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Calumet Mine (Calumet and Hecla Mine; C&H Mine; Shullsburg Mine; Eagle Picher), Shullsburg area, Upper Mississippi Valley District, Lafayette Co., Wisconsin, USAi
Regional Level Types
Calumet Mine (Calumet and Hecla Mine; C&H Mine; Shullsburg Mine; Eagle Picher)Mine
Shullsburg areaArea
Upper Mississippi Valley DistrictMining District
Lafayette Co.County
WisconsinState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 34' North , 90° 14' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.56667,-90.23333
GeoHash:G#: 9zxf4tn0f
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


This important and productive zinc-lead deposit (section 22 T.1N. R.2E.) was discovered in 1947 and worked first 1949. It was last worked by Eagle-Picher Industries closing in October of 1979. Ore was mostly in pitch and flat structures in brecciated Ordovician carbonate rocks of the Platteville, Decorah and Galena Formations. There were 5 distinct ore bodies, the largest termed the North Hayden and South Hayden deposits. This was the last mine to operate in the Upper Mississippi Valley zinc-lead district after over 150 years of continuous mining activity.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


9 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Large complex crystals, sometimes sceptered.
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 59:68 & 64:14.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 59:68 & 64:14.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 59:68 & 64:14.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 59:68 & 64:14.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 59:68 & 64:14.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Millerite'2.CC.20NiS
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O QuartzSiO2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MilleriteNiS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187973
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 2922437
Sinnipee Group

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Galena Formation; Decorah Formation; Platteville Formation

Description: Dolomite with some limestone and shale; includes Galena, Decorah, and Platteville Formations

Comments: Original map source: Cannon, W.F., Kress, T.H., Sutphin, D.M., Morey, G.B., Meints, Joyce, and Barber-Delach, Robert, 1997, Digital Geologic Map and mineral deposits of the Lake Superior Region, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan: USGS Open-File Report 97-455 (version 3, Nov. 19

Lithology: Major:{dolostone}, Minor:{limestone,shale}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Heyl, A., Agnew, A., Lyons, E. & Behre C. JR, (1959), The geology of Upper Mississippi Valley Zinc-Lead District: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 309: 227.
LaBerge, G., (1984) The geologic history of Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 59(2): 60-73.
Lasmanis, R. (1989), Galena from Mississippi Valley-type deposits: Rocks and Minerals:64 (1): 11-34


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