CC.40Sr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hydroxykenomicrolite4.DH.(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring)4.DB.25(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
var: Wolframoixiolite4.DB.25(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Lepidocrocite ?4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S4.FC.25Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Pseudocubic Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rutilated Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Niobian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Rynersonite4.DF.05CaTa2O6
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Ferropicotite4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
'var: Samiresite'4.DH.15(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Vigezzite ?4.DF.05(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Béhierite (TL)6.AC.15(Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
Hambergite6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Londonite (TL)6.GC.05(Cs,K,Rb)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Rhodizite6.GC.05(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Schiavinatoite (TL)6.AC.15(Nb,Ta)(BO4)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Augelite8.BE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Berlinite8.AA.05AlPO4
Brockite8.CJ.45(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Clinobisvanite8.AD.65Bi(VO4)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite8.BN.05(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Graftonite8.AB.20Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)8.AD.50La(PO4)
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Pucherite8.AD.40Bi(VO4)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Triplite8.BB.10Mn2+2(PO4)F
Trolleite8.BB.45Al4(PO4)3(OH)3
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Amesite9.ED.15Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
var: Chiastolite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Alkali-beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bityite (TL)9.EC.35LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Boralsilite9.BD.30Al16B6Si2O37
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Celadonite ?9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chevkinite-(Ce) ?9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Leuchtenbergite9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Clinothulite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Ferri-winchite9.DE.20☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Feruvite ?9.CK.05Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fluor-elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-liddicoatite (TL)9.CK.05Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Tsavorite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
'Liddicoatite'9.CK.05Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite9.DE.25◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Manandonite (TL)9.ED.15Li2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Damourite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Gilbertite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite ?9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pezzottaite9.CJ.60Cs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rossmanite9.CK.05☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
var: Steatite9.EC.05Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Orangite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Uranothorite9.AD.30(Th,U)SiO4
Thortveitite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
var: Befanamite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
var: Hafnian Zircon9.AD.30(Zr,Hf)SiO4
var: Malacon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
var: Thulite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Ambatoarinite' (TL)-Sr5(Ce,La,Dy)10(CO3)17O3 ?
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Asbestos'-
'Ashanite'-(Nb,Ta,U,Fe,Mn)4O8
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Calamine'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-(Mn)-Tantalite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Dravite-Schorl Series'-
'Dravite-Uvite Series'-
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Faratsihite' (TL)-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Ferrierite'-
'Fluocerite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
Hydrokenopyrochlore (TL)-(□,□)2Nb2O6·H2O
'Ilmenorutile-Strüverite Series'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lanthanite' ?-
Lasnierite (TL)-(Ca,Sr)(Mg,Fe2+)2Al(P[O,F]4)3
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Londonite-Rhodizite Series'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthochevkinite'-(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
'Parisite'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' (TL)-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Thomsonite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (Pd Antimonide Arsenide)'-Pd3(Sb,As)
'Unnamed (Pd Hydroxide)'-Pd(OH)2
'Unnamed (Pd Oxide)'-PdO · 3H2O
Vránaite (TL)-Al16B4Si4O38
'Wad'-
'var: Cobaltian Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond ?1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Palladoarsenide2.4.14.1Pd2As
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Hollingworthite2.12.3.8(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Miscellaneous
Isomertieite2.16.2.1Pd11Sb2As2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
ø = 2
Miargyrite3.7.3.2AgSbS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite ?6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S7.2.11.1Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Bismutotantalite8.1.6.3Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.2.5
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' (FRL)
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mg)8.3.2.5(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Rynersonite8.3.7.2CaTa2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Vigezzite ?8.3.7.1(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
AB21O38
Crichtonite8.5.1.3Sr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2XO4
Béhierite (TL)24.1.2.1(Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Hambergite25.1.1.1Be2(BO3)(OH)
Miscellaneous
Rhodizite25.8.2.1(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
(AB)3(XO4)2
Graftonite38.3.3.1Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
AXO4
Berlinite38.4.2.1AlPO4
Clinobisvanite38.4.7.1Bi(VO4)
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)38.4.3.2La(PO4)
Pucherite38.4.6.1Bi(VO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Brockite40.4.7.5(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
A2(XO4)Zq
Augelite41.6.8.1Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Triplite41.6.1.2Mn2+2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Trolleite41.11.1.1Al4(PO4)3(OH)3
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Thortveitite55.2.1a.4Sc2Si2O7
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Mn)56.2.2.3Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Chevkinite-(Ce) ?56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
'Orthochevkinite'56.2.8.4(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Feruvite ?61.3.1.4Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Liddicoatite'61.3.1.2Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Glaucophane66.1.3c.1◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Amesite71.1.2c.1Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Manandonite (TL)71.1.2c.6Li2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Bityite (TL)71.2.2c.3LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Celadonite ?71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite ?74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Aeschynite Group'-AD2O6
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Ambatoarinite' (FRL)-Sr5(Ce,La,Dy)10(CO3)17O3 ?
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anatase
var: Xanthitane
-TiO2
Andalusite
var: Chiastolite
-Al2(SiO4)O
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Asbestos'-
'Ashanite'-(Nb,Ta,U,Fe,Mn)4O8
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var: Alkali-beryl
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Boralsilite-Al16B6Si2O37
'Calamine'-
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cesiokenopyrochlore (TL)-□Nb2(O,OH)6Cs1−x (x ∼ 0.20)
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
Chrysoberyl
var: Cymophane
-BeAl2O4
Clinochlore
var: Leuchtenbergite
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Pennine-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite-(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Clinoptilolite'-
Clinozoisite
var: Clinothulite
-{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-(Mn)-Tantalite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
Corundum
var: Sapphire
-Al2O3
'Dravite-Schorl Series'-
'Dravite-Uvite Series'-
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Faratsihite' (FRL)-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
Ferri-winchite-☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
'Ferrierite'-
'Fluocerite'-
Fluor-elbaite-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-liddicoatite (TL)-Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluorapatite
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
-(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
var: Tsavorite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
Hydrokenopyrochlore (TL)-(□,□)2Nb2O6·H2O
Hydroxykenomicrolite-(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
'Ilmenorutile-Strüverite Series'-
Ixiolite
var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring)
-(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
var: Wolframoixiolite-(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lanthanite' ?-
Lasnierite (TL)-(Ca,Sr)(Mg,Fe2+)2Al(P[O,F]4)3
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Londonite (TL)-(Cs,K,Rb)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
'Londonite-Rhodizite Series'-
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite-◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group
var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Damourite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Gilbertite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Parisite'-
Pezzottaite-Cs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Pseudocubic Quartz-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Rutilated Quartz-SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rossmanite-☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Rutile
var: Niobian Rutile
-(Ti,Nb)O2
'Scapolite'-
Schiavinatoite (TL)-(Nb,Ta)(BO4)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Spinel
var: Ferropicotite
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Spodumene
var: Kunzite
-LiAlSi2O6
Talc
var: Steatite
-Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Thomsonite'-
Thorite
var: Orangite
-Th(SiO4)
var: Uranothorite-(Th,U)SiO4
Thortveitite
var: Befanamite
-Sc2Si2O7
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (Pd Antimonide Arsenide)'-Pd3(Sb,As)
'Unnamed (Pd Hydroxide)'-Pd(OH)2
'Unnamed (Pd Oxide)'-PdO · 3H2O
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
var: Samiresite'
-(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Vránaite (TL)-Al16B4Si4O38
'Wad'-
'var: Cobaltian Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Zinnwaldite'-
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
var: Hafnian Zircon-(Zr,Hf)SiO4
var: Malacon-Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite
var: Thulite
-{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
H Cesiokenopyrochlore□Nb2(O,OH)6Cs1−x (x ∼ 0.20)
H Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
H Hydrokenopyrochlore(□,□)2Nb2O6·H2O
H HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
H TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977) (var: Samiresite)(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H Muscovite (var: Damourite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Leuchtenbergite)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Hydroxykenomicrolite(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
H Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H Unnamed (Pd Hydroxide)Pd(OH)2
H Unnamed (Pd Oxide)PdO · 3H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Li Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Li ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li PezzottaiteCs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Li LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Be Londonite(Cs,K,Rb)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Be HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
Be Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
Be Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be PezzottaiteCs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Chrysoberyl (var: Cymophane)BeAl2O4
BBoron
B Béhierite(Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
B VránaiteAl16B4Si4O38
B Schiavinatoite(Nb,Ta)(BO4)
B Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
B Londonite(Cs,K,Rb)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
B ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
B HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
B Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
B Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
B BoralsiliteAl16B6Si2O37
B LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C AmbatoariniteSr5(Ce,La,Dy)10(CO3)17O3 ?
C CalciteCaCO3
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C DiamondC
OOxygen
O BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
O AmbatoariniteSr5(Ce,La,Dy)10(CO3)17O3 ?
O Béhierite(Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
O VránaiteAl16B4Si4O38
O Cesiokenopyrochlore□Nb2(O,OH)6Cs1−x (x ∼ 0.20)
O Schiavinatoite(Nb,Ta)(BO4)
O Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
O Londonite(Cs,K,Rb)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
O ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
O Hydrokenopyrochlore(□,□)2Nb2O6·H2O
O Lasnierite(Ca,Sr)(Mg,Fe2+)2Al(P[O,F]4)3
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
O Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O BaryteBaSO4
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Andalusite (var: Chiastolite)Al2(SiO4)O
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HübneriteMnWO4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O BismiteBi2O3
O RutileTiO2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TridymiteSiO2
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O Ixiolite (var: Wolframoixiolite)(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ThorianiteThO2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O CelestineSrSO4
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O BerliniteAlPO4
O AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
O TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Orthochevkinite(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Zircon (var: Malacon)Zr(SiO4)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AragoniteCaCO3
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Quartz (var: Rutilated Quartz)SiO2
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O PucheriteBi(VO4)
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Ashanite(Nb,Ta,U,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
O Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AnataseTiO2
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Anatase (var: Xanthitane)TiO2
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
O Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
O BoralsiliteAl16B6Si2O37
O PezzottaiteCs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
O RynersoniteCaTa2O6
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977) (var: Samiresite)(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
O Aeschynite GroupAD2O6
O Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring))(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Quartz (var: Pseudocubic Quartz)SiO2
O Muscovite (var: Damourite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Spinel (var: Ferropicotite)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O CorundumAl2O3
O Clinochlore (var: Leuchtenbergite)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O MassicotPbO
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
O Hydroxykenomicrolite(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
O Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
O ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
O GraftoniteFe2+Fe22+(PO4)2
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O Columbite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O Quartz (var: Sceptre Quartz)SiO2
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Unnamed (Pd Hydroxide)Pd(OH)2
O Unnamed (Pd Oxide)PdO · 3H2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Chrysoberyl (var: Cymophane)BeAl2O4
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
O BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O Thortveitite (var: Befanamite)Sc2Si2O7
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Vigezzite(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
F Lasnierite(Ca,Sr)(Mg,Fe2+)2Al(P[O,F]4)3
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
F Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
F Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977) (var: Samiresite)(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
NaSodium
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Orthochevkinite(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
Na Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Hydroxykenomicrolite(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Lasnierite(Ca,Sr)(Mg,Fe2+)2Al(P[O,F]4)3
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Orthochevkinite(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
Mg Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Spinel (var: Ferropicotite)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg Clinochlore (var: Leuchtenbergite)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Columbite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Al VránaiteAl16B4Si4O38
Al Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Al Londonite(Cs,K,Rb)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Al ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
Al Lasnierite(Ca,Sr)(Mg,Fe2+)2Al(P[O,F]4)3
Al Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Al Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Andalusite (var: Chiastolite)Al2(SiO4)O
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al BerliniteAlPO4
Al AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
Al TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al BoralsiliteAl16B6Si2O37
Al PezzottaiteCs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Muscovite (var: Damourite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Spinel (var: Ferropicotite)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Clinochlore (var: Leuchtenbergite)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Al Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Chrysoberyl (var: Cymophane)BeAl2O4
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Si VránaiteAl16B4Si4O38
Si Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Si ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
Si Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Andalusite (var: Chiastolite)Al2(SiO4)O
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Orthochevkinite(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
Si Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Zircon (var: Malacon)Zr(SiO4)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Rutilated Quartz)SiO2
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
Si BoralsiliteAl16B6Si2O37
Si PezzottaiteCs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Si Quartz (var: Pseudocubic Quartz)SiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Damourite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Clinochlore (var: Leuchtenbergite)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Sceptre Quartz)SiO2
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
Si Thortveitite (var: Befanamite)Sc2Si2O7
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P Lasnierite(Ca,Sr)(Mg,Fe2+)2Al(P[O,F]4)3
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P BerliniteAlPO4
P AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
P TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
P TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
P GraftoniteFe2+Fe22+(PO4)2
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S CovelliteCuS
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CelestineSrSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S SphaleriteZnS
S Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
S Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S AnglesitePbSO4
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S AcanthiteAg2S
S MiargyriteAgSbS2
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcociteCu2S
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K Muscovite (var: Damourite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Ca Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Ca Lasnierite(Ca,Sr)(Mg,Fe2+)2Al(P[O,F]4)3
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Orthochevkinite(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Ca Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca RynersoniteCaTa2O6
Ca LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Ca Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977) (var: Samiresite)(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ca Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Ca FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Ca Vigezzite(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
ScScandium
Sc Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring))(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
Sc ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
Sc Thortveitite (var: Befanamite)Sc2Si2O7
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Orthochevkinite(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ti Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ti Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Anatase (var: Xanthitane)TiO2
Ti Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Ti Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring))(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Vigezzite(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
VVanadium
V CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
V PucheriteBi(VO4)
V ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Cr CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn Ixiolite (var: Wolframoixiolite)(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn Ashanite(Nb,Ta,U,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring))(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
Mn Columbite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe Lasnierite(Ca,Sr)(Mg,Fe2+)2Al(P[O,F]4)3
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Ixiolite (var: Wolframoixiolite)(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Orthochevkinite(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
Fe CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe Ashanite(Nb,Ta,U,Fe,Mn)4O8
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring))(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
Fe Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Fe Spinel (var: Ferropicotite)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe GraftoniteFe2+Fe22+(PO4)2
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe Columbite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CuCopper
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
ZnZinc
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
AsArsenic
As ArsenicAs
As Unnamed (Pd Antimonide Arsenide)Pd3(Sb,As)
As SperrylitePtAs2
As IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2
As PalladoarsenidePd2As
As Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
As Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SrStrontium
Sr AmbatoariniteSr5(Ce,La,Dy)10(CO3)17O3 ?
Sr Lasnierite(Ca,Sr)(Mg,Fe2+)2Al(P[O,F]4)3
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Sr SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Sr CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Y CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Zircon (var: Malacon)Zr(SiO4)
Zr Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
Zr Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
NbNiobium
Nb Béhierite(Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
Nb Cesiokenopyrochlore□Nb2(O,OH)6Cs1−x (x ∼ 0.20)
Nb Schiavinatoite(Nb,Ta)(BO4)
Nb Hydrokenopyrochlore(□,□)2Nb2O6·H2O
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Ixiolite (var: Wolframoixiolite)(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nb Ashanite(Nb,Ta,U,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Nb Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977) (var: Samiresite)(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Nb Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring))(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Columbite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Nb Vigezzite(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
RuRuthenium
Ru Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
RhRhodium
Rh Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Rh Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
PdPalladium
Pd Unnamed (Pd Antimonide Arsenide)Pd3(Sb,As)
Pd Unnamed (Pd Hydroxide)Pd(OH)2
Pd Unnamed (Pd Oxide)PdO · 3H2O
Pd IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2
Pd MicheneritePdBiTe
Pd PalladoarsenidePd2As
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
Ag MiargyriteAgSbS2
Ag DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Sb StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
Sb Hydroxykenomicrolite(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
Sb Unnamed (Pd Antimonide Arsenide)Pd3(Sb,As)
Sb IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb MiargyriteAgSbS2
Sb DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
TeTellurium
Te MicheneritePdBiTe
CsCaesium
Cs Cesiokenopyrochlore□Nb2(O,OH)6Cs1−x (x ∼ 0.20)
Cs Londonite(Cs,K,Rb)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Cs PezzottaiteCs(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
LaLanthanum
La AmbatoariniteSr5(Ce,La,Dy)10(CO3)17O3 ?
La Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
La Orthochevkinite(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
La Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
CeCerium
Ce AmbatoariniteSr5(Ce,La,Dy)10(CO3)17O3 ?
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ce Orthochevkinite(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ce Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977) (var: Samiresite)(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ce Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Ce Vigezzite(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
DyDysprosium
Dy AmbatoariniteSr5(Ce,La,Dy)10(CO3)17O3 ?
HfHafnium
Hf Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
TaTantalum
Ta Béhierite(Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
Ta Schiavinatoite(Nb,Ta)(BO4)
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta Ixiolite (var: Wolframoixiolite)(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ta Ashanite(Nb,Ta,U,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ta Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
Ta RynersoniteCaTa2O6
Ta Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977) (var: Samiresite)(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ta Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of von Knorring))(Nb,Ta,Ti,Sc,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Hydroxykenomicrolite(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)
Ta Columbite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Ta BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
Ta Vigezzite(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
WTungsten
W HübneriteMnWO4
W Ixiolite (var: Wolframoixiolite)(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
IrIridium
Ir Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PtPlatinum
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
Pt Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
BiBismuth
Bi BismiteBi2O3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi PucheriteBi(VO4)
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
Bi MicheneritePdBiTe
Bi BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th Orthochevkinite(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)2(Ti,Fe3+)3Si4O22
Th Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Th Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
Th Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
U Ashanite(Nb,Ta,U,Fe,Mn)4O8
U Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
U Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977) (var: Samiresite)(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
U Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Neoproterozoic to Ordovician : 915 ± 72 Ma to 464 ± 9 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Ordovician
   Middle Ordovician
ⓘ Lepidolite (youngest age)464 ± 9 MaTsarafara Sud (Ankadilava), Sahatany Valley, Ibity, Antsirabe II, Vakinankaratra, Madagascar
    
   
  Cambrian
   Terreneuvian
ⓘ Monazite527 ± 32 MaAndoharano, Ambatofinandrahana Commune, Ambatofinandrahana, Amoron'i Mania, Madagascar
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Neoproterozoic
   Ediacaran
ⓘ Granite542 ± 3 MaAnkazohambo, Ambatofinandrahana Commune, Ambatofinandrahana, Amoron'i Mania, Madagascar
ⓘ Zircon (youngest age)548 ± 35 MaAndoharano, Ambatofinandrahana Commune, Ambatofinandrahana, Amoron'i Mania, Madagascar
ⓘ Zircon (oldest age)570 ± 1 MaMarovoalavo, Itremo, Ambatofinandrahana, Amoron'i Mania, Madagascar
   Cryogenian
ⓘ Lepidolite (oldest age)652 ± 45 MaTsarafara Sud (Ankadilava), Sahatany Valley, Ibity, Antsirabe II, Vakinankaratra, Madagascar
   Tonian
ⓘ Gabbro791.2 ± 0.8 MaNorth Ifasina Area, Itremo, Ambatofinandrahana, Amoron'i Mania, Madagascar
ⓘ Orthogneiss~800 MaAndakatany Deposit, Andakatany, Manandriana, Amoron'i Mania, Madagascar
ⓘ Samiresite915 ± 72 MaSamiresy, Tritriva, Betafo, Vakinankaratra, Madagascar

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ankaratra
Wikidata ID:Q556594
GeoNames ID:1073073

Localities in this Region