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Vietnami
Regional Level Types
VietnamCountry

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Name in French:Viêt Nam
Name in German:Vietnam
Name in Italian:Vietnam
Name in Russian:Вьетнам
Name in Simplified Chinese:越南
Name in Spanish:Vietnam
Name in Afrikaans:Viëtnam
Name in Albanian:Vietnami
Name in Arabic:فيتنام
Name in Belarusian:В’етнам
Name in Bulgarian:Виетнам
Name in Catalan:Vietnam
Name in Czech:Vietnam
Name in Danish:Vietnam
Name in Dutch:Vietnam
Name in Estonian:Vietnam
Name in Farsi/Persian:ویتنام
Name in Finnish:Vietnam
Name in Galician:Vietnam
Name in Greek:Βιετνάμ
Name in Hebrew:וייטנאם
Name in Hindi:वियतनाम
Name in Hungarian:Vietnam
Name in Icelandic:Víetnam
Name in Indonesian:Vietnam
Name in Irish Gaelic:Vítneam
Name in Japanese:ベトナム
Name in Korean:베트남
Name in Latvian:Vjetnama
Name in Lithuanian:Vietnamas
Name in Macedonian:Виетнам
Name in Norwegian:Vietnam
Name in Polish:Wietnam
Name in Portuguese:Vietname
Name in Romanian:Vietnam
Name in Serbian:Вијетнам
Name in Slovak:Vietnam
Name in Slovenian:Vietnam
Name in Swahili:Vietnam
Name in Swedish:Vietnam
Name in Tagalog:Vietnam
Name in Thai:เวียดนาม
Name in Turkish:Vietnam
Name in Ukrainian:В’єтнам
Name in Vietnamese:Việt Nam
Name in Welsh:Fietnam
Area:331,210 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Ho Chi Minh City3,467,331 (2018)
Hanoi1,431,270 (2017)
Da Nang752,493 (2017)
Haiphong602,695 (2013)
Biên Hòa407,208 (2018)
Huế287,217 (2013)


Vietnam is divided into 58 provinces (Vietnamese: tỉnh) and 5 municipalities existing at the same level as provinces (thành phố trực thuộc trung ương).

The provinces are divided into districts (huyện), provincial cities (thành phố trực thuộc tỉnh), and district-level towns (thị xã), which are subdivided into commune-level towns (thị trấn) or communes (xã).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

154 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Antimony
Formula: Sb
'Apatite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Aurobismuthinite'
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
'Calamine'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Carbocernaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Celestine var: Barian Celestine
Formula: (Sr,Ba)SO4
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Changoite
Formula: Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Star Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Danalite
Formula: Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Diamond
Formula: C
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Fluoro-cannilloite
Formula: {Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Forsterite var: Peridot
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
'Humite Group'
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
Hydroxycalcioroméite
Formula: (Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Ikunolite
Formula: Bi4(S,Se)3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jonassonite
Formula: AuBi5S4
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Lanthanite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
'Lepidolite'
'Liddicoatite' ?
Formula: Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
'Melnikovite'
'Mica Group'
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Otavite
Formula: CdCO3
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Parkerite
Formula: Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Penfieldite
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Psilomelane'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
'Pyrobitumen'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rossmanite
Formula: ☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Sadanagaite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Strontianite var: Emmonite
Formula: (Sr,Ca)CO3
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
'Tektite var: Indochinite'
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Tsugaruite
Formula: Pb4As2S7
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
'Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)'
Formula: (Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Zhanghengite
Formula: CuZn
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Diamond1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Zhanghengite1.AB.10aCuZn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Heteromorphite2.HC.10cPb7Sb8S19
Ikunolite2.DC.05Bi4(S,Se)3
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Jonassonite2.LA.65AuBi5S4
Kobellite2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Parkerite2.BE.20Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tsugaruite2.JB.30cPb4As2S7
Tsumoite2.DC.05BiTe
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Penfieldite3.DC.15Pb2Cl3(OH)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Star Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Carbocernaite5.AB.50(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Lanthanite-(Ce)5.CC.25(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Otavite5.AB.05CdCO3
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
var: Emmonite5.AB.15(Sr,Ca)CO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Group 6 - Borates
Sassolite6.AA.05H3BO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
var: Barian Celestine7.AD.35(Sr,Ba)SO4
Changoite7.CC.50Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Danalite9.FB.10Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Fluoro-cannilloite ?9.DE.10{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
var: Peridot9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
'Liddicoatite' ?9.CK.05Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rossmanite9.CK.05☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sadanagaite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Aurobismuthinite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Calamine'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Humite Group'-
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
Hydroxycalcioroméite-(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyrobitumen'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Tektite
var: Indochinite'
-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)'-(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Zhanghengite1.1.6.2CuZn
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Parkerite2.3.4.1Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Ikunolite2.6.2.3Bi4(S,Se)3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Tsumoite2.8.20.1BiTe
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Heteromorphite3.6.20.3Pb7Sb8S19
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Kobellite3.6.19.1Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
A(O,OH)Xq
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
A2(O,OH)Xq
Penfieldite10.4.1.1Pb2Cl3(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Otavite14.1.1.7CdCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Carbocernaite14.4.6.1(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Lanthanite-(Ce)15.4.2.3(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite24.3.1.1H3BO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)52.4.9.8(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Liddicoatite' ?61.3.1.2Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Danalite76.2.4.2Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Aurobismuthinite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Calamine'-
Celestine
var: Barian Celestine
-(Sr,Ba)SO4
Changoite-Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
var: Star Ruby-Al2O3
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
Fluoro-cannilloite ?-{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Forsterite
var: Peridot
-Mg2SiO4
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Humite Group'-
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
Hydroxycalcioroméite-(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Jonassonite-AuBi5S4
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyrobitumen'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Rossmanite-☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sadanagaite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Strontianite
var: Emmonite
-(Sr,Ca)CO3
'Tektite
var: Indochinite'
-
Tetrahedrite
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tsugaruite-Pb4As2S7
'Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)'-(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
H PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ChangoiteNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Hydroxycalcioroméite(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H SassoliteH3BO3
H Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
Li LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SassoliteH3BO3
B LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C GraphiteC
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C OtaviteCdCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Strontianite (var: Emmonite)(Sr,Ca)CO3
C Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
C SideriteFeCO3
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C DiamondC
C Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O CerussitePbCO3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O OtaviteCdCO3
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O HematiteFe2O3
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O CorundumAl2O3
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Strontianite (var: Emmonite)(Sr,Ca)CO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O BaryteBaSO4
O Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
O RutileTiO2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
O SideriteFeCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
O LaurionitePbCl(OH)
O PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O CupriteCu2O
O ChangoiteNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O Corundum (var: Star Ruby)Al2O3
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Hydroxycalcioroméite(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O CelestineSrSO4
O UraniniteUO2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O SassoliteH3BO3
O Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
O DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
F Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
Na ChangoiteNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Mg Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
AlAluminium
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al BöhmiteAlO(OH)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al Corundum (var: Star Ruby)Al2O3
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Al LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Si DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Si LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GreenockiteCdS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S GalenaPbS
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S BaryteBaSO4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
S TroiliteFeS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ChangoiteNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S AcanthiteAg2S
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S StibniteSb2S3
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S CelestineSrSO4
S JonassoniteAuBi5S4
S IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S TsugaruitePb4As2S7
S DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
S ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
S Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S CovelliteCuS
S HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19
ClChlorine
Cl LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Strontianite (var: Emmonite)(Sr,Ca)CO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ca Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Ca Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Hydroxycalcioroméite(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ca Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Ca LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Ca Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Hydroxycalcioroméite(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
CuCopper
Cu ZhanghengiteCuZn
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Cu ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu CovelliteCuS
ZnZinc
Zn ZhanghengiteCuZn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn ChangoiteNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As SperrylitePtAs2
As NickelineNiAs
As MaucheriteNi11As8
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TsugaruitePb4As2S7
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
SeSelenium
Se IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
SrStrontium
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr Strontianite (var: Emmonite)(Sr,Ca)CO3
Sr Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Sr Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
Sr Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Sr CelestineSrSO4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
PdPalladium
Pd MicheneritePdBiTe
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
Cd OtaviteCdCO3
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb Hydroxycalcioroméite(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
Sb AntimonySb
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Sb ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19
TeTellurium
Te TsumoiteBiTe
Te MicheneritePdBiTe
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ba Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
LaLanthanum
La Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
CeCerium
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ce Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ce Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Ce Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ce Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ce Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
TaTantalum
Ta Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PtPlatinum
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au JonassoniteAuBi5S4
PbLead
Pb ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
Pb LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb TsugaruitePb4As2S7
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19
BiBismuth
Bi TsumoiteBiTe
Bi ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Bi MicheneritePdBiTe
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi JonassoniteAuBi5S4
Bi IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
ThThorium
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
UUranium
U Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U UraniniteUO2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Van Long, P., Quang Vinh, H., Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D.,
Lhomme, T., Schwarz, D., Fallick, A., Dubessy, J., and Trong Trinh, P. (2004): Gem corundum deposits in Vietnam. Journal of Gemmology, 29(3), 129–147.
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, xx-xx. [http://www.palagems.com/gemstones-in-vietnam/]
Le Thi-Thu Huong, Tobias Häger, Wolfgang Hofmeister, Christoph Hauzenberger, Dietmar Schwarz, Pham Van Long, Ursula Wehmeister, Nguyen Ngoc Khoi, and Nguy Tuyet Nhung (2012): Gemstones from Vietnam: An Update. Gems & Gemology 48, 158-176. [http://www.gia.edu/doi/10_5741-GEMS_48_3_158]
Yolanda Fong-Sam (2016): The Mineral industry of Vietnam. 2013 Minerals Yearbook, USGS, 29.1-29.11. [https://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/2013/myb3-2013-vn.pdf]
Yolanda Fong-Sam (2017): The Mineral industry of Vietnam. 2014 Minerals Yearbook, USGS, 27.1-27.12. [https://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/2014/myb3-2014-vn.pdf]

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