Heald's Mine, Pepperell, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USAi
|Regional Level Types|
|Heald's Mine||Mine (Abandoned)|
|Pepperell||- not defined -|
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
42° 40' 24'' North , 71° 38' 4'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Mine (Abandoned) - last checked 2018
Köppen climate type:
An attempt to mine gold and silver started by Joseph Heald ca. 1780.
Heald surmised that the deep gorge through which a brook flowed into what is now called Heald Pond showed indications of a "gold pocket", and began to tunnel into the side of the ravine. He eventually dug about 60 feet into the rock at a height of about 6 feet. Heald abandoned the project, with no record of any gold or silver actually being found.
Around 1880, Daniel Bates of Fitchburg MA studied the location and decided it was worth resuming mining operations at the site. He constructed a crushing mill and once again the search for gold and silver began. After about three years he was in need of capital, and thus formed the "Fitchburg Gold and Silver Mining Co." After another two or three years, Bates abandoned his operations.
It was noted in 1890 that fresh attempts to find wealth in the mine had begun. (Hurd, 1890)
"A Gazetteer of the State of Massachusetts" (1890) states "... Heald's Pond, and at the southern opening of the canon is Heald's Mine, penetrating the rock more than 100 feet. This work was done about or soon after 1780... The geological structure of the town is the St. John's group, or Andalusite slate. The soil in general is clayey."
This is probably the same site reported by Hitchcock (1832): "In Pepperell an individual has been engaged for several years, in pushing a drift into the rocks, which he has penetrated eight or ten rods; although individuals who have visited the spot, (I have not) can discover nothing but iron pyrites."
List of minerals for each chemical element
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Hitchcock, Edward (1832). Report on the Geology of Massachusetts examined under the direction of the Government of that State during the years 1830 and 1831. American Journal of Science 22, 67.
Nason, Elias (1874). A Gazetteer of the State of Massachusetts (Boston: B. B. Russell), p. 404.
Nason and Varney (1890). A Gazetteer of the State of Massachusetts, pp. 534-536.
Hurd, Duane Hamilton, ed. (1890). History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Vol. III, p.246
Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality
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