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Central Africai
Regional Level Types
Central AfricaRegion

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Kinshasa7,785,965 (2016)
Lubumbashi1,373,770 (2016)
Brazzaville1,284,609 (2012)
Mbuji-Mayi874,761 (2012)
N'Djamena721,081 (2017)
Bangui542,393 (2016)


Central Africa is the core region of the African continent which includes Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

424 valid minerals. 95 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Colour: Yellow
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Afmite
Formula: Al3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
Reference: Mills et al (2010); Anthony R. Kampf, Stuart J. Mills, George R. Rossman, Ian M. Steele, Joseph J. Pluth and Georges Favreau (2011): Afmite, Al3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH)•H2O, a new mineral from Fumade, Tarn, France: description and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 269-277.
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Deliens, M.L. (1989) Agardite-(Y) de Mutoshi, Shaba, Zaire. Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, 112, 207-213.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 4.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Allophane var: Cupro-Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Paul De Bondt
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Althupite (TL)
Formula: AlTh(UO2)7(PO4)4(OH)5O2 · 15H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Tiny tabular crystals.
Reference: Bull.Mineral.(1987) 110, 65-72
Alumotantite
Formula: AlTaO4
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Safiannikoff, A. & van Wambeke, L. (1967): La pegmatite à béryl de Kobokobo et les autres venues pegmatitiques et filoniennes de la région de Kamituga, Kivu, République du Congo. Mineralium Deposita, 2, 119-130.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
'Ancylite'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews, 35, 263-297.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Rigobert, T., Claude, D. J., Marambaye, D., & Yannick, B. (2013). On the occurrence of gold mineralization in the Pala Neoproterozoic formations, South-Western Chad. Journal of African Earth Sciences. Volume 84, August 2013, Pages 36–46
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Hoinkes, G., and Kurat, G. (1975): Meteoritics 10, 416.
Anthoinite (TL)
Formula: AlWO3(OH)3
Reference: Varlamoff, N (1947): Anthoinite, nouveau tungstate hydraté d'alumine. Annales de la Societé géologique de Belgique, 70, B153-B166; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1098.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Aragonite var: Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Paul De Bondt.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Habit: flattened tabular crystal
Colour: Dark brown to black
Description: When dissolving calcite out of Almandine pockets, sometimes the mineral occurs.
Reference: Checked by Paul De Bondt.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Astrocyanite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Cu2(Ce,Nd,La)2(UO2)(CO3)5(OH)2 · 1.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy (1990) 2.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; [Mandarino, 1997];
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Athabascaite
Formula: Cu5Se4
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 46,19-31(2008); Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Hoinkes, G., and Kurat, G. (1975): Meteoritics 10, 416.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 33; Mineral. Deposita (Berl.) 6, 153-155 (1971)
Baotite
Formula: Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews, 35, 263-297.
Becquerelite (TL)
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Reference: Schoep, A. (1922) Sur la becquerélite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, 174, 1240-1242.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Benauite
Formula: SrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Berzelianite
Formula: Cu2Se
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Reference: Chabu, M. (1995) The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb-Cu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 33, 547-558.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews, 35, 263-297.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Bijvoetite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Deliens, M., Piret, P. (1982) Bijvoetite et lepersonnite, carbonates hydratés d'uranyle et de terres rares de Shinkolobwe, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 20(2), 231-238.; Nickel & Nichols (1991) Mineral Reference Manual: 22.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Billietite (TL)
Formula: Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pinch, William W. (1977) Rare Minerals Report. Mineralogical Record, 8(5), 390-391 [390].; Anderson, V. (1978) Microminerals. Mineralogical Record, 9(1) 32-34 [33].; Gauthier, Gilbert, François, Armand, Deliens, Michel, Piret, P. (1989) Famous Mineral Localities: The Uranium Deposits of the Shaba Region, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 20(4), 265-288; 304 [278].; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Bisbeeite'
Formula: (Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Brackebuschite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Briartite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Type Locality:
Reference: Francotte, J., Moreau, J., Ottenburgs, R., Levy, C. (1965) La briartite, Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4, une nouvelle espèce minérale. Bulletin de la Société française de minéralogie et de crystallographie, 88(3), 432-437.; Chabu, M. (1995) The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb-Cu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 33, 547-558.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Nenasheva, S. (2003) New Data on Minerals, 38, 41-44.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala
Buttgenbachite (TL)
Formula: Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Habit: acicular
Colour: blue, transparent
Description: Difficult to visually distinguish from likasite.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 573.; Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
'Calamine'
Calciotantite
Formula: CaTa4O11
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Cobaltoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Co)CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Reference: Jacobs, T. T. (2016). Process mineralogical characterisation of the Kansanshi copper ore, NW Zambia (Masters thesis, University of Cape Town).
Calcite var: Zincian Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Zn)CO3
Reference: Paul De Bondt.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.; Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Lhoest, Joseph J., Gauthier, Gilbert, King, Vandall T. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: The Mashamba West Mine, Shaba, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 22(1), 13-20, 28.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Cattierite (TL)
Formula: CoS2
Type Locality:
Reference: Kerr, P.F. (1945) Cattierite and vaesite: New Co-Ni minerals from the Belgian Congo. American Mineralogist, 30(7-8), 483-497.; Simon, Grigore, Kesler, Stephen E., Essene, Eric J. (1997) Phase relations among selenides, tellurides, and oxides; II, Applications to selenide-bearing ore deposits. Economic Geology, 92(4), 468-484.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://edit.africamuseum.be/geco_website/pdf/Shinkolobwe.pdf
'Cattierite-Vaesite Series'
Formula: CoS2 - NiS2
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Cesplumtantite (TL)
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal 8/5 (1986), 92
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Chalcocyanite
Formula: CuSO4
Chalcomenite
Formula: CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Colour: bright blue
Reference: Gauthier, Gilbert, François, Armand, Deliens, Michel, Piret, P. (1989) Famous Mineral Localities: The Uranium Deposits of the Shaba Region, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 20(4), 265-288; 304 [280].; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record, 49(2), 236-304.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record, 49(2), 236-304.
Chernikovite
Formula: (H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Edwards, M.G. (1917) The American Mineralogist, 2, #7, 88-89.
Chrysoberyl var: Cymophane
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Edwards, M.G. (1917) The American Mineralogist, 2, #7, 88-89.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Claringbullite (TL)
Formula: Cu4ClF(OH)6
Habit: tabular
Colour: blue
Reference: Fejer, E.E., Clark, A.M., Couper, A.G., Elliott, C.J. (1977) Claringbullite, a new hydrated copper chloride. Mineralogical Magazine, 41(320), 433-436.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 20: 287-288.
'Clays'
'Clinochalcomenite'
Formula: CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Cobaltomenite
Formula: CoSeO3 · 2H2O
Colour: dark red
Description: Found on the 2,400 level of the Musonoi-Extension mine.
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Gauthier, G., Deliens, M. (1999) Cobalt minerals of the Katanga Crescent, Congo. Mineralogical Record, 30(4), 255-273.; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record, 49(2), 236-304.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
'Coeruleolactite'
Reference: Van Wambeke, L. (1971): The uranium-bearing mineral bolivarite: new data and a second occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 38, 418-423.
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
'Columbite Group'
Reference: Jan Loun, Milan Novák, Jan Cempírek, Radek Škoda, Michaela Vašinová Galiová, Lubomír Prokeš, Marek Dosbaba, Renata Čopjaková (2018) Geochemistry and secondary alterations of microlite from eluvial deposits in the Numbi mining area, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Canadian Mineralogist 56, 203-220.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.
Comblainite (TL)
Formula: Ni4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Piret, P., Deliens, M. (1980) Comblainite, (Nix2+, Co1-x3+)(OH)2(CO3)(1-x/2)·yH2O, a new mineral of the pyroaurite group. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 103, 113-117 (in French).; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://edit.africamuseum.be/geco_website/pdf/Shinkolobwe.pdf
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Cornetite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 176 & 790.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Edwards, M.G. (1917) The American Mineralogist, 2, #7, 88-89.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews, 35, 263-297.
Cousinite (TL)
Formula: MgU2Mo2O11 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Vaes, J.F. (1958) Cousiniet, een nieuw uraanmineraal. Geologie en Mijnbouw, 20, 12, 449 (in Dutch).; Fleischer, M. (1959) New Mineral Names. American Mineralogist, 44(7-8), 910.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Crocoite
Formula: PbCrO4
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprosklodowskite (TL)
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Vaes, J.P. (1933) Sur un minéral de Kalongwe (Katanga). Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique, 56(10), B331-332.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Curienite
Formula: Pb(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Curite (TL)
Formula: Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Schoep, A. (1921) La curite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris, 173, 1186-1187.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://edit.africamuseum.be/geco_website/pdf/Shinkolobwe.pdf
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Demesmaekerite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Cu5(UO2)2(SeO3)6(OH)6 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Colour: olive green
Reference: Cesbron, F., Bachet, B., Oosterbosch, R. (1965) La demesmaekerite, sélénite hydraté d'uranium, cuivre et plomb. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 88(3), 422-425.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record, 49(2), 236-304.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Derriksite (TL)
Formula: Cu4(UO2)(SeO3)2(OH)6
Type Locality:
Colour: olive green
Reference: Cesbron, Fabien, Pierrot, Roland, Verbeek, Théodore (1971) La derriksite, Cu4(UO2)(Se O3)2(OH)6•H2O, une nouvelle espèce minérale. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 94(5-6), 534-537.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record, 49(2), 236-304.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Descloizite var: Cuprian Descloizite
Formula: Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews, 35, 263-297.
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Dewindtite (TL)
Formula: H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 875, 914, 928 (as Renardite), 989; Gauthier, Gilbert, François, Armand, Deliens, Michel, Piret, P. (1989) Famous Mineral Localities: The Uranium Deposits of the Shaba Region, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 20(4), 265-288; 304 [287-288].; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Diamond
Formula: C
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolerophanite
Formula: Cu2(SO4)O
Reference: Haest, M., Muchez, P., Dewaele, S., Boyce, A.J., von Quadt, A., and Schneider, J. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 505-522.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Cobaltoan Dolomite
Formula: (Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Dolomite var: Zincian Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Dumontite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Schoep, A. (1924) La dumontite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, 179, 693-695.; Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 929.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
'Eguëite'
Formula: CaFe14(PO4)10(OH)14·21H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 955.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: mn-rich variety earlier labelled "tsilaisite", which now is a redefined species
Reference: Trinity mineral photo
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Hoinkes, G., and Kurat, G. (1975): Meteoritics 10, 416.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Evansite
Formula: Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2); Van Wambeke, L. (1971): The uranium-bearing mineral bolivarite: new data and a second occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 38, 418-423.
Eylettersite (TL)
Formula: Th0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. (1972) 95, 98–105; HB4 (2000)
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
'Ferro-akermanite'
Formula: Ca2FeSi2O7
Reference: Hoinkes, G., and Kurat, G. (1979): Meteoritics 14, 423.
Ferrowodginite
Formula: Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Jan Loun, Milan Novák, Jan Cempírek, Radek Škoda, Michaela Vašinová Galiová, Lubomír Prokeš, Marek Dosbaba, Renata Čopjaková (2018) Geochemistry and secondary alterations of microlite from eluvial deposits in the Numbi mining area, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Canadian Mineralogist 56, 203-220.
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fletcherite
Formula: Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Reference: Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.
Florencite-(La) (TL)
Formula: LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 18, pp. 301-311 (1980)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Foordite
Formula: Sn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Fourmarierite (TL)
Formula: Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Buttgenbach, H. (1924) Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, 47, C 41-43.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Francevillite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Françoisite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: (Nd,Ce,Sm)(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy (1990) 2.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; [Mandarino, 1997]
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2)
Furongite
Formula: Al13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2O
Reference: Deliens, M., & Piret, P. (1985). Les phosphates d'uranyle et d'aluminium de Kobokobo VIII. La furongite. Ann. Soc. Géol. Belg, 108, 365-368.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Gallite (TL)
Formula: CuGaS2
Type Locality:
Reference: Strunz, H., Geier, B.H., Seeliger, E. (1958) Gallite, CuGaS2, das erste selbständige Galliummineral, und seine Verbreitung in den Erzen der Tsumeb- und Kipushi-Mine. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 241-264.; Chabu, M. (1995) The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb-Cu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 33, 547-558.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., Haack, U. (1999) Lead isotopes of the carbonate-hosted Kabwe, Tsumeb, and Kipushi Pb-Zn-Cu sulphide deposits in relation to Pan African orogenesis in the Damaran-Lufilian Fold Belt of Central Africa. Mineralium Deposita, 34, 273-283.; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews, 35, 263-297.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gauthierite (TL)
Formula: KPb[(UO2)7O5(OH)7]·8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Olds, T.A., Plášil, J., Kampf, A.R., Škoda, R., Burns, P.C., Čejka, J., Bourgoin, V., Boulliard, J.-C. (2016): Gauthierite, IMA 2016-004. CNMNC Newsletter No. 31, June 2016, page 695; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 691–697
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Geerite
Formula: Cu8S5
Gerhardtite
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Germanocolusite
Formula: Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
Reference: http://webcenter.ru/~minbooks/ndm_38_cont.html ; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Nenasheva, S. New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 41-44
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
'Glass'
Reference: Hoinkes, G., and Kurat, G. (1979): Meteoritics 14, 423.
Glaukosphaerite
Formula: (Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: fibers
Colour: light green
Description: Although glaucosphaerite was first described from Australia, it had long been known from Kasompi as "kasompiite", but the name was never submitted to the nomenclature committee (Deliens, 1996). Associated with dark green acicular malachite.
Reference: Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Götzenite
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE— database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database [http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1139/].
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Description: Originally described as lusungite (Van Wambeke (1958); but later descredited by Pring et al. (1995) as identical With goyazite.
Reference: Van Wambeke, L., 1958. Une nouvelle espèce minérale : la lusungite en provenance de la pegmatite de Kobokobo (Kivu - Congo Belge). Bulletin de la Société Belge de Géologie. 67, 162-169; Pring, A., Birch, W. D., Dawe, J. R., Taylor, M. R., Deliens, M. & Walenta, K. (1995) Kintoreite, PbFe3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6, a new mineral of the jarosite-alunite family, and lusungite discredited. Mineralogical Magazine. 59, 143-148.
Graphite
Formula: C
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: No reference listed
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Consulting, S. R. K. NI 43-101 Technical Report Resource Estimation And Exploration Potential At The Kamituga, Lugushwa And Namoya Concessions, Democratic Republic Of Congo.
Guilleminite (TL)
Formula: Ba(UO2)3(SeO3)2O2 · 3H2O
Colour: canary yellow
Reference: Pierrot, R., Toussaint, J., Verbeek, T. (1965) La guilleminite, une nouvelle espèce minérale. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 88(1), 132-135.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record, 49(2), 236-304.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Guite (TL)
Formula: Co2+Co3+2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Lei, Z., Chen, X., Wang, J., Zhang, J., Huang, Y., Lu, Z. and Du, F. (2017) Guite, IMA 2017-080. CNMNC Newsletter No. 40, December 2017, page 1581; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1577–1581.
'Gummite'
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Gysinite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Colour: pink
Description: The mineral was identified on a single specimen mistakenly labelled as Shinkolobwe. The mineral association, however, is typical for Kasompi.
Reference: Sarp, H., Bertrand, J. (1985) Gysinite, Pb(Nd,La)(CO3)2(OH)·H2O, a new lead, rare-earth carbonate from Shinkolobwe, Shaba, Zaire and its relationship to ancylite. American Mineralogist, 70(11-12), 1314-1317.; Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: No reference listed
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Hoinkes, G., and Kurat, G. (1979): Meteoritics 14, 423.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Habit: octahedrons
Colour: Steel gray to black
Reference: Paul De Bondt.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Rigobert, T., Claude, D. J., Marambaye, D., & Yannick, B. (2013): On the occurrence of gold mineralization in the Pala Neoproterozoic formations, South-Western Chad. Journal of African Earth Sciences 84, 36-46.
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Heterogenite-2H' (FRL)
Type Locality:
Habit: hexagonal
Reference: Deliens, M., Goethals, H. (1973) Polytypism of Heterogenite. Mineralogical Magazine, 39(302), 152-157.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hollingworthite ?
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
Hongshiite
Formula: PtCu
Reference: Cabral A R, Skála R, Vymazalová A, Kallistová A, Lehmann B, Jedwab J, Sidorinová T (2014) Kitagohaite, Pt7Cu, a new mineral from the Lubero region, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Magazine 78, 739-745
'Hornblende'
Reference: Chabu, M. (1995). The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb-Cu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire., Canadian Mineralogist 33, 547-558.
Hydropyrochlore (TL)
Formula: (H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
Type Locality:
Reference: Van Wambeke, L. (1965) A study of some niobium-bearing minerals of the Lueshe carbonatite deposit Kivu, Rep. of Congo). Euratom Report 2110, 9-16.; Van Wambeke, L. (1978) Kalipyrochlore, a new mineral of the pyrochlore group. American Mineralogist, 63, 528-530.
Hydroxycalciomicrolite
Formula: Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Ianthinite (TL)
Formula: U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
Reference: Guillemin, C., Protas, J. (1959) Ianthinite et wyartite. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 82(1-3), 80-86.; Clark (1993) "Hey's Mineral Index".; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Iriginite
Formula: (UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Gauthier, Gilbert, François, Armand, Deliens, Michel, Piret, P. (1989) Famous Mineral Localities: The Uranium Deposits of the Shaba Region, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 20(4), 265-288; 304 [287-288].; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
'Jagüéite'
Formula: Cu2Pd3Se4
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Julienite (TL)
Formula: Na2[Co(SCN)4] · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Schoep, A., Billiet, V. (1935) Contribution à l’étude du réseau de la julienite [Na2Co(CSN)4 •8H2O]. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 91(1-6), 229–234 (in French).; Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1106.; Mereiter, K., Preisinger, A. (1982) The structure of sodium tetraisothiocyanatocobaltate(II) octahydrate Na2[Co(NCS)4].8H2O. Acta Crystallographica, B38, 1084-1088.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Kamitugaite (TL)
Formula: PbAl[(UO2)5(PO4)2.38(AsO4)0.62O2(OH)2] · 11.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1984) 107, 15-19
Kamotoite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2O
Habit: Monoclinic crystals building flat tablets terminated with a 35° angle
Colour: Bright yellow
Reference: Deliens, M., Piret, P. (1986) La kamototïte-(Y), un nouveau carbonate d'uranyle et de terres rares de Kamoto, Shaba, Zaïre. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 109, 643-647.; European Journal of Mineralogy (1990) 2.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).;
Kanemite (TL)
Formula: HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1972) 95, 372-382
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite (TL)
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des sciences de Paris (1922) 173, 1476-1477.; Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 914.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Kawazulite
Formula: Bi2Te2Se
Reference: Rigobert, T., Claude, D. J., Marambaye, D., & Yannick, B. (2013): On the occurrence of gold mineralization in the Pala Neoproterozoic formations, South-Western Chad. Journal of African Earth Sciences 84, 36-46.
Keckite
Formula: CaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2O
Reference: Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2)
'K Feldspar'
Khorixasite
Formula: (Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Vincent Bourgoin collection
Kipushite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Piret, P., Deliens, M., Piret-Meunier, J. (1985) Occurrence and crystal structure of kipushite, a new copper-zinc phosphate from Kipushi, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 35-42. ; Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Kitagohaite (TL)
Formula: Pt7Cu
Type Locality:
Reference: Cabral A R, Skála R, Vymazalová A, Kallistová A, Lehmann B, Jedwab J, Sidorinová T (2014) Kitagohaite, Pt7Cu, a new mineral from the Lubero region, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Magazine 78, 739-745
'Kivuite'
Formula: (Th,Ca,Pb)(UO2)4(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 7H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 33 (1962), 261
Klockmannite
Formula: CuSe
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Kobokoboite (TL)
Formula: Al6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2), 305–308.
Kolbeckite
Formula: ScPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 20: 287-288.
Kolwezite (TL)
Formula: CuCo(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Bulletin de Minéralogie (1980) 103, 179-184.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record, 49(2), 236-304.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Kotulskite ?
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
Kuramite
Formula: Cu3SnS4
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Larnite
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Reference: Nazarov, M.A., Kurat, G., and Brandstätter, F. (1998): Proceedings of the 61st Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, Dublin (Ireland), July 27-31, 1998, Abstract 5123.
Lepersonnite-(Gd) (TL)
Formula: Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Deliens, M., Piret, P. (1982) Bijvoetite et lepersonnite, carbonates hydratés d'uranyle et de terres rares de Shinkolobwe, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 20(2), 231-238.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
'Lepidolite'
Leucoxene
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Liebigite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Colour: Green
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Likasite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Habit: tabular
Colour: dark blue
Description: Occurs on cuprite.
Reference: Schoep, A., Borchert, W., Kohler, K. (1955) La likasite, Cu12(OH)14(NO3)4(PO4)2, nouveau minéral. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 78, 84-88.; Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: Van Wambeke, L. (1971): The uranium-bearing mineral bolivarite: new data and a second occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 38, 418-423.
Lithiotantite
Formula: LiTa3O8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2016
Lithiowodginite
Formula: LiTa3O8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Luberoite
Formula: Pt5Se4
Reference: Cabral A R, Skála R, Vymazalová A, Kallistová A, Lehmann B, Jedwab J, Sidorinová T (2014) Kitagohaite, Pt7Cu, a new mineral from the Lubero region, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Magazine 78, 739-745
Ludjibaite (TL)
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Piret, P., Deliens, M. (1988) Description de la ludjibaïte, un polymorphe de la pseudomalachite, Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 111(2), 167-171.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Lueshite (TL)
Formula: NaNbO3
Type Locality:
Reference: Acad. Roy. Sci.Outre-Mer, Brussels, (1959) 5, 1251-1255
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides'
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Marthozite (TL)
Formula: Cu2+(UO2)3(SeO3)2O2 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Colour: olive green
Reference: Cesbron, Fabien, Oosterbosch, R., Pierrot, Roland (1969) Une nouvelle espèce minérale : la marthozite. Uranyl˗sélénite de cuivre hydraté. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 92(3), 278-283.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record, 49(2), 236-304.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Masuyite (TL)
Formula: Pb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Jambor, J.L. (2000) New Mineral Names: new data. American Mineralogist, 85(10), 1561-1565 [1565].
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Hoinkes, G., and Kurat, G. (1975): Meteoritics 10, 416.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Reference: Van Wambeke, L. (1971): The uranium-bearing mineral bolivarite: new data and a second occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 38, 418-423.; Deliens, M., & Piret, P. (1985). Les phosphates d'uranyle et d'aluminium de Kobokobo VIII. La furongite. Ann. Soc. Géol. Belg, 108, 365-368.
Metasaléeite (TL)
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Mrose, M.E. (1950) Studies on uranium minerals (III): Saleeite from Schneeberg, Saxony. American Mineralogist, 35(7-8), 525-530.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Metaschoepite (TL)
Formula: (UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 50 (1965), 235
Metastudtite (TL)
Formula: UO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Deliens, M., Piret, P. (1983) Metastudtite, UO4·2H2O, a new mineral from Shinkolobwe, Shaba, Zaire. American Mineralogist, 68(3-4), 456-458.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Metatyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Metavandendriesscheite (TL)
Formula: PbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 45 (1960), 1026
Metavanmeersscheite (TL)
Formula: U6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Piret, P. & Deliens, M. (1982): Vanmeersscheite U(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6.4H2O and meta-vanmeersscheite U(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6.2H2O, new minerals. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 105, 125-128 (in French). American Mineralogist, volume 67, pp. 1077(1982)
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Meymacite (TL)
Formula: WO3 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1965) 88, 613-617
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Miersite
Formula: (Ag,Cu)I
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: MinRec 20:287-288
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Van Wambeke, L. (1971) The problem of cation deficiencies in some phosphates due to alteration processes. American Mineralogist: 56: 1366-1384 (Van Wambeke suggests the name "keno-mitridatite" for relatively unaltered mitridatite from the Kobokobo pegmatite.); Daltry, V.D.C. and von Knorring, O. (1998) Type-mineralogy of Rwanda with particular reference to the Buranga pegmatite. Geologica Belgica: 1: 9-15 (referring to Van Wambeke, 1971).
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Reference: Gauthier, Gilbert, François, Armand, Deliens, Michel, Piret, P. (1989) Famous Mineral Localities: The Uranium Deposits of the Shaba Region, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 20(4), 265-288; 304 [287-88].; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
Monazite-(Nd)
Formula: Nd(PO4)
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: MinMag 58:496
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Moreauite (TL)
Formula: Al3(UO2)(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1985) 108, 9-13; Deliens, M., & Piret, P. (1985). Les phosphates d'uranyle et d'aluminium de Kobokobo VIII. La furongite. Ann. Soc. Géol. Belg, 108, 365-368.
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: MinRec 20:287-288
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite var: Duhamelite
Formula: (Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Reference: Lhoest, Joseph J., Gauthier, Gilbert, King, Vandall T. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: The Mashamba West Mine, Shaba, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 22(1), 13-20, 28.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Mundite (TL)
Formula: Al(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1981) 104, 669-671
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Barian Muscovite
Formula: (K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Muscovite-2M2'
Reference: Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2)
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: http://www.metafro.be/mineralogy/sample/5121/mineral and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rutshuru; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Neotocite ?
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Description: Cobalt-bearing. No data. Probably should be labeled heterogenite until verified.
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: MinRec 20:287-288
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Weiss, S. (2006): Carrollit, Dolomit, Nickelin, Sphärocobaltit und Baryt aus der Provinz Shaba, Kongo. LAPIS 31 (9), 44-46
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala
Oosterboschite (TL)
Formula: (Pd,Cu)7Se5
Reference: Johan, Zdenek, Picot, Paul, Pierrot, Roland, Verbeek, Théodore (1970) L'oosterboschite (Pd, Cu)7Se5, une nouvelle espèce minérale et la trogtalite cupro-palladifère de Musonoï (Katanga). Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 93(4), 476-481.; Clark (1993) "Hey's Mineral Index".; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Roberts, A.C., Paar, W.H., Cooper, M.A., Topa, D., Criddle, A.J., Jedwab, J. (2002) Verbeekite, monoclinic PdSe2, a new mineral from the Musonoi Cu-Co-Mn-U mine, near Kolwezi, Shaba Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Mineralogical Magazine, 66(1), 173-179.; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record, 49(2), 236-304.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Oursinite (TL)
Formula: Co(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Deliens, M., Piret, P. (1983) L'oursinite (Co0.86Mg0.10Ni0.04)0.2UO3·2SiO2·6H2O, nouveau mineral de Shinkolobwe, Shaba, Zaïre. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 106, 305-308.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://edit.africamuseum.be/geco_website/pdf/Shinkolobwe.pdf
Palladinite
Formula: PdO
Palladium
Formula: (Pd,Pt)
Palladseite
Formula: Pd17Se15
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 46,19-31(2008); Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Paramelaconite
Formula: Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Paraschoepite (TL)
Formula: UO3 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [Am Min 45 (1960), 1026; Nickel & Nichols, 1991, p160 - "Mineral Reference Manual"]
'Parisite'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
Parsonsite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(UO2)(PO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Schoep, A. (1923) Sur le parsonsite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences de Paris, 176, 171-173.; Frondel, C. (1950) Studies of uranium minerals (I): Parsonsite and randite. American Mineralogist, 35(3-4), 245-250.; Mazzi, F., Garavelli, C.L., Rinaldi, F. (1959) Richerche strutturali sulla parsonite (sic). Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 25, 364-365. Deliens, M., Piret, P., Comblain, G. (1981) Les minéraux secondaires d’uranium du Zaïre. Published by Musée Royal de l’Afrique Central, Tervuren, Belgium, 64-65.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Penroseite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://edit.africamuseum.be/geco_website/pdf/Shinkolobwe.pdf
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phosphuranylite
Formula: (H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Phuralumite (TL)
Formula: Al2(UO2)3(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Prismatic crystals.
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1979) 102, 333-337
Phurcalite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Hoinkes, G. & Kurat, G. (1975). Preliminary report on the Bali carbonaceous chondrite. Meteoritics 10 (4): 416-417. (Dec 1975)
Piretite (TL)
Formula: Ca(UO2)3(SeO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Can Min (1996), 34 (6), p. 1317
Plancheite (TL)
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: American Mineralogist (1977), 62, pp. 491-502
Planerite
Formula: Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Platinum
Formula: Pt
'Plessite'
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)' (FRL)
Reference: Safiannikoff, A. and van Wambeke, L. (1961): Sur un terme plombifère du groupe pyrochlore-microlite. Bulletin de la Société Francaise de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 84: 382-384
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: MinRec 20:287-288
Protasite (TL)
Formula: Ba(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pagoaga, M. Katherine, Appleman, Daniel E., Stewart, James M. (1987) Crystal structures and crystal chemistry of the uranyl oxide hydrates becquerelite, billietite, and protasite. American Mineralogist, 72(11-12), 1230-1238.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Pseudojohannite
Formula: Cu3(OH)2[(UO2)4(SO4)2]· 12H2O
Reference: Brugger, J. et al (2006) American Mineralogist: 91: 929-936.; Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: H. Buttgenbach, les minéraux de Belgique et du Congo Belge page 553
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Co)S2
'Pyrobitumen'
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Group var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrolusite var: Polianite
Formula: morphological variety
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Edwards, M.G. (1917) The American Mineralogist, 2, #7, 88-89.
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 67 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Blue Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: www.asahi-net.or.jp/~UG7S-KTU/e_bqrz2.htm
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Shocked Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.meteorimpactonearth.com/currentresearch.html
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Rankamaite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Reference: Safiannikoff, A. and van Wambeke, L. (1961): Sur un terme plombifere du groupe pyrochlore-microlite. Bulletin de la Société Francaise de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 84: 382-384
Ranunculite (TL)
Formula: HAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [Mineralogical Magazine(1979) 43, 321-323; MinRec 11:112]
Reichenbachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Frost, R.L., Reddy, B.J., Palmer, S.J., Keeffe, E.C. (2011) Structure of selected basic zinc/copper (II) phosphate minerals based upon near-infrared spectroscopy–Implications for hydrogen bonding. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 78(3), 996-1003.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Renardite
Formula: Pb(UO2)4(PO4)2(OH)4•H2O
Reference: Schoep, A. (1928) La renardite, nouveau mineral uranifére. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie, 51, 247-252.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Renierite (TL)
Formula: (Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Type Locality:
Description: Renierite was found in two germanium-rich zones at Kipushi. The first at a depth between -275 and -400 meters and a second one between the levels -725 and -775. Deeper or between these levels, the mineral was very rare.
Reference: Gramaccioli, C.M. (1985) Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pages.; Chabu, M. (1995) The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb-Cu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 33, 547-558.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., Haack, U. (1999) Lead isotopes of the carbonate-hosted Kabwe, Tsumeb, and Kipushi Pb-Zn-Cu sulphide deposits in relation to Pan African orogenesis in the Damaran-Lufilian Fold Belt of Central Africa. Mineralium Deposita, 34, 273-283.; Nenasheva, S. (2003) New Data on Minerals, 38, 41-44.; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews, 35, 263-297.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
'Rhabdophane'
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record General Index 11:317n
Richetite (TL)
Formula: (Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bulletin de la Société belge de Géologie (1947) 70, B 212-226.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
'Riebeckite Root Name'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala
'Riebeckite Root Name var: Crocidolite'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Am.Min. 43,79591958)a
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Rouaite
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Roubaultite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2O
Reference: Cesbron, F., Pierrot, R., Verbeek, T. (1970) La roubaultite, Cu2(UO2)3(OH)10·5H2O, une nouvelle espéce minérale. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 93, 500-554.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Rutherfordine
Formula: (UO2)CO3
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: No reference listed
Saléeite (TL)
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Thoreau, J., Vaes, J.-F. (1932) La saléeite, nouveau minéral uranifère. Bulletin de la société belge de géologie, paléontologie et hydrologie, 42, 96-100.; Mrose, M.E. (1950) Studies on uranium minerals (III): Saleeite from Schneeberg, Saxony. American Mineralogist, 35(7-8), 525-530.; Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 989.; Piret, P., Deliens, M. (1980) Nouvelles données sur la saléeite, holotype de Shinkolobwe. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 103, 630-632.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Sayrite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Piret, Paul, Deliens, Michel, Piret-Meunier, Jacqueline, Germain, Gabriel (1983) La sayrite, (Pb2[(UO2)5O6(OH)2].4H2O, nouveau minéral; propriétés et structure cristalline. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 106(3), 299-304.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
'Scapolite'
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schmitterite
Formula: (UO2)(TeO3)
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Schoepite (TL)
Formula: (UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Reference: Christ, C.L. (1965) Phase transformations and crystal chemistry of schoepite. American Mineralogist, 50(1-2), 235-239.; Finch, Robert J., Cooper, Mark A., Hawthorne, Frank C., Ewing, Rodney C. (1996) The crystal structure of schoepite, [(UO2)8O2(OH)12](H2O)12. Canadian Mineralogist, 34(5), 1071-1088.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Schuilingite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: PbCu(Nd,Gd,Sm,Y)(CO3)3(OH) · 1.5H2O
Colour: bright blue
Description: The mineral was identified on a single specimen mistakenly labelled as Shinkolobwe. The mineral association, however, is typical for Kasompi.
Reference: Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Colour: Green
Description: Green crust on massive arsenopyrite
Reference: Royal Museum for Central Africa collection, Sample n° 13098.
Sengierite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Vaes, J.F., Kerr, Paul F. (1949) Sengierite: A preliminary description. American Mineralogist, 34(1-2), 109-120.; Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1048.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Shabaite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy (1990) 2.; Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; [Mandarino, 1997];
Sharpite (TL)
Formula: Ca(UO2)3(CO3)4 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Melon, M.J., Buttgenbach, H. (1938) La sharpite, nouveau carbonate d'uranyle du Congo belge. Bulletin de l'Institut Royal Colonial Belge, 9, 333-336.; Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Shinkolobweite (TL)
Formula: Pb1.25[U5+(H2O)2(U6+O2)5O8(OH)2](H2O)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Olds, T.A., Lussier, A.J., Oliver, A. G., Petříček, V., Plášil, J., Kampf, A.R., Burns, P.C., Dembowski, M., Carlson, S.M. and Steele, I.M. (2017) Shinkolobweite, IMA 2016-095. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 404; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403 – 409
'Shungite'
Reference: Paul De Bondt.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
'Silica'
Reference: Kurat, G., Chaussidon, M., Nazarov, M. A. & Brandstätter, F. (1999). Silica-bearing Objects in Bali (CV3): Trace Element Data. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 34(Supplement), p. A70. (July 1999).
Silver
Formula: Ag
Simpsonite
Formula: Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Sklodowskite (TL)
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Stohl, Frances V., Smith, Deane K. (1981) The crystal chemistry of the uranyl silicate minerals. American Mineralogist, 66(5-6), 610-624.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Jacobs, T. T. (2016). Process mineralogical characterisation of the Kansanshi copper ore, NW Zambia (Masters thesis, University of Cape Town).
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Soddyite (TL)
Formula: (UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Schoep, A. (1922) La soddite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, 174, 1066-1067.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Consulting, S. R. K. NI 43-101 Technical Report Resource Estimation And Exploration Potential At The Kamituga, Lugushwa And Namoya Concessions, Democratic Republic Of Congo.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spionkopite
Formula: Cu39S28
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 46,19-31(2008); Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Colour: green, pink, beige
Reference: Paul De Bondt; Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Consulting, S. R. K. NI 43-101 Technical Report Resource Estimation And Exploration Potential At The Kamituga, Lugushwa And Namoya Concessions, Democratic Republic Of Congo.
Stilleite (TL)
Formula: ZnSe
Type Locality:
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1956) Stilleit, ein neues Mineral, natürliches Zinkselenid, von Shinkolobwe. Geotektonisches Symposium zu Ehren von Hans Stille, 481–483. (in German); MinRec 20:287-288; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Chabu, M. (1995) The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb-Cu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 33, 547-558.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews, 35, 263-297.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Studtite (TL)
Formula: [(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2O
Reference: Walenta, Kurt (1974) On studtite and its composition. American Mineralogist, 59(1-2), 166-171.; Čejka, J., Sejkora, J., Deliens, M. (1996) New data on studtite, UO4•4H2O, from Shinkolobwe, Shaba, Zaire. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1996, 125-134.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Swamboite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: Nd0.333[(UO2)(SiO3OH)](H2O)∼2.5
Type Locality:
Reference: Deliens, M., Piret, P. (1981) La swamboite, nouveau silicate d'uranium hydraté du Shaba, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 19(4), 553-557.; Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
'Synchysite Group'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: http://www.mineralmundi.com/congo-(kinshasa)/katanga/manono.aspx; Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Tanteuxenite-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Reference: "Minerals and their Localities," Bernard and Hyrsl, 2004
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Jan Loun, Milan Novák, Jan Cempírek, Radek Škoda, Michaela Vašinová Galiová, Lubomír Prokeš, Marek Dosbaba, Renata Čopjaková (2018) Geochemistry and secondary alterations of microlite from eluvial deposits in the Numbi mining area, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Canadian Mineralogist 56, 203-220.
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 955.
Thoreaulite (TL)
Formula: (Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Buttgenbach, H.(1933): La thoreaulite, nouvelle espéce minérale. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. 56: 327-328; Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Threadgoldite (TL)
Formula: Al(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Micaceous crust
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1979) 102, 338-341
Tin
Formula: Sn
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Henri Buttgenbach (1947) Les minéraux de Belgique et du Congo belge
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Triangulite (TL)
Formula: Al3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1982) 105, 611-614
Trogtalite
Formula: CoSe2
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 955.
Tsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Tungstenite
Formula: WS2
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews, 35, 263-297.
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Tyrrellite
Formula: Cu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4
Reference: Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Umangite
Formula: Cu3Se2
Reference: MinRec 20:287-288; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Umohoite
Formula: (UO2)MoO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Gauthier, Gilbert, François, Armand, Deliens, Michel, Piret, P. (1989) Famous Mineral Localities: The Uranium Deposits of the Shaba Region, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 20(4), 265-288; 304 [286-287].; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Upalite (TL)
Formula: Al(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 7H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1979) 102, 333-337
Urancalcarite (TL)
Formula: Ca(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Deliens, M., Piret, P. (1984) L'urancalcarite, Ca(UO2)3CO3(OH)6.3H2O, nouveau minéral de Shinkolobwe, Shaba, Zaïre. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 107(1), 21-24.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Uranocircite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Uranopilite
Formula: (UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 582; Gauthier, Gilbert, François, Armand, Deliens, Michel, Piret, P. (1989) Famous Mineral Localities: The Uranium Deposits of the Shaba Region, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 20(4), 265-288; 304 [287-288].; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Vaesite (TL)
Formula: NiS2
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vandenbrandeite (TL)
Formula: Cu(UO2)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Milne, I.H., Nuffield, E.W. (1951) Studies of radioactive compounds: I - Vandenbrandeite. American Mineralogist, 36(5-6), 394-410.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Vandendriesscheite (TL)
Formula: PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Reference: Anderson, V. (1978) Microminerals. Mineralogical Record, 9(1), 32-34 [34].; Pinch, William W. (1978) Rare Minerals Report. Mineralogical Record, 9(2), 113-114 [114].; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Vanmeersscheite (TL)
Formula: U6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Piret, P. & Deliens, M. (1982): Vanmeersscheite U(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6.4H2O and meta-vanmeersscheite U(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6.2H2O, new minerals. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 105, 125-128 (in French).
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Varlamoffite (TL)
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Vauquelinite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Verbeekite (TL)
Formula: PdSe2
Type Locality:
Reference: A.C. Roberts et al. (2002) Mineralogical Magazine 66, 173-179; Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Vésigniéite
Formula: BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1989) 64, 505.; Lhoest, Joseph J., Gauthier, Gilbert, King, Vandall T. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: The Mashamba West Mine, Shaba, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 22(1), 13-20, 28.; Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Veszelyite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Description: Originally thought to be a new mineral and named "kipushite". After analysis, this turned out to be veszelyite. In 1986, a new phosphate was discovered on another old specimen, which was subsequently named kipushite. (Deliens, 1996)
Reference: Piret, P., Deliens, M., Piret-Meunier, J. (1985) Occurrence and crystal structure of kipushite, a new copper-zinc phosphate from Kipushi, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 35-42.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews, 35, 263-297.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Vysotskite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)S
Reference: www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
'Wad'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Wakefieldite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce(VO4)
Reference: Bull.Minéral.(1986) 109, 305
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Waylandite
Formula: BiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Lapis 16(9), 12 (1991)
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Cook, R. B. (2007). Connoisseur's Choice Witherite: Fallowfield, Northumberland, England. Rocks & Minerals, 82(3), 222-225.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wölsendorfite
Formula: Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Reference: Protas, J. (1957) La wölsendorfite, nouvelle espèce uranifère. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences: 244: 2942-2944.; Fleischer, M. (1957) New Mineral Names. American Mineralogist, 42(11-12), 919-921 [919].; Toussaint, J. (1961) Sur la structure de la wölsendorfite de Shinkolobwe. Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, 84, 365-373.; Gauthier, Gilbert, François, Armand, Deliens, Michel, Piret, P. (1989) Famous Mineral Localities: The Uranium Deposits of the Shaba Region, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 20(4), 265-288; 304 [287].; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Wyartite (TL)
Formula: CaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Gauthier, Gilbert, François, Armand, Deliens, Michel, Piret, P. (1989) Famous Mineral Localities: The Uranium Deposits of the Shaba Region, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 20(4), 265-288; 304 [288].; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Burns, P.C., Finch, R.J. (1999) Wyartite: crystallographic evidence for the first pentavalent-uranium mineral. American Mineralogist, 84(9), 1456-1460.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Van Wambeke, L. (1971): The uranium-bearing mineral bolivarite: new data and a second occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 38, 418-423.
Ximengite
Formula: Bi(PO4)
Reference: analysed (EDS & P-XRD) Franz Neuhold
Yarrowite
Formula: Cu9S8
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 46,19-31(2008); Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Zaïrite (TL)
Formula: BiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6
Type Locality:
Description: The mineral occurs in small masses, associated with mica and another bismuth phosphate, apparently new, in the zone of weathering of quartz veins containing wolframite.
Reference: van Wambeke, L. (1975) La zaïrite, un nouveau minéral appartenant à la série de la crandallite. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 98: 351-353
Zeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: [MinRec 20:288]
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Reference: Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews, 35, 263-297.
Zincobriartite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(Zn,Fe)(Ge,Ga)S4
Type Locality:
Reference: McDonald, A.M., Stanley, C.J., Ross, K.C., Nestola, F. (2016) Zincobriartite, IMA 2015-094. CNMNC Newsletter No. 29, February 2016, 203. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 199–205.
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Zippeite
Formula: K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Gauthier, Gilbert, François, Armand, Deliens, Michel, Piret, P. (1989) Famous Mineral Localities: The Uranium Deposits of the Shaba Region, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 20(4), 265-288; 304 [288].; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Reference: Alain Hanson specimen (see http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,11,161069,161421,quote=1); Monteyne-Poulaert, G., Delwiche, R., Safiannikoff, A., & Cahen, L. (1962). Ages de minéralisations pegmatitiques et filoniennes du Kivu méridional (Congo oriental). Indications préliminaires sur les âges de phases pegmatitiques successives. Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, 71, 272-295.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Hongshiite1.AG.45PtCu
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Palladium1.AF.10(Pd,Pt)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tin1.AC.10Sn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Athabascaite2.BA.25Cu5Se4
Aurostibite2.EB.05aAuSb2
Berzelianite2.BA.20Cu2Se
Betekhtinite2.BE.05(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Briartite (TL)2.KA.10Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cattierite (TL)2.EB.05aCoS2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Fletcherite2.DA.05Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gallite (TL)2.CB.10aCuGaS2
Geerite2.BA.05Cu8S5
Germanite2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Germanocolusite2.CB.30Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Hollingworthite ?2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
'Jagüéite'2.BC.15Cu2Pd3Se4
Kawazulite2.DC.05Bi2Te2Se
Klockmannite2.CA.05bCuSe
Kotulskite ?2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Kuramite2.CB.15aCu3SnS4
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Luberoite2.BC.35Pt5Se4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Mawsonite2.CB.20Cu6Fe2SnS8
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Oosterboschite (TL)2.BC.10(Pd,Cu)7Se5
Palladseite2.BC.05Pd17Se15
Penroseite2.EB.05a(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Co)S2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Renierite (TL)2.CB.35a(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Spionkopite2.CA.05cCu39S28
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite2.CB.15cCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stilleite (TL)2.CB.05aZnSe
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Sulvanite2.CB.70Cu3VS4
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Trogtalite2.EB.05aCoSe2
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tungstenite2.EA.30WS2
Tyrrellite2.DA.05Cu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4
Umangite2.BA.25Cu3Se2
Vaesite (TL)2.EB.05aNiS2
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Verbeekite (TL)2.EA.25PdSe2
Vysotskite2.CC.35a(Pd,Ni)S
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Yarrowite2.CA.05dCu9S8
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Buttgenbachite (TL)3.DA.25Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Claringbullite (TL)3.DA.15Cu4ClF(OH)6
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Miersite3.AA.05(Ag,Cu)I
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Alumotantite4.DB.55AlTaO4
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Asbolane4.FL.30(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Becquerelite (TL)4.GB.10Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Billietite (TL)4.GB.10Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Calciotantite4.DJ.05CaTa4O11
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cesplumtantite (TL)4.DM.15(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Chalcomenite4.JH.05CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
var: Cymophane4.BA.05BeAl2O4
'Clinochalcomenite'4.JH.10CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Cobaltomenite4.JH.10CoSeO3 · 2H2O
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Curienite4.HB.15Pb(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Curite (TL)4.GB.55Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Demesmaekerite (TL)4.JJ.20Pb2Cu5(UO2)2(SeO3)6(OH)6 · 2H2O
Derriksite (TL)4.JG.30Cu4(UO2)(SeO3)2(OH)6
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Ferrowodginite4.DB.40Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Foordite4.DG.15Sn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Fourmarierite (TL)4.GB.25Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Francevillite4.HB.15Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Guilleminite (TL)4.JJ.10Ba(UO2)3(SeO3)2O2 · 3H2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hydropyrochlore (TL)4.DH.15(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
Ianthinite (TL)4.GA.10U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Iriginite4.GB.60(UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2O
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Lithiophorite4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Lithiotantite4.DB.40LiTa3O8
Lithiowodginite4.DB.40LiTa3O8
Lueshite (TL)4.CC.30NaNbO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Manjiroite4.DK.05aNa(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Marthozite (TL)4.JJ.05Cu2+(UO2)3(SeO3)2O2 · 8H2O
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Masuyite (TL)4.GB.35Pb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Metaschoepite (TL)4.GA.05(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2O
Metastudtite (TL)4.GA.15UO4 · 2H2O
Metatyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Metavandendriesscheite (TL)4.GB.40PbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
Meymacite (TL)4.FJ.05WO3 · 2H2O
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Palladinite4.AB.30PdO
Paramelaconite4.AA.15Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Paraschoepite (TL)4.GA.05UO3 · 2H2O
Piretite (TL)4.JJ.15Ca(UO2)3(SeO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)' (TL)4.DH.15
Protasite (TL)4.GB.10Ba(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
var: Polianite4.DB.05morphological variety
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Blue Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Shocked Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rankamaite (TL)4.DM.05(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Richetite (TL)4.GB.15(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Sayrite (TL)4.GB.50Pb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
Schmitterite4.JK.70(UO2)(TeO3)
Schoepite (TL)4.GA.05(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Sengierite (TL)4.HB.10Cu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
Simpsonite4.DC.10Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Studtite (TL)4.GA.15[(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2O
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tanteuxenite-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Thoreaulite (TL)4.DG.15(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Umohoite4.GC.10(UO2)MoO4 · 2H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Vandenbrandeite (TL)4.GB.45Cu(UO2)(OH)4
Vandendriesscheite (TL)4.GB.40PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Varlamoffite (TL)4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Wölsendorfite4.GB.30Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Zincite4.AB.20ZnO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Flos Ferri5.AB.15CaCO3
Astrocyanite-(Ce) (TL)5.EF.05Cu2(Ce,Nd,La)2(UO2)(CO3)5(OH)2 · 1.5H2O
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bijvoetite-(Y) (TL)5.EB.20Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Cobaltoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Co)CO3
var: Ferroan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Fe)CO3
var: Zincian Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Zn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Comblainite (TL)5.DA.50Ni4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Cobaltoan Dolomite5.AB.10(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
var: Zincian Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
Gaylussite5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Gerhardtite5.NB.05Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Glaukosphaerite5.BA.10(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Gysinite-(Nd) (TL)5.DC.05PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Kamotoite-(Y) (TL)5.EA.30Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2O
Kolwezite (TL)5.BA.10CuCo(CO3)(OH)2
Lepersonnite-(Gd) (TL)5.EG.10Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
Liebigite5.ED.20Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Likasite (TL)5.ND.05Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Rouaite5.NB.05Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Roubaultite (TL)5.EA.25Cu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2O
Rutherfordine5.EB.05(UO2)CO3
Schuilingite-(Nd) (TL)5.DB.20PbCu(Nd,Gd,Sm,Y)(CO3)3(OH) · 1.5H2O
Shabaite-(Nd) (TL)5.EE.10Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2O
Sharpite (TL)5.EA.35Ca(UO2)3(CO3)4 · 3H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Spherocobaltite5.AB.05CoCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Urancalcarite (TL)5.EA.10Ca(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Wyartite (TL)5.EA.15CaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Anthoinite (TL)7.GB.35AlWO3(OH)3
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Bieberite7.CB.35CoSO4 · 7H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocyanite7.AB.10CuSO4
Cousinite (TL)7.HA.10MgU2Mo2O11 · 6H2O
Crocoite7.FA.20PbCrO4
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Dolerophanite7.BB.20Cu2(SO4)O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Morenosite7.CB.40NiSO4 · 7H2O
Pseudojohannite7.EC.20Cu3(OH)2[(UO2)4(SO4)2]· 12H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Spangolite7.DD.15Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Uranopilite7.EA.05(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
Vauquelinite7.FC.05Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Woodwardite7.DD.35Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Zippeite7.EC.05K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Afmite8.DD.15Al3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
Agardite-(Y)8.DL.15YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Althupite (TL)8.EC.25AlTh(UO2)7(PO4)4(OH)5O2 · 15H2O
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Benauite8.BL.10SrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6
Bermanite8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Brackebuschite8.BG.05Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Chernikovite8.EB.15(H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Clinoclase8.BE.20Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cornetite (TL)8.BE.15Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cornubite8.BD.30Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
var: Cuprian Descloizite8.BH.40Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Dewindtite (TL)8.EC.10H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Dumontite (TL)8.EC.15Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Evansite8.DF.10Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Eylettersite (TL)8.BL.10Th0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(La) (TL)8.BL.13LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Françoisite-(Nd) (TL)8.EC.05(Nd,Ce,Sm)(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 6H2O
Frondelite8.BC.10Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Furongite8.EB.50Al13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2O
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Kamitugaite (TL)8.ED.15PbAl[(UO2)5(PO4)2.38(AsO4)0.62O2(OH)2] · 11.5H2O
Keckite8.DH.15CaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2O
Kipushite (TL)8.DA.35(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
'Kivuite'8.EC.10(Th,Ca,Pb)(UO2)4(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 7H2O
Kolbeckite8.CD.05ScPO4 · 2H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Ludjibaite (TL)8.BD.25Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metasaléeite (TL)8.EB.10Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metavanmeersscheite (TL)8.EC.20U6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 2H2O
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Mixite8.DL.15BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd)8.AD.50Nd(PO4)
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Moreauite (TL)8.ED.05Al3(UO2)(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
var: Duhamelite8.BH.40(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Mundite (TL)8.EC.30Al(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5.5H2O
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Parsonsite (TL)8.EA.10Pb2(UO2)(PO4)2
Phosphuranylite8.EC.10(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Phuralumite (TL)8.EC.05Al2(UO2)3(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
Phurcalite8.EC.35Ca2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
Planerite8.DD.15Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Ranunculite (TL)8.EB.40HAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2O
Reichenbachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Saléeite (TL)8.EB.05Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Threadgoldite (TL)8.EB.20Al(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Triangulite (TL)8.EB.45Al3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2O
Tsumebite8.BG.05Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Upalite (TL)8.EC.05Al(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 7H2O
Uranocircite8.EB.05Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vanmeersscheite (TL)8.EC.20U6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Veszelyite8.DA.30(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Vésigniéite8.BH.45BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Wakefieldite-(Ce) (TL)8.AD.35Ce(VO4)
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Waylandite8.BL.13BiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Ximengite8.AD.45Bi(PO4)
Zaïrite (TL)8.BL.13BiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6
Zeunerite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
var: Cupro-Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Baotite9.CE.15Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cuprosklodowskite (TL)9.AK.10Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Götzenite9.BE.22NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kanemite (TL)9.EF.25HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite (TL)9.AK.15Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Larnite9.AD.05Ca2SiO4
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Barian Muscovite9.EC.15(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacrite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Neotocite ?9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Népouite9.ED.15(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Oursinite (TL)9.AK.10Co(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Plancheite (TL)9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Shattuckite9.DB.40Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Sklodowskite (TL)9.AK.10Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Soddyite (TL)9.AK.05(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Swamboite-(Nd) (TL)9.AK.20Nd0.333[(UO2)(SiO3OH)](H2O)∼2.5
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Julienite (TL)10.AD.05Na2[Co(SCN)4] · 8H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bisbeeite'-(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Calamine'-
'Cattierite-Vaesite Series'-CoS2 - NiS2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Coeruleolactite'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Eguëite'-CaFe14(PO4)10(OH)14·21H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Ferro-akermanite'-Ca2FeSi2O7
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gauthierite (TL)-KPb[(UO2)7O5(OH)7]·8H2O
'Glass'-
Guite (TL)-Co2+Co3+2O4
'Gummite'-
'Heterogenite-2H' (TL)-
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxycalciomicrolite-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
'K Feldspar'-
Khorixasite-(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
Kitagohaite (TL)-Pt7Cu
Kobokoboite (TL)-Al6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
'Lepidolite'-
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Muscovite-2M2'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Parisite'-
'Plessite'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyrobitumen'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Renardite-Pb(UO2)4(PO4)2(OH)4•H2O
'Rhabdophane'-
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'Scapolite'-
Shinkolobweite (TL)-Pb1.25[U5+(H2O)2(U6+O2)5O8(OH)2](H2O)5
'Shungite'-
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Synchysite Group'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4
Zincobriartite (TL)-Cu2(Zn,Fe)(Ge,Ga)S4
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tin1.1.13.1Sn
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Hongshiite1.2.3.1PtCu
Palladium1.2.1.4(Pd,Pt)
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Berzelianite2.4.10.1Cu2Se
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Spionkopite2.4.7.7Cu39S28
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Umangite2.5.1.1Cu3Se2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Yarrowite2.7.3.1Cu9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Klockmannite2.8.12.2CuSe
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Stilleite (TL)2.8.2.2ZnSe
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Vysotskite2.8.5.2(Pd,Ni)S
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Briartite (TL)2.9.2.3Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Gallite (TL)2.9.1.3CuGaS2
Germanite2.9.4.2Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Kuramite2.9.2.4Cu3SnS4
Mawsonite2.9.3.1Cu6Fe2SnS8
Renierite (TL)2.9.4.1(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite2.9.3.3Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Fletcherite2.10.1.3Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
Tyrrellite2.10.1.4Cu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Kawazulite2.11.7.5Bi2Te2Se
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Aurostibite2.12.1.11AuSb2
Cattierite (TL)2.12.1.3CoS2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Hollingworthite ?2.12.3.8(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Penroseite2.12.1.4(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Trogtalite2.12.1.5CoSe2
Tungstenite2.12.10.3WS2
Vaesite (TL)2.12.1.2NiS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Miscellaneous
Athabascaite2.16.17.1Cu5Se4
Betekhtinite2.16.8.1(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Luberoite2.16.23.1Pt5Se4
Oosterboschite (TL)2.16.15.2(Pd,Cu)7Se5
Palladseite2.16.19.1Pd17Se15
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
Germanocolusite3.1.1.2Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Sulvanite3.2.3.1Cu3VS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
ø = 2
Emplectite3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Zincite4.2.2.1ZnO
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Lueshite (TL)4.3.3.4NaNbO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Varlamoffite (TL)4.4.2.1(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
AX3
Meymacite (TL)4.5.3.1WO3 · 2H2O
Molybdite4.5.1.1MoO3
Miscellaneous
Paramelaconite4.6.4.1Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AXO3·xH2O
Masuyite (TL)5.2.2.1Pb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Metaschoepite (TL)5.2.1.1(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2O
Paraschoepite (TL)5.2.1.2UO3 · 2H2O
Schoepite (TL)5.2.1.3(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Metastudtite (TL)5.3.1.2UO4 · 2H2O
Studtite (TL)5.3.1.1[(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2O
Vandenbrandeite (TL)5.3.2.1Cu(UO2)(OH)4
AX2O7·xH2O
Wölsendorfite5.4.3.2Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
AX3O10·xH2O
Protasite (TL)5.5.3.1Ba(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
AX6O17·xH2O
Ianthinite (TL)5.6.1.1U4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
AX6O19·xH2O
Becquerelite (TL)5.7.1.2Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Billietite (TL)5.7.1.3Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
AX7O22·xH2O
Metavandendriesscheite (TL)5.8.1.2PbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
Vandendriesscheite (TL)5.8.1.1PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Miscellaneous
Curite (TL)5.9.3.1Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Fourmarierite (TL)5.9.2.1Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Richetite (TL)5.9.5.1(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
Sayrite (TL)5.9.6.1Pb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Asbolane6.4.9.1(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Manjiroite7.9.1.3Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Alumotantite8.1.7.1AlTaO4
Ferrowodginite8.1.8.2Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Lithiowodginite8.1.8.4LiTa3O8
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Hydropyrochlore (TL)8.2.1.2(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)' (FRL)8.2.2.3
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Foordite8.3.10.2Sn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Tanteuxenite-(Y)8.3.8.3Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thoreaulite (TL)8.3.10.1(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
(AB)6O11·nH2O
Calciotantite8.6.2.1CaTa4O11
Miscellaneous
Cesplumtantite (TL)8.7.11.1(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Lithiotantite8.7.7.1LiTa3O8
Rankamaite (TL)8.7.6.1(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Simpsonite8.7.5.1Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Miersite9.1.7.2(Ag,Cu)I
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Am(O,OH)pXq
Claringbullite (TL)10.5.6.1Cu4ClF(OH)6
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rutherfordine14.1.4.1(UO2)CO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Spherocobaltite14.1.1.5CoCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Liebigite15.3.2.1Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Glaukosphaerite16a.3.1.3(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Kolwezite (TL)16a.3.1.7CuCo(CO3)(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Astrocyanite-(Ce) (TL)16b.1.6.1Cu2(Ce,Nd,La)2(UO2)(CO3)5(OH)2 · 1.5H2O
Gysinite-(Nd) (TL)16b.1.1.4PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Schuilingite-(Nd) (TL)16b.1.4.1PbCu(Nd,Gd,Sm,Y)(CO3)3(OH) · 1.5H2O
Shabaite-(Nd) (TL)16b.1.5.1Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2O
Bijvoetite-(Y) (TL)16b.2.4.1Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
Kamotoite-(Y) (TL)16b.3.3.1Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2O
Urancalcarite (TL)16b.5.2.1Ca(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Comblainite (TL)16b.6.3.3Ni4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Roubaultite (TL)16b.7.13.1Cu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2O
Sharpite (TL)16b.7.10.1Ca(UO2)3(CO3)4 · 3H2O
Wyartite (TL)16b.7.4.1CaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Lepersonnite-(Gd) (TL)17.1.12.1Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
Group 19 - NITRATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Buttgenbachite (TL)19.1.2.1Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Gerhardtite19.1.1.1Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Likasite (TL)19.1.5.1Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Chalcocyanite28.3.3.1CuSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Bieberite29.6.10.4CoSO4 · 7H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Morenosite29.6.11.3NiSO4 · 7H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Dolerophanite30.2.2.1Cu2(SO4)O
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Spangolite31.1.5.1Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Uranopilite31.2.6.1(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
Woodwardite31.2.2.1Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Zippeite31.10.4.1K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)
Schmitterite34.1.6.1(UO2)(TeO3)
A(XO3)·xH2O
Chalcomenite34.2.2.1CuSeO3 · 2H2O
'Clinochalcomenite'34.2.3.1CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Cobaltomenite34.2.3.2CoSeO3 · 2H2O
Hydrated Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Demesmaekerite (TL)34.7.6.1Pb2Cu5(UO2)2(SeO3)6(OH)6 · 2H2O
Derriksite (TL)34.7.5.1Cu4(UO2)(SeO3)2(OH)6
Guilleminite (TL)34.7.3.1Ba(UO2)3(SeO3)2O2 · 3H2O
Marthozite (TL)34.7.4.1Cu2+(UO2)3(SeO3)2O2 · 8H2O
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
AXO4
Crocoite35.3.1.1PbCrO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd)38.4.3.5Nd(PO4)
Wakefieldite-(Ce) (TL)38.4.11.4Ce(VO4)
Ximengite38.4.9.1Bi(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Brackebuschite40.2.8.1Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Chernikovite40.2a.19.1(H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Curienite40.2a.27.2Pb(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Francevillite40.2a.27.1Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metatyuyamunite40.2a.26.2Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Parsonsite (TL)40.2a.31.1Pb2(UO2)(PO4)2
Saléeite (TL)40.2a.11.1Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Triangulite (TL)40.2a.34.1Al3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2O
Tyuyamunite40.2a.26.1Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Uranocircite40.2a.3.1Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Zeunerite40.2a.14.1Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Kolbeckite40.4.3.3ScPO4 · 2H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Clinoclase41.3.1.1Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Cornetite (TL)41.3.2.1Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornubite41.4.2.1Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Ludjibaite (TL)41.4.3.3Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reichenbachite41.4.3.2Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Eylettersite (TL)41.5.12.2Th0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(La) (TL)41.5.10.3LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Vésigniéite41.5.13.1BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Waylandite41.5.12.1BiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Zaïrite (TL)41.5.12.3BiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Frondelite41.9.2.2Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Evansite42.1.2.1Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kipushite (TL)42.2.4.1(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Ranunculite (TL)42.2.2.1HAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2O
Veszelyite42.2.3.1(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Althupite (TL)42.4.13.1AlTh(UO2)7(PO4)4(OH)5O2 · 15H2O
Dumontite (TL)42.4.5.1Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Françoisite-(Nd) (TL)42.4.14.1(Nd,Ce,Sm)(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 6H2O
'Kivuite'42.4.9.3(Th,Ca,Pb)(UO2)4(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 7H2O
Phosphuranylite42.4.8.1(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Phuralumite (TL)42.4.6.1Al2(UO2)3(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
Phurcalite42.4.7.1Ca2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Agardite-(Y)42.5.1.2YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Mixite42.5.1.1BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Sengierite (TL)42.6.10.1Cu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Metavanmeersscheite (TL)42.7.14.2U6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 2H2O
Mundite (TL)42.7.13.1Al(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5.5H2O
Upalite (TL)42.7.12.1Al(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 7H2O
Vanmeersscheite (TL)42.7.14.1U6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Afmite42.9.3.6Al3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
'Coeruleolactite'42.9.3.2
Dewindtite (TL)42.9.8.1H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Planerite42.9.3.6Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Furongite42.10.5.1Al13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Bermanite42.11.17.1Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Keckite42.11.4.1CaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2O
Threadgoldite (TL)42.11.13.3Al(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
(AB)4(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Moreauite (TL)42.12.3.1Al3(UO2)(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Kamitugaite (TL)42.13.11.1PbAl[(UO2)5(PO4)2.38(AsO4)0.62O2(OH)2] · 11.5H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Tsumebite43.4.2.1Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Vauquelinite43.4.3.1Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Anthoinite (TL)48.3.3.1AlWO3(OH)3
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Iriginite49.2.3.1(UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2O
Umohoite49.2.2.1(UO2)MoO4 · 2H2O
Hydrated Molybdates and Tungstates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Cousinite (TL)49.3.2.1MgU2Mo2O11 · 6H2O
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Mellitates, Citrates, Cyanates, Acetates and Formates
Julienite (TL)50.2.3.1Na2[Co(SCN)4] · 8H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Larnite51.5.1.1Ca2SiO4
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Cuprosklodowskite (TL)53.3.1.4Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Kasolite (TL)53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Oursinite (TL)53.3.1.7Co(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Sklodowskite (TL)53.3.1.3Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Soddyite (TL)53.3.3.1(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Swamboite-(Nd) (TL)53.3.1.8Nd0.333[(UO2)(SiO3OH)](H2O)∼2.5
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Götzenite56.2.5.4NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Baotite60.1.2.1Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Shattuckite65.1.7.1Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite (TL)66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Neotocite ?71.1.5.4(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Népouite71.1.2b.3(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double layers
Kanemite (TL)73.1.5.1HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Allophane
var: Cupro-Allophane
-(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Flos Ferri-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Benauite-SrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6
Beryl
var: Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bisbeeite'-(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Calamine'-
Calcite
var: Cobaltoan Calcite
-(Ca,Co)CO3
var: Ferroan Calcite-(Ca,Fe)CO3
var: Zincian Calcite-(Ca,Zn)CO3
'Cattierite-Vaesite Series'-CoS2 - NiS2
'Chlorite Group'-
Chrysoberyl
var: Cymophane
-BeAl2O4
'Clays'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
Corundum
var: Sapphire
-Al2O3
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
Descloizite
var: Cuprian Descloizite
-Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Dolomite
var: Cobaltoan Dolomite
-(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
var: Ferroan Dolomite-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
var: Zincian Dolomite-Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
'Eguëite'-CaFe14(PO4)10(OH)14·21H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Ferro-akermanite'-Ca2FeSi2O7
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gauthierite (TL)-KPb[(UO2)7O5(OH)7]·8H2O
Geerite-Cu8S5
'Glass'-
Guite (TL)-Co2+Co3+2O4
'Gummite'-
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
var: Specularite-Fe2O3
'Heterogenite-2H' (FRL)-
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxycalciomicrolite-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Iron-Fe
'Jagüéite'-Cu2Pd3Se4
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Khorixasite-(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
Kitagohaite (TL)-Pt7Cu
Kobokoboite (TL)-Al6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
Kotulskite ?-Pd(Te,Bi)
'Lepidolite'-
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Metasaléeite (TL)-Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Mottramite
var: Duhamelite
-(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Muscovite
var: Barian Muscovite
-(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Muscovite-2M2'-
Nacrite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Palladinite-PdO
'Parisite'-
Piretite (TL)-Ca(UO2)3(SeO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
'Plessite'-
Pseudojohannite-Cu3(OH)2[(UO2)4(SO4)2]· 12H2O
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
Pyrite
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
-(Fe,Co)S2
'Pyrobitumen'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Group
var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
-A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite
var: Polianite
-morphological variety
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Blue Quartz-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Shocked Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Renardite-Pb(UO2)4(PO4)2(OH)4•H2O
'Rhabdophane'-
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Rouaite-Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
'Scapolite'-
Shinkolobweite (TL)-Pb1.25[U5+(H2O)2(U6+O2)5O8(OH)2](H2O)5
'Shungite'-
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Synchysite Group'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2
Verbeekite (TL)-PdSe2
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Zincobriartite (TL)-Cu2(Zn,Fe)(Ge,Ga)S4
'Zinnwaldite'-
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
H Swamboite-(Nd)Nd0.333[(UO2)(SiO3OH)](H2O)∼2.5
H LudjibaiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H SengieriteCu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
H Kamotoite-(Y)Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2O
H DemesmaekeritePb2Cu5(UO2)2(SeO3)6(OH)6 · 2H2O
H GuilleminiteBa(UO2)3(SeO3)2O2 · 3H2O
H DerriksiteCu4(UO2)(SeO3)2(OH)6
H MarthoziteCu2+(UO2)3(SeO3)2O2 · 8H2O
H Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
H BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
H BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
H CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
H FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
H KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
H SharpiteCa(UO2)3(CO3)4 · 3H2O
H SklodowskiteMg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
H VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
H WyartiteCaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2O
H MasuyitePb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
H Lepersonnite-(Gd)Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
H OursiniteCo(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
H Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
H SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
H Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
H Studtite[(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2O
H PiretiteCa(UO2)3(SeO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
H GauthieriteKPb[(UO2)7O5(OH)7]·8H2O
H ShinkolobweitePb1.25[U5+(H2O)2(U6+O2)5O8(OH)2](H2O)5
H Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
H ParsonsitePb2(UO2)(PO4)2
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
H AlthupiteAlTh(UO2)7(PO4)4(OH)5O2 · 15H2O
H KamitugaitePbAl[(UO2)5(PO4)2.38(AsO4)0.62O2(OH)2] · 11.5H2O
H RanunculiteHAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2O
H UpaliteAl(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 7H2O
H EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
H MoreauiteAl3(UO2)(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
H MunditeAl(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5.5H2O
H ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
H TrianguliteAl3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2O
H MetavanmeersscheiteU6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 2H2O
H PhuralumiteAl2(UO2)3(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
H VanmeersscheiteU6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
H KobokoboiteAl6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
H MeymaciteWO3 · 2H2O
H KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
H JulieniteNa2[Co(SCN)4] · 8H2O
H ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
H LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
H ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
H VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4
H CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
H Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H Schuilingite-(Nd)PbCu(Nd,Gd,Sm,Y)(CO3)3(OH) · 1.5H2O
H Gysinite-(Nd)PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Astrocyanite-(Ce)Cu2(Ce,Nd,La)2(UO2)(CO3)5(OH)2 · 1.5H2O
H Françoisite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Sm)(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 6H2O
H Shabaite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2O
H KolweziteCuCo(CO3)(OH)2
H AnthoiniteAlWO3(OH)3
H Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
H ComblainiteNi4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
H DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
H DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
H IanthiniteU4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
H ParaschoepiteUO3 · 2H2O
H UrancalcariteCa(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Metaschoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2O
H MetastudtiteUO4 · 2H2O
H ProtasiteBa(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
H SayritePb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
H MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
H CousiniteMgU2Mo2O11 · 6H2O
H RoubaultiteCu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2O
H MetasaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H ZaïriteBiFe33+(PO4)2(OH)6
H Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
H Hydropyrochlore(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
H VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
H CobaltomeniteCoSeO3 · 2H2O
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H EguëiteCaFe14(PO4)10(OH)14·21H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
H Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
H RouaiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
H GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H FurongiteAl13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2O
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Kivuite(Th,Ca,Pb)(UO2)4(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 7H2O
H BenauiteSrFe33+(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H KeckiteCaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2O
H PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H EvansiteAl3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H AfmiteAl3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
H FrancevilliteBa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
H TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Khorixasite(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
H ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
H CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
H MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
H BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Agardite-(Y)YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
H VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
H PseudojohanniteCu3(OH)2[(UO2)4(SO4)2]· 12H2O
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
H ClinochalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
H Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
H Umohoite(UO2)MoO4 · 2H2O
H ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
H Chernikovite(H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
H CurienitePb(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
H LiebigiteCa2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
H PhurcaliteCa2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
H Iriginite(UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2O
H Uranopilite(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O
H MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
H Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H RenarditePb(UO2)4(PO4)2(OH)4•H2O
H Allophane (var: Cupro-Allophane)(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8
Li LithiotantiteLiTa3O8
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Chrysoberyl (var: Cymophane)BeAl2O4
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Kamotoite-(Y)Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2O
C SharpiteCa(UO2)3(CO3)4 · 3H2O
C WyartiteCaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2O
C Lepersonnite-(Gd)Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
C JulieniteNa2[Co(SCN)4] · 8H2O
C Schuilingite-(Nd)PbCu(Nd,Gd,Sm,Y)(CO3)3(OH) · 1.5H2O
C Gysinite-(Nd)PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C Astrocyanite-(Ce)Cu2(Ce,Nd,La)2(UO2)(CO3)5(OH)2 · 1.5H2O
C Shabaite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2O
C KolweziteCuCo(CO3)(OH)2
C Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
C ComblainiteNi4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
C UrancalcariteCa(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2O
C RoubaultiteCu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2O
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
C SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
C Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3
C DiamondC
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C GraphiteC
C CalciteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Dolomite (var: Cobaltoan Dolomite)(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Aragonite (var: Flos Ferri)CaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
C Dolomite (var: Zincian Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
C Calcite (var: Zincian Calcite)(Ca,Zn)CO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
C LiebigiteCa2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
NNitrogen
N JulieniteNa2[Co(SCN)4] · 8H2O
N ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
N LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
N RouaiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
N GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
OOxygen
O CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
O Swamboite-(Nd)Nd0.333[(UO2)(SiO3OH)](H2O)∼2.5
O LudjibaiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O SengieriteCu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
O Kamotoite-(Y)Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2O
O DemesmaekeritePb2Cu5(UO2)2(SeO3)6(OH)6 · 2H2O
O GuilleminiteBa(UO2)3(SeO3)2O2 · 3H2O
O DerriksiteCu4(UO2)(SeO3)2(OH)6
O MarthoziteCu2+(UO2)3(SeO3)2O2 · 8H2O
O Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
O BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
O BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
O CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
O FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
O KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
O SharpiteCa(UO2)3(CO3)4 · 3H2O
O SklodowskiteMg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
O VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
O WyartiteCaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2O
O MasuyitePb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
O Lepersonnite-(Gd)Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
O OursiniteCo(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
O Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
O SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
O Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
O Studtite[(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2O
O PiretiteCa(UO2)3(SeO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
O GauthieriteKPb[(UO2)7O5(OH)7]·8H2O
O ShinkolobweitePb1.25[U5+(H2O)2(U6+O2)5O8(OH)2](H2O)5
O Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
O ParsonsitePb2(UO2)(PO4)2
O Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Cesplumtantite(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
O AlthupiteAlTh(UO2)7(PO4)4(OH)5O2 · 15H2O
O KamitugaitePbAl[(UO2)5(PO4)2.38(AsO4)0.62O2(OH)2] · 11.5H2O
O RanunculiteHAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2O
O UpaliteAl(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 7H2O
O EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
O MoreauiteAl3(UO2)(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
O MunditeAl(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5.5H2O
O ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
O TrianguliteAl3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2O
O MetavanmeersscheiteU6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 2H2O
O PhuralumiteAl2(UO2)3(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
O VanmeersscheiteU6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
O Wakefieldite-(Ce)Ce(VO4)
O KobokoboiteAl6(PO4)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
O GuiteCo2+Co23+O4
O MeymaciteWO3 · 2H2O
O KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
O JulieniteNa2[Co(SCN)4] · 8H2O
O ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
O LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
O ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
O VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4
O CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
O Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
O Schuilingite-(Nd)PbCu(Nd,Gd,Sm,Y)(CO3)3(OH) · 1.5H2O
O Gysinite-(Nd)PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O Astrocyanite-(Ce)Cu2(Ce,Nd,La)2(UO2)(CO3)5(OH)2 · 1.5H2O
O Françoisite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Sm)(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 6H2O
O Shabaite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2O
O KolweziteCuCo(CO3)(OH)2
O AnthoiniteAlWO3(OH)3
O Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
O ComblainiteNi4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
O DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
O DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
O IanthiniteU4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
O ParaschoepiteUO3 · 2H2O
O UrancalcariteCa(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Metaschoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2O
O MetastudtiteUO4 · 2H2O
O ProtasiteBa(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
O SayritePb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
O MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
O CousiniteMgU2Mo2O11 · 6H2O
O RoubaultiteCu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2O
O MetasaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O ZaïriteBiFe33+(PO4)2(OH)6
O Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
O LueshiteNaNbO3
O Hydropyrochlore(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
O MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
O VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
O SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
O Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3
O CobaltomeniteCoSeO3 · 2H2O
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O EguëiteCaFe14(PO4)10(OH)14·21H2O
O LarniteCa2SiO4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Ferro-akermaniteCa2FeSi2O7
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Tanteuxenite-(Y)Y(Ta,Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
O QuartzSiO2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O FoorditeSn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
O AlumotantiteAlTaO4
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O CalciotantiteCaTa4O11
O LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8
O HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
O LithiotantiteLiTa3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O RutileTiO2
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O CorundumAl2O3
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
O Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
O RouaiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
O ParamelaconiteCu21+Cu22+O3
O GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O ManjiroiteNa(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Dolomite (var: Cobaltoan Dolomite)(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)O
O ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O FurongiteAl13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2O
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
O Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Kivuite(Th,Ca,Pb)(UO2)4(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 7H2O
O BenauiteSrFe33+(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O KeckiteCaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2O
O PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O EvansiteAl3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O AfmiteAl3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O SideriteFeCO3
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Aragonite (var: Flos Ferri)CaCO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Shocked Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O AnataseTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O FrancevilliteBa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
O TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O Khorixasite(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
O ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
O CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
O MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
O CrocoitePbCrO4
O BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Chrysoberyl (var: Cymophane)BeAl2O4
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)