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Soktuj Gora (Mount Soktuj), Adun-Cholon Range, Nerchinsk Gem mines, Nerchinsk (Nertschinsk), Chitinskaya Oblast, Zabaykalsky Krai, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Soktuj Gora (Mount Soktuj)- not defined -
Adun-Cholon RangeMountain Range
Nerchinsk Gem minesGroup of Mines
Nerchinsk (Nertschinsk)- not defined -
Chitinskaya OblastOblast
Zabaykalsky KraiKrai
RussiaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 31' 12'' North , 116° 17' 59'' East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~0km


These Nertschinsk gem mines started in 1723 are are on three peaks of the Adun-Cholon Mountains: Hoppevskaya Gora (Schorl Mountain), Sherlovaya Gora, Soktuj Gora; and further north near the Urulga River. Most locality attributions are suspect as the gem dealers are not interested.

Ref.: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 332.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


6 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160
Elbaite var: Siberite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Habit: Prismatic to many cm
Colour: red to pink, often opaque
Description: The largest xl found in 1848 weighed 4.81 Kg and is in the St Petersburg Mining Institute
Reference: P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160
Jeremejevite (TL)
Formula: Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Type Locality:
Habit: Long prisms to several cm with (yellow?) eichwaldite cores that form the terminations
Colour: blue
Description: Only a few isolated xls were found in the 1880's. Eichwaldite is a synonym for Jeremejevite and was named after a Russian mineralogist
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 332; P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 332; Scalisi, P., D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 332; P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 6 - Borates
Jeremejevite (TL)6.AB.15Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Group 9 - Silicates
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
var: Siberite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Jeremejevite (TL)25.8.1.1Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
Elbaite
var: Siberite
-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
H Elbaite (var: Siberite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
LiLithium
Li Elbaite (var: Siberite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
B Elbaite (var: Siberite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
OOxygen
O JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
O Elbaite (var: Siberite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
FFluorine
F JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Elbaite (var: Siberite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Al Elbaite (var: Siberite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Elbaite (var: Siberite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Amur PlateTectonic Plate
AsiaContinent
Russia

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