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Kafan copper deposits, Kapan (Ghapan; Kafan; Zangezur; Madan), Kafan District (Kapan), Syunik' Province, Armeniai
Regional Level Types
Kafan copper depositsGroup of Deposits
Kapan (Ghapan; Kafan; Zangezur; Madan)- not defined -
Kafan District (Kapan)District
Syunik' ProvinceProvince
ArmeniaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 39° 12' 0'' North , 46° 23' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 39.20000,46.40000
GeoHash:G#: tnbzpb5kw
Locality type:Group of Deposits
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kapan33,160 (2016)1.0km
Dzorastan1,034 (2016)8.7km
Agarak4,707 (2016)12.5km
Qubadlı6,890 (2013)22.4km
Tat’ev864 (2016)24.6km


Located near the city of Kafan.

Commercial development of the local deposits began in 1890. Armenian entrepreneurs and French mining engineers obtained concessions to the copper mines and a copper-ore processing plant was built in the city.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
AsiaContinent
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Khachaturyan, E. A. (1958): Altaite and petzite in the Kafan ore deposits. Doklady Akademii Nauk Armyanskoi SSR 26, 177-180.; Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Khachaturyan, E. A. (1958): Altaite and petzite in the Kafan ore deposits. Doklady Akademii Nauk Armyanskoi SSR 26, 177-180.; Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Renierite
Formula: (Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Khachaturian, E. A. (1958): The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Renierite2.CB.35a(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Renierite2.9.4.1(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O TenoriteCuO
O CupriteCu2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S CovelliteCuS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
GeGermanium
Ge Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
AgSilver
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
SnTin
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AltaitePbTe

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Cretaceous - Late Jurassic
100.5 - 163.5 Ma



ID: 3135887
Late Jurassic andesite

Age: Mesozoic (100.5 - 163.5 Ma)

Lithology: Andesite tuffite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3186263
Mesozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Khachaturian, E.A. (1958) The mineral composition of ores of Kafan copper deposits. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Armyan. S.S.R., Ser. Geol i Geograf. Nauk 11 (No. 6), 25-38.
Khachaturyan, E.A. (1958) Altaite and petzite in the Kafan ore deposits. Doklady Akademii Nauk Armyanskoi SSR, 26, 177-180.

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